0
votes
3answers
33 views

Complex Number Geometry

Problem: There exist two complex numbers $c$, say $c_1$ and $c_2$, so that $2+2i$, $5+i$, and $c$ form the vertices of an equilateral triangle. Find the product $c_1c_2$. I've been struggling with ...
3
votes
3answers
100 views

Why is the reciprocal of an $n$-th root of unity its complex conjugate?

As stated in the Wikipedia article on roots of unity, the reciprocal of an $n$-th root of unity is its complex conjugate. They provide the following proof of this statement: Let $z\in\mathbb{C}$ be a ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Summing complex numbers of magnitude $1$

A professor at my university gave me the following problem: For what real values of $m$ do we have $$L=\lim_{N\to\infty}\frac{1}{N}\sum_{k=1}^Ne^{2\pi ik^3m}=0$$ If $m$ is rational, expressed ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Galois Group of $x^n - a$

Homework problem: If the field F contains a primitive nth root of unity, prove that the Galois group of $x^n - a$, for $a \in F$, is abelian. I'm not really sure where to start here and I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Problem understanding solution of complex nth-root of unity

a while ago we had the solution for a complex number task about the nth-root of unity in the complex. But now I am having some difficulties to fully understand it: The task was to find all complex ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Roots of Unity - Complex Numbers

The sets $A = \{z : z^{18} = 1\} $and $ B = \{w : w^{48} = 1\}$ are both sets of complex roots of unity. The set $C = \{zw : z \in A \ \text{and} \ w \in B\}$ is also a set of complex roots of unity. ...
0
votes
1answer
222 views

Precalculus - Complex numbers/Roots of Unity/Exponential Form

Find the roots of $6z^5 + 15z^4 + 20z^3 + 15z^2 + 6z + 1 = 0.$ Erm...it sorta looks like $(x+y)^6 = x^6 +6x^5y + 15x^4y^2 + 20x^3y^3 + 15y^4x^2 + 6y^5x + y^6$ Any idea how to proceed from here? ...
1
vote
3answers
177 views

Complex numbers and Roots of unity

I have no clue how to begin these problems. How do I start? I don't think I should pound em out...Thanks. Let P be the set of $42^{\text{nd}}$ roots of unity, and let Q be the set of $70^{\text{th}} ...
3
votes
5answers
426 views

I'd like to get explain about complex roots

If $x^6+1=0$ so $x^6=-1$, then we have to find the roots at $\mathbb{C}$. I saw that the roots are $$\Large{e^{(\frac{\pi}{6}+\frac{2k\pi}{6})i}}\;\small{k=0,1,2,3,4,5}$$ this what I understand. ...
0
votes
2answers
368 views

Proving equations involving the powers of a complex cube root of unity ω

The question in this homework problem is to show $ω^4 + ω^5 = -ω^6$ given that $ω$ is a complex cube root of unity. I am also required to show that $(1 - ω)^2 = -3ω$, but if I am assisted with ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

Simple-looking bound on root of unity

I am trying to prove some bound and stuck with the following: If $|n|\leq 3N/4$, then $\left|e^{2\pi in/N}-1\right|\geq\dfrac{n}{N}$ ($n,N$ are integers) How can I prove it?
1
vote
0answers
25 views

argument of a lacunary sum of roots of unity

Let $q>4$ and $t< \sqrt{q}$ be integers. Determine the set $\{j_1,...,j_t\}$ of integers $0 \leq j_i <q-1$ such that $\arg(\sum_{i=0}^t e^{2i\pi\frac{j_i}{q}} ) \in [0,\pi[$.
1
vote
0answers
128 views

sum of $p$th roots of unity

Let $p$ be an odd prime. Let $\mathbb Z_p$ be the ring of integers from $0$ to $p-1$, i.e. $\mathbb Z_p=\left\{0,1,\dots,p-1\right\}$. Let $r$ be a positive integer. Then, for all values of $p$, is ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Quantum Fourier Transform and roots of unity.

I need to find $QFT_{6}$ for the state quantum state $\frac{1}{\sqrt2}(|0\rangle + |3\rangle)$. I received a very sufficient answer recently on simplifying nth roots of unity, but I am having a lot of ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

How does one simplify exponents for complex primitive nth roots of unity?

Let us define a complex primitive N-th root of unity, omega: $$ \omega = \cos(\theta) + i\sin(\theta) \\ = e^{\frac{2\pi}{N}} $$ By the definition of an nth root of unity, ω is the second solution to ...
5
votes
5answers
311 views

Prove that $(x^2-x^3)(x^4-x) = \sqrt{5}$, where $x= \cos(2\pi/5)+i\sin(2\pi/5)$

Prove $(x^2-x^3)(x^4-x) = \sqrt{5}$ if $x= \cos(2\pi/5)+i\sin(2\pi/5)$. I have tried it by substituting $x = \exp(2i\pi/5)$ but it is getting complicated.
1
vote
0answers
113 views

Simplifying a product over roots of unity

Let $\zeta_{n}=e^{2\pi i /n}$ be the nth root of unity. Now consider the product : $$\prod_{k=1}^{n-1} (1-\zeta_{n}^{k})^{\zeta_{n}^{k}}$$ Is there a simple formula for this product as a function of ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

For what $k$ is $P(k):=\prod_{j=1}^{13}\cos\frac{\pi kj}{13}$ negative?

Let $k>0$ be an integer. For what $k$ is $P(k):=\prod_{j=1}^{13}\cos\frac{\pi kj}{13}$ negative? Since $13$ is prime, and for $\gcd(m,13)=1$, $P(2m)=P(2)=2^{-12}$ (can be shown by considering the ...
5
votes
1answer
494 views

Zero sum of roots of unity decomposition

It's known that sum of all $n$'th roots of some $z \in \mathbb C$ with $|z| = 1$ is zero (if $n \geqslant 2$). Is it true that any zero sum of roots of unity can be decomposed in this way? That is if ...
4
votes
2answers
131 views

Question on roots of unity

This may seem absurd but what is wrong with the next reasoning about $n$th roots of unit?. For $k,l\in\mathbb Z$ such that $0 \leq k < l \leq n-1$: $$ e^{2\pi i k/n} = (e^{\pi i})^{2 k /n} ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Find $\sum(\alpha_i \alpha_j)^5$

If $\alpha_1,\alpha_2,...,\alpha_{100}$ are the 100th roots of unity then find $\sum(\alpha_i \alpha_j)^5$
1
vote
3answers
111 views

Subtracting roots of unity. Specifically $\omega^3 - \omega^2$

This is question that came up in one of the past papers I have been doing for my exams. Its says that if $\omega=\cos(\pi/5)+i\sin(\pi/5)$. What is $\omega^3-\omega^2$. I can find $\omega^3$ and ...
2
votes
3answers
200 views

Simple Question on Roots of Unity

The question asks: Find integers $p$ and $q$ such that $(p + qj)^{5} = 4 + 4j$ The question prior to this was: Find the fifth roots of $4 + 4j$ in the form $re^{j\theta }$, where $r > 0$ and ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Does $\lim_{n\to\infty}\sum\limits_{k=1}^n|e^{\frac{2\pi ik}{n}} - e^{\frac{2\pi i(k-1)}{n}}|$ exist?

Does $\lim_{n\to\infty}\sum\limits_{k=1}^n|e^{\frac{2\pi ik}{n}} - e^{\frac{2\pi i(k-1)}{n}}|$ exist? If yes, what is its value?
0
votes
1answer
112 views

Evaluation of an expression regarding a complex fifth root of unity

Let $\omega$ denote a complex fifth root of unity. Define $b_k = \sum_{j=0}^4j\omega^{-kj}$ for $0\le k\le 4$. What is the value of $\sum_{k=0}^4b_k\omega^{k}$?
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Can the expression be simplified?

If $1, a_1, a_2,\ldots, a_{n-1}$ are $n$-th roots of unity, can the following expression be simplified? $(1-a_1)(1-a_2)\cdots(1-a_{n-1})$?
1
vote
3answers
554 views

What are the “roots of unity”?

A question is asking me to "find the sixth roots of unity and represent them on an Argand diagram". I don't need you to do the problem for me, I'd rather attempt it myself. However, I don't ...
1
vote
2answers
336 views

show the rule between $w$, $w^2$, …$w^{n-1}$ with $w^n$ given w an nth root of unity

Let $w≠1$ be an $n$-th root of unity, i.e., $w^n-1=0$. Show that $1+2w+3w^2+\dots+nw^{n-1}=-\frac n{1-w}$. My question is how to relate $w, w^2, \dots,w^{n-1}$ with $w^n$?
4
votes
2answers
962 views

If z is one of the fifth roots of unity, not 1…

If z is one of the fifth roots of unity, not 1, show that: $1+z+z^2+z^3+z^4=0$ Which wasn't too bad, but the next part is killing me: show that: $z-z^2+z^3-z^4=2i(sin(2\pi/5)-sin(\pi/5))$ Can ...
18
votes
2answers
3k views

Prove that $\prod_{k=1}^{n-1}\sin\frac{k \pi}{n} = \frac{n}{2^{n-1}}$

Using n_th root of unity $$\Large\left(e^{\frac{2ki\pi}{n}}\right)^{n} = 1$$ Prove that $$\prod_{k=1}^{n-1}\sin\frac{k \pi}{n} = \frac{n}{2^{n-1}}$$