4
votes
3answers
112 views

all complex solutions of $z\sin(z)=1$?

A possibly easy question, Can we find all complex solutions of $z\sin(z)=1$ ? My try: Let $$\sin(z) = \frac{e^{iz} - e^{-iz}}{2i}$$ so we have $$ z\frac{e^{iz} - e^{-iz}}{2i}=1 $$ Not sure how ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

How to solve: $0 = -\sin \space 3x \cdot3, \left({\pi\over 12}, {7\pi \over12}\right)$

While working on some Rolle's Theorem problems I came to: $$f(x) = \cos 3x$$ This is both continuous on the given interval (and everywhere really) $[{\pi\over 12}, {7\pi \over12}]$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Do there exist $a_k$ and $b_k$ so the equation $\sum\limits_{k=1}^{n} (a_k \sin(kx) + b_k \cos(kx)) = 0$ has no roots?

Do there exist real numbers $a_1, a_2, ..., a_n$ and $b_1, b_2, ..., b_n$ such that the equation $$\sum\limits_{k=1}^{n} (a_k \sin(kx) + b_k \cos(kx)) = 0$$ has no solutions?
2
votes
0answers
41 views

How find the range value $a^2+b^2$ if $\cos{(a\sin{x})}=\sin{(b\cos{x})}$ have no solution

if the equation $$\cos{(a\sin{x})}=\sin{(b\cos{x})}$$ have no zero solution,then $a^2+b^2$ range of value $A:[0,\dfrac{\pi}{4})$,$B: [0,\dfrac{\pi^2}{2})$,$C: ...
2
votes
3answers
92 views

Solving $\arcsin(1-x)-2\arcsin(x)=\pi/2$

\begin{eqnarray*} \arcsin(1-x)-2\arcsin(x) & = & \frac{\pi}{2}\\ 1-x & = & \sin\left(\frac{\pi}{2}+2\arcsin(x)\right)\\ & = & \cos\left(2\arcsin(x)\right)\\ & = & ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Trigonometric functions of angle fractions

I've just encountered a problem that seems to me interesting enough so that some result exists on the subject. I was working on a problem in complex analysis, in which I needed the fifth root of a ...
4
votes
1answer
186 views

Roots of $f(x)=\sin(x)-ax$

How many roots are there of the function $f(x)=\sin(x)-ax$, where $a$ is a positive number? Clearly for all $a$, $x=0$ is a root; if $a>1$ that is the only root. The roots will also be symmetric ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Algebraically find roots of a function composed of linear equations and trigonometric functions

I have the following equation of $t$: $\text{C0}+(\text{C1}+\text{C2} t) \cos (\text{C4} t)+\sin (\text{C4} t) (\text{C7}+\text{C8} t)+\text{C5} \cos (\text{C6} t)+\text{C9} \sin (\text{C6} t)=0$ ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Show these approximations of $\cos$, $\sin$ and $\tan$ are exact.

A while back I was looking for an approximation to $\cos(x)$ and I constructed a polynomial with zeros in the same places as the first few zeros of $cos(x)$: $$c_n(x) = \frac{\prod_{i=1}^n ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Finding the solutions of $\cos (x) +x = a$

What is the approach to finding the solutions of the following function? I was not able to analytically resolve the solutions - but rather resorted to a graphical approach. $$\cos (x) + x = 1$$ or in ...
4
votes
2answers
96 views

What this sine function equation means?

Apostol's book "Calculus" asks to prove that $$\sin\frac{\pi }{6}=\frac{1}{2}$$ using the fact that $$\sin 3x=3\sin x-4\sin^3 x$$ and $$\sin \frac{\pi}{2}=1$$ So, we take $x=\frac{\pi}{6}$ and ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Polynomials and Trig

Question: The equation $x^{2}-x+1=0$ has roots $\alpha$ and $\beta$. Show that $\alpha ^{n}+\beta ^{n}=2\cos\frac{n\pi }{3}$ for $n=1, 2, 3...$ Attempt: $x^{2}=x-1 \Rightarrow ...
4
votes
1answer
473 views

Calculating the Roots of Sine

Aside from the obvious knowledge that the roots of $\sin x$ are all integer multiples of $\pi$, is there a formal, algebraic method to calculate the roots of trigonometric functions similar to the ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Solution to set of three equations

I have the following three equations: $$\cos\theta \left(\cos\psi - k_3\sin\psi\right) = k_1$$ $$\sin\phi\sin\theta\cos\psi - \cos\phi\sin\psi - k_3\left(\cos\phi\cos\psi + ...
15
votes
2answers
541 views

Adriaan van Roomen's 45th degree equation in 1593

Adriaan van Roomen proposed a 45th degree equation in 1593(see this book, picture reference as follows): $$ \begin{gathered} f(x) = x^{45} - 45x^{43} + 945x^{41} - 12300x^{39} + 111150x^{37} - ...
6
votes
3answers
175 views

How can I find all the solutions of $\sin^5x+\cos^3x=1$

Find all the solutions of $$\sin^5x+\cos^3x=1$$ Trial:$x=0$ is a solution of this equation. How can I find other solutions (if any). Please help.
3
votes
2answers
96 views

Please, help me to find where is a mistake in the solutions of the equation.

I have this equation and I will be very thankful to anyone who can provide me any help with the one discrepancy in my solution and the solution from the self-learning website: $$ \frac{1+\tan(x) + ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Is there an analytic solution to the following equation

I have the following general equation in $x$ $$a\cos(b - cx) - d\cos(e - fx) = 0$$ with constants $a,b,c,d,e,f$. Is there an algerbraic solution to this or only a numeric one?
11
votes
1answer
552 views

Can the real and imaginary parts of $\dfrac{\sin z}z$ be simplified?

I have calculated the real and imaginary parts of $\dfrac{\sin z}z.$ I've obtained $$\begin{eqnarray} \frac{\sin z}z&=&\frac{\sin(x+iy)}{(x+iy)}\\ &=& ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Perplexities on the Weierstrass substituition for $\phi=\pi$

Let us suppose that we have a system of equations including trigonometric expressions in $\phi$ and we want to bound the number of possible solutions. If I apply the Weierstrass substituition ...
0
votes
4answers
112 views

For $\sqrt[3]{-1+i}$, is $r$ (when put in polar form) $\sqrt[6]{2}$?

And when you put that into the nth root form... It becomes $2^{1/18}\cos\theta + 2^{1/18}\sin\theta$? $n$th root form given is: $\sqrt[n]r\cdot\cos(\theta+2\pi k)n$
4
votes
3answers
489 views

solution to equation $a \cdot \cos(\theta) - b \cdot \sin(\theta) = c$

Does the equation $$ a \cdot \cos(\theta) - b \cdot \sin(\theta) = c$$ have a closed-form solution for $\theta$? What about the case where $a^2 + b^2 = 1$?
4
votes
2answers
207 views

Why isn't this square root $+$ or $-$?

I was tasked with proving the identity $\tan(\frac x 2) = \dfrac {\sin(x)}{1+\cos(x)}$ I used the quotient identity for tangent and the half angle identities for sine and cosine to get $ \pm \dfrac ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Polynomials with roots having the same module and linear dependent arguments

Is it possible for a polynomial with integer coefficients to have some of its roots: $$m_1e^{i\theta_1 \pi}, m_2e^{i\theta_2 \pi}, \ldots, m_ke^{i\theta_k \pi}$$ such that there exist nonzero integers ...
2
votes
0answers
135 views

References for “closed form” numeric solutions of $\tan x=-a x$

I am looking for references that discuss solutions of the equation $\tan x=-a x$ (for $x,a\in \mathbb{R}$). I know about the graphical approaches, and any number of numerical solution approaches, ...
10
votes
6answers
649 views

Complex roots of $z^3 + \bar{z} = 0$

I'm trying to find the complex roots of $z^3 + \bar{z} = 0$ using De Moivre. Some suggested multiplying both sides by z first, but that seems wrong to me as it would add a root ( and I wouldn't know ...
2
votes
1answer
223 views

Analytical method for root finding

Is there an analytical method to find the roots of the following equation? $$y = -\frac{1}{2}{x}^{2}-\cos(x)+1.1$$ I'm sorry for the trivial question, I'm new at math! :)
6
votes
2answers
776 views

How was Euler able to create an infinite product for sinc by using its roots?

In the Wikipedia page for the Basel problem, it says that Euler, in his proof, found that $$\begin{align*} \frac{\sin(x)}{x} &= \left(1 - \frac{x}{\pi}\right)\left(1 + \frac{x}{\pi}\right)\left(1 ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Showing $2x=\left( 2n+1\right) \pi \left( 1-\cos x\right) $ has $2n+3$ roots when $n\in \mathbb{Z}_+$

I am struggling to show that the equation $$2x=\left( 2n+1\right) \pi \left( 1-\cos x\right) $$ where n is a positive integer, has $2n+3$ roots and no more and also if it possible to indicate their ...
4
votes
0answers
366 views

Find roots of sum of sinusoids

Given this function and an initial point, find the next root: $$ \begin{align} f(t) & = -L\\ & {} + A \sin(\Theta_1 + \omega_1 t) \\ & {} +B \cos(\Theta_1 + \omega_1 t)\\ & {} - ...
2
votes
3answers
967 views

Newton's method and trig functions on a computer

I'm trying to use Newton's method to find roots for the function $A \cos(\Theta_2 - \Theta_1) + B \sin(\Theta_1)$. (That is, iterate $x_{i+1} = x_i - f(x_i) / f'(x_i)$). I've got a working ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

How to find roots of $X^5 - 1$?

How to find roots of $X^5 - 1$? (Or any polynomial of that form where $X$ has an odd power.)