1
vote
0answers
28 views

Roots of this trigonometric polynomial

Let $f:[0,2\pi) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ with $f(x):=\sum_{n=0}^{k}a_n \left(1+\cos(x)\right)^n$ for arbitrary $a_n$ with $a_k \neq 0$. My question is: What is the maximum number of zeros that this ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Estimate error when using the result of an expanded equation

I would like to know how to deal with the error term in expanded expression. For example consider the function $\displaystyle f(x)=A\text e^{-(x+\lambda)^2}+B\text e^{-(x-2\lambda)^2}\;, $ where ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Showing that the n first derivatives of (x²-1)^n have at least r roots (for the r-th derivative)?

I have f(x) = (x²-1)^n. I want to show that, for r = 0,1,2,...,n, the r-th derivative is a polynomial (that's easy to show) that has no fewer than r distinct roots in (-1,1). I guess I need to use ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Calculate the integral $\int_{\varGamma}\frac{3e^{z}}{1-e^{z}}dz$

I am looking to solve $$\int_{\varGamma}\frac{3e^{z}}{1-e^{z}}dz,$$ where $\varGamma$ is the contour $|z|=4\pi/3$. We have been asked first to consider $e^{z}=1$ and $e^{z}=-1$ which I get to be ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Zeros of $e^{z}-z$, Stein-Shakarchi

This is an exercise form Stein-Shakarchi. Prove that $$f(z) = e^{z}-z$$ has infinite many zeros. What I have done : if not, by Hadamard theorem we obtain $$e^{z}-z = ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

$h^{n} = f$, $h$ and $f$ entire functions

I found this exercise. Let $f$ be an entire function and $n$ a positive integer. Show that there exists an entire function $h$ such that $h^{n} = f$ if and only if the orders of the zeros of $f$ are ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Zeros of $f_{\epsilon}(z) = f(z) + \epsilon g(z)$ with $f$ and $g$ holomorphic

I'm stuck with this problem from Stein-Shakarchi: Suppose $f$ and $g$ are holomorphic in a region containing the disc $|z| \leq 1 $. Suppose that $f$ has a simple zero at $z = 0$ and vanishes nowhere ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Lemma 2.5.5 Boas, Entire functions

I'm reading Boas, Entire functions, but I don't understand lemma 2.5.5, which states that $\sum_{1}^{+\infty}\frac{1}{r_{n}^{\alpha}}$ and the integral $\int_{0}^{+\infty}t^{-\alpha -1}n(t)dt$ ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Order of growth of $ \prod_{n=1}^{+\infty} (1-e^{-2\pi n}\cdot e^{2\pi i z})$

The order of an entire function $f$ id defined as $$ord ( f) = inf \{\lambda \geq 0 \ | \ \exists A, B > 0 \ s.t. \ |f(z)|\leq Ae^{B|z|^{\lambda}} \forall z \in \mathbb{C} \}$$ I have $F(z) = ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

A limit involving the exponent of convergence

Let $f$ be an entire non-constant function with at least one zero. If $\{z_{j}\}_{j\in \mathbb{N}}$ are the zeros of $f$, set $$b =\inf\left\{\lambda >0 \ | \sum_{j}\frac{1}{|z_{j}|^{\lambda}}< ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

For which $\alpha$ do the $\epsilon$-neighborhoods of $\{k\alpha \mod 1 \mid k = 1, \ldots , poly(1/\epsilon) \}$ cover $[0,1]$?

For which $\alpha$ do the $\epsilon$-neighborhoods of $\{k\alpha \mod 1 \mid k = 1, \ldots , poly(1/\epsilon) \}$ cover $[0,1]$? In this paper on quantum computing (last paragraph of page 25), Dorit ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Minimum difference of roots of a polynomial and its derivative

Let $P(x) = (x-x_1)(x-x_2)...(x-x_n)$ where all the n roots are real and distinct. Let $y_1,y_2,...,y_{n-1}$ be the roots of $P'$. Show that $\min_{i\neq j}|x_i-x_j|<\min_{i\neq j}|y_i-y_j|$. My ...
11
votes
1answer
208 views

Solving $x^2+bx^{1+\varepsilon}+c =0$

Let $x \in \mathbb{R}$. Is it possible to find the roots of $x^2+bx^{1+\varepsilon}+c =0$ where $b,c \in \mathbb{R}$ and $\varepsilon$ is small. I am guessing that an explicit expression might not be ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

How prove this $f^{(n)}(x)=0$ has at least $n-1$ distinct roots

This question is from Mathematical Analysis I(Zorich) Page 232 problem 6(c), let $f\in C^{(n)}\left(]-1,1[\right)$ and $\displaystyle\sup_{-1<x<1}|f(x)|\le 1$.let $m_{k}(I)=\inf_{x\in ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Roots of a polynomial plus a logistic equation

I would like to know if there are any methods to find the roots (analytically) of complex valued equations of the following form: $$ f(z)=P(z)+\frac{e^{-z}}{(1+e^{-z})^2} $$ where $P(z)$ is a ...
0
votes
4answers
111 views

Square and square root and negative numbers [duplicate]

Are they equal? -5 = $\sqrt{(-5)^2}$
7
votes
1answer
294 views

Continuous root map of the coefficients of a polynomial

I have a set of polynomials $P_t(z)= z^n+ a_{n-1}(t)z^{n-1}+\cdots+ a_0(t)$ which depends on a real parameter $t \in [a,b]$ and where $a_{n-1}(t),\ldots, a_0(t)$ are real continuous functions. May I ...
2
votes
0answers
182 views

Solution to polynomial equations with non-radicals

For degree 1, 2, 3 and 4 there is an "extended a,b,c-formula" (like the one we learn in middle or high school, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quadratic_equation) for the solution to a polynomial ...
4
votes
1answer
237 views

Number of real roots of a separable real polynomial doesn't change under small perturbations

Say we have a polynomial with real coefficients and no repeated roots. Knowing that the roots of a polynomial vary continuously in the coefficients (so long as we don't change the degree), it seems ...
36
votes
5answers
2k views

Continuity of the roots of a polynomial in terms of its coefficients

It's commonly stated that the roots of a polynomial are a continuous function of the coefficients. How is this statement formalized? I would assume it's by restricting to polynomials of a fixed ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

A better approximation for $2(p+1)x^p - px - 2 = 0$

I would like to approximate the positive root of the following equation $$ 2(p+1)x^p - px - 2 = 0 $$ where $p$ is an integer. We could use the formula $(1 - y)^p \approx 1 - py$ for $y$ small to ...
1
vote
2answers
137 views

Can the inverse of this logit-like transformation be stated analytically?

For $\alpha \geq 0$ the transformation $x \mapsto \log(x) - \alpha \log(1-x)$ maps the unit interval to the real line (in fact for $\alpha = 0$ the transformation is not surjective). For $\alpha=1$ ...