A branch of differential geometry dealing with Riemannian manifolds. *Riemannian manifolds* are smooth manifolds with an inner product smoothly attached to the tangent space of each point. Usually, Riemannian geometry focuses on the notions of distance, curvature, and shape. Consider using this tag ...

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Showing the right half of the unit hyperbola is a complete metric space.

Let $f : \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ be given as follows. $$f(\theta) = (\cosh \theta, \sinh \theta)$$ I want to argue that $\mathrm{im}(f)$ is a complete metric space with respect to the ...
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33 views

Metric for subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$

Consider the collection of points in $\mathbb{R}^n$ whose coordinates are all strictly positive. I want to think of this subset as a Riemannian manifold. Does anyone happen to know what the Reimannian ...
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51 views

Fundamental solution of Laplacian on manifold

I'm looking for a reference for the result that there exists a fundamental solution for the Laplacian on a flat torus $$\Delta \Gamma(x-y) = \delta(x-y), \quad x,y \in \mathbb T^2.$$ and that, ...
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If $\operatorname{Def} X = \frac{1}{2} \mathcal L_X g$ then what is $\operatorname{Def}^* \operatorname{Def} X$?

Let us define a deformation operator $\operatorname{Def}$ on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, acting on divergence-free vector fields as $$ \operatorname{Def} X = \frac{1}{2} \mathcal L_X g, $$ where ...
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Riemann curvature product metric

Suppose that $M=M_1 \times M_2,$ with the product metric $g= g_1 \oplus g_2.$ Let $p\in M$ and suppose that $X \in T_pM_1$ and $Y\in T_pM_2.$ I want to show that $R(X,Y,Y,X)=0,$ at the point $p.$ I ...
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Topologies in a Riemannian Manifold

I'm studying Differential Manifolds using Manfredo do Carmo's Book (Riemannian Geometry) and although I see no mention of this in Do Carmo's book, it's really easy to see a Riemannian Manifold as a ...
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How to adapt the discrete-time to continuous, $(A) \Rightarrow (B)$?

in class was proved oseledets theorem for discrete time, following guidelines Ricardo Mañe book. Theorem discrete Oseledets (A) : Let $ M ^ n $ be a Riemannian manifold, $ f: M \rightarrow M $ be ...
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A simple metric question

In their article Killing vector fields of standard static spacetimes, Dobarro and Unal derived the following simple identity. Note that if $h:I→R$ is smooth and $Y,Z∈ {\frak{X}}\left(I\right)$, ...
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135 views

Existence of normal orthogonal frame on sphere such that it is normal at every point in a neighbourhood?

It seems that on sphere $S^{n-1}$, there exists a better frame than the usually normal frame. In the literature, some author asserts that there exists a local orthogonal frame ...
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The uniqueness of the Einstein metric on $\mathbb CP^n$

Is the Fubini-Study metric the unique Einstein metric (up to scaling by a constant) on $\mathbb CP^n$? More restrictively, Is the Fubini-Study metric the unique Kahler-Einstein metric (up to scaling ...
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66 views

Prove that there are no complete regular minimal surfaces lying above a paraboloid

Prove that there are no complete regular minimal surfaces lying above a paraboloid contained in $U=\{(x,y,z) \in \mathbb{R}^3 : a(x^2+y^2)<z\}$. Here $a>0$. I've had this problem on my mind ...
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(locally) “almost convex” property of the distance function in a general Riemannian manifold

Given two constant-speed geodesics $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ in an euclidean space $\mathbb E^n$, it is possibile to see that: $$ t \mapsto d(\gamma_1(t), \gamma_2(t)) $$ is a convex function. The ...
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218 views

About Geodesic polar coordinate

What is different from geodesic polar coordinates and other polar coordinates? Geodesic polar coordinates has a form of $$ds^2=dr^2+f(r,\theta)^2\,\,d\theta^2$$ In $S^2$, $f(r,\theta)=\sin(r)$ which ...
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Question about complete metric on manifolds

I've recently been wondering about whether non-complete metrics on manifolds can be transformed into complete metrics on manifolds and whether all manifolds have complete metrics. After some googling ...
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30 views

Ricci scalar algebra

Is this derivation correct? If $R=0$, $R$ being the scalar curvature, then: $$R_{;k}=0$$ $$(g^{ac}g^{bd}R_{abcd})_{;k}=0$$ $$g^{ac}g^{bd}(R_{abcd})_{;k}=0$$ $$R_{abcd;k}=0$$
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No Lorentzian metric on $S^{2}$

In the book Riemannian Geometry by Gallot et al there is a remark at the beginning that there is no Lorentzian metric on $S^{2}$. Is it a difficult theorem? Or there is an easy solution? Any hint/idea ...
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139 views

Conformal classes and almost-complex structures

It is well-known that on closed oriented surfaces $S$, conformal classes of metrics on $S$ correspond bijectively to complex structures on $S$. My understanding is that this correspondance goes as ...
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317 views

Differentiability of the distance function

Suppose that $d:X \times X \to \mathbb{R}$ is a geodesic distance function on a smooth Riemannian manifold $X$ ($d$ is determined by metric tensor) and $x \in X$ is fixed. What can be said about the ...
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The finiteness of the fundamental group of a closed Ricci-flat manifold

If $M$ is a Ricci-flat closed Riemannian manifold with $H^1(M,\mathbb R^n)=0$, can we show the fundamental group of $M$ is finite?
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63 views

The isometry group of the simply-connected Ricci-flat closed manifold

If $M$ is a simply-connected Ricci-flat closed manifold, then is $I(M)$ the isometry group finite?
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378 views

Distance between two points on the Clifford torus

How can I obtain the distance between two points $\mathbf{x}=(x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4)$ and $\mathbf{y}=(y_1,y_2,y_3,y_4)$ that belong to the $2$-torus $\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{S}^1$? This is, I want to ...
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131 views

Ricci SCALAR curvature

Are there any manifolds that have NULL SCALAR curvature but not null ricci curvature tensor? For dim>2, obviously. Edit: Are there, also, any manifolds of null scalar curvature but ricci curvature ...
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A question on self-dual differential 2-forms

This question is from Lemma 2 in Derdzinski's paper. Let $$\omega=e_1\wedge e_2+e_3\wedge e_4, \eta=e_1\wedge e_3+e_4\wedge e_2, \theta=e_1\wedge e_4+e_2\wedge e_3$$ be a basis for self-dual ...
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141 views

Pushforward along an exponential map

My differential geometry is a bit rusty, so I'd like some help with what follows: I have the following setting: $M,N$ Riemannian manifold of dimension $m<n$ with codimension $d$, $M$ in embedded ...
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117 views

Is there an efficient way to prove orthogonality of a coordinate system?

Suppose we define a new orthogonal coordinate system, such as spherical coordinates defined by $$x = r \sin \theta \cos \phi, y = r \sin \theta \sin \phi, z = r \cos \theta.$$ Is there an efficient ...
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87 views

Is there an easy way to reason about expressions involving lots of indices?

I have been reading some Riemannian geometry recently. So far, I think I am understanding the concepts well enough. However, I am finding it difficult to translate some of the notation into meaning. ...
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169 views

On local isometry of mappings

Apropos discussion at this link: locally isometric is not a symmetric relation. My instructor told me that a counterexample to the symmetric relation here could be actually even simpler than the ...
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154 views

The formula for a distance between two point on Riemannian manifold

Given a Riemannian (say, connected) manifold $(M,g)$ one can produce the metric via a formula $d(x,y)=\inf_{\gamma}l(\gamma)$ where $\gamma$ is piecewise smooth curve joining $x$ and $y$. My question ...
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416 views

Is there a codifferential for a covariant exterior derivative?

For forms on a Riemannian $n$-manifold $(M,g)$ there is a notion of a codifferential $\delta$, which is adjoint to the exterior derivative: $$\int \langle d \alpha, \beta \rangle \operatorname{vol} = ...
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Naturality of the pullback connection

I'm completely stuck proving the naturality of the pullback connection. The strategy suggested is a follows: We let $\phi: (M,g) \to (\tilde{M}, \tilde{g})$ be an isometry, with connections ...
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60 views

Noncomplete riemannian manifolds

In Lee's Riemannian manifolds text, he claims that "on $\mathbb{R}^n$ with metric $(\sigma^{-1})^* g$ obtained from the sphere from stereographic projection, there are geodesics that escape to ...
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110 views

Of the three tensors, Riemann Tensor, Ricci Tensor, and Ricci Scalar, which ones are only zero in a flat metric?

I think that the Riemann tensor is zero only in the presence of a flat metric. However, the Ricci Tensor and the Ricci Scalar, are unknown to me, whether they are zero only in the presence of a flat ...
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212 views

What is the scalar product of tensors?

Given there a vector space $V$ with a scalar product $g(v_1,v_2)$ on it, what is the scalar product on, say, $V \otimes V^*$ ? According to Jeffrey Lee's "Manifolds and Differential Geometry" (see ...
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Boothby's exercise $I.3.1$ on showing that a subset of $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ is not a manifold

First time here, so sorry for the rookie mistakes. I'm a $4^{th}$ year physics student taking Riemannian Geometry so my background on the subject is very small. I'm trying to solve Boothby's exercise ...
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64 views

If $\operatorname{div} X = 0$ what can be said about $X^\flat$?

If vector field $X$ is divergent free $$\operatorname{div} X = 0$$ what are the properties of a corresponding covector field $X^\flat$ (via musical isomorphism with a metric $g$)? Are there some ...
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76 views

Christoffel's symbols for a dual connection

Suppose that $\Gamma^{\beta}_{i\alpha}$ are Christoffel symbols for a connection with respct to a (local) basis $\{E_1,...,E_n\}$. I tried to prove that the Christoffel symbols for a dual connection ...
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Computing the Fubini-Study metric

I would like to compute the Fubini-Study metric $g_{FS}$ for $\mathbb{CP}^{n}$ using as definition the metric induced from the round metric of the sphere by the Hopf fibration. I tried to compute on ...
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70 views

When to take derivative with respect to distance?

I had a previous question about the divergence in spherical coordinates and using the usual formula found on wikipedia "List of formulas in Riemannian geometry" I could not get the correct form of the ...
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67 views

Norm equivalence of p-forms

Let $U$ be a bounded domain in the Euclid space $(\mathbb{R}^d,g)$. $g_{\wedge^p}$ denotes the fiber metric of $\wedge^pT^{\ast}\mathbb{R}^d$ derived from $g$. $A^p$ denotes the set of p- forms on ...
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How to compute the derivative of this functional on a manifold?

I'm a little puzzled by the following computation. Suppose $\Sigma$ is a compact two-dimensional Riemannian manifold and $M$ is any Riemannian manifold. Let $\Omega$ be some space of functions from ...
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105 views

Why are parallel vector fields called parallel?

In Lee's "Riemannian Manifolds: An Introduction to Curvature" given a curve $\gamma:[a,b]\to M$ and a tangent vector $V_0\in T_{\gamma(t_0)}M$, where $t_0\in [a,b]$, there is a drawing of the parallel ...
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265 views

Confusion regarding Riemann normal coordinates

I'm trying to understand Riemann normal coordinates. This "simple" example using the surface of a unit sphere is from http://www.maths.bris.ac.uk/~macpd/gen_rel/snotes.pdf (p26). The “north pole” ...
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38 views

Riemannian geometry algebra

Is this derivation correct? $$ R^{ab}_{;a}=0 $$ $$ g_{ac}g_{bd}R^{ab}_{;a}=0 $$ $$ (g_{ac}g_{bd}R^{ab})_{;a}=0 $$ $$ R_{cd;a}=0 $$ And does that mean I now have $n^3$ equation as opposed to $n$?
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computing the components of $f^*g_N$

Let $M$ and $N$ are to compact complex manifolds of dimensions $m$ and $k$ respectively, and $f:M\to N$ is a holomorphic map then how can we compute the components of $f^*g_N$
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mean curvature of a nonlinear parabolic PDE

I want to compute the mean curvature of a reaction diffusion equations of the form $$ u_t=u_{xx}-u^2 $$ Any suggestions is appreciated!
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Space of oriented lines in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ as symplectic quotient.

I've been working out a nice example of symplectic reduction, and have come to a solution only after quite a lot of effort. So I was wondering if anyone knew a more straightforward route to the ...
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51 views

Connected and simply connected neighborhoods

Suppose that $E \to M$ is a (smooth) vector bundle over smooth manifold $M$. One can find the covering $\{U_i\}_i$ with the property that $E|_{U_i}$ is trivial vector bundle. The prooblem is the ...
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144 views

Why Riemannian metrics have to be smooth?

Why do Riemannian metrics have to be smooth? Can you give an example of a smooth curve with a none smooth metric and show me what possibly will go wrong if our metric is not smooth?
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51 views

A Couple Formulas in Besse's “Einstein Manifolds”

In Besse's "Einstein Manifolds," Chapter 6D, there are 2 formulas which I am interested in, which apply to compact Riemannian $4$-manifolds: ...
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Why are there infinitely many connections on a Riemannian manifold?

I've just started learning some Riemannian manifold stuff, and I'm getting confused about the concept of connection. A connection $\nabla: \Gamma(T\mathcal{M})\times \Gamma(T\mathcal{M}) \rightarrow ...