1
vote
0answers
25 views

Non-ellipticity of Yang-Mills equations

How does one prove that the Yang-Mills equations (from classical Yang-Mills theory) are not elliptic? Alternatively, how does one calculate the principal symbol of the Yang-Mills equations? Can ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Easy solution to Yamabe problem for surfaces

The Yamabe problem asks if, given a Riemannian manifold $(M,g_0)$, it is possible to find a conformal metric $g$ on $M$ with constant scalar curvature. I would like to know if there is some "easy" ...
7
votes
1answer
86 views

Ellipticity of Ricci tensor, does it depend on coordinates?

Well, I am afraid this is a silly question because I know the answer must be 'yes, it does'. But I don't see why. I put the problem in context. The ricci tensor can be regarded as a differential ...
9
votes
1answer
131 views

Is every scalar differential operator on $(M,g)$ that commutes with isometries a polynomial of the Laplacian?

On $(\mathbb{R}^n, g_{\text{std}})$ with $\Delta$ the Laplacian, the following holds: Fact: Every scalar differential operator $D$ that satisfies $D \circ F^* = F^* \circ D$ for all isometries $F ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

For Green's function of $\Delta-c$, how to show $\int_{X}G(x,y)(\Delta-c)f(y) dy=\pm f(x)$?

Let $X$ be a compact Riemnnian manifold and $\Delta$ the Laplacian. Suppose that $G(x,y)$ be the Green's function of the elliptic operator $\Delta-c$ for a positive constant $c$. I think the ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Nonlinear PDE from Riemannian Geometry

I am wondering if anyone knows an approach to finding solutions to the following PDE: $-e^{-2u}\Delta u=\alpha$. Here $u=u(x,y)$ is an unknown real-valued function of 2 variables and $\alpha$ is a ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Is the Laplacian $-\Delta$ on a compact manifold an isomorphism?

We know that for (a normal) domain $-\Delta:H^1_0(\Omega) \to H^{-1}(\Omega)$ is an isomorphism. What is the corresponding result for the Laplace-Bulltrami operator or more generally a Laplacian ...
6
votes
1answer
62 views

About some properties of the heat kernel

Maybe my questions are stupit, but I'm so unsure about some properties of the heat equation. Suppose we have a compact and smooth manifold M (possibly with boundary), then in a lot of books they ...
22
votes
1answer
401 views

Why is the Laplacian important in Riemannian geometry?

As I've learned more Riemannian geometry, many of my teachers have said that studying the Laplacian (and its eigenvalues) is very important. But I must admit, I've never fully understood why. ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Is $C^{\infty}(M) \subseteq L^2(M, \text{loc})$?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. Is it true that every smooth function on $M$ is also in $L^2(M, \text{loc})$? If so, could you give me some hint as to how to prove it or suggest a reference where I ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

The gradient estimate of the partition of unity

If $M$ is a compact Riemannian manifold with metric $g$, can we find a constant $C>0$, which is independent of $M$ and $g$, such that for any finite open covering $\{U_i\}$ of $M$, we can find a ...
7
votes
1answer
56 views

Elliptic Regularity on Manifolds

Sorry if this has been asked before. Are there are books which talk about elliptic regularity on manifolds? Everything I've been able to find has been about $\mathbb{R}^n$. Can every question about ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Definition of the principal symbol of a differential operator on a real vector bundle.

I'm trying to understand the construction of the dirac operator on a manifold, but actually I guess that doesn't really matter for the question at stake. I'm interested in understanding a definition ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Problem with notation: Laplacian on a manifold

In the Aubin's book "Nonlinear analysis on manifolds" the Laplacian operator on functions on some smooth manifold is defined by the formula $$ \Delta = -\nabla^\gamma\nabla_\gamma, $$ where ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Observation on normalized Ricci flow on two sphere

Note that two sphere with nonnegative curvature converges to canonical sphere along normalized Ricci flow. So assume that if curvature is bounded below by $-\epsilon$ then the sphere meets a ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

subharmonic function and support functions

$M$ is a Riemannian manifold and $f$ is a continuous function on $M$. $f$ has the property that for any $p \in M,\epsilon>0$, we can find a smooth function $f_{\epsilon}$ such that ${f_\varepsilon ...
3
votes
0answers
59 views

bounds on eigenvalues of elliptic operators on functions on riemannian manifolds

Well I have little experience with pde's and analysis, I mostly study topic related to geometric topology and I would like to see if someone can please explain to me why is it important to find bounds ...
8
votes
1answer
193 views

Creating geodesics on manifolds

Suppose I have two points on a Riemannian manifold $M$, called $p_0$ and $p_1$. I have a family of curves $\gamma:[0,\infty)\times[0,L]\to M$ such that $\gamma(t,0) = p_0$ and $\gamma(t,L) = p_1$. ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

Gradient of an harmonic function

Let $ M $ be a Riemannian manifold and let $ f $ be an harmonic function on $ M $. By Unique continuation theorem we can assert that if $ \nabla f = 0 $ on an open subset $ \Omega \subset M $ then ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

When does a Green's function exist?

If I have a simply-connected compact domain $ \Omega $ in $ \mathbb{R}^2 $, endowed with a Riemannian metric $ g $, does there exist a green's function on $ \Omega $ for the laplace operator induced ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Construct harmonic function on noncompact manifold

$M$ is a non-compact Riemannian manifold, $p \in M$. Consider Dirichlet problems: $\Delta u = 0$ in ${B_p}\left( i \right)$ ($i = 1,2, \dots $), $u{|_{\partial {B_p}\left( i \right)}} = {f_i}$, ${f_i} ...
6
votes
1answer
288 views

weak solutions versus classical solutions

Let $ \Omega $ be an open subset with compact closure of a Riemannian manifold $ M $. Let $ u \in H^1_{0}(\Omega) $ be a weak solution of the Dirichlet boundary problem: $$ -\Delta u + qu = f \; \; ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

Minimizing energy functional

Let $ \Omega $ be an open subset with compact closure and smooth boundary of a non compact riemannian manifold $ M $. Let $ f \in C^{\infty}(\partial \Omega) $ and $ q \in C^{\infty}(M) $, $ q \geq 0 ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

projection onto the nullspace of the Laplacian on a conformally compact surface

Let $(M,g)$ be a conformally compact surface. An example situation is a hyperbolic surface of infinite area like the quotient $\Gamma\backslash \mathbb{H}$, where $\mathbb{H}$ is the hyperbolic plane ...
3
votes
2answers
139 views

Eigenvalues of the laplacian on a compact manifold without boundary

Let $ M $ be a compact manifold WITHOUT boundary. It is clear that the first eigenvalue of the Laplace operator $ -\Delta $ is $ \lambda_0=0 $. Now we suppose that M has constant sectional curvature ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Singularity models of the Ricci flow

I faced this sentence in my studies on Ricci flow: The Bryant soliton is a singularity model for the degenerate neckpinch. Q1: What is the definition and meaning of singularity model? Can one model ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

In the case of the Ricci flow, the symmetries of the flow are scalings and diffeomorphisms

Can anyone help me and prove that in the case of the Ricci flow, the symmetries of the flow are scalings and diffeomorphisms? Thanks for your time.
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Time has dimension $2$ with respect to the Ricci flow scaling

Terence Tao in his lecture notes on Ricci flow has written: If we are to find a scale-invariant (and diffeomorphism-invariant) monotone quantity for Ricci flow, it had better be constant on the ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

Uniformly quasi-isometric patches over classes of Riemannian manifolds

Suppose $(M^d,g)$ is a closed, connected Riemannian manifold. Is there a constant $R > 0$ such that for all $z \in (M,g)$, for all $x \in B_R(z)$, \begin{equation} \frac{1}{2} \lVert \xi ...
5
votes
0answers
87 views

Solution to $\Delta_g u = \delta-1$ on a 2-sphere.

Let $S^2$ be the two-sphere, endowed with a Riemannian metric $g$, such that the volume of the sphere w.r.t. this metric is $4\pi$. Let $a \in S^2$. I am looking for an easy way to prove that the ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

Problem about Ricci Flow

On page 12 of "Lectures On Ricci Flow" by Peter Topping is written: In two dimensions, we know that the Ricci curvature can be written in terms of the Gauss curvature $K$ as $Ric(g) = Kg$. Working ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

Elliptic equation on riemannian manifolds

Let $ M $ be a compact Riemannian manifold with or without boundary) and let $ \Delta $ be the metric laplacian. I want to study the differential operator $ -\Delta +q $ where $ q $ is a smooth ...
12
votes
1answer
367 views

Do eigenfunctions of elliptic operator form basis of $H^k(M)$?

We know that the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on a compact manifold $M$ form a countable basis of $H^1(M)$. If $L$ is a $2k$-order elliptic operator, do the eigenfunctions of $L$ form a basis for ...
6
votes
3answers
352 views

Elliptic estimates on compact manifolds

Hey where may I find elliptic estimates for PDEs on compact (no boundary) Riemannian manifolds? I want a source/paper/book where I can cite it. For example, for $L$ a linear elliptic operator, (eg. ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

$|\Delta f|^2$ in local coordinates

The Laplace-Beltrami in local coordinates (for hypersurfaces in my case) is $$\Delta f = \frac{1}{\sqrt {|g|}} \partial_i \left(\sqrt{|g|} g^{ij} \partial_j f \right)$$ Is there a nice formula for its ...
25
votes
2answers
804 views

PDEs on manifold: what changes from Euclidean case?

I know some PDE theory for nice open domains in $\mathbb{R}^n.$ I want to know what the changes are when I switch to other domains like manifolds. For example, do things like Poincare's inequality ...
7
votes
1answer
259 views

Total mean curvature in $L^2$ and minimal surfaces in spaces with non-positive sectional curvature

Let's suppose we have a Riemannian $n$-manifold $(N,g)$ and an immersed surface $f:\Sigma\rightarrow N$, with genus zero, equipped with the induced metric. Let's further assume that the ambient space ...
3
votes
2answers
280 views

Does a diffeomorphism between manifolds induce an isomorphism of Sobolev spaces?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold, and define the Sobolev spaces $H^k(M)$ to be the set of distributions $f$ on $M$ such that $Pf \in L^2(M)$ for all differential operators $P$ on $M$ of order less ...
4
votes
1answer
256 views

Harmonic coordinates for Ricci flow

It is customary to use DeTurck's argument (or Hamilton's original one involving the Nash-Moser iteration) for proving local existence of the Ricci flow. I am wondering why one cannot use harmonic ...
3
votes
2answers
196 views

How to solve the $C^\alpha$ Poisson equation on closed Riemannian manifolds?

To be specific, suppose $M$ is a closed oriented manifold, $g$ is a Riemannian metric of $M$. Let $\Delta_g$ be the Laplace-Beltrami operator w.r.t. $g$. Prove: Suppose $f\in C^\alpha(M)$ satisfies ...
5
votes
2answers
566 views

Learning differential/Riemannian geometry for PDEs

I know there have been threads on which books to learn DG/RG from but hopefully this is sufficiently different to avoid closure. Can anyone recommend a book to learn DG/RG (whichever is appropriate) ...
5
votes
1answer
322 views

Is it true that the Laplace-Beltrami operator on the sphere has compact resolvents?

We consider the Riemannian structure on the sphere $\mathbb{S}^n$ seen as a submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ and the Laplace-Beltrami operator defined on $C^\infty(\mathbb{S}^n)$ by the equation ...
4
votes
2answers
302 views

Explicit expression for eigenpairs of Laplace-Beltrami operator

In $R^n$, the Laplace-Beltrami operator is just the Laplacian, and its eigenstructure is well known. There are also explicit expressions for the eigenvalues/eigenvectors of the Laplace-Beltrami ...
10
votes
2answers
338 views

Reversing the Ricci flow

Suppose $S$ is a closed, oriented surface (2-manifold) embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$, which inherits the metric from $\mathbb{R}^3$, so that distances are measured by shortest paths on the surface. If ...