Questions on the famed $\zeta(s)$ function of Riemann, and its properties.

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3
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1answer
52 views

Moving the integral $Q(x) = -\frac{e^{-1/2x}}{4i}\int_{1/2-i\infty}^{1/2+i\infty} \zeta(s)\Gamma(\frac{s}{2})\pi^{-s/2}e^{xs} ds$ past Re(s) = 1.

Given the integral $$Q(x) = -\frac{e^{-1/2x}}{4i}\int_{1/2-i\infty}^{1/2+i\infty} \zeta(s)\Gamma(\frac{s}{2})\pi^{-s/2}e^{xs} ds,$$ I know that the integrand is holomorphic except for simple poles at ...
5
votes
1answer
111 views

Double sum and zeta function

This is a personal research that came to an end , since the results were not those which were being anticipated. I was unable to come up with a solution therefore I post the topic here: Prove (it ...
6
votes
2answers
210 views

Using the rules that prove the sum of all natural numbers is $-\frac{1}{12}$, how can you prove that the harmonic series diverges?

I think I understand intuitively how we can assign a value to the sum of all natural numbers. But of all the proofs that I've seen that show why $\zeta(-1) = -\frac{1}{12}$, none of them use their own ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

how to prove $\Phi(t)$ is divergent when $Im(t)=\pi/2$?

The Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function admits a Fourier transform of a even kernel $\Phi(t)=3e^{5t/4}\theta'(e^{t})+2e^{9t/4}\theta''(e^{t})$. Here $\theta(z)$ is the Jacobi theta function. ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Comprehensive summary of where the function $\pi^{-\frac x\pi}$ can be encountered

I am studying the special functions, including the Riemann Xi and Zeta, and everywhere a function $\pi^{-\frac x\pi}$ pops up, usually as multiplier to the Gamma function. But yet I am not sure this ...
4
votes
0answers
95 views

Symmetry and the zeta function

It is an incontestable fact that symmetry is one of, if not the, most powerful tools a mathematician can have at his or her disposal. What I want to know, is if there are any good reasons as to why it ...
5
votes
0answers
48 views

$\zeta(2)$ Euler's proof (Basel problem) [duplicate]

At one point Euler assumes that $$\frac{\sin x}{x} = \prod_{n=1}^{\infty}\left(1-\frac{x}{n\pi} \right)\left(1-\frac{-x}{n\pi} \right)$$ Why does he assume that? If we factor random functions ...
101
votes
10answers
17k views

Why does $1+2+3+\dots = -\frac{1}{12}$?

$\displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^s}$ only converges to $\zeta(s)$ if $\text{Re}(s) > 1$. Why should analytically continuing to $\zeta(-1)$ give the right answer?
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Explicit analytic continuation of the zeta function and shift operators

Is there a way to compute the radius of convergence of the expansion of the zeta function, e.g. around $a=2+2i$? We have $\zeta(a)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty n^{-a}\approx 0.867.. - i\,0.275.. $, but I ...
28
votes
2answers
2k views

Proving an “amazing” claim regarding $\zeta( 3)$ and Apéry's proof

I recently printed a paper that asks to prove the "amazing" claim that for all $a_1,a_2,\dots$ $$\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{a_1a_2\cdots a_{k-1}}{(x+a_1)\cdots(x+a_k)}=\frac{1}{x}$$ and thus (probably) ...
9
votes
3answers
888 views

Values of the Riemann Zeta function and the Ramanujan Summation - How strong is the connection?

The Ramanujan Summation of some infinite sums is consistent with a couple of sets of values of the Riemann zeta function. We have, for instance, $$\zeta(-2n)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} n^{2k} = 0 ...
6
votes
1answer
90 views

Integral Representation of the Zeta Function

How does one get from this $$\zeta(s)=\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\frac1{k^s}$$ to the integral representation $$\zeta(s)=\frac1{\Gamma(s)}\int_{0}^\infty \frac{x^{s-1}}{e^x-1}dx$$ of the Riemann Zeta ...
0
votes
2answers
124 views

Finding the closed form for $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty }\frac{\zeta (4n)}{\beta^{4n-1}}$ [closed]

Finding the closed-form $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty }\frac{\zeta (4n)}{\beta^{4n-1}}$$ for $\beta\in(1,+\infty)$. I learned from this site many many important things but I till need more, so I need ...
6
votes
2answers
98 views

The Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$ has no zeros for $\Re(s)>1$

I write $\zeta(s)$ for $\Re(s)>1$ as: $\zeta(s) = \prod_{p} (1-p^{-s})^{-1}$ Using this I can show that the Riemann zeta function has no zero for $\Re(s)>1$. I'm however not sure about the ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Closed form for generating function of Riemann Xi function

What is the closed form for $$f(x)=\ \sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{\xi(k)x^k}{k!}$$ or $$g(x)=\frac12 \sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{\xi(k+1/2)x^k}{k!}$$ or $$w(x)=\frac12 \sum_{k=1}^\infty ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

seeking upper/lower bounds of a function $F(m)$ related to Jacobi theta function

I am looking for the upper/lower bounds of function $F(m)$ defined and plotted above. The function is related to Jacobi theta function $\theta(x)$ and its derivative values at $x=1$: ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Are these identities Newton series?

Newton series is the following expansion of a function: $$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k [f]\left (0\right)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} {x\choose n} \sum_{k=0}^n{n\choose k}(-1)^{k-n}f(k)$$ Now ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Riemann's explicit formula for $\pi(x)$

Riemann's explicit formula $J(x)=\mathrm{Li}(x)-\sum_{\Im\varrho>0}\left(\mathrm{Li}(x^\varrho)+\mathrm{Li}(x^{1-\varrho})\right)+\int_x^\infty\frac{\mathrm{d}t}{t(t^2-1)\log t}-\log2,$ where ...
3
votes
3answers
146 views

My (divergent) summation of the zetas with sets of cofactors give systematically errors of simple integer differences. What am I missing?

This is a "fiddling" in a small project of mine with which I'm concerned from time to time for three years now. I try to focus on the core of the problem, please ask if more context is needed. ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Summation with Zeta function

I'm currently studiyng Zeta function and I don't understand this identity: $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty x \sum_{p=0}^\infty \frac{x^{2p}}{(n\pi)^{2p+2}} = \sum_{p=1}^\infty \pi^{-2p}\zeta(2p)x^{2p-1} $$ I ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Cramer and Riemann Conjecture Implication

Cramer's conjecture gives $$p_{n+1}-p_n= O(\log^2 p_n)$$ while Riemann Hypothesis yields just $$p_{n+1}-p_n= O(\sqrt p_n\log^2 p_n).$$ Does Cramer conjecture on prime gaps imply Riemann Hypothesis ...
3
votes
5answers
268 views

How are Zeta function values calculated from within the Critical Strip?

We note that for $Re(s) > 1$ $$ \zeta(s) = \sum_{i=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{i^s} $$ Furthermore $$\zeta(s) = 2^s \pi^{s-1} \sin \left(\frac{\pi s}{2} \right) \Gamma(1-s) \zeta(1-s)$$ Allows us to ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

How to prove that Riemann zeta function is zero for negative even numbers?

Can anyone please explain to me how to prove that Riemann zeta function is 0 for all negative even numbers. In many references , they have just given the statement without any proof. Any explanation ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Analytic continuation of the Dirichlet $\eta(s)$ series to $\Re(s) \gt -1$. Why does this work?

Take the known Dirichlet $\eta(s)$ series, $$\displaystyle \eta(s) = \sum _{n=1}^{\infty } \left( {\frac {1}{(2\,n-1)^{s}}} - \frac{1}{(2\,n)^s}\right), \qquad \Re(s)>0$$ and add $\displaystyle ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Explicit formulas for Fourier coefficients from its Tayor expansion

In my research, I need to determine unique coefficients $a_k$ in terms $b_k$: $$\sum_{k=0}^n a_k \cos\left(\frac{k}{n+1}t\right)+O\left(t^{2n+1}\right)=\sum_{k=0}^n b_k t^{2k}.$$ This problem showed ...
9
votes
3answers
607 views

Limit of Zeta function

I'm looking for a reference for (or an elementary proof of) $$ \lim_{s \rightarrow 1} \left( \zeta(s) - \frac{1}{s-1} \right) = \gamma$$ Thanks for your help.
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Conway Complex Analysis Book Exercise 8 in the Riemann Zeta Function Chapter

I am studying the book of John B. Conway Functions of One Complex Variable(1978), and in the section of Riemann Zeta Function chapter 7 I couldn't solve the last exercise. Here it is: Let $\zeta (z)$ ...
7
votes
0answers
160 views

Are these known telescoping series for $\zeta\left(\frac12\right)$?

There are many known telescoping series for $\zeta(s)$ and I was playing with the following two: $$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \frac{1}{(s-1)} \left(\sum _{n=1}^{\infty } \left( {\frac {n}{(n+1)^{s}}} - ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Error with Zeta functional equation [duplicate]

I was trying to prove $$1 + 2 + 3 +\cdots = -\frac{1}{12}$$ Using the following $$\zeta(s) = \sum _{i=1}^{\infty} \left [\frac{1}{i^s} \right]$$ Thus: $$\zeta(-1) = \sum _{i=1}^{\infty}\left [i ...
4
votes
0answers
99 views

An infinite series that gives $f(s)=s$. How could it be explained more easily?

This question loosely builds this one. Equate the following two infinite series for $\zeta(s)$: $$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \frac{1}{4\,(s-1)} \left(1+s+\sum _{n=1}^{\infty } \left( {\frac ...
23
votes
1answer
338 views

Is this integral $\int_0^1\left(\left\{\frac1x\right\}-\frac12\right)\frac{\log(x)}{x}dx$ equal to zero?

My initial question was to find if this integral $$ \int_0^1 \left(\left\{\frac 1x\right\}-\frac12\right)\frac{\log(x)}{x}dx$$ is convergent or divergent. ($\left\{\frac 1x\right\}$ is the fractional ...
6
votes
2answers
130 views

Importance of the zero free region of Riemann zeta function

I have heard that for improving the error term in the Prime Number Theorem, we need better and better estimates on the zero free region. I have also heard that the best possible error term comes from ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Functional equation for the $\zeta$-function, bounding a contour

In one of my textbook the following problem is written: Proving the functional equation for the $\zeta$-function: $$\zeta(z) = 2^z\pi^{z-1}\sin\frac{\pi z}{2} \Gamma(1-z)\zeta(1-z) \qquad ...
4
votes
2answers
93 views

Looking for a closed form for $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\left( \zeta(2k)-\beta(2k)\right)$

For some time I've been playing with this kind of sums, for example I was able to find that $$ \frac{\pi}{2}=1+2\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\left( \zeta(2k+1)-\beta(2k+1)\right) $$ where $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

A question about theorem 2 in de Bruijn's 1950 paper “The roots of trigonometric integrals”

Theorem 2 of de Bruijn's paper titled "The roots of trigonometric integrals" (Duke Math. J., 17 (1950)) is given by: What does it mean by "the function $q(x)$ be regular in the sector...? Does it ...
27
votes
0answers
796 views

The log gamma integral $\int_{0}^{z} \log \Gamma (x) \ \mathrm dx$

One way to evaluate $ \displaystyle\int_{0}^{z} \log \Gamma(x) \ \mathrm dx $ is in terms of the Barnes G-function. $$ \int_{0}^{z} \log \Gamma(x) \ \mathrm dx = \frac{z}{2} \log (2 \pi) + ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Riemann Zeta Function at $s = 1 + 2 \pi i n / \ln 2$

I am aware that the function defined by $$ \zeta(s) = \frac{1}{1^s} + \frac{1}{2^s} + \frac{1}{3^s} + \cdots $$ for $Re(s)>1$ can be extended to a function defined for $Re(s)>0$ by writing $$ ...
-1
votes
1answer
92 views

What's the limit of this sum $ S_n=1^s+\frac{1}{2^s}+3^s+ \frac{1}{4^s}+5^s+\frac{1}{6^s}+\cdots+n^s+\frac{1}{(n+1)^s} $ [closed]

Let $ S_n=1^s+\frac{1}{2^s}+3^s+ \frac{1}{4^s}+5^s+\frac{1}{6^s}+\cdots+n^s+\frac{1}{(n+1)^s} $ and s be a complex variable . $s=\sigma +it $ where $\sigma ,t \in\mathbb{R} $ , Note :I edit the ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Riemann and Ihara's $\zeta$ Function Variable Question

The Euler product for the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(z)$ implies that $$ \log\zeta_R(z)=\sum_{m>0}\frac{P(mz)}{m} \tag{R}, $$ whereas the Ihara zeta function for a graph $G$--all can be ...
10
votes
1answer
578 views

Riemann's thinking on symmetrizing the zeta functional equation

In the translated version of Riemann's classic On the Number of Prime Numbers less than a Given Quantity, he quickly derives the zeta functional equation through contour integration essentially as ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Evaluate $\lim_{n\to1^+}\left({\zeta(n)-\dfrac{1}{n-1}}\right)$ [duplicate]

Let $$x=\lim_{n\to1^+}\left({\zeta(n)-\dfrac{1}{n-1}}\right)$$ where $\zeta$ is Riemann zeta function. What is the value of $x$? At $n\to1^+$, $\zeta(n)\to\infty$ and $\dfrac{1}{n-1}\to\infty$, so ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Extending the zeta function to semiprimes, etc.

The Riemann Zeta function is defined for $s > 1$ as \begin{align} &\prod _{n=1}^{\infty}\dfrac{1}{1 -\ p_{n}^{\ \ -s}}\\ \end{align} It is possible to extend the zeta function to semiprimes ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

Trivial zeros of the Riemann Zeta function

A question that has been puzzling me for quite some time now: Why is the value of the Riemann Zeta function equal to $0$ for every even negative number? I assume that even negative refers to the ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

What is the analytic continuation of the Riemann Zeta Function

I am told that when computing the zeroes one does not use the normal definition of the rieman zeta function but an altogether different one that obeys the same functional relation. What is this other ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Where is the fault in this approach for transforming this Dirichlet series?

Mathematica knows that: $$\lim_{s\to 1} \, \zeta (s)\left(-2^{1-s}-3^{1-s}+6^{1-s}+1\right)=\sum _{n=0}^{\infty } \left(\frac{1}{6 n+1}+\frac{-1}{6 n+2}+\frac{-2}{6 n+3}+\frac{-1}{6 n+4}+\frac{1}{6 ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

bounds of Riemann $\zeta(s)$ function on the critical line?

I vaguely remembered that $$0\leq|\zeta(1/2+i t)|\leq C t^{\epsilon},\qquad t>>1,\epsilon>0$$. Is this bound correct? Thanks- mike
0
votes
1answer
37 views

zeros of Incomplet Gamma function

for which values of complex variable $z$ let us getting the zeros of incomplet gamma function ($\Gamma(0.5,z)$) ? I would be interest for any replies or any comments
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Is this proof show that the derivative of zeta function has no zeros in the critical strip?

suppose that :( $k \circ \zeta )(s)$= $(\zeta \circ k )(s) \neq 0 $.....$(1)$ ,and suppose that $ k(s)=\zeta(1-s)$ where : $\xi(s) = s(s-1) \pi^{s/2} \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right) \zeta(s)$. and ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Can there be a Dirichlet series that gives the functional inverse of the Riemann zeta function?

Can there be a Dirichlet series that gives the functional inverse of the Riemann zeta function? I will delete this question if it gets downvoted.