Questions on the famed $\zeta(s)$ function of Riemann, and its properties.

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0
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1answer
168 views

Simple clarification - deduction using big-O notation

A set of lecture notes I'm reading on Halasz's theorem makes the following statement in a proof, which I can't quite follow - I was hoping someone might be able to clear up what I'm missing: ...
3
votes
0answers
195 views

Is this formula for $\zeta(15)$ true?

Apery gave, $\begin{aligned} \zeta(3) &= \frac{5}{2}\,\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{k+1}}{k^3\,\binom {2k}k}\end{aligned}$ J. Borwein and D. Bradley found this can be generalized to ...
3
votes
3answers
333 views

Other functional equations for $\zeta(s)$?

For the Riemann zeta function, we know of the standard functional equation that relates $\zeta(s)$ and $\zeta(1-s)$. I wanted to know whether there are functional equations that relates $\zeta(s)$ ...
16
votes
1answer
403 views

What is the binomial sum $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^5\,\binom {2n}n}$ in terms of zeta functions?

We have the following evaluations: $$\begin{aligned} &\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n\,\binom {2n}n} = \frac{\pi}{3\sqrt{3}}\\ &\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^2\,\binom {2n}n} = ...
10
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1answer
670 views

Riemann's thinking on symmetrizing the zeta functional equation

In the translated version of Riemann's classic On the Number of Prime Numbers less than a Given Quantity, he quickly derives the zeta functional equation through contour integration essentially as ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Limit of the function $\zeta(x)/\zeta(x+1)$ as $x \to \infty$

I am looking for a simple proof that $\zeta(\alpha)/\zeta(\alpha+1) \to 1$ as $\alpha \to \infty$ (where $\zeta(\alpha)$ denotes the Riemann zeta function, $\zeta(\alpha) = \sum \limits_{n\geq 1} ...
40
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1answer
814 views

A new continued fraction for Apéry's constant, $\zeta(3)$?

As a background, Ramanujan also gave a continued fraction for $\zeta(3)$ as $\zeta(3) = 1+\cfrac{1}{u_1+\cfrac{1^3}{1+\cfrac{1^3}{u_2+\cfrac{2^3}{1+\cfrac{2^3}{u_3 + \ddots}}}}}\tag{1}$ where the ...
2
votes
1answer
268 views

is it possible to get the Riemann zeros

since we know that the number of Riemann zeros on the interval $ (0,E) $ is given by $ N(E) = \frac{1}{\pi}\operatorname{Arg}\xi(1/2+iE) $ is then possible to get the inverse function $ N(E)^{-1}$ ...
34
votes
5answers
3k views

What is so interesting about the zeroes of the $\zeta$ function

The Riemann $\zeta$ function plays a significant role in number theory and is defined by $$\zeta(s) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{n^s} \qquad \text{ for } s > 1 \text{ and } s= \sigma + it$$ The ...
9
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4answers
2k views

What do I need to know to understand the Riemann hypothesis

Which kinds of fields of mathematics do I have to know about in order to understand the Riemann hypothesis millenium prize problem?
6
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1answer
301 views

Does this $\zeta(s)$ identity have a name?

I have generalized the product from this thread: Let $s=2n+1$ for $n\ge1$, $$\zeta (s)=\frac{\zeta (2 s)}{\zeta (2)} \prod _{n=1}^{\infty } \frac{\sum _{i=0}^{s-1}(-p_n){}^i}{(p_{n}-1)p_{n}^{s-2}}$$ ...
8
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3answers
3k views

Calculating the Zeroes of the Riemann-Zeta function

Wikipedia states that The Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$ is defined for all complex numbers $s \neq 1$. It has zeros at the negative even integers (i.e. at $s = −2, −4, −6, ...)$. These are ...
10
votes
1answer
490 views

Does this show that the Apery Constant is transcendental?

Last August I posted this on mathoverflow: http://mathoverflow.net/questions/71856/a-serendipitous-riemann-identity. I show the (slightly revised) equation below: $$\zeta (3)=\frac{2\pi^4}{315} ...
3
votes
1answer
273 views

Why does $\frac{s}{s-1} > \zeta(s) > \frac{1}{s-1}$ imply $\lim_{s \to 1^{+}}(s-1)\zeta(s)=1$?

I am reading the paper Dirichlet's theorem: a real variable approach by Robin Chapman. In this paper, he constructs a proof via real analysis rather than complex analysis that $\zeta(s)$ is convergent ...
4
votes
1answer
269 views

closed form for a series over the Riemann zeta zeros

given the series $ \sum_{\rho} \frac{1}{z-\rho} $ here the sum is taken OVER the roots of the Riemann function on the critical line $ 0 < Re(s) <1 $ the summation is understood as we sum the pair ...
30
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2answers
2k views

Proving an “amazing” claim regarding $\zeta( 3)$ and Apéry's proof

I recently printed a paper that asks to prove the "amazing" claim that for all $a_1,a_2,\dots$ $$\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{a_1a_2\cdots a_{k-1}}{(x+a_1)\cdots(x+a_k)}=\frac{1}{x}$$ and thus (probably) ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Riemann zeta function and uniform convergence

A question in a past paper says prove that this series converges pointwise but not uniformly $$\xi(x):= \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^x} .$$ But I thought that it did converge uniformly to some ...
1
vote
2answers
315 views

Evaluating $\zeta(0)$ using the functional equation of Riemann-Zeta function.

$$\zeta(it)=2it\pi it−1\sin(i\pi t/2)\Gamma(1−it)\zeta(1−it).$$ Everything on the RHS is never zero, Does that means LHS has no zeros, since $\sin(s)$ has a simple zero at $s=0$ while $\zeta(1−s)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
238 views

How is the Riemann-Siegel formula applied?

What is the application of the Riemann-Siegel formula: $$ \zeta(s) = \sum_{n=1}^N\frac{1}{n^s} + \gamma(1-s)\sum_{n=1}^M\frac{1}{n^{1-s}} + R(s) , $$ where $ \displaystyle\gamma(s) = ...
6
votes
2answers
422 views

evaluation of $ \operatorname{Arg}\zeta (1/2+is) $ ??

how could evaluate with accuracy the function $ \operatorname{arg} \zeta (1/2+is) $ here $ \zeta (s) $ is the 'Riemann Zeta function' on the critical line I had thought that I could use the 'Riemann ...
13
votes
2answers
878 views

How to show that the Laurent series of the Riemann Zeta function has $\gamma$ as its constant term?

I mean the Laurent series at $s=1$. I want to do it by proving $\displaystyle \int_0^\infty \frac{2t}{(t^2+1)(e^{\pi t}+1)} dt = \ln 2 - \gamma$, based on the integral formula given in Wikipedia. ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

Factor of the Euler Product at the Roots Of Zeta

The $\zeta$ function maybe written as Euler Product: $$ \zeta(s)=\prod_{p} \frac{1}{1-p^{-s}}=\prod_p e_p(s). $$ Now let's substitute $s$ with $\rho_k$, the $k$th root of $\zeta$, and have a look at ...
7
votes
5answers
581 views

Rational Roots of Riemann's $\zeta$ Function

A look at the first few zeros $$14.134725,21.022040,25.010858,30.424876,32.935062,37.586178,\dots$$ is in accord with Numerical evidence suggests that all values of $t$ (the imaginary part of a ...
3
votes
1answer
318 views

Is $\frac1\pi \arctan \frac\pi{\ln x}- \frac1{\ln x}$ related to the trivial solutions $\zeta(-2n)$?

The Prime Counting Function $\pi(x)$ is given $$ \pi(x) = \operatorname{R}(x^1) - \sum_{\rho}\operatorname{R}(x^{\rho}) - \frac1{\ln x} + \frac1\pi \arctan \frac\pi{\ln x} , $$ with $ ...
28
votes
4answers
2k views

Computing $\zeta(6)=\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty \frac1{k^6}$ with Fourier series.

Let $ f$ be a function such that $ f\in C_{2\pi}^{0}(\mathbb{R},\mathbb{R}) $ (f is $2\pi$-periodic) such that $ \forall x \in [0,\pi]$: $$f(x)=x(\pi-x)$$ Computing the Fourier series of $f$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Another question from Titchmarsh's Riemann Zeta Function.

I want someone to clarify me the next step in page 11. They write for $\delta=\prod p^l$ ,$k=\prod p^{\lambda}$ the sum: $\sum_{\delta |k} ...
1
vote
1answer
419 views

about the riemann zeta function and the prime counting function

i have posted this question on MO, and they referred me to post here . one starts with the formal definition of zeta : $$\displaystyle \zeta (s)=\prod_{p}\frac{1}{1-p^{-s}} $$ then : $ \ln(\zeta ...
33
votes
1answer
1k views

Are these zeros equal to the imaginary parts of the Riemann zeta zeros?

Edit 8.8.2013: See this question also. The Fourier cosine transform of an exponential sawtooth wave times $e^{-x/2}$: $$\operatorname{FourierCosineTransform}(\operatorname{SawtoothWave}(e^x)\cdot ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

Zeta function identity

How does one prove the zeta function identity $$\sum_{s=2}^{\infty}\left(1-\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n^s}\right)=-1 \;?$$
7
votes
2answers
679 views

Why is $\zeta(2) = \frac{\pi^2}{6}$ almost equal to $\sqrt{e}$? [closed]

Why is $\zeta(2) = \frac{\pi^2}{6}$ almost equal to $\sqrt{e}$? Experimenting a bit I also found $\zeta(\frac{8}{3}) \approx e^\frac{1}{4}$, $\zeta(\frac{31}{9}) \approx e^\frac{1}{8}$ and ...
2
votes
2answers
537 views

zeta of three, question about closed form

If $\sum\limits_{n=2}^\infty \frac1{(n^2-n)^3}=10-\pi^2$, then what is the limit in closed form of $\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty \frac1{n^3}$?
2
votes
0answers
227 views

What are the local minima in this spectrum?

Edit 6.2.2012: The sequence to be transformed should be f = 0,1,2,3,4,5... which makes the mentioning of the von Mangoldt function less necessary. Edit 5.2.2012: I had the wrong plot of the insignal. ...
3
votes
3answers
298 views

Simplest proof that $\zeta(s) \to \infty$ as $s \to 1$?

For homework I had to prove the divergence of the series $1/(k\log^p k)$ for all real $p$ (it is simple to do so via integration.) However a more elegant means would be to appeal to the behavior of ...
1
vote
1answer
361 views

Verifying identities for Riemann zeta function

I ran across these two problems, while reading a text on number theory. The problem states: "Verify the following identities". What does "verify" mean in this context, and what strategies can I employ ...
9
votes
3answers
692 views

Limit of Zeta function

I'm looking for a reference for (or an elementary proof of) $$ \lim_{s \rightarrow 1} \left( \zeta(s) - \frac{1}{s-1} \right) = \gamma$$ Thanks for your help.
2
votes
1answer
205 views

A question from Titchmarsh's Riemann Zeta Function textbook.

I have one query, concerning the newest edition of this monograph. At page 7, section 1.2, at the bottom of the page, it's written that: " It is easily seen that $\zeta(s)=2$ for $s=\alpha$, where ...
26
votes
1answer
860 views

Are Primes a Self-Fulfilling Prophecy?

Assume the following process: Let's start with the set of primes $\{p_k\}$ Then we use the Euler product being equivalent to Riemann's Zeta function $$ \prod_{p \text{ prime}} \frac{1}{1-p^{-s}} = ...
20
votes
1answer
520 views

Upper bound on differences of consecutive zeta zeros

The average gap $\delta_n=|\gamma_{n+1}-\gamma_n|$ between consecutive zeros $(\beta_n+\gamma_n i,\beta_{n+1}+\gamma_{n+1}i)$ of Riemann's zeta function is $\frac{2\pi}{\log\gamma_n}.$ There are many ...
2
votes
1answer
492 views

Primes and Riemann zeta function.

Primes numbers and Riemann zeta function. Question 1: Is there a proof of the infinitude of prime numbers using the Riemann Zeta function. Exboço could show me a proof of this where I could find it? ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Dirichlet character over Riemann zeta function

Let $\chi$ be a Dirichlet character mod q and let $$L(s,\chi)=\sum_{n\leq x} \frac{\chi(n)}{n^s}.$$ What is the value of $\displaystyle\lim_{s \rightarrow 1} \frac{L(s,\chi)}{\zeta(s)}$ for principal ...
8
votes
1answer
192 views

Mean Value of a Multiplicative Function close to $n$ in Terms of the Zeta Function.

Let $f(n)$ be a multiplicative function defined by $f(p^a)=p^{a-1}(p+1)$, where $p$ is a prime number. How could I obtain a formula for $$\sum_{n\leq x} f(n)$$ with error term $O(x\log{x})$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
256 views

Has it been ruled out that the Riemann hypothesis fails for only finite number of zeros?

Has it been ruled out that the Riemann hypothesis fails, but fails only for finite number of zeros?
1
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1answer
93 views

Another question about proof that $\zeta(s) \neq 0$ for $\Re(s) = 1$

This is a question distinct from but related to the question I wrote here: Question about proof that $\zeta(s) \neq 0$ for $\Re(s) = 1$, so assume the same things that I wrote there. The paper then ...
4
votes
1answer
205 views

Question about proof that $\zeta(s) \neq 0$ for $\Re(s) = 1$

I'm following this paper: http://mathdl.maa.org/images/upload_library/22/Chauvenet/Zagier.pdf Define $\Phi(s) = \displaystyle\sum_p \frac{\log p}{p^s}$. By taking a logarithm and differentiating ...
4
votes
3answers
938 views

Order of growth of $(s-1)\zeta(s)$

Again, order of growth problems. Show that the function $(s-1)\zeta(s)$ is an entire function of growth order $1$; or equivalently, $$|(s-1)\zeta(s)| \leq A_{\epsilon} \; \exp ...
3
votes
2answers
246 views

Approximate Riemann zeta function

Given the function $Z(s,N)= \sum \limits_{n=1}^{N}n^{-s}$. In the limit $N \to \infty$ the function $Z(s,N) \to \zeta (s)$ Riemann Zeta function. My question is: Is there a Functional equation for ...
5
votes
0answers
217 views

How to simplify $\newcommand{\bigk}{\mathop{\vcenter{\hbox{K}}}}\prod_{p\in\mathbb{P}}\left(1+\bigk_{k=1}^{\infty }\frac{f_k(s)}{g_k(s)}\right)^{-1}$

I'd like to simplify $$\newcommand{\bigk}{\mathop{\huge\vcenter{\hbox{K}}}}B(s)=\prod_{p\in\mathbb{P}}\left(1+\bigk_{k=1}^{\infty }\frac{f_{k}(s)}{f_{k}(s)}\right)^{-1}$$ to something of the form ...
13
votes
1answer
491 views

challenging integral involving $\zeta(5)$

I ran across a curious integral that seems to be rather tough that some on the site may enjoy. Show that $$\displaystyle \int_{0}^{1}\frac{\sqrt{1-x^{2}}}{1-x^{2}\sin^{2}(x)}dx = ...
5
votes
2answers
849 views

An identity involving the Möbius function

$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n^s}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\mu(n)}{n^s}=1$$ for $s>1$. How do I prove this identity?
3
votes
1answer
383 views

Why are Gram points for the Riemann zeta important?

Given the Riemann-Siegel function, why are the Gram points important? I say if we have $S(T)$, the oscillating part of the zeros, then given a Gram point and the imaginary part of the zeros (under the ...