Questions on the evaluation of integrals using the method of residues or in the method's theory.

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23
votes
2answers
733 views

Evaluation of $\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\left(\frac{\sin x }{\sin (x+\pi/3)}\right)\,\mathrm{d}x$

I plan to evaluate $$\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\left(\frac{\sin x }{\sin (x+\pi/3)}\right)\, \mathrm{d}x$$ and I need a starting point for both real and complex methods. Thanks ! Sis.
15
votes
3answers
222 views

Need help with $\int_0^\infty\frac{\log(1+x)}{\left(1+x^2\right)\,\left(1+x^3\right)}dx$

I need you help with this integral: $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\log(1+x)}{\left(1+x^2\right)\,\left(1+x^3\right)}dx.$$ Mathematica says it does not converge, which is apparently false.
14
votes
2answers
367 views

Show $\int_0^{\pi/3} \big((\sqrt{3}\cos x-\sin x)\sin x\big)^{1/2}\cos x \,dx =\frac{\pi\sqrt{3}}{8\sqrt{2}}. $

I have run a FORTRAN code and I have obtained strong evidence that $$\int_0^{\pi/3} \!\! \big((\sqrt{3}\cos\vartheta-\sin\vartheta)\sin\vartheta\big)^{\!1/2}\!\cos\vartheta \,d\vartheta ...
13
votes
1answer
707 views

Compute the inverse Laplace transform of $e^{-\sqrt{z}}$

I want to compute the inverse Laplace transform of a function $$ F(z) = e^{-\sqrt{z}}. $$ This problem seems very nontrivial to me. Here one can find the answer: the inverse Laplace transform of ...
12
votes
5answers
560 views

Prove $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^4x}{x^4}dx = \frac{\pi}{3}$

I need to show that $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^4x}{x^4}dx = \frac{\pi}{3} $$ I have already derived the result $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^2x}{x^2} = \frac{\pi}{2}$ using complex analysis, a result ...
12
votes
2answers
185 views

$\int_0^\infty \frac{\cos(tx)}{(x^2 - 2x + 2)}\,\mathrm{d}x$ for $t$ real

This was a question on an old prelim exam in complex analysis: compute $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\cos(tx)}{x^2 - 2x + 2}\,\mathrm{d}x$$ for $t$ real. I've tried… Residue calculus—it's ...
10
votes
3answers
642 views

A sine integral $\int_0^{\infty} \left(\frac{\sin x }{x }\right)^n\,\mathrm{d}x$

The following question comes from Some integral with sine post $$\int_0^{\infty} \left(\frac{\sin x }{x }\right)^n\,\mathrm{d}x$$ but now I'd be curious to know how to deal with it by methods of ...
10
votes
2answers
530 views

Sum of the squares of the reciprocals of the fixed points of the tangent function

The sum of the squares of the reciprocals of the positive fixed points of the tangent function is $1/10$. I've seen this proved by means of residues, but I don't remember the details. I've also ...
10
votes
0answers
227 views

Integrating $\int_0^\infty\frac{\log (1+z^2)}{e^z-1}dz$ using residue calculus.

I've been looking at how to integrate the following definite integral using the residue calculus, but can't seem to get my thoughts together. I know the $\log$ term is a multivalued function and the ...
9
votes
3answers
625 views

Evaluation by methods of complex analysis $\int_{0}^{1} \frac{\ln(x+1)}{x^2+1} \mathrm{dx}$

How would we evaluate the below integral by methods of complex analysis? $$\int_{0}^{1} \frac{\ln(x+1)}{x^2+1} \mathrm{dx}$$ I asked the question a while ago, but at that time I didn't specify this ...
9
votes
3answers
742 views

Applications of Residue Theorem in complex analysis?

Does anyone know the applications of Residue Theorem in complex analysis? I would like to do a quick paper on the matter, but am not sure where to start. The residue theorem The residue ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculating the Fourier transform of $\frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$

I'm trying to compute $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}e^{-i\omega x} \ dx$$ i.e. the Fourier transform of $x\mapsto \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$, where $0<k<1$ is fixed. But ...
9
votes
1answer
234 views

Calculate $\displaystyle \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln x}{1 + x^4} \mathrm{d}x$ using residue calculus

I need to evaluate this integral using calculus of residues: $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\ln(x)}{1+x^4}\mathrm{d}x$$ I know I need to consider $\displaystyle ...
8
votes
1answer
943 views

Integral Representation of Infinite series

Let's take a look at the following integrals : 1) $\displaystyle \int\limits_{0}^{1} \frac{\log{x}}{1+x} \ dx = -\frac{\pi^{2}}{12} = -\frac 1 2 \sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^2}= -\frac 1 2 ...
8
votes
1answer
148 views

How to rigorously justify “picking up half a residue”?

Often in contour integrals, we integrate around a singularity by putting a small semicircular indent $\theta \rightarrow z_0 + re^{i\theta}$, $0 \leq \theta \leq \pi$ around the singularity at $z_0$. ...
8
votes
2answers
178 views

Why is the (-1)-th coefficient of $f^n f'$ equal to 0, without dividing by $n+1$?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, and $n$ be a nonnegative integer. Let $f\in R\left[t,t^{-1}\right]$ be a Laurent polynomial in one variable $t$ over $R$ (this means a formal $R$-linear combination of ...
8
votes
0answers
223 views

Help in calculating the following integral $\int_0^{2\pi}\! \frac{(1+2\cos x)^n \cos (nx)}{3+2\cos x} \, \mathrm{d}x. $

I was asked to calculate this: $$\int_0^{2\pi}\! \frac{(1+2\cos x)^n \cos (nx)}{3+2\cos x} \, \mathrm{d}x. $$ My idea was to change the integration limits to $|z|=1$ in the complex plane and to ...
8
votes
0answers
307 views

Proof of residue theorem (residue formula) for differential forms on curves over an arbitrary closed field.

I have been reading the book Algebraic Geometric Codes: Basic Notions by Tsfasman, Vladut and Nogin. They give a residue formula like this: Let $\mathbb{k}$ be an algebraically closed field and $X$ ...
7
votes
4answers
325 views

How to calculate $ \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{ x^2 \log(x) }{1 + x^4} $?

I would like to calculate $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{ x^2 \log(x) }{1 + x^4}$$ by means of the Residue Theorem. This is what I tried so far: We can define a path $\alpha$ that consists of half a ...
7
votes
3answers
329 views

Evaluate $\int_{0}^{\infty}\dfrac{\mathrm dx}{(e^{\pi x}+e^{-\pi x})(16+x^2)}$

Find the integral $$I=\int_{0}^{\infty}\dfrac{1}{(e^{\pi x}+e^{-\pi x})(16+x^2)}dx$$ My try:let $x=-t$ $$I=\int_{-\infty}^{0}\dfrac{1}{(e^{\pi x}+e^{-\pi x})(16+x^2)}dx$$ so ...
7
votes
2answers
317 views

Integrating $\int_0^\infty \frac{\log x}{(1+x)^3}\,dx$ using residues

I am trying to use residues to compute $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\log x}{(1+x)^3}\,dx.$$My first attempt involved trying to take a circular contour with the branch cut being the positive real axis, but ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Residue integral: $\int_{- \infty}^{+ \infty} \frac{e^{ax}}{1+e^x} dx$ with $0 \lt a \lt 1$.

I'm self studying complex analysis. I've encountered the following integral: $$\int_{- \infty}^{+ \infty} \frac{e^{ax}}{1+e^x} dx \text{ with } a \in \mathbb{R},\ 0 \lt a \lt 1. $$ I've done the ...
7
votes
1answer
111 views

To calculate residue of the function $f(z) = \frac{z^2 + \sin z}{\cos z - 1}$.

I was trying to find the residue of the function $$f(z) = \frac{z^2 + \sin z}{\cos z - 1}.$$ Here is the my attempt: The given function has a pole of order two at $z = 2n\pi$. So, we use the ...
7
votes
2answers
181 views

How to show $\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}\frac{\sin(ax)}{x(x^2+1)}dx=\pi(1-e^{-a})$? ($a\ge0$)

$$\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}\frac{\sin(ax)}{x(x^2+1)}dx=\pi(1-e^{-a}), \ a\ge0$$ I tried to solve but came up with $\pi(2-e^{-a}) $. Could you tell me where did I do the mistake? if $x=z$ then ...
7
votes
1answer
136 views

How to find closed form formula for a sum

I am a PhD student in electrical engineering. I need to find a closed form formula for the following series: $$\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{2}A_k^2e^{-k^2\sigma_m^2}(e^{k^2\sigma_m^2}-1)$$where $A_k= ...
6
votes
3answers
136 views

How prove this sum$\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^{\frac{k(k+1)}{2}}}{(2k+1)^2}=\frac{\sqrt{2}\pi^2}{16}$

How show that $$\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{(-1)^{\frac{k(k+1)}{2}}}{(2k+1)^2}=\dfrac{\sqrt{2}\pi^2}{16}$$ My idea:I know how to prove the following sum ...
6
votes
3answers
449 views

Using residue theory to evaluate $ \int_0^\infty \frac{ \sin \pi x}{x(1-x^2)} \;\text{ dx}$

I'm on the last question of my homework and it's involving using the residue theory, which I dont really understand, so could somebody lend me a hand? I have to evaluate the real convergent improper ...
6
votes
3answers
318 views

A generalized integral need help

I was thinking this integral : $$I(\lambda)=\int_0^{\infty}\frac{\ln ^2x}{x^2+\lambda x+\lambda ^2}\text{d}x$$ What I do is use a Reciprocal subsitution, easy to show that: ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Using the Residue Theorem for a contour integral along the Riemann sphere

Given the integral $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{x}{x^2+1}dx,$ we can clearly see this is the integral of an odd function with limits which are symmetric about the origin, and thus its integral is ...
6
votes
2answers
81 views

calculation of $\int^{\frac{\pi}{2}}_{0}\cos^{n}x\cos (nx)\ dx $, where $n\in \mathbb{N}$

Calculation of $\displaystyle \int^{\frac{\pi}{2}}_{0}\cos^{n}x\cos (nx)\ dx $, where $n\in \mathbb{N}$ $\bf{My\; Try}::$ Using $\displaystyle \cos (x) = \frac{e^{ix}+e^{-ix}}{2}$, we get ...
6
votes
3answers
95 views

Residue Formula application

Using the Residue formula, I've been trying to prove $$\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{1}{a^2\cos^2\theta+b^2\sin^2\theta}\,d\theta=\frac{2\pi}{ab},\quad\quad a,b\in\Bbb R.$$First, it seems like the formula should ...
5
votes
3answers
130 views

Applications of the Residue Theorem to the Evaluation of Integrals and Sums

Evaluate the integral $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(1 + x^2)^{n+1}} dx. $$ I know that it equals $2\pi i$(the sum of the residues; at $z_k$) where $z_k$ are the poles of the function. I ...
5
votes
2answers
322 views

use residues to evaluate sum involving square of csch

I have been trying to evaluate the following sum using residues $\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{\sinh^{2}(\pi n)}=\frac{1}{6}-\frac{1}{2\pi}$ I am mainly interested in using residues to ...
5
votes
2answers
454 views

Evaluate $\int_0^{\pi} \frac{\sin^2 \theta}{(1-2a\cos\theta+a^2)(1-2b\cos\theta+b^2)}\mathrm{d\theta}, \space 0<a<b<1$

Evaluate by complex methods $$\int_0^{\pi} \frac{\sin^2 \theta}{(1-2a\cos\theta+a^2)(1-2b\cos\theta+b^2)}\mathrm{d\theta}, \space 0<a<b<1$$ Sis.
5
votes
3answers
120 views

Calculating $\int_{0}^{\infty} x^{a-1} \cos(x) \ \mathrm dx = \Gamma(a) \cos (\pi a/2)$

My goal is to calculate the integral $\int_{0}^{\infty} x^{a-1} \cos(x) dx = \Gamma(a) \cos (\pi a/2)$, where $0<a<1$, and my textbook provides the hint: integrate $z^{a-1} e^{iz}$ around the ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

Looking for guidance on a Fourier integral

Working with a Fourier transform problem, I've encountered the following integral: $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\exp\left(-a^2x^2+ibx\right)}{x^2+c^2}dx $$ where $a$, $b$, and $c$ are real ...
5
votes
1answer
152 views

Evaluating the (complex) integral $\int_\gamma \frac{e^{z+z^{-1}}}{z}dz$ using residues.

I am trying to evaluate the following integral. $$\int_\gamma \frac{e^{z+z^{-1}}}{z}dz$$ where $\gamma$ is the path $\cos(t)+2i\sin(t)$ for $0\leq t <4\pi$. So, $\gamma$ is an ellipse ...
5
votes
2answers
404 views

Calculating integral with branch cut.

I'm learning how to calculate integrals with branch points using branch cut. For example: $$I=a\int_{\xi_{1}}^{\xi_{2}}\frac{d\xi}{(1+\xi^{2})\sqrt{\frac{2}{m}\left(E-U_{0}\xi^{2}\right)}}$$ where ...
5
votes
3answers
643 views

Use the Residue Theorem to evaluate the integral:

$$\int_{0}^{∞} \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x^2+2x+5} dx$$ I'm thinking of using the "keyhole" contour, but I'm not sure how to proceed from there. Please help! Thanks!
5
votes
2answers
96 views

Proving $g(\omega)=\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{\gamma}\frac{zf'(z)}{f(z)-\omega}\, dz$ where $g$ is the inverse of $f$

I have the following exercise: Let $G$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{C}$ and let $f$ be a one to one function in $H(G)$ such that $f'(z)\neq0$ for all $z\in G$. For each $\omega\in f(G)$ ...
5
votes
1answer
498 views

Fourier transform of $ \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$ [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Calculating the Fourier transform of $\frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$ Im trying to compute the integral of $$I = \int_{-\infty}^\infty ...
5
votes
2answers
59 views

Find the Fourier Transform of $\dfrac{x}{x^4+4}$

I have a problem here that becomes quite difficult to manage. I have to find the fourier transform of: $$f(x)=\frac{x}{x^4+4}$$ I'm sure there will be many ways to do this and I'll post my method ...
5
votes
1answer
150 views

Calculation of sum by using residue theory

I am studying an example about the calculation of a summation by using residue theory. I understand how to calculate the sum in general -the frame of the solution way-, but I dont know how some parts ...
5
votes
1answer
103 views

Finding a generalization for $\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{- 3\pi x^{2} }\frac{\sinh(\pi x)}{\sinh(3\pi x)}dx$

$\;\;\;\;$I was reading the introduction of Paul J. Nain's book "Dr. Euler's fabulous formula" where he talks about the sense of beauty in mathematics and quotes the G.N.Watson as saying that a ...
5
votes
1answer
490 views

Evaluating $\int\limits_0^\infty \frac{\log x} {(1+x^2)^2} dx$ with residue theory

I need a little help with this question, please! I have to evaluate the real convergent improper integrals using RESIDUE THEORY (vital that I use this), using the following contour: ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Computing the residues of $\dfrac{1}{\sin^2 z}$.

I'm having a hard time correctly computing the residues of $\dfrac{1}{\sin^2 z}$. I know the poles occur at $k\pi$, with order $2$. By a Taylor expansion I can rewrite $\sin z=\cos ...
4
votes
4answers
210 views

Calculating $\int_0^\infty \frac {\sin^2x}{x^2}dx$ using the Residue Theorem.

I am trying to compute the following integral using the Residue Theorem but am quite stuck: $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^2x}{x^2}dx$$ I have tried applying Jordan's lemma, having written $\sin(x)$ as ...
4
votes
2answers
453 views

explicit formula for coefficients of Laurent series

Give an explicit formula for the coefficients of the Laurent series on $A:=\{z: |z|>1\}$ for the function $g(z)=\frac{e^z}{z-1}$. I know how to go about finding the Laurent series, using the ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Using Cauchy integral formula to calculate $\int_\gamma \frac{\cos{z}}{z^n}$

Let $\gamma(\vartheta)=\mathrm{e}^{i\vartheta},\,\vartheta\in[0,2\pi]$, and consider the integral $$I(n)=\int_\gamma \frac{\cos{z}}{z^n},$$ where $n\in \{0,2,4,6,...\}$. Is there any way to prove ...
4
votes
1answer
194 views

Non elementary antiderivative of $\phi(\cos x,\sin x)$ when $\phi(x,y)$ is a rational real function?

With the method of Residues, we can calculate the integral \begin{equation}\int_{0}^{2\pi}\phi(\cos x,\sin x)\, dx \end{equation} where $\phi(x,y)=\frac{p(x,y)}{q(x,y)}$, ($p,q$ are polynomials of ...