Questions on the evaluation of residues, on the evaluation of integrals using the method of residues or in the method's theory.

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33
votes
4answers
1k views

Evaluation of $\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\left(\frac{\sin x }{\sin (x+\pi/3)}\right)\,\mathrm{d}x$

I plan to evaluate $$\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\left(\frac{\sin x }{\sin (x+\pi/3)}\right)\, \mathrm{d}x$$ and I need a starting point for both real and complex methods. Thanks ! Sis.
23
votes
2answers
588 views

How to solve $\int_0^{\infty}\frac{\cos{ax}}{x^3+1}dx$?

QUESTION. It is looked for a closed solution for following real integrals $\displaystyle\int_0^{\infty}\displaystyle\frac{\cos{ax}}{x^3+1}dx$ and ...
18
votes
5answers
1k views

Prove $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^4x}{x^4}dx = \frac{\pi}{3}$

I need to show that $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^4x}{x^4}dx = \frac{\pi}{3} $$ I have already derived the result $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^2x}{x^2} = \frac{\pi}{2}$ using complex analysis, a result ...
18
votes
2answers
515 views

Show that $\int_0^{\pi/3} \big((\sqrt{3}\cos x-\sin x)\sin x\big)^{1/2}\cos x \,dx =\frac{\pi\sqrt{3}}{8\sqrt{2}}. $

I have run a FORTRAN code and I have obtained strong evidence that $$\int_0^{\pi/3} \!\! \big((\sqrt{3}\cos\vartheta-\sin\vartheta)\sin\vartheta\big)^{\!1/2}\!\cos\vartheta \,d\vartheta ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Compute the inverse Laplace transform of $e^{-\sqrt{z}}$

I want to compute the inverse Laplace transform of a function $$ F(z) = e^{-\sqrt{z}}. $$ This problem seems very nontrivial to me. Here one can find the answer: the inverse Laplace transform of ...
18
votes
1answer
598 views

Integrating $\int_0^\infty\frac{\log (1+z^2)}{e^z-1}dz$ using residue calculus.

I've been looking at how to integrate the following definite integral using the residue calculus, but can't seem to get my thoughts together. I know the $\log$ term is a multivalued function and the ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

A sine integral $\int_0^{\infty} \left(\frac{\sin x }{x }\right)^n\,\mathrm{d}x$

The following question comes from Some integral with sine post $$\int_0^{\infty} \left(\frac{\sin x }{x }\right)^n\,\mathrm{d}x$$ but now I'd be curious to know how to deal with it by methods of ...
17
votes
3answers
414 views

Need help with $\int_0^\infty\frac{\log(1+x)}{\left(1+x^2\right)\,\left(1+x^3\right)}dx$

I need you help with this integral: $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\log(1+x)}{\left(1+x^2\right)\,\left(1+x^3\right)}dx.$$ Mathematica says it does not converge, which is apparently false.
14
votes
2answers
827 views

Sum of the squares of the reciprocals of the fixed points of the tangent function

The sum of the squares of the reciprocals of the positive fixed points of the tangent function is $1/10$. I've seen this proved by means of residues, but I don't remember the details. I've also ...
13
votes
3answers
761 views

Integrating $\int_0^\infty \frac{\log x}{(1+x)^3}\,\operatorname d\!x$ using residues

I am trying to use residues to compute $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\log x}{(1+x)^3}\,\operatorname d\!x.$$My first attempt involved trying to take a circular contour with the branch cut being the positive ...
13
votes
2answers
220 views

$\int_0^\infty \frac{\cos(tx)}{(x^2 - 2x + 2)}\,\mathrm{d}x$ for $t$ real

This was a question on an old prelim exam in complex analysis: compute $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\cos(tx)}{x^2 - 2x + 2}\,\mathrm{d}x$$ for $t$ real. I've tried… Residue calculus—it's ...
13
votes
0answers
719 views

Proof of residue theorem (residue formula) for differential forms on curves over an arbitrary closed field.

I have been reading the book Algebraic Geometric Codes: Basic Notions by Tsfasman, Vladut and Nogin. They give a residue formula like this: Let $\mathbb{k}$ be an algebraically closed field and $X$ ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Integral Representation of Infinite series

Let's take a look at the following integrals : 1) $\displaystyle \int\limits_{0}^{1} \frac{\log{x}}{1+x} \ dx = -\frac{\pi^{2}}{12} = -\frac 1 2 \sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^2}= -\frac 1 2 ...
12
votes
3answers
970 views

Calculate $\displaystyle \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln x}{1 + x^4} \mathrm{d}x$ using residue calculus

I need to evaluate this integral using calculus of residues: $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\ln(x)}{1+x^4}\mathrm{d}x$$ I know I need to consider $\displaystyle ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating the Fourier transform of $\frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$

I'm trying to compute $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}e^{-i\omega x} \ dx$$ i.e. the Fourier transform of $x\mapsto \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$, where $0<k<1$ is fixed. But ...
11
votes
2answers
333 views

Residue Integral: $\int_0^\infty \frac{x^n - 2x + 1}{x^{2n} - 1} \mathrm{d}x$

Inspired by some of the greats on this site, I've been trying to improve my residue theorem skills. I've come across the integral $$\int_0^\infty \frac{x^n - 2x + 1}{x^{2n} - 1} \mathrm{d}x,$$ where ...
10
votes
7answers
573 views

How to calculate $ \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{ x^2 \log(x) }{1 + x^4} $?

I would like to calculate $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{ x^2 \log(x) }{1 + x^4}$$ by means of the Residue Theorem. This is what I tried so far: We can define a path $\alpha$ that consists of half a ...
10
votes
5answers
372 views

Contour Integral: $\int^{1}_{0}\frac{1}{\sqrt[n]{1-x^n}}dx$

I want to compute: $\int^{1}_{0}\frac{1}{\sqrt[n]{1-x^n}}dx$ for natural $n>1$ using Residue Calculus. I am thinking of using some kind of a keyhole or bone contour that could go around the ...
10
votes
3answers
955 views

Evaluation by methods of complex analysis $\int_{0}^{1} \frac{\ln(x+1)}{x^2+1} \mathrm{dx}$

How would we evaluate the below integral by methods of complex analysis? $$\int_{0}^{1} \frac{\ln(x+1)}{x^2+1} \mathrm{dx}$$ I asked the question a while ago, but at that time I didn't specify this ...
10
votes
1answer
136 views

Integrate $\int_0^\infty \frac{dx}{(x^2+2x+12)^2}$ using residues

I want to find the integral $$I=\int_0^\infty \frac{dx}{(x^2+2x+12)^2}$$ using contour integration; I am familiar with the trigonometric substitution in real analysis. There are no branch cuts, ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Residue integral: $\int_{- \infty}^{+ \infty} \frac{e^{ax}}{1+e^x} dx$ with $0 \lt a \lt 1$.

I'm self studying complex analysis. I've encountered the following integral: $$\int_{- \infty}^{+ \infty} \frac{e^{ax}}{1+e^x} dx \text{ with } a \in \mathbb{R},\ 0 \lt a \lt 1. $$ I've done the ...
10
votes
1answer
160 views

Application of the residue theorem

I want to prove that $$\sum_{j=1}^n \frac{1}{\left[\text{cos} \left( \frac{j \pi}{2n+1} \right)\right]^4}=\frac{8n(n+1)(n^2+n+1)}{3}$$ for $n \in \mathbb{N}$ by using the residue theorem. Which ...
10
votes
2answers
397 views

Dog Bone Contour Integral

Would someone please help me understand how to integrate $$ \ \int_0^1 (x^2-1)^{-1/2}dx\, ? $$ This is a homework problem from Marsden Basic Complex Analysis. The text book suggested using a "dog ...
9
votes
6answers
297 views

Evaluate $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\log x }{(x-1)\sqrt{x}}dx$ (solution verification)

I tried to find the integral $$I=\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\log x }{(x-1)\sqrt{x}}dx \tag1$$ I substituted $x=t^2, 2tdt=dx$ and chose $\log x$ and $\sqrt{x}$ to be principal values. We have ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Applications of Residue Theorem in complex analysis?

Does anyone know the applications of Residue Theorem in complex analysis? I would like to do a quick paper on the matter, but am not sure where to start. The residue theorem The residue ...
9
votes
3answers
358 views

How to show $\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}\frac{\sin(ax)}{x(x^2+1)}dx=\pi(1-e^{-a})$? ($a\ge0$)

$$\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}\frac{\sin(ax)}{x(x^2+1)}dx=\pi(1-e^{-a}), \ a\ge0$$ I tried to solve but came up with $\pi(2-e^{-a}) $. Could you tell me where did I do the mistake? if $x=z$ then ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Show that $\int_0^ \infty \frac{1}{1+x^n} dx= \frac{ \pi /n}{\sin(\pi /n)}$ , where $n$ is a positive integer.

Using residues, try the contour below with $R \rightarrow \infty$ and $$\lim_{R \rightarrow \infty } \int_0^R \frac{1}{1+r^n} dr \rightarrow \int_0^\infty \frac{1}{1+x^n} dx$$ I've ...
9
votes
1answer
403 views

How to rigorously justify “picking up half a residue”?

Often in contour integrals, we integrate around a singularity by putting a small semicircular indent $\theta \rightarrow z_0 + re^{i\theta}$, $0 \leq \theta \leq \pi$ around the singularity at $z_0$. ...
9
votes
2answers
242 views

Why is the (-1)-th coefficient of $f^n f'$ equal to 0, without dividing by $n+1$?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, and $n$ be a nonnegative integer. Let $f\in R\left[t,t^{-1}\right]$ be a Laurent polynomial in one variable $t$ over $R$ (this means a formal $R$-linear combination of ...
9
votes
2answers
373 views

Integrating around simple pole and semicircle

Let $f$ be a holomorphic function on $\mathbb{C}$ with simple pole at $z_0$. Then if $\Gamma$ is a circle around $z_0$ oriented counter-clockwise with radius $r$ and $r\rightarrow 0$, then ...
9
votes
1answer
341 views

Help in calculating the following integral $\int_0^{2\pi}\! \frac{(1+2\cos x)^n \cos (nx)}{3+2\cos x} \, \mathrm{d}x. $

I was asked to calculate this: $$\int_0^{2\pi}\! \frac{(1+2\cos x)^n \cos (nx)}{3+2\cos x} \, \mathrm{d}x. $$ My idea was to change the integration limits to $|z|=1$ in the complex plane and to ...
8
votes
3answers
681 views

Need a hint for this integral

I'm trying to evaluate the following integral $$\int_0^{\infty} \frac{1}{x^{\frac{3}{2}}+1}\,dx.$$ This is an old complex analysis exam question, so I plan to use the residue theorem. How can I ...
8
votes
3answers
446 views

Evaluate $\int_{0}^{\infty}\dfrac{\mathrm dx}{(e^{\pi x}+e^{-\pi x})(16+x^2)}$

Find the integral $$I=\int_{0}^{\infty}\dfrac{1}{(e^{\pi x}+e^{-\pi x})(16+x^2)}dx$$ My try:let $x=-t$ $$I=\int_{-\infty}^{0}\dfrac{1}{(e^{\pi x}+e^{-\pi x})(16+x^2)}dx$$ so ...
8
votes
3answers
566 views

use residues to evaluate sum involving square of csch

I have been trying to evaluate the following sum using residues $\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{\sinh^{2}(\pi n)}=\frac{1}{6}-\frac{1}{2\pi}$ I am mainly interested in using residues to ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Computing $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sin x}{x} \mathrm{d}x$ with residue calculus

This refers back to the integral of $\frac{\sin(x)}x = \frac\pi2$ already posted. How do I arrive at $\frac\pi2$ using the residue theorem? I'm at the following point: $$\int \frac{e^{iz}}{z} - \int ...
8
votes
1answer
179 views

Partial fraction expansion for non-rational functions

With regard to this answer to an inverse Laplace transform question, I derived the following result: $$\frac1{i 2 \pi} \int_{c-i \infty}^{c+i \infty} ds \, e^{s t} \Gamma(s)^2 = 2 K_0 \left ( 2 ...
7
votes
3answers
189 views

How prove this sum$\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^{\frac{k(k+1)}{2}}}{(2k+1)^2}=\frac{\sqrt{2}\pi^2}{16}$

How show that $$\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}\dfrac{(-1)^{\frac{k(k+1)}{2}}}{(2k+1)^2}=\dfrac{\sqrt{2}\pi^2}{16}$$ My idea:I know how to prove the following sum ...
7
votes
4answers
293 views

Help with the contour for this integral using residues

$$ PV \int_0^\infty \frac{dx}{\sqrt{x}(x^2-1)} $$ A keyhole contour can't be used because we have a pole in the real positive axis, isn't it?
7
votes
2answers
238 views

$\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{1+x^ 9} \, dx$

$\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{1+x^9} \, dx$ I tried taking the integral of $\Gamma_R = [0,R] \cup \gamma_R \cup I_R$, where we see that \gamma_R is the circle parametrized by $z = Re^{it}$ with ...
7
votes
4answers
464 views

Integral by residue - “dog bone”

Let $I=\int_{-1}^{1}\frac{x^2 dx}{\sqrt[3]{(1-x)(1+x)^2}}$. I used complex function $f(z)=\frac{z^2}{\sqrt[3]{(z-1)(z+1)^2}}$, which we can define such that it is holomorphic on ...
7
votes
3answers
533 views

Using residue theory to evaluate $ \int_0^\infty \frac{ \sin \pi x}{x(1-x^2)} \;\text{ dx}$

I'm on the last question of my homework and it's involving using the residue theory, which I dont really understand, so could somebody lend me a hand? I have to evaluate the real convergent improper ...
7
votes
3answers
152 views

Calculation of $\int^{\pi/2}_{0}\cos^{n}(x)\cos (nx)\,dx$, where $n\in \mathbb{N}$

Compute the definite integral $$ \int^{\pi/2}_{0}\cos^{n}(x)\cos (nx)\,dx $$ where $n\in \mathbb{N}$. My Attempt: Using $\cos (x) = \frac{e^{ix}+e^{-ix}}{2}$, we get $$ \begin{align} ...
7
votes
1answer
746 views

To calculate residue of the function $f(z) = \frac{z^2 + \sin z}{\cos z - 1}$.

I was trying to find the residue of the function $$f(z) = \frac{z^2 + \sin z}{\cos z - 1}.$$ Here is the my attempt: The given function has a pole of order two at $z = 2n\pi$. So, we use the ...
7
votes
3answers
922 views

Evaluating $\int\limits_0^\infty \frac{\log x} {(1+x^2)^2} dx$ with residue theory

I need a little help with this question, please! I have to evaluate the real convergent improper integrals using RESIDUE THEORY (vital that I use this), using the following contour: ...
7
votes
2answers
871 views

The law of large numbers: How does the convergence take place? How does the “remainder” look like?

I have the independent and identically distributed random variables $X_1,X_2,\ldots$ with a finite expectation $\mu$. I also have defined $S_n = X_1 + \cdots + X_n$. According to the law of large ...
7
votes
1answer
119 views

More 'conceptual' reason of why $\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\text{sin}(x^2) = \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\text{cos}(x^2)$

In our complex analysis course, as an application of the residue theorem and some clever contour integration, we computed the following integrals: ...
7
votes
1answer
215 views

How to find closed form formula for a sum

I am a PhD student in electrical engineering. I need to find a closed form formula for the following series: $$\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{2}A_k^2e^{-k^2\sigma_m^2}(e^{k^2\sigma_m^2}-1)$$where $A_k= ...
6
votes
5answers
462 views

Evaluate $\int_0^\infty \frac{(\log x)^2}{1+x^2} dx$ using complex analysis

How do I compute $$\int_0^\infty \frac{(\log x)^2}{1+x^2} dx$$ What I am doing is take $$f(z)=\frac{(\log z)^2}{1+z^2}$$ and calculating $\text{Res}(f,z=i) = \dfrac{d}{dz} \dfrac{(\log ...
6
votes
3answers
95 views

Calculate $\int_0^{\infty}\frac{1}{(x+1)(x-2)}dx$ using residues

I'm supposed to calculate $$\int_0^{\infty}\frac{1}{(x+1)(x-2)}dx$$ using residues. The typical procedure on a problem like this would be to integrate a contour going around an upper-half ...
6
votes
1answer
129 views

A particular integral: $\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin(\pi x)}{\prod_{k=-n}^{n}(x-k)}\,dx$

I have to show summability, then compute the following integral: $$\int\limits_{-\infty}^{+\infty} \frac{\sin(\pi\,x)}{\prod_{k = - n}^n (x - k)}\,dx = \frac{(-4)^n}{(2\,n)!}\,\pi $$ for every $n\in ...