Questions on the evaluation of residues, on the evaluation of integrals using the method of residues or in the method's theory.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
3k views

Determine and classify all singular points

Determine and find residues for all singular points $z\in \mathbb{C}$ for (i) $\frac{1}{z\sin(2z)}$ (ii) $\frac{1}{1-e^{-z}}$ Note: I have worked out (i), but (ii) seems still not easy.
17
votes
3answers
1k views

A sine integral $\int_0^{\infty} \left(\frac{\sin x }{x }\right)^n\,\mathrm{d}x$

The following question comes from Some integral with sine post $$\int_0^{\infty} \left(\frac{\sin x }{x }\right)^n\,\mathrm{d}x$$ but now I'd be curious to know how to deal with it by methods of ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Compute the inverse Laplace transform of $e^{-\sqrt{z}}$

I want to compute the inverse Laplace transform of a function $$ F(z) = e^{-\sqrt{z}}. $$ This problem seems very nontrivial to me. Here one can find the answer: the inverse Laplace transform of ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Show that $\int_0^ \infty \frac{1}{1+x^n} dx= \frac{ \pi /n}{\sin(\pi /n)}$ , where $n$ is a positive integer.

Using residues, try the contour below with $R \rightarrow \infty$ and $$\lim_{R \rightarrow \infty } \int_0^R \frac{1}{1+r^n} dr \rightarrow \int_0^\infty \frac{1}{1+x^n} dx$$ I've ...
6
votes
5answers
472 views

Evaluate $\int_0^\infty \frac{(\log x)^2}{1+x^2} dx$ using complex analysis

How do I compute $$\int_0^\infty \frac{(\log x)^2}{1+x^2} dx$$ What I am doing is take $$f(z)=\frac{(\log z)^2}{1+z^2}$$ and calculating $\text{Res}(f,z=i) = \dfrac{d}{dz} \dfrac{(\log ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Computing $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\cos x}{x^{2} + a^{2}}dx$ using residue calculus

I need to find $\displaystyle\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\cos x}{x^{2} + a^{2}}\ dx$ where $a > 0$. To do this, I set $f(z) = \displaystyle\frac{\cos z}{z^{2} + a^{2}}$ and integrate along the ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Computing $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sin x}{x} \mathrm{d}x$ with residue calculus

This refers back to the integral of $\frac{\sin(x)}x = \frac\pi2$ already posted. How do I arrive at $\frac\pi2$ using the residue theorem? I'm at the following point: $$\int \frac{e^{iz}}{z} - \int ...
33
votes
4answers
1k views

Evaluation of $\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\left(\frac{\sin x }{\sin (x+\pi/3)}\right)\,\mathrm{d}x$

I plan to evaluate $$\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\left(\frac{\sin x }{\sin (x+\pi/3)}\right)\, \mathrm{d}x$$ and I need a starting point for both real and complex methods. Thanks ! Sis.
18
votes
5answers
1k views

Prove $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^4x}{x^4}dx = \frac{\pi}{3}$

I need to show that $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^4x}{x^4}dx = \frac{\pi}{3} $$ I have already derived the result $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^2x}{x^2} = \frac{\pi}{2}$ using complex analysis, a result ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating the Fourier transform of $\frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$

I'm trying to compute $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}e^{-i\omega x} \ dx$$ i.e. the Fourier transform of $x\mapsto \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$, where $0<k<1$ is fixed. But ...
3
votes
2answers
476 views

Finding the poles and residues of a complex function $\frac{\cos(z)-1}{(e^z - 1)^2}$

I'm trying to find the poles and residues of: $$f(z) = \frac{\cos(z)-1}{(e^z - 1)^2}$$ I can see that this has a removable singularity at $z=0$ and double poles at $z=2k \pi i$. I'm having trouble ...
14
votes
2answers
830 views

Sum of the squares of the reciprocals of the fixed points of the tangent function

The sum of the squares of the reciprocals of the positive fixed points of the tangent function is $1/10$. I've seen this proved by means of residues, but I don't remember the details. I've also ...
4
votes
0answers
478 views

How to solve an integral with a Gaussian Mixture denominator?

I am trying to solve this integral: $$t(v)\equiv\sum_{k=1}^{n}\sum_{j=1}^{n}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{w_{k}N(x-x_{k},B_{k})N(x-x_{j},v)}{\sum_{m=1}^{n}w_{m}N(x-x_{m},B_{m}+v)}dx $$ where ...
3
votes
3answers
357 views

Evaluate $\int_0^{2\pi} \frac{\sin^2\theta}{5+4\cos\theta}\,\mathrm d\theta$

Evaluate $$\int_0^{2\pi} \frac{\sin^2\theta}{5+4\cos(\theta)}\mathrm d\theta$$ This is the final question on my review for my final exam tomorrow, and I will be honest and say that I have no clue ...
1
vote
3answers
152 views

Integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-ax}\cos (bx)\operatorname d\!x$

I want to evaluate the following integral via complex analysis $$\int\limits_{x=0}^{x=\infty}e^{-ax}\cos (bx)\operatorname d\!x \ \ ,\ \ a >0$$ Which function/ contour should I consider ?
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Contour integration using the residue at infinity

I posted a similar problem a few months ago but got no responses. So I'm going to try again with a different problem. I want to evaluate $ \displaystyle I ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Gaussian Integral using contour integration with a parallelogram contour

I'm having trouble figuring out how to use contour integration to compute the Gaussian integral. The contour I'm using is a parallelogram with function, $f(z) = \Large \frac{ e^{i \pi z^2}}{sin(\pi ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

A Tough Problem about Residue

I tried my best to solve this problem from what I learned in residues, but the solution seems very far from what I was doing!! Is there any way other than using Laurent series expansion? Here is the ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Complex Integration poles real axis

In class my professor said that $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{e^{iax}}{x^2 - b^2}dx = -\frac{2\pi}{b}\sin(ab) $$ where $a,b > 0$. However, since the poles are on the real axis, isn't the integral ...
2
votes
3answers
622 views

Use residues to evaluate $\int_0^\infty \frac{\cosh(ax)}{\cosh(x)}\,\mathrm{d}x$, where $|a|<1$

Use residues to evaluate $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{\cosh(ax)}{\cosh(x)}\,\mathrm{d}x $$ where $|a|<1$. Try considering the integral of the form $$ \int_C \frac{\exp(az)}{\cosh(z)}\,\mathrm dz, $$ ...
5
votes
3answers
316 views

Applications of the Residue Theorem to the Evaluation of Integrals and Sums

Evaluate the integral $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(1 + x^2)^{n+1}} dx. $$ I know that it equals $2\pi i$(the sum of the residues; at $z_k$) where $z_k$ are the poles of the function. I ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Find $ \int_0^{2\pi} \frac{1}{a^2\cos^2 t+b^2 \sin^2 t} dt \;; a,b>0$.

Using Residue Theorem find $\displaystyle \int_0^{2\pi} \frac{1}{a^2\cos^2 t+b^2 \sin^2 t} dt \;; a,b>0$. My Try: So, I am going to use the ellipse $\Gamma = \{a\cos t+i b \sin t: 0\leq t\leq ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Integral Representation of Infinite series

Let's take a look at the following integrals : 1) $\displaystyle \int\limits_{0}^{1} \frac{\log{x}}{1+x} \ dx = -\frac{\pi^{2}}{12} = -\frac 1 2 \sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^2}= -\frac 1 2 ...
8
votes
3answers
573 views

use residues to evaluate sum involving square of csch

I have been trying to evaluate the following sum using residues $\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{\sinh^{2}(\pi n)}=\frac{1}{6}-\frac{1}{2\pi}$ I am mainly interested in using residues to ...
3
votes
3answers
149 views

I need to solve $\phi (x,y) = \frac{2V}{\pi} \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin(kx)\cosh(ky) dk}{k\cosh(ka)}$

I start with a integral in complex plane $$\oint_c \frac{e^{izx} e^{zy} dz}{z\cosh(za)}$$ where $c$ is a countour starting in $z = -R$ along the real axis and jumping the pole at origin and continuing ...
9
votes
1answer
452 views

How to rigorously justify “picking up half a residue”?

Often in contour integrals, we integrate around a singularity by putting a small semicircular indent $\theta \rightarrow z_0 + re^{i\theta}$, $0 \leq \theta \leq \pi$ around the singularity at $z_0$. ...
5
votes
2answers
517 views

Evaluating real integral using residue calculus: why different results?

I have to evaluate the real integral $$ I = \int_0^{\infty} \frac{\log^2 x}{x^2+1}. $$ using residue calculus. Its value is $\frac{\pi^3}{8}$, as you can verify (for example) introducing the function ...
4
votes
3answers
615 views

Integral with branch cut ( Problem while calculating residue)

While calculating this integral $\int_{-1}^{1}\frac{dx}{\sqrt{1-x^2}(1+x^2)}$ , I am really struggling to calculate the residue at (-i), I am getting the value of residue as $\frac{-1}{2\sqrt{2}i}$, ...
4
votes
3answers
288 views

Integral $\int_0^\infty \exp(ia/x^2+ibx^2)dx$

Compute the integral: \begin{equation} \int_0^\infty \exp\left(\frac{ia}{x^2}+ibx^2\right)\,dx \end{equation} for $a$, $b$ real and positive. I tried complex variables, but don't really know how to ...
6
votes
3answers
228 views

Evaluating an Integral by Residue Theorem

Its been awhile since I have taken complex analysis and I am wondering how to solve the following integral when $a>0, \ a=0,$ and $a<0$ for $$\int^{\infty}_0\frac{\cos ax+x\sin ax}{1+x^2}dx.$$ ...
5
votes
3answers
234 views

Calculating $\int_{0}^{\infty} x^{a-1} \cos(x) \ \mathrm dx = \Gamma(a) \cos (\pi a/2)$

My goal is to calculate the integral $\int_{0}^{\infty} x^{a-1} \cos(x) dx = \Gamma(a) \cos (\pi a/2)$, where $0<a<1$, and my textbook provides the hint: integrate $z^{a-1} e^{iz}$ around the ...
4
votes
3answers
290 views

Residue Theorem for Gamma Function

I am kinda stuck and not sure what to do at this point of the calculation where: $$\int_{c\ -\ j\infty}^{c\ +\ j\infty} \left(\,x^{-1}\sigma\,\sqrt{\, 2\,}\,\,\right)^{s}\Gamma\left(\,{s \over ...
4
votes
1answer
481 views

Why is the sum of residues of $\frac{1}{1+z^n}$ in the upper half plane $1/[in\sin(\pi/n)]$?

Suppose $F_n=1/(1+z^n)$ for $n$ even. I'm curious, why is the sum of residues of $F_n$ in the upper half plane a geometric series whose sum is $1/[in\sin(\pi/n)]$? I know that if ...
3
votes
3answers
125 views

Please more help me to find the convergence interval and the sum -by using residue theory- of the series.

The sum is that $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \binom{3n}{2n} x^n$$ First of all, I need to check whether the sum converges or not and if it is convergent, which points? I am using ratio test. $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
351 views

Residue theorem:When a singularity on the circle (not inside the circle)

This is the integration I am trying to solve $$\int_{0}^{\pi} \sin^{2}(\theta)\sec^{3}(\theta)d\theta$$ putting $$z=e^{i\theta}$$ $$\int_{\gamma} \frac{-2{(z^{2}-1)}^2}{i(z-i)^{3}(z+i)^{3}}d\theta$$ ...
2
votes
2answers
289 views

How the calculate $\int_0^{+\infty} \frac{\sin^2 x}{x^2} \,\mathrm{d} x$?

Just as the title say, consider the integral: $$I=\int_0^{+\infty} \frac{\sin^2 x}{x^2} \,\mathrm{d} x=\frac{1}{2}\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} \frac{\sin^2 x}{x^2} \,\mathrm{d} x,$$ how to apply the ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Finding the Fourier transform of $f(x) = \frac{a}{\pi} \frac{1}{a^2 + x^2}$ with the residue theorem

I keep getting the wrong answer for this problem! Find the Fourier transform of $f(x) = \frac{a}{\pi} \frac{1}{a^2 + x^2}$ using the residue theorem. Well, by definition: $$\hat f(k) = ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

Residue Formula in complex analysis

I understand the residue formula but I just can't understand the cancelling down of $$ \operatorname{res}_{z=z_1} (f)= \lim \limits_{z \to z_1}(z-z_1) \frac {z^2}{z^4+1} = \frac {z_1^2}{4z_1^3}.$$ ...
-2
votes
0answers
191 views

Fibonacci Numbers - Complex Analysis [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Complex Analysis - Integral over a circle of radius R Hey guys~ Does anyone know where to find the solutions to this problem set on page 106 involving the fibonacci ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Applications of Residue Theorem in complex analysis?

Does anyone know the applications of Residue Theorem in complex analysis? I would like to do a quick paper on the matter, but am not sure where to start. The residue theorem The residue ...
4
votes
2answers
176 views

Evaluating $I_{\alpha}=\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\ln(1+x^2)}{x^\alpha}dx$ using complex analysis

Again, improper integrals involving $\ln(1+x^2)$ I am trying to get a result for the integral $I_{\alpha}=\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\ln(1+x^2)}{x^\alpha}dx$ - asked above link- using some complex ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Calculate $\displaystyle \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln x}{1 + x^4} \mathrm{d}x$ using residue calculus

I need to evaluate this integral using calculus of residues: $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\ln(x)}{1+x^4}\mathrm{d}x$$ I know I need to consider $\displaystyle ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Residue integral: $\int_{- \infty}^{+ \infty} \frac{e^{ax}}{1+e^x} dx$ with $0 \lt a \lt 1$.

I'm self studying complex analysis. I've encountered the following integral: $$\int_{- \infty}^{+ \infty} \frac{e^{ax}}{1+e^x} dx \text{ with } a \in \mathbb{R},\ 0 \lt a \lt 1. $$ I've done the ...
10
votes
2answers
420 views

Dog Bone Contour Integral

Would someone please help me understand how to integrate $$ \ \int_0^1 (x^2-1)^{-1/2}dx\, ? $$ This is a homework problem from Marsden Basic Complex Analysis. The text book suggested using a "dog ...
9
votes
1answer
344 views

Help in calculating the following integral $\int_0^{2\pi}\! \frac{(1+2\cos x)^n \cos (nx)}{3+2\cos x} \, \mathrm{d}x. $

I was asked to calculate this: $$\int_0^{2\pi}\! \frac{(1+2\cos x)^n \cos (nx)}{3+2\cos x} \, \mathrm{d}x. $$ My idea was to change the integration limits to $|z|=1$ in the complex plane and to ...
8
votes
1answer
183 views

Partial fraction expansion for non-rational functions

With regard to this answer to an inverse Laplace transform question, I derived the following result: $$\frac1{i 2 \pi} \int_{c-i \infty}^{c+i \infty} ds \, e^{s t} \Gamma(s)^2 = 2 K_0 \left ( 2 ...
7
votes
1answer
132 views

More 'conceptual' reason of why $\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\text{sin}(x^2) = \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\text{cos}(x^2)$

In our complex analysis course, as an application of the residue theorem and some clever contour integration, we computed the following integrals: ...
5
votes
4answers
307 views

How to prove $\int^{\pi/2}_0 \log{\cos{x}} \, \mathrm{d}x = \pi/2 \log{1/2}$

ALREADY ANSWERED I was trying to prove the result that the OP of this question is given as a hint. That is to say: imagine that you are not given the hint and you need to evaluate: $$I = ...
5
votes
3answers
637 views

A difficult integral evaluation problem

How do I compute the integration for $a>0$, $$ \int_0^\pi \frac{x\sin x}{1-2a\cos x+a^2}dx? $$ I want to find a complex function and integrate by the residue theorem.
5
votes
2answers
209 views

Finding a generalization for $\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{- 3\pi x^{2} }\frac{\sinh(\pi x)}{\sinh(3\pi x)}dx$

$\;\;\;\;$I was reading the introduction of Paul J. Nain's book "Dr. Euler's fabulous formula" where he talks about the sense of beauty in mathematics and quotes the G.N.Watson as saying that a ...