Representation theory studies (among else) representations of groups by finite matrices. The non-commutative analog of classical Fourier transforms.

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Is there anywhere some explicit Bruhat decompositions are written down?

Question in title: most places I see Bruhat decompositions treated they're only briefly mentioned and no examples are given. Also, I calculated the following regarding the Bruhat decomposition of $\...
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1answer
55 views

Tate's thesis - continuous map from a local field to circle group

I am currently reading Decomposition of Unitary Representations defined by a discrete subgroups of nilpotent groups, by C.C. Moore. It is metioned that if $\mathbb{K}$ is a $p$-adic field in his ...
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34 views

Spin Representations and Galois correspondence?

I have a vague question regarding the Spin representations. Is there a "quick" way of seeing that $Spin(2n)$ has exactly two irreducible representations which do not factor through $SO(2n)$, and one ...
3
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1answer
63 views

Every representation of a finite group is reducible?

I somehow "proved" that every representation of a finite group is reducible. While I'm fairly sure the error is something silly, I can't seem to place it. Could someone please help me figure out what ...
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75 views

Matrix representation and permutation matrices

In order to find the matrix representation associated to a permutation representation I identify each permutation with the corrisponding matrix representation. How can I prove that these matrices ...
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37 views

How does Fulton and Harris establish that the differential of a group hom respects ad?

Fulton and Harris, Representation Theory, Section 8.1 (pages 104 - 107 in my copy) is concerned with showing that group homomorphisms $\rho : G \to H$, where $G$ is connected, are completely ...
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20 views

limit of regular hyperbolic integrals is a unipotent integral (GL2 calculation)

In developing a simple trace formula for $G$=GL$_2$ over a number field $F$ one encounters the following identity of local integrals: $$\int_{G_v}f_v(g^{-1}\begin{pmatrix}1 & 1\\ 0 & 1\end{...
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1answer
24 views

A question about positive forms on involutive algebras.

A linear form $f$ on an involutive algebra $A$ is said to be positive if $f(x^\ast x)\geq 0$ for every $x$ in $A$. To be useful, this definition requires that is not always possible to write $-(x^\...
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2answers
136 views

left regular representation of SU(2)

in Sepanski's book Compact Lie groups, he describes the representation theory of SU(2) as being isomorphic to $\mathbb{N}$ (SU(2) acts irreducibly on the (n+1)-dimensional space of homogeneous ...
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1answer
49 views

Show that if $V$ is isomorphic to $A/I$ for some left ideal $I$, then $V$ is a cyclic representation of $A$ over $k$

Suppose we have a representation $V$ of an algebra $A$ over a field $k$. Now assume that there exists a left ideal $I$ in $A$ such that $V$ is isomorphic to $A/I$. Now I have to show that $V$ is a ...
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1answer
35 views

Proving an Irreducible Representation

Consider the representation $$\pi\colon \mathbb R \to GL(\mathbb R^2)$$ by $$\theta \mapsto \text{rotation by }\theta.$$ I want to show that it is irreducible. I start with a non-zero invariant ...
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454 views

Cyclic representation

Suppose $V\neq0$ is a representation of an algebra A. Definition: $v\in V$ is cyclic if and only if it generates $V$, thus $Av=V$. If a representation has a cyclic vector we call the representation ...
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70 views

Question about the answer to Kac's problem: 'Can one hear the shape of a drum?'.

I'm looking at the article of Gordon, Webb and Wolpert http://www.math.upenn.edu/~kazdan/425S11/Drum-Gordon-Webb.pdf, having only basic notions of group theory. In this article the authors describe ...
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111 views

Counting the number of elements in a double coset

Let $G$ denote the groups of $n\times n$ invertible matrices and $H$ be the subgroup of invertible upper triangular matrices. For $n=2$, by row reduction, or equivalently LU decomposition, it is ...
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3answers
380 views

Number of prime divisors of element orders from character table.

From wikipedia: It follows, using some results of Richard Brauer from modular representation theory, that the prime divisors of the orders of the elements of each conjugacy class of a finite group ...
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1answer
270 views

Is every unitary irreducible representation an induced reperesentation?

I have recently read about induced representations and I have the following perhaps naive question about them. Let $G$ be a finite or infinite (Lie) group. Can we construct all irreducible unitary ...
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57 views

Restricting a representation to a subgroup

This little factoid from algebra quals stumped me: Let $G$ be a finite group and $H \triangleleft G$ an index $2$ subgroup. If we take an irreducible complex representation $V$ of $G$ and restrict it ...
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3answers
645 views

Do all Groups have a representation?

I know that many kind of groups can be represented by matrices; for example: rotation groups can be represented by matrices. Especially all elements of rotation groups can be represented by ...
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29 views

Finding inequivalent representations in a given group

I am studying characters of representations and how number of conjugacy classes is same as the number of inequivalent representations in a group. However, my question is, how do we actually find all ...
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2answers
95 views

Group theory and group representation

I am fairly new to group theory and representation. I am currently looking at faithful representations. I am not quite sure what is the "use" of a faithful representation. I cannot find any "easy to ...
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1answer
64 views

Every representation of a finite group is completely reducible

Is this equivalent to saying that a representation is diagonalizable matrix in matrix form?
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3answers
91 views

Indecomposable representations of Lie algebra

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the nonabelian $2$-dimensional complex Lie algebra. It can be generated by two independent vectors $e_1,e_2$ such that $[e_1,e_2]=e_1$. Thus, $\mathfrak{g}$ is solvable and it ...
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1answer
59 views

Computing quotient representations and Hom set fort wo representations

Consider the representation $M$ defined by We want to find all subrepresentations quotient representations of $M$, and $\mathrm{Hom}(M,N)$, where $N$ is a representation with $N \cong M$. I put B ...
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1answer
73 views

Finding a basis for $sp(4,\mathbb{C})$ and related basis.

Let $$L = so_4(\mathbb{C})= \{x \in End(\mathbb{C}^4)|^txS + Sx = 0 \} \text{ where }S = \left(\begin{array}{cc} 0 & I_2 \\ -I_2 & 0 \end{array}\right)$$ Letting $x = \left(\begin{array}{cc} ...
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1answer
57 views

Properties of Group representations, duality and the derived subgroup

I am trying to understand why 1) all finite-dimensional complex representations $V$ of $G$ are self dual, and 2) How the derived subgroup $[G,G]$ is a union of particular conjugacy classes. My ...
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1answer
40 views

Question on GL(n,F) representation

Let A be the group of all invertible n x n matrices over F, A+/- the subgroups of all upper/lower matrices. F^n as an A-module is irreducible? Is this because F^n has only one orbit under A? Why is ...
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1answer
46 views

The indecomposable projective A-modules

Let Q be the quiver bound by $αβ = 0$, $γδ = 0$. The indecomposable projective A-modules are given by where $A=KQ/I$. This an example in Assem-Simson-Skowronski book (Elements of the ...
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1answer
311 views

quasi-split algebraic group

While reading papers, there usually an assumption "quasi-split" for reductive algebraic groups. To use their results I need to know which groups are quasi-split. For the case I am interested in ...
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1answer
69 views

Exercise 5.8 from Lie Group, Daniel Bump

In the exercise 5.8 Bump has asked to prove that the group $Sp(4)$ over complex numbers, which is usual complex embedding $U(4)\cap Sp(4,\mathbb{C})$, can be described by, $$\left\{\begin{pmatrix} a&...
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49 views

Questions about the bracket

In the map $\phi : L \mapsto \mathfrak {U}(L) $, where $ L $ is a lie algebra and $\mathfrak {U} $ is a universal enveloping algebra of $ L $. (1) Is the following relation true? If $[xy]=z$ in $ L ...
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2answers
464 views

Direct sum decomposition of weight spaces and relation to Tensor products.

There are 3 parts to the question that I am trying to understand, and while it is not homework it seems instrumental in decomposition modules into weight spaces and their relation to tensor products. ...
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34 views

P-adic Lie groups - Representation theory

I am quite familiar with the Representation Theory for locally compact groups and nilpotent Lie groups. I want to start with the study of $p$-adic Lie groups representation theory, in particular ...
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38 views

Convolution and Characters

I am confused about the purpose of the Formal Character, character functions, and the convolution in representation theory of Lie algebras. Is the Character function different than just the Character? ...
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1answer
62 views

Show that if $V$ is an irreducible finite dim. representation of $A$, then $z \in Z(A)$ acts in $V$ by multiplication by some scalar $\chi_V(v)$.

Let $A$ be an algebra over a field $k$. The center $Z(A)$ of $A$ is the set of all elements $z \in A$ which commute with all elements of $A$. For example, if $A$ is commutative, then $Z(A)=A$. ...
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1answer
96 views

Endomorphism ring of finite-dimensional representation

If $G$ is any group and $V$ is a finite-dimensional representation of $G$, then we can form the endomorphism ring $E = End_G(V)$. Suppose that $V$ is indecomposable, i.e. not a direct sum of ...
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Tensor product of algebras which is Frobenius.

Let $A$ and $B$ be two finite dimensional algebras over a field $k$. Let us suppose that the $k$-algebra $A\otimes_{k} B$ is Frobenius (or symmetric). Is it true that $A$ and $B$ are two Frobenius (...
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2answers
59 views

Show that the homomorphism $\lambda: k[X] \to End_k(V) : p \mapsto p(A)$ corresponding to the $k[X]$-module strucutre of $V$ has a nontrivial kernel.

$\DeclareMathOperator{\End}{End}$ I'm trying to show that: Show that the homomorphism $\lambda: k[X] \to \End_k(V) : p \mapsto p(A)$ corresponding to the $k[X]$-module strucutre of $V$ as in (see ...
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1answer
48 views

Quaternionic representation

Let $V$ be $G$-representation over quaternions $\mathbb{H}$. How to show that $$ \mathbb{H} \otimes_\mathbb{C} V $$ is canonically isomorphic to $V \oplus V$ as representation over $\mathbb{H}$? In ...
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1answer
70 views

Show that a simple ring is always an algebra over some field

Show that a simple ring $R$ is always an algebra over some field. So I need to show that there exist a field $k$ such that there exists a ring homomorphism $\phi : k \to Z(R) $. In an earlier ...
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1answer
84 views

Computing Path Algebra of a Quiver

Let $Q$ be a quiver over defined as follows Then $KQ\cong$ $\begin{pmatrix}K&K&K\\0&K&K\\0&0&K\end{pmatrix}$, where $KQ$ is just the path algebra. What the professor did was ...
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Why are we interested in irreducible representation but not faithful representation?

I am reading some materials of representation theory (of a group). The motivation of representation theory is to represent (by a homomorphism $h: G \to GL(V)$, from the group $G$ to a vector space $...
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1answer
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Confusion in Lie algebra notes

I'm self-studying through these notes, and I ran into a roadblock on the page 38, chapter $sl(2)$ and its irreducible representations. Right after defining $U(sl(2)) \otimes_{U(b^+)} \mathbb C$ ...
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28 views

How do I map Df(w) to it's [lie] group/algebra representation?

E.G. For $p,w\in(\mathbb{R}^3,+,\times_\vartheta)$ with $(\mathbb{R}^3,+)$ a vector space and with $p=(r,s,t)$, $w=(x,y,z)$ where we have $p\times_\vartheta w=(r,s,t)\times_\vartheta(x,y,z)=(rx,sy,...
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Easy Introduction to Representation Theory

I have a student that is interested in reading up on representation theory in her own time. She knows a small amount of linear algebra, what you would expect in a simple sophomore linear algebra ...
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128 views

Sum of degrees of irreducible complex characters for certain groups

The sum of the degrees of the irreducible complex characters (not the square sum which is the group order) is relevant do determine the dimension of a maximal torus in the group algebra. I have ...
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80 views

Complex conjugation of positive roots

I have a simple question about root systems. Suppose that $G$ is a connected reductive group over the reals $\mathbb{R}$, and $T\subset G$ is a maximal torus (by this I mean that $T_{\mathbb{C}}$ is a ...
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47 views

“Powers” of injective representations “contain” all irreducibles

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $\rho : G \to GL(V)$ be an injective representation. I need to prove that each irreducible representation of $G$ is contained in $\otimes_{i=1}^{n} \rho$ for some $n \...
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1answer
100 views

isomorphism classes of representations of a quiver

Classify all isomorphism classes of representations of dimension vector 1 and 2 of the following quiver The professor briefly did the solution, but I could not understand what was going on. What he ...
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1answer
69 views

Irreducible Representations and Direct Sums

I am learning about representation theory, and my professor stated the following as a remark: Let $A$ be a $k$-algebra. Every finite dimensional representation of $A$ is a direct sum of ...
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1answer
103 views

left regular representation of a group thru group action

Let G be a group and let $g\cdot:G\to G$(i.e.$g\cdot g'=gg'$) . This induces a permutation representation of the group. I was trying to walk thru the problems in dummite and foote. One of the problem ...