Representation theory studies (among else) representations of groups by finite matrices. The non-commutative analog of classical Fourier transforms.

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Irreducible representations of a cyclic group over a field of prime order

Consider $G$ a cyclic group of order $n$ with prime $p\nmid n$. How do I construct all the irreducible representations over $\mathbb F_p$? How many irreducible representations are there and what are ...
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Importance of Representation Theory

Representation theory is a subject I want to like (it can be fun finding the representations of a group), but it's hard for me to see it as a subject that arises naturally or why it is important. I ...
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Is $A \times B$ the same as $A \oplus B$?

When $A, B$ are $K$-modules, then $A \times B$ is the same as $A \oplus B$. Let $A, B$ be two $K$-algebras, where $K$ is a field. Is $A \times B$ the same as $A \oplus B$? Thank you very much. ...
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Symmetric and exterior power of representation

Is there exists some simple formula for characters $$\chi_{\Lambda^{k}V}~~~~\text{and}~~~\chi_{\text{Sym}^{k}V}$$ for some representation $V$ of finite group? Thanks.
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Classifying the irreducible representations of $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}\rtimes \mathbb{Z}/n \mathbb{Z}$

I need help with the following problem: Suppose $n$ is some positive integer, and $n|p-1$. Classify all irreducible representations of $$\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}\rtimes \mathbb{Z}/n \mathbb{Z}.$$ ...
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645 views

Do all Groups have a representation?

I know that many kind of groups can be represented by matrices; for example: rotation groups can be represented by matrices. Especially all elements of rotation groups can be represented by ...
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Permutation module of $S_n$

Let $G=S_n$ and let $V$ be the permutation module of $G$ with basis $\{x_1,\cdots,x_n\}.$ Let $\lambda, \mu \in \mathbb{C}$ to allow one to define a $\mathbb{C}G$-homomorphism $\rho:V \to V$ by $$\...
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291 views

matrix representations and polynomials

I just investigated the following matrix and some of its lower powers: $${\bf M} = \left[\begin{array}{cccc} 1&0&0&0\\ 1&1&0&0\\ 1&1&1&0\\ 1&1&1&1 \end{...
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3answers
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Complex finite dimensional irreducible representation of abelian group

I'm supposed to show that each Complex finite dimensional irreducible representation of an abelian group is one dimensional. For any map $\phi: V \rightarrow V$ it holds that $\phi(\rho(g)v) = \rho(g)...
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610 views

Reference request for algebraic Peter-Weyl theorem?

It seems that, for $GL_n$, and possibly for something like complex reductive groups $G$ in general, there's an algebraic version of the Peter-Weyl theorem, which might say that the coordinate ring of $...
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4answers
390 views

Alternate proof of Schur orthogonality relations

I am trying to find an alternate proof for Schur orthogonality relations along the following lines. Let $G$ be a finite group, with irreducible representations $V_1$, $V_2$, $\cdots$, $V_d$. Let $V$ ...
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652 views

Nonabelian group with all irreducible representations one-dimensional

All irreducible representations of an abelian group are one-dimensional. For a finite group, the coverse is also true - if all irreducible representations are one-dimensional then the group is abelian....
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1answer
147 views

Conjugacy classes and centralizers of a SmallGroup

What is the complete lists of conjugacy classes and centralizers of SmallGroup(64,138)? Would someone be willing to provide the complete lists of conjugacy classes and centralizers of SmallGroup(...
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10answers
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What's a good place to learn Lie groups?

Ok so I read the following article the other day: http://www.aimath.org/E8/ and I wanted to learn more about lie groups. Using my exceptional deduction skills I thought "oh it must have something to ...
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0answers
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Geometric & Intuitive Meaning of $SL(2,R)$, $SU(2)$, etc… & Representation Theory of Special Functions

Many special functions of mathematical physics can be understood from the point of view of the representation theory of lie groups. An example of the power of this viewpoint is given in my question ...
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Ring of polynomials as a module over symmetric polynomials

Consider the ring of polynomials $\mathbb{k} [x_1, x_2, \ldots , x_n]$ as a module over the ring of symmetric polynomials $\Lambda_{\mathbb{k}}$. Is $\mathbb{k} [x_1, x_2, \ldots , x_n]$ a free $\...
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2answers
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Some irreducible character separates elements in different conjugacy classes

Let $x$ and $y$ be elements that are not conjugate in $G$. Then there is some irreducible character $\chi$ such that $\chi(x) \not = \chi(y)$. Clearly the "irreducible" part isn't important, since ...
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Proof $\mathbb{A}^n$ is irreducible, without Nullstellensatz

As the title suggests, could anyone either provide me with or direct me to a proof that affine n-space $\mathbb{A}^n$ is irreducible, without using the Nullstellensatz? This is an exercise in a ...
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votes
1answer
825 views

Determinant of the character table of a finite group $G$

This is an exercise from the book "Groups and Representations" by Alperin & Bell. This quantity is well defined upto a sign. By column orthogonality relations, its squared norm is $\displaystyle\...
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2answers
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Why is the group action on the vector space of polynomials naturally a left action?

When seeking irreducible representations of a group (for example $\text{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$ or $\text{SU}(2)$), one meets the following construction. Let $V$ be the space of polynomials in two ...
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1answer
525 views

Faithful irreducible representations of cyclic and dihedral groups over finite fields

How to determine all the faithful irreducible representations of $\mathbb Z_n$ and $D_{2n}$ over $GF(p)$, where $p$ is a prime not dividing $n$?
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Which non-Abelian finite groups contain the two specific centralizers? - part II

This is a question requiring the good knowledge of group theory: (Q1) Which finite groups $G$ contains some specific centralizers isomorphic to both of these two groups (but may contain other ...
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Extending a homomorphism $f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$ to $g:G\to \Bbb T$, where $G$ is abelian and $\mathbb{T}$ is the circle group.

Suppose $G$ is an abelian group and $a\in G$ and $$f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$$ is a homomorphism. Can $f$ be extended to a homomorphism on $G$: $$g:G\to \Bbb T$$ ? $\Bbb T$ is the circle group....
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Existence of a G-invariant matrix

Let $\phi: G \to GL(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be a homomorphism, $G$ finite. Prove that there is a positive-definite matrix $M$ such that $\phi(g)^tM \phi(g) =M$ $\forall g \in G $. This looks really ...
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101 views

Which finite groups contain the two specific centralizers?

This is a question requiring the good knowledge of group theory: (Q1) Which finite groups $G$ contains some specific centralizers both of these two groups: i. the elementary group $Z_2^4$, ...
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votes
1answer
116 views

Matrix representations of parabola.

Continuing the epic quest on finding matrix representations from here: Representation of hyperbolas. with a last part, the only conic section left: the parabola. I will present one idea of how to ...
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2answers
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Surprising but simple group theory result on conjugacy classes

I have read that for any group $G$ of order $2m+1$ (odd) with $n$ conjugacy classes, it is always the case that $16$ divides the value $(2m+1)-n = |G|-n$. This seems to me like an astonishing result:...
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How to think of the group ring as a Hopf algebra?

Given a finite group $G$ and a field $K$, one can form the group ring $K[G]$ as the free vector space on $G$ with the obvious multiplication. This is very useful when studying the representation ...
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3answers
981 views

What does the group ring $\mathbb{Z}[G]$ of a finite group know about $G$?

The group algebra $k[G]$ of a finite group $G$ over a field $k$ knows little about $G$ most of the time; if $k$ has characteristic prime to $|G|$ and contains every $|G|^{th}$ root of unity, then $k[G]...
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Understanding induced representations

Let $G$ be a group and $H$ be a subgroup. Let $\phi:H\rightarrow GL(V)$ be a representation of $H$. There are three constructions in Wikipedia, but I am not really convinced by these. My question is: ...
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Why are (representations of ) quivers such a big deal?

Quivers are directed graphs where loops and multi-arrows are allowed. And we can talk about representations of quivers by assigning each vertex a vector space and each arrow a homomorphism. Moreover, ...
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Estimates on conjugacy classes of a finite group.

In Character Theory Of Finite Groups by I Martin Issacs as exercise 2.18, on page 32. Theorem: Let $A$ be a normal subgroup of $G$ such that $A$ is the centralizer of every non-trivial element ...
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Proving facts about groups with representation theory.

I was enrolled in a representation theory (of finite groups) course in the fall and throughout the class we focused on properties of representations and paradigms built around them. The whole time, I ...
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613 views

Complex Galois Representations are Finite

In A First Course in Modular Forms, Diamond and Shurman leave as an exercise ($9.3.3$) that every complex Galois representation is finite. While I think I have worked through this exercise here, this ...
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2answers
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The physical meaning of the tensor product

I have come across tensor products many times in physics, namely for matrices, vector-space elements, Hilbert-space elements (quantum states), and representations of groups and algebras. However, the ...
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Representation theory of the additive group of the rationals?

What do the finite-dimensional continuous complex representations of the additive group $\mathbb{Q}$ with the usual topology look like? With the discrete topology? Which representations are ...
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What is an irreducible character of a finite group?

Let $S_n$ be the group of permutations of $\{1, 2, \ldots, n\}$. A “character” for $S_n$ is a function $\chi\colon S_n \to \mathbb{C} \setminus \{0\}$ with $\chi(ab) = \chi(a)\chi(b)$ for all $a, b \...
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If every irreducible representation of a finite group has dimension $1$, why must the group be abelian?

Suppose $G$ is a group and that every irreducible representation of $G$ has dimension $1$. Why does this mean that $G$ is abelian? The number of $1$-dimensional representations of $G$ is given by $|G/...
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4answers
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Proofs that the degree of an irrep divides the order of a group

It is a theorem in basic representation theory that the degree of an irreducible representation on $G$ over $\mathbb{C}$ divides the order of $G$. The usual proof of this fact involves algebraic ...
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2answers
356 views

History of the matrix representation of complex numbers

It is well-known to many that $\mathbb{C}$ can be represented by matrices of the form $\left[ \begin{array}{cc} a & b \\ -b & a \end{array} \right]$. For example, see this question or this ...
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5answers
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Shortest way of proving that the Galois conjugate of a character is still a character

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\chi$ a character of $G$. The values of $\chi$ generate an abelian Galois extension $K$ of $\mathbb{Q}$, and so one can consider the conjugate $\sigma(\chi)$ of $\chi$ ...
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1answer
512 views

Definition of the Young Symmetrizer

I have a question regarding the equivalence of two definitions of the young symmetrizer. First, some notation: let $\lambda$ be a partition of $n$. Given a $\lambda$-tableau $T$ (that is, a tableau of ...
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— Cartan matrix for an exotic type of Lie algebra --

(1) Is there a notion of Cartan matrix for non-semisimple Lie algebra? For example, consider this Lie algebra: $$ [X_i, X_j] = f_{ij}{}^k X_k \qquad\qquad [X_i,Y^j] = - f_{ik}{}^j Y^k \qquad\qquad [...
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Galois representations and normal bases

I am not very familiar with the theory of Galois representations, but I do know a bit about both Galois theory and representation theory. Recently I learned about the notion of a normal basis for a ...
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Does every irreducible representation of a compact group occur in tensor products of a faithful representation (and its dual)?

Let $G$ be a compact (Hausdorff) group and $V$ a faithful (complex, continuous, finite-dimensional) representation of it. (Hence $G$ is a Lie group.) Is it true that every irreducible representation ...
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980 views

Universal Cover of $SL_{2}(\mathbb{R})$

Why does the universal cover of $SL_{2}(\mathbb{R})$ have no finite dimensional representations?
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Correspondence of representation theory between $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$ and $\mathrm U_n(\mathbb C)$

If I know something about the representation theory of the general linear group $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$, what can I say about the representation theory of the unitary group $\mathrm U_n(\mathbb C)$?...
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Representations of Direct Sum of Lie Algebras

I'm trying to prove the following. Let $\frak{g}$ and $\frak{h}$ be (semisimple) Lie algebras. Then every representation $d$ of $\frak{g}\oplus\frak{h}$ is the tensor product of representations $d^1$ ...
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A conjugacy class $C$ is rational iff $c^n\in C$ whenever $c\in C$ and $n$ is coprime to $|c|$.

Let $C$ be a conjugacy class of the finite group $G$. Say that $C$ is rational if for each character $\chi: G \rightarrow \mathbb C$ of $G$, for each $c\in C$, we have $\chi(c) \in \mathbb Q$. I am ...
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Why does the tensor product of an irreducible representation with the sign representation yield another irreducible representation?

I was writing this question, and I came up with an answer, so I thought I would answer it myself: In considering representations of $S_n$, among others, we have the "sign representation", that is the ...