1
vote
0answers
7 views

About representations and transformations under an $SU(n)$ Lie Group

I think my problem is that I misunderstand what "transforms under" really means. Let's take $SU(3)$, for the $\mathbf{3}$ with Dynkin indices $(1,0)$, a state transforms like : $ψ→gψ$. For the ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Obtaining representations of $G$ from $\mathrm{Lie}(G)$.

Suppose $\mathfrak{g}$ is a semisimple Lie algebra over $\mathbb{C}$, and $\tilde{G}$ is the unique connected, simply connected Lie group whose Lie algebra is $\mathfrak{g}$. Let $C$ be any discrete ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

Learning representation theory of real reductive lie groups

I am interested in any sources that can be helpful for learning the representation theory of real reductive groups. I am currently reading Wallach book, but I feel that I don't understand the subject ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

The natural representation of $SO(n)$ is irreducible for $n\ge 3$

The natural representation $(\pi,\mathbb C^n)$ of $SO(n)$ is the one for which $$\pi (g)z = g^{-1}z$$ for $g\in SO(n)$ and $z \in \mathbb C^n$ (the product $g^{-1}z$ is just the usual matrix ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Representation theory and particle physics

Are there good books which explain clearly explain the connections between modern particle physics and representation theory of groups and lie algebras?
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Building invariants of non-fundamental $SU(2)$

Suppose you have two objects, $ \phi _i $ and $ \psi _j $ that form representations of $ SU(2) $. With both fields in the fundamental representation, I believe there is one invariant, \begin{equation} ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Combining infinitesimal generators of diferent dimensions

I am reading a paper about ways in which you can get $SU(2)\times{}U(1)\times{}U(1)$ as a subgroup of $SU(3)\times{}SU(2)\times{}U(1)$. At a certain point, it starts considering ways of getting ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Invariants under a transformation

Consider a $j=1,\,SU(2)$ representation (or fundamental $SO(3)$ representation). Suppose that $a_1, b_i, c_i$ with $i=1,2,3$ are vectors transforming under this representation i.e ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

From the representation category of a Lie group and the representation on a homogeneous space, can we reconstruct the stabiliser subgroup reps? [migrated]

Given a Lie group $G$ and a transitive action $- \triangleright - : G \times X \to X$ on a homogeneous space, we can recover the stabiliser subgroup $H_x$ of a point $x \in X$. It is the subgroup of ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

A question about Lie group homomorphisms

Suppose I have a Lie group $G$ and a Lie homomorphism $ \phi : G \rightarrow GL_n(\mathbb{R})$. Can $ \phi $ be viewed as some sort of representation of $G$? Can anyone make this rigorous for me ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

Closed orbits of complete flags in $\mathbb{C}^n$

Let $B$ be a symmetric (or antisymmetric) non-degenerate bilinear form on $\mathbb{C}^n$ and let $G$ be the associated group of automorphisms $O(n)$ (resp. $Sp(n)$). What can we say about the ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Reciprocity for branching rules of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$

[Separated from another question] If I have information about the restriction of representations of the general linear group, can I make any statements about the induction (by Frobenius reciprocity)? ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How do non-semisimple modules over $\mathbb C\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$ look like?

[Separated from another question] Can you give an example of a non-semisimple module over $\mathbb C\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$? (Preferably one without direct summands, i.e. an indecomposable module) ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Orthogonal invariants of an irredubile GL-representation

Let $n\in 2\mathbb Z$ be an even number. Let $G=\operatorname{GL}_n(\mathbb{C})$ and $V_\lambda$ the irreducible complex $G$-module corresponding to the partition ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Irreducible representations of $SO(5)$

I am looking for irreducible representations of the group $SO(5)$ that can be described by a tensor of at most rank two. My own considerations have brought me to the conclusion that there is a ...
4
votes
0answers
64 views

Correspondence of representation theory between $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$ and $\mathrm U_n(\mathbb C)$

If I know something about the representation theory of the general linear group $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$, what can I say about the representation theory of the unitary group $\mathrm U_n(\mathbb ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Integration on associated vector bundle

Let $G$ be a compact lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra then we can construct the integral on $G\times \mathfrak{g}$ by $$\int_G\int_{\mathfrak{g}}f(x,Y)dxdY$$ Where $x\in G$ and $Y\in ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Why $\widehat{G^{\mathbb{C}}}$ can be identified with the space of highest weights

Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group and $G^{\mathbb{C}}$ be the complexification of Lie group $G$ and we denote $\widehat{G^{\mathbb{C}}}$ the set of isomorphism classes of irreducible rational ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

How to decompose a representation of $so(n)$ into representations of a subalgebra

In some cases, it is possible. For instance the representation $16$ of $so(9)$ decomposes as $8_c+8_s$ of $so(8)$. Now I would like to do the same with representations of $so(8)$ into a sum of ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Modular function of the unipotent radical of a parabolic subgroup of a reductive group

Let $G = \text{GL}_n(\mathbb{R})$. For a partition $\underline{n} = (n_1,\ldots,n_t)$ of $n$, let $P = P_{\underline{n}}$ denote the standard, block-upper-triangular parabolic subgroup of $G$ ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Questions about cuspidal representations of $GL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$.

All representations of $GL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$ are classified in the book. They are principal series representations, complementary series representations, 1-dimensional representations. They form all ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Questions about eigenvalues of matrices in $GL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$.

I have some questions about eigenvalues of matrices in $GL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$. Since $\mathbb{F}_q$ is not algebraically closed, it is possible that some $g \in GL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$ has eigenvalues which ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Weights of group in terms of it fundamental weights

how can I found the weight of a group G ( I find the fundamental weights, but I don't know how found the linear combination of fundamental weights that give me the weights ). so we found the ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

Making the definition of dual root unambiguous

In 5.4 of his book Lectures on Invariant Theory, Igor Dolgachev introduces the dual of a root by requiring that $\check\alpha(t) f_\alpha(x) \check\alpha^{-1}(t)= f_\alpha(x)$ ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Confused about Borel-Weil theorem

I am trying to understand the Borel-Weil theorem, but I am very confused because of the different conventions used in different sources. I am especially confused about two things: (1) the definition ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Reference for Weyl Character Formula

I am reading Lie algebra book by James E.Humphreys. This book giving enough discussion about Weyl Character Formula and its proof, still I would like to know what are the other books or lecture notes ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Irreducible Decompositions of the Space of Sections of an Equivariant Vector Bundle

Let $G$ be a compact semi-simple Lie group, and $X = G/H$ a homogeneous space of $G$. If $V$ is a vector bundle over $X$, then is it true that $\Gamma^\infty(V)$ always has a decomposition into finite ...
9
votes
1answer
104 views

Category of Lie group representations equivalent to the category of representations of their Lie algebra

Let $G$ be a lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ its lie algebra. Consider the category $Rep(G)$ of finite dimensional representations of $G$ and the category $Rep(\mathfrak{g})$ of finite dimensional ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Why Bruhat decomposition in $GL_n$ case is the Gauss decomposition?

Gauss decomposition of a matrix is also called LU decomposition. Let $A$ be a matrix. Then $A=LU$ for some lower triangular matrix $L$ and upper triangular matrix $U$. This can be obtained using Gauss ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

— Cartan matrix for a semisimple Lie algebra with an extension

The question is a modified one inspired by this post: What is the Cartan matrix for this Lie algebra below? (for this semisimple Lie algebra $g(X) \oplus h(Y)$,) $$ [X_i, X_j] = f_{ij}{}^k X_k ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Why $\langle w, \rho(g) v\rangle$ is called a matrix coefficient?

Let $G$ be a Lie group and $H$ a Hilbert space. Let $\rho: G \to U(H)$ be a representation of $G$. $\langle w, \rho(g) v\rangle$ is called a matrix coefficient of $g$. Why $\langle w, \rho(g) ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Questions about affine Weyl group and extended affine Weyl group for SL2.

Let $G=SL_2$. Then the Weyl group is generated by $s_1$. On page 3 of the lecture notes, it is said that the affine Weyl group is generated by $s_0, s_1$. (1) The element $s_0s_1$ can be identified ...
5
votes
0answers
84 views

— Cartan matrix for an exotic type of Lie algebra --

(1) Is there a notion of Cartan matrix for non-semisimple Lie algebra? For example, consider this Lie algebra: $$ [X_i, X_j] = f_{ij}{}^k X_k \qquad\qquad [X_i,Y^j] = - f_{ik}{}^j Y^k \qquad\qquad ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

SU(2) representations and differential equations in physics.

I studied that $SU(2)$ has a spin $j$ representation $U_j$on a homogeneous space of 2 variables with dimension $2j+1$. Now I am trying to understand the following sentences. Suppose $\phi: ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

The decomposition of the exterior of the symmetric square over Lie algebra sl(3)

I am studying the representation theory of finite dimensional modules over the simple Lie algebra $\operatorname{sl}(3)$. I know some basics facts about the decomposition of some construction of ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

how can I show $H^1(g , Hom_C(g,M))=0$?

For a simple Lie algebra $g$ and a finite dimensional vector space $M$ with a trivial $g-$action, how can I show $H^1(g , Hom_C(g,M))=0$?
1
vote
1answer
43 views

An existence of exponential function for a Lie algebra.

Let $G$ be a Lie group (given by a matrix). Let $\frak g$ be its Lie algebra. I would like to know if the following is true. "Let $X$ be a matrix in $\frak g$. Then $\gamma(t)=\exp(tX)$ is a curve ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

A representation of $SU(2)$ is self dual

Let $SU(2)$ be a set of $2 \times 2$ unitary matrices over $\mathbb{C}$ with determinant $1$. Let $H_j$ be a $2j+1$ dimensional vector space with basis $x^ay^b$ with $a+b=2j$. A representation $U_j$ ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Is there a Peter-Weyl theorem for the quasi-invariant measure on a homogeneous space of a compact semisimple group?

Let $H \hookrightarrow G$ be an inclusion of semisimple, compact Lie groups. There is a measure on the homogeneous coset space $G/H$ by pulling back the Haar measure on $G$ via the projection $G ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

Role of the discrete subgroups of Lie groups

This is a question I don't believe is too vague to admit a sensible answer: In what directions can the structure theory of the discrete subgroups of real and p-adic Lie groups applied? What ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Flag varieties and representation theory

I've recently been reading about flag varieties and their cohomology. I'm mainly interested in representation theory, and I've heard that flag varieties are important objects, especially in Lie ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

With the branching rules of subalgebra, how can I write down explicit matrix elements for a representation?

I'm looking for a way to construct a representation for a simple Lie group such that one particular subgroup is manifest. I learned the branching rules from Cahn, Georgi and Slansky, but I'm still not ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Unitary representations of noncompact groups

Does there exist a noncompact connected Lie group with a finite-dimensional, unitary, faithful, irreducible representation over $\mathbb{C}$? If you remove any of these hypotheses except that of ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Real representations of SL(2,C)

Is there a classification of real-linear (rather than complex-linear) finite-dimensional representations of SL(2,C)?
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Intertwiner for $U(n-1) \subset U(n)$

I'm using the notation of Vilenkin and Klimyk, ''Part3: Representations of Lie Groups and Special Functions''', chapter 18. Given an irreducible representation $T_m$ of the complex Lie algebra $U(n)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Does locally defined $L(H)=u(1)\oplus su(n)$ necessarily imply global $H=U(1)\otimes SU(n)$?

Consider local gauge transformation groups (defined on spacetime manifold). Does local condition $L(H)=u(1)\oplus su(n)$ necessarily imply global $H=U(1)\otimes SU(n)$? Why? Sorry, I'm not sure ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

The isomorphism of representive functions

$G$ is a compact Lie group with closed subgroup $H$ and $\mathscr{T}(G),\mathscr{T}(H)$ are the sets of their representative functions respectively (with real or complex representation). If the ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

How to understand the direct product of group representations (on example)?

The algebra of the Lorentz group $SO(3, 1)$ can be represented as direct product of $SU(2)$ or $SO(3)$ algebras. How to understand this statement?
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Isomorphism types of stabilizers of vectors in linear representations of the special linear group

Suppose we have a linear representation of the group $SL_d$ over $\mathbb{C}$. i.e. a finite dimensional vector space $V$ with a linear action of $SL_d$ on it. Let $v\in V$ be some vector and let ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Weight space for a finite-dimensional $\mathfrak{g}-$module $M$.

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ a semisimple Lie algebra, $M$ finite-dimensional $\mathfrak{g}-$module, $\mu\in\mathfrak{h}^*_{\mathbb{Z}}$ and $s_i$ simple reflection such that ...