Representation theory studies (among else) representations of groups by finite matrices. The non-commutative analog of classical Fourier transforms.

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-1
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Why the adjoint representation of an SU(2) is a real representation?

And also why the fundamental is pseudo-real ?
2
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21 views

On an invertible element for equivariant K-theory

Fix a positive integer $m$. Let $G = \lbrace h\in\mathbb C | h^m = 1\rbrace$ and $(X,\pi)$ the standard representation of $G$. Namely $X = \mathbb C$ and $\pi:G \to GL(X)$ is defined by $\pi(h)v=h v$ ...
3
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1answer
32 views

S-modules and Schur functors

I am reading the book "Algebraic Operads" by Loday and Vallette. (I will refer to their version 0.999 here : http://math.unice.fr/~brunov/Operads.pdf) In Chapter 5, they define an $\mathbb{S}$-module ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Finding the dimension of $Alt^2(V)$ and $Sym^2 (V)$, given that $V = \mathbb{C}^2$.

The question is quite clear, I think. I know that if I can count the basis elements, then I am done. Here is the information I was given about these two spaces: $Sym^2(V) = < a \otimes b + b ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Prove that $\chi_{V_1 \otimes V_2} (g) = \chi_{V_1} (g) \cdot \chi_{V_2} (g).$

Here, $\chi$ is the character of the sub-representation, i.e., Given $\rho : G \to GL(V)$ is a representation, then the function $\chi_{\rho}: G \to \mathbb{C}: \chi_{\rho}(g) \to Tr(\rho_g)$. I ...
1
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1answer
21 views

Questions about root operators.

I am reading the notes. On line 13 in the section Root operators, it is said that The operator $f_1$ maps from the space $V(\mu)$ to $V(\mu-(1,-1,0))$. I don't know why. We have $$ f_i V (\mu) ...
2
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26 views

~ The important use of Frobenius–Schur indicators and Frobenius-Schur exponents ~

I had asked a question on the uses of conjugacy class and centralizer. I had receive various helpful feedback. I appreciate them. Here I like to get some feedback on the Frobenius–Schur indicator. ...
2
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0answers
14 views

Jucys-Murphy elements confusion

I am taking a class called "Harmonic Analysis on Finite Groups" and am studying for an exam. We have recently been talking about the representation theory of the symmetric group (over $\mathbb C$). ...
2
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0answers
19 views

Learning representation theory of real reductive lie groups

I am interested in any sources that can be helpful for learning the representation theory of real reductive groups. I am currently reading Wallach book, but I feel that I don't understand the subject ...
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0answers
22 views

Unitarily equivalent $C^*$-algebra representations

the situation i want to talk about is the following: $(H_1,\varphi_1),(H_2,\varphi_2)$ irreducible representation of a $C^*$-algebra $A$. A bounded operator $T:H_1\rightarrow H_2$ such that ...
4
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1answer
95 views

How to prove that $\zeta*\zeta=\zeta$?

Let $F$ be a non-archimedean local field and $\mathcal{O}_F$ the ring of integers in $F$. Let $G_F=GL_2(F)$. Let $\pi_i$, $i=1,\ldots,n$,be non-equivalent finite dimensional irreducible ...
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33 views

Isaacs exercise 10.1 (Character Theory of Finite groups)

I need help on this problem. (10.1) Let $H \le G$, $\theta \in \operatorname{Irr}(H)$ and $\chi \in \operatorname{Irr} (G)$. Suppose $F \subseteq \mathbb{C}$. (a) If $\chi_H = \theta$, show that ...
2
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0answers
25 views

What do diagonal matrices do in irreducible repns of SL$_2(\mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z})$?

Let $N \in \mathbb{N}, \mathbb{Z}_N := \mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z}$. For every $a \in \mathbb{Z}_N^\times$ put $R_a = \begin{pmatrix} a^{-1} & 0 \\ 0 & a\end{pmatrix}$ and also set $T = ...
1
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0answers
79 views

The natural representation of $SO(n)$ is irreducible for $n\ge 3$

The natural representation $(\pi,\mathbb C^n)$ of $SO(n)$ is the one for which $$\pi (g)z = g^{-1}z$$ for $g\in SO(n)$ and $z \in \mathbb C^n$ (the product $g^{-1}z$ is just the usual matrix ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Powers of traces, integrals over spheres and class functions

Let $V$ be a complex vector space of dimension $\operatorname{dim}_{\mathbb C} V = n$, equipped with a Hermitian inner product $\langle \,\cdot\,,\,\cdot\, \rangle$. Let also $A$ be an endomorphism of ...
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0answers
66 views

What are the consequences of presentation of an algebra by generators and relations?

Let $A$ be a finite dimensional associative $K$-algebra, where $K$ is a field. I wonder how the presentation of $ A $ by generators and relations helps in the study of structure of the algebra ...
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2answers
60 views

Why does the tensor product of an irreducible representation with the sign representation yield another irreducible representation?

I was writing this question, and I came up with an answer, so I thought I would answer it myself: In considering representations of $S_n$, among others, we have the "sign representation", that is the ...
3
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1answer
45 views
+50

Character Tables of $D_{4}$ and $Q_{8}$

Is there an intuitive reason that the Quaternion group and the Dihedral group on four vertices have the same character table? Does this indicate something special about the two groups? Or is it more ...
5
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2answers
78 views

Characters and conjugacy classes [duplicate]

This comes up in reading David Speyer's answer to this question. Given a finite group $G$ and two non-conjugate elements $x, y,$ how does one construct a unitary representation $\rho$ of $G$ such that ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Summing the traces of matrix powers

Let $G=\langle h\rangle_n\subset{\rm GL}(m,\mathbb{C})$ be a cyclic group of order $n$. I wonder if there is a good formula for calculating the sum $\sum_{g\in G}{\rm Tr}(g)$ via ${\rm Tr}(h)$, for ...
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1answer
43 views

Representation theory and particle physics

Are there good books which explain clearly explain the connections between modern particle physics and representation theory of groups and lie algebras?
0
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1answer
17 views

Linear Representations: Show that no $W^0$ exists.

Given the following linear representation and subrepresentation $W$, show that there exists no $W^0$ such that $\mathbb{R}^2 = W \oplus W^0$. Let $\rho: (\mathbb{Z}, +) \to GL(\mathbb{R}^2)$ be ...
2
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1answer
21 views

Uniqueness of decomposition of $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})$-modules

By Weyl's Theorem, I know that every $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})$-module is completely reducible. I'm under the impression that, up to isomorphism, this decomposition is unique, and I would go about ...
5
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1answer
78 views

Sums of products of average character values on cosets

Consider a finite group $G$, a subgroup $H\leq G$, and a transversal $G/H = \{t_1H, t_2H,\ldots,t_rH\}$. Given three characters $\chi_1,\chi_2$ and $\chi_3$ of $G$, I'd like to compute: $$ \sum_{i}^r ...
1
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2answers
20 views

Composition of Irreducible Representation and Surjective Homomorphism

Let $\varphi:G\to H$ be a epimorphism and let $\psi:H\to GL(V)$ be an irreducible representation. We wish to show that $\psi\circ\varphi$ is an irreducible representation of $G$. I have started this ...
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0answers
27 views

Questions about the proof of generalized Poisson summation formula.

The generalized Poisson summation formula is $$ \sum_{\gamma \in \Gamma} f(\gamma) = \sum_{ \pi \in \widehat{\Gamma \backslash G}} \hat{f}(\pi), $$ where $G$ is a locally compact Abelian group, ...
2
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1answer
40 views

Why a modular form is a highest weight vector of a discrete series summand of $L_2(SL_2(\mathbb{Z})\backslash SL_2(\mathbb{R}))$?

It is said that a modular form is a highest weight vector of a discrete series summand of $L_2(SL_2(\mathbb{Z})\backslash SL_2(\mathbb{R}))$. Why a modular form is a highest weight vector of a ...
0
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1answer
26 views

GAP-Character table

I the following link I have found the character table of $S_8$ which is computed with the program GAP. http://groupprops.subwiki.org/wiki/Linear_representation_theory_of_symmetric_groups But I ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Number of degree-$d$ representations of a perfect group?

It seems to be a standard result that the number of degree-1 representations of a group $G$ is equal to $[G : G']$ where $G'$ is the commutator subgroup (e.g. Lemma 6.2.7 in the 2012 textbook ...
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111 views

Involutions, RSK and Young Tableaux

Let $S_n$ be the symmetric group on $n$ elements. The Robinson-Schensted-Knuth (RSK) correspondence sends a permutation $\pi\in S_n$ to a pair of Standard Young Tableaux $(P,Q)$ with equal shapes ...
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0answers
16 views

Integration over uncountable set of characters

Let $G$ be a compact (assumed Hausdorff) group and $\hat{G}$ be the set of all characters of irreducible, finite-dimensional representations of $G$. It might occur that $\hat{G}$ is uncountable. It ...
1
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2answers
50 views

Definition/existence/uniqueness of a minimal projective resolution

I'm reading Dave Benson's book "Representations and Cohomology," Volume I, and I'm trying to understand the following discussion on page $32$ in which he introduces the notion of a minimal projective ...
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20 views

Generators of Special Linear Matrix ???

This is a simple question, anyone can help: Can one generate this matrix $A_1$ or $A_2$ or $A_3$ from two matrices $B$, $C$ and their inverse ($B^{-1}$, $C^{-1}$): $$ A_1=\begin{pmatrix} 0& ...
2
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0answers
27 views

Rational representation of a 136 order group

Let G be the group of order 136 = 8 * 17 with presentation $$<x,y : y^{8}=x^{17}=1 \quad yxy^{-1}=x^{4} >$$ Find the simple summands of the group ring Q[G].
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29 views

Question concerning Morita equivalence and an algebra over a field which is not algebraically closed

I would like to know, whether there are a quiver $Q$ and an admissible ideal $I$ such that the quiver algebra $\mathbb{F}_3Q/I$ and the group algebra $\mathbb{F}_3 (C_3\times C_3)$ are Morita ...
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6answers
194 views

The use of conjugacy class and centralizer?

This is more or less for a conceptual and better-understanding question in group theory and in representation theory: (1) Why are conjugacy class and centralizer important concepts in the group / ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Exponents of a semisimple Lie algebra

I'd like to compute the exponents of a semisimple complex Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. According to http://math.berkeley.edu/~theojf/LieQuantumGroups.pdf proposition 8.1.2.18, this amounts to ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Building invariants of non-fundamental $SU(2)$

Suppose you have two objects, $ \phi _i $ and $ \psi _j $ that form representations of $ SU(2) $. With both fields in the fundamental representation, I believe there is one invariant, \begin{equation} ...
1
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1answer
29 views

Suppose p : G → GL(n, C) is a representation. Suppose that g, h exist in G and that p(g)p(h) = p(h)p(g). Is it then true that gh = hg?

Suppose $p : G → GL(n, C)$ is a representation. Suppose that $g, h$ exist in $G$ and that $p(g)p(h) = p(h)p(g)$. Is it then true that $gh = hg$? I don't know if I am not understanding the question, ...
1
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1answer
101 views

Invariants for the $SU(2)$ representation

The quantities $\delta_{ij}a_ib_j$ and $\epsilon_{ijk}a_ib_jc_k$ are invariant under the transformation of the $j=1$ (fundamental) representation of $SO(3)$. What would be the analogous expressions ...
2
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45 views

What is the Lie algebra of $G=\mathbb{R}$

The question is updated as following. 1. Let $(\Phi,L^2(R))$ be left regular representation of $\mathbb R$ given by $$ \Phi(g)f(x)=f(x-g). $$ It is unitary representation of $\mathbb R$. 2. For ...
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0answers
16 views

Combining infinitesimal generators of diferent dimensions

I am reading a paper about ways in which you can get $SU(2)\times{}U(1)\times{}U(1)$ as a subgroup of $SU(3)\times{}SU(2)\times{}U(1)$. At a certain point, it starts considering ways of getting ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Showing that an $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})$-module is determined by eigenvalues of $h$

This question is essentially exercise 8.4 from the book "Introduction to Lie Algebras" by Erdmann and Wildon: "Suppose that $V$ is a finite-dimensional $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})$-module. Show that ...
3
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0answers
64 views

Invariants under a transformation

Consider a $j=1,\,SU(2)$ representation (or fundamental $SO(3)$ representation). Suppose that $a_1, b_i, c_i$ with $i=1,2,3$ are vectors transforming under this representation i.e ...
0
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16 views

$U(1)$ generators of $SU(2)$

I wanna get $U(1)$ out of $SU(2)$. I know for example that this can be done using the diagonal Pauli matrix, but I wonder if there are more $U(1)$-s in $SU(2)$. So, which are the all the ways in ...
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0answers
27 views

invariants of a representation over a local ring from the residual representation

Let $(R, \mathfrak m)$ be a local ring (not necessarily an integral domain) and $T$ be a free $R$-module of finite rank $n\geq 2$. Let $\rho: G \to \mathrm{Aut}_{R\text{-linear}}(T)$ be a ...
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11 views

How to transform the following direct product of the group representations?

Let's have 4-vector $A_{\mu}$ which transforms as $\left(\frac{1}{2}, \frac{1}{2}\right)$ representation of the Lorentz group. So the product $A_{\mu}B_{\nu}$ refers to the direct product $$ \tag 1 ...
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2answers
52 views

Dummit and Foote on Galois and Representation Theory?

At some point, I'd like to learn both Galois Theory and Representation Theory. I currently know a lot of Group Theory and Linear Algebra, as well as some Ring Theory. I was thinking of reading ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Properties of characters that remain true for infinite compact groups

Which properties of irreducible characters for finite groups still hold for infinite (compact) groups? In particular, is it still true that the irreducible characters form a basis for the space of ...
2
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2answers
63 views

Characters of a faithful irreducible Module for an element in the centre

Basically here is my questions. We have a character $\chi$ which is faithful and irreducible of a group $G$. we have an element $g$ which i needs to show belongs to the centre $Z(G)$, i.e. $gh=hg$ for ...