This tag is for questions seeking external references (books, articles, etc.) about a particular subject. Please do not use this as the only tag for a question.

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If $q^k n^2$ is an odd perfect number with Euler prime $q$, are the following statements known to hold in general?

(Note: This question has been cross-posted from MO.) Let $\sigma$ be the classical sum-of-divisors function. A number is said to be perfect if $\sigma(N)=2N$. If $q^k n^2$ is an odd perfect number ...
2
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1answer
19 views

Total variation distance is complete

For a given measurable space $X$, $\mathcal{P}(X)$ denotes the space of all the probability measures on $X$. The total variation distance $\rho$ on $\mathcal{P}(X)$ is defined by: for $\mu, \nu \in ...
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10answers
30k views

Calculus book recommendations (for complete beginner)

Well I have not started calculus yet but I am really keen to. I would love if you suggest some books. Points to be noted: I really don't like the way textbooks are written so please no "textbooks" ...
3
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2answers
81 views

Non-compactness of the resolvent

Consider a complete non-compact Riemannian manifold $M$ and the resolvent of the Laplacian $(-\Delta + \lambda I)^{-1}$. It is known that the resolvent is in general not a compact operator. I am ...
3
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0answers
37 views

Textbooks for visual learners

Perhaps this question has already been asked (if so, please let me know) but I am looking for books that appeal to visual learners. I discovered that I am able to understand concepts much quicker ...
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1answer
40 views
1
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0answers
9 views

Proof of Kolmogorov zero-one law in measure-theoretic setting

I have met, in some paper, the following form of the Kolmogorov zero-one law used: If $A\subseteq 2^\Bbb N$ is a subset of Cantor space such that when $x,y\in 2^\Bbb N$ are such that $x,y$ differ ...
2
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1answer
27 views

Models of Linear Logic

I am looking for an introduction to the model theory of Linear Logic. Can you recommend any clear introductions? I am particularly interested in those models that regard coherence spaces.
7
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2answers
156 views

Zeta functions in Chebychev's Prime Number theory

In two papers from 1848 and 1850, the Russian mathematician Pafnuty L'vovich Chebyshev attempted to prove the asymptotic law of distribution of prime numbers. His work is notable for the use of the ...
7
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1answer
73 views
+100

Mean value theorem for random variables (inside an expectation value)

In a proof I am trying to understand a mean value theorem for random variables is used. It is stated that $$E[f(X+Y)]=E[f(X)+E[f^\prime(X+\theta Y)]Y]$$ for real valued random variables $X$ and $Y$ ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Equation with mean of random variables

In a proof I found the following conversion $$E\left[|X|\mathbf{1}_{[a,b]}(Y)\right] = E\left[|X|P(a \le Y \le b)\right]$$ I understand, why $E\left[\mathbf{1}_{[a,b]}(Y)\right] = P(a \le Y \le b)$, ...
7
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0answers
77 views

Multivalued Functions for Dummies

I have been studying complex analysis for a while, but I still cannot "get" how multivalued functions work. Despite having it explained to me many times, my brain cannot process it. For example, I ...
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2answers
43 views

Reference request for q-numbers?

Let $q$ be an element of a field $k$ (possibly $\mathbb{C}$), different from $-1$ and $1$. We have $$[n]=\frac{q^n-q^{-n}}{q-q^{-1}}=q^{n-1}+q^{n-2}+\dots+q^{-n+1}$$ Where $n$ is a natural number. ...
3
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1answer
44 views

Looking for a “Guide for the Perplexed by Low-dimensional Topology”

The following excerpt is from pp. 56-57 of Loring Tu's (so far very enjoyable) textbook An Introduction to Manifolds (2nd ed.): One of the most surprising achievements in topology was John ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Inequalities on Matrix Minimax?

Suppose I have a matrix $M$. How can I get a good bound on the minimax quantity $$ \min_{i}\max_{j}M_{ij} $$ or variations thereof? Links to literature would be greatly appreciated. EDIT: I ...
7
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1answer
90 views

Is there any relationship between the Riemann z function and strange attractors?

I have this question in mind since the first time I saw a graphical representation of the zeta function (like in the sample below). Just by looking to them I wondered if there is any relationship ...
0
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0answers
65 views

Applications of math [on hold]

I am a soon-to-be math teacher (high school level). I know my request is broad and vague, but I still feel the need to ask you all. I want to be able to answer my students´ somewhat feared question, ...
5
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0answers
78 views

Review on Riemannian Geometry

I'm currently reading through Griffiths and Harris Principles of Algebraic Geometry, and the only subject in the foundational material section that I am not completely comfortable with is riemannian ...
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17answers
27k views

Good book for self study of a First Course in Real Analysis

Does anyone have a recommendation for a book to use for the self study of real analysis? Several years ago when I completed about half a semester of Real Analysis I, the instructor used "Introduction ...
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1answer
31 views

$L^1([0, 1]) \subset C([0, 1])^*$

Basically my question is: how can I prove that $L^1([0, 1]) \subset C([0, 1])^*$, where $C([0, 1])$ represents all continuous functions on $[0, 1]$, and the superscript $^*$ means the dual space. ...
0
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2answers
59 views
+50

Point-set topology

I am about to begin a self-study project in point-set topology. I am a final year undergraduate. I am looking for suitable resources, I have so far come across Munkres' textbook and would like to find ...
1
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2answers
39 views

where to begin with mathematical logic- text suggestions

My name is battlefrisk and I intend to pursue a career in either operations research or artificial intelligence. I have only taken a single class on logic, and I am considering buying a text on the ...
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0answers
30 views

Algebraic approach to Local Analytic Complex Geometry

I'm attending a second course in Complex Analysis from a geometrical point of view. In the final part of the course we have discussed about germs of complex analytic sets and their algebraic ...
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0answers
28 views

Roadmap to $p$-adic numbers: where a self-learner should look for references

TL;DR at the end of the question. I’m currently trying to learn as much as possible about p-adic numbers. I’m not sure what is the most fascinating part of the theory, but the use of the adjective ...
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0answers
29 views
2
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0answers
88 views

Comprehensive Linear Algebra Text

Occasionally I come across a fact from linear algebra that I have not seen before. These facts are often obscured in search engines by either introductory texts or unrelated papers, and it is ...
2
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1answer
22 views

References for loop rings

I recently saw a paper on alternative loop rings, as always, I am interested in all kinds of rings, and new kind of ring looked attractive. I would like to read loop and then loop rings in detail from ...
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0answers
20 views

Reference on Gibbs phenomenon

I need a reference that explains the following result (also known as the Gibbs phenomenon) Let $g$ be a $2\pi$-periodic function, $C^1$ per pieces (i.e., there exists a partition $x_1 < \cdots ...
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0answers
53 views

Source for (somewhat) Informal Mathematics of All Levels [on hold]

I've been around this site for a couple years now, but never formally made an account until now. I recently stumbled upon a new mathematics blog, and I wanted to know if it is a legitimate resource. ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Multiplicative spectral sequence

I have a simple question regarding the definition of a multiplicative spectral sequence, which I couldn't answer myself by looking at the definitions in various texts: Is the product assumed to be ...
1
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0answers
23 views

How to find a set of integer vectors (of length L) such that all its subsets with size L are linearly independent?

Given a number $M\geq L$, how to find a set of $M$ vectors in $\mathbb{Z}_{\geq0}^{L}$, say $S=\{\mathbf{a}_1,\cdots,\mathbf{a}_L\}$, such that: 1-All subsets of $S$ with size $L$ are linearly ...
8
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0answers
195 views

Overview of nonlinear analysis, differential equations (ODE and PDE), dynamical systems, and mathematical physics, and their relationships

The fields of (i) nonlinear analysis, (ii) ODE and PDE, (iii) dynamical systems, and (iv) mathematical physics are very huge, fertile, and, in a sense, unorganized (see Open problems in ...
7
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1answer
993 views

Moment generating functions/ Characteristic functions of $X,Y$ factor implies $X,Y$ independent.

This is solely a reference request. I have heard a few versions of the following theorem: If the joint moment generating function $\mathbb{E}[e^{uX+vY}] = \mathbb{E}[e^{uX}]\mathbb{E}[e^{vY}]$ ...
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0answers
49 views

How I can make a proof to this conjecture if it is possible?

Is there someone who can show me the way helping me to proof this conjecture. If it's not open, at a least show me links or papers which to be helpful. Conjecture: Assume $c > 0$ and that an ...
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4answers
272 views

An introduction to algebraic topology from the categorical point of view

I'm looking for a modern algebraic topology textbook from a categorical point of view. Basically, I'd like a textbook that uses the language of functors, natural transformations, adjunctions, etc. ...
14
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4answers
523 views

Categorical introduction to Algebra and Topology

I am self-studying Mathematics in my free time. At the moment I am reading books on Algebra and on Category theory. More exactly, I started working through the book $\textit{Algebra}$ by Serge Lang. I ...
3
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1answer
333 views

Looking for first course textbooks on probability and statistics for math majors

I am taking a probability and statistics course soon and would like to find a text book that is targeted more towards math majors rather than engineers (which is what this class is). The book my ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Isometry of covering space [on hold]

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold. Consider a covering space $N$ of $M$, with the pull-back metric from $\pi : N \to M$. Given a point $x \in M$, and a couple of points $y, z \in \pi^{-1}(x) ...
3
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2answers
97 views

Is every element of a complex semisimple Lie algebra a commutator?

Let $L$ be a (finite-dimensional) complex semisimple Lie algebra. Then we know that $L = [L,L]$. Is it true that every element of $L$ must be a commutator? Since a complex semisimple Lie algebra is ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Reference Request: Replacement for Anderson and Fuller

I'm working through Rings and Categories of Modules by Anderson and Fuller. It's a great text, but I would like a more modern replacement. The text focuses too much on the language of generation and ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Help in identifying the one dimensional map

In the paper: http://inds08.uni-klu.ac.at/INDS2008/INDS08_System_Identification_using_Symbolic_Chaotic_Sequence.pdf there is a chaotic map in Eq(11) $$c_{n+1} = \frac{\gamma c_n(1-c_n^2)}{1+\rho ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Help in finding a paper on nonlinear Schrodinger equations [on hold]

I'm looking for the following paper: Authors: Baillon, Jean-Bernard; Cazenave, Thierry; Figueira, Mario Title : Equation de Schrodinger non linéaire. (C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. A-B 284 ...
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0answers
30 views

Book recommendation for network theory

I'm looking for a mathematically rigorous book on Network theory covering topics like entropy, degree distribution, centrality, and regular, random, small-world and scale-free networks. I'm familiar ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Example of function not Fourier Invertible in $L^1$

It is well known that, if $1 < p \le 2$, then, for every $f \in L^p$, $$ \int_{[-R,R]^n} e^{-2\pi i x \cdot y} \hat{f}(y) dy \rightarrow f(x) $$ As $R \rightarrow \infty$, in the $L^p$ sense. ...
6
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2answers
58 views

Homotopical perspective on the long exact sequence in homology and Mayer-Vietoris

For a while I have been wondering whether the long exact sequence in homology and the Mayer-Vietoris sequence can be phrased in homotopical terms. Recently, I heard that both may be reformulated via ...
4
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1answer
68 views

Does a space with peoperty A have a topological name?

As we know, If $X$ is a Tychonoff pseudocompact space, then for every decreasing sequence $\cdots\subset W_2\subset W_1$ of nonempty open subsets of $X$ the intersection $\bigcap_{i=1}^{\infty} ...
4
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0answers
32 views
+50

Estimates for the normal approximation of the binomial distribution

I'm interested in estimates of the normal approximation for binomial distributions, i.e. in estimates of $$\sup_{x\in\mathbb R}\left|P\left(\frac{B(p,n)-np}{\sqrt{npq}} \le x\right) - ...
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0answers
8 views

If $U(\mathbb{Z}G)$ is nilpotent/ FC group than $TU(\mathbb{Z}G)$ is a subgroup.

I am doing a short paper by Miles and Parmenter "GROUP RINGS WHOSE UNITS FORM A NILPOTENT OR FC GROUP" and the main theorem in that is the following- Now for (i) or (ii) implies (iii) he writes ...
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0answers
7 views

Reference for S.D. Berman Paper on integral group ring

Can somebody tell me where I can find this paper "S. D. Berman, On the equation $x^m = 1$ in an integral group ring, Ukrain. Math. Z., 7 (1955), pp. 253-261." I looked it up in springer Here only ...
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0answers
7 views

Minimizing constrained functions on $l^p$

Suppose we have some functionals $H,G:l^p(\mathbb{N}^+)\to\mathbb{R}$, and we want to find some $p \in l^p(\mathbb{N^+})$ which minimize $H$, subject to the constraint that $G(p)=0$ is constant. As ...