This tag is for questions where the poster seeks references (books, articles, etc.) about a particular subject. Please do not use this as the only tag for a question.

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Reference: Fields of characteristic p

I am interested in learning more about fields of characteristic $p\neq 0$. Does anyone know of a good reference that covers the basics of this topic and possibly galois theory over fields of prime ...
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1answer
64 views

Formulas for Schrödinger unitary groups of operators

Let $\Omega$ an open set of $\mathbb{R}^n$. Consider the Hilbert space $X=L^{2}\left(\Omega\right)$ and the Schrödinger operator $A=i\Delta$ defined on the domain $D(A)=H^2(\Omega)$. Is there any ...
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0answers
24 views

Book for asymptotic behavior of an ODE

I want a good book to master the concepts of limit point, equilibrium point, stability (lyapunov, global, local etc.). I am aware of real analysis. Not aware of ODE.
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1answer
59 views

Starting with ring theory

Can anyone suggest a book on rings explaining concepts using visual diagrams, similar to the one visual group theory book by Nathan Carter for groups.The problem with me is that after reading that ...
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0answers
11 views

Reading on Laurent Polynomials

I'm interested in reading about Laurent Polynomials. Does anyone know a good resource/book that I can read about Laurent polynomials? Thanks.
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1answer
144 views

Does $\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{P_n\ln(P_n)}$ converge to the golden ratio?

The sum $\displaystyle\sum\limits_{n=2}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n\ln(n)}$ does not converge. But the sum $\displaystyle\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{P_n\ln(P_n)}$ where $P_n$ denotes the $n$th prime ...
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18 views

A remark on representable functors in May's Concise Course

On page 206 of May's Concise Course there is a lemma stating that for well pointed space $X$ and $Y$ and a particular representable functor $A:Spaces \to Groups$ (in particular reduced K-theory) that ...
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1answer
83 views

Proof for and Intuition behind Taylor's Theorem

I notice that multiple versions of a theorem are called Taylor (univariate/multivariate, approximate/exact). But I do not find it trivial to infer proof of one version from the rest. So looking for a ...
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13 views

On the definition of subharmonic functions

An upper semicontinuous map $f:\mathbb C\to\mathbb R\cup\{-\infty\}$ is said to be subharmonic if it satisfies the following average inequality property: For any $z_0\in\mathbb C$ and $\delta>0$, ...
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1answer
26 views

Generalisation of cochain complexes and “curvature”

Someone has mentioned to me that generalizations of co-chain complexes and their cohomology have been studied, where instead of $d^2 = 0$ we have something like $d^2 \alpha = q \alpha $, which is ...
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1answer
40 views

Generalization for Stirling numbers 2nd kind to negative column-indexes?

The exponential generating functions for the Stirling numbers 2nd kind are the n'th powers of $f(x)=\exp(x)-1$ (where this is understood as formal power series, Abramowitz&Stegun, 26.8.12). ...
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1answer
41 views

Global bounded solution of $u_{tt}=\Delta u-mu+h$ in the Hilbert space $X=H_{0}^{1}\left(\Omega\right)\times L^{2}\left(\Omega\right)$

Let $\Omega$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{R^n}$. Consider the linear wave equation $$\begin{cases} \dfrac{\partial^{2}}{\partial t^{2}}u\left(t,x\right)=\Delta ...
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1answer
132 views

Blow Up: Resolution of Singularity

For blow ups, I have worked only in $\mathbb{CP}^2$. Once I locate the base-point, say $[x,y,z]=[0,1,0]$, I go back to $\mathbb{C}^2$ by considering the chart $y=1$. I then proceed to blow up ...
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1answer
42 views

Introduction to Localization of Topological Spaces

I am trying to learn localization of topological spaces but am not sure where to start. Can anyone recommend some introductory materials? It would be great if it contains detailed motivations, ...
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2answers
78 views

Which functional analysis book is good?

Which functional analysis book is good ? I am aware of linear algebra, real analysis, measure theory and a little bit of topology. It should be intuitive and with full of motivation.
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1answer
84 views

What are the prerequisites for Fulton's “Intersection Theory”?

Is it necessary to read SGA VI to understand "Intersection Theory" by William Fulton?
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2answers
41 views

Compendium of elliptic curves?

does anyone know where I can find a collection of elliptic curves and their integral solutions? EDIT: Removed additional useless info. Thanks!
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2answers
60 views

Canonical isomorphism between Cauchy sequence completion and inverse limit

I'm studying chapter 10 of Atiyah Macdonald. The book introduces two ways to construct the completion of an abelian topological group: Equivalence classes of Cauchy sequences and inverse limit. I can ...
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0answers
21 views

Extending a trace on algebra to a trace of systems of algebras

Suppose, we have a trace $\tau$ on some algebra $\mathcal{A}$, i.e. $$\tau(aA+bB)=a\tau(A)+b\tau(B)\ \forall A,B\in\mathcal{A}, \forall a,b\in\mathbb{C}$$ The question rises, what are then the ...
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1answer
54 views

Rank of Elliptic Curves

Recently, I have heard of some heuristics that would suggest that the rank of elliptic curves are bounded (specifically in the congruent number family). I always though that the best way to prove ...
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2answers
87 views

Ways to calculate the spectrum of an operator

Friends, I am learning some very basic stuff of spectral theory and kind of lost, in some sense. I am trying to find ways to compute the spectra of different operators, when they work and don't work. ...
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0answers
26 views

Question on extension of cocycles

Given a countable discrete group $G$ and suppose $G$ acts on a compact metrizable abelian group $Y$ with normalized Haar measure $\mu$, measure preserving, let $\mathbb{T}$ denotes the unite circle. ...
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41 views

basic sequence in the complexification induces a basic sequence in the underlying real space?

This should be easy to prove if it is true, but, alas, what SHOULD be easy is not always easy for me ;) Conjecture 1. Let $X$ be a real Banach space and let $X_\mathbb{C}$ denote its ...
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42 views

Propositions as sets of witnesses

Under the propositions-as-types paradigms, a proposition is identified with the type of all its proofs. From a more classical perspective (and assuming the full-blown axiom of choice), it sometimes ...
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2answers
58 views

Existence of a random variable satisfying a condition on its distribution

Let $X, Y : [0,1] \to \mathcal{X}$ be two random variables. Here, $[0,1]$ is the interval with the Lebesgue $\sigma$-algebra and $\mathcal{X}$ is a topological space with the Borel $\sigma$-algebra. ...
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2answers
209 views

History of the matrix representation of complex numbers

It is well-known to many that $\mathbb{C}$ can be represented by matrices of the form $\left[ \begin{array}{cc} a & b \\ -b & a \end{array} \right]$. For example, see this question or this ...
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1answer
36 views

Cramer's theorem reference request

I'm looking for a proof of Cramer's theorem that states the following: Let $X,Y$ two independent random variables such that $X+Y$ is normal distributed, then $X$ and $Y$ are normal distributed. ...
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57 views

Integrability of 1-forms and Stokes' Theorem

Let $\alpha$ be a $1$-form defined on a manifold $M$ and $\Delta = ker (\alpha)$. The classical theorem of Frobenius says that $\Delta$ is integrable if $\alpha \wedge d\alpha =0$ i.e if $d\alpha$ is ...
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4answers
137 views

Suggestion for a book on Linear Algebra [duplicate]

Please suggest a Linear Algebra book with an introduction and rigorous theory (description) on Eigenvectors , eigen-values , Cayley-Hamilton theorem , Diagonalisation of matrices ; Quadratic forms ( ...
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1answer
22 views

Source for original article by Euler

I am looking for Euler's article E19, namely E19 De progressionibus transcendentibus, seu quarum termini generales algebraice dari nequeunt. Auct. L. Eulero. The terms of the sequence given by ux = ...
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1answer
44 views

Gromov hyperbolic metric spaces are quasi-convex

I'm aware about the fact stated above, but I'm not able to find some references or proofs besides Gromov's Hyperbolic Groups - Essays in Group Theory. I'll state things precisely. I will consider a ...
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49 views

Integration of bundle-valued differential forms

The literature, at least textbooks, seems to be very scarce on the topic of integrating bundle-valued differential forms. So I wonder where can I read on the topic? I want to see usual theorems, like ...
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0answers
29 views

Studying Hamiltonian PDEs - Where to start?

I first got in contact with Hamiltonian PDEs when I wrote my first thesis about the Nash-Moser-Theorem as some books mentioned them as a field of application of this theorem. As those examples were ...
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2answers
38 views

Method of verifying answers

I have been reading Velleman's How to prove it book and solving problems of the exercise in it. What concerns me is that I cannot verify if actually my solutions are correct. The book has only ...
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2answers
104 views

Rigorous mathematical treatments of engineering topics

I started out as an engineering student and got interested in mathematics. So after some point (Rigorous analysis and linear algebra, some real analysis, basic measure theory and topology etc.) I ...
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1answer
97 views

Derivation of Schrödinger's equation

I recall a famous quote of the late physicist Richard Feynman: Where did we get that from? It's not possible to derive it from anything you know. It came out of the mind of Schrödinger. This ...
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0answers
34 views

Where can I find some articles of Weil.

Where can I find the articles of Weil: Variétés abéliennes et courbes algébriques Sur les courbes algébriques et les variétés qui s'en déduisent. on Internet?
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1answer
95 views

Measure Theory Book

What book should I use for measure theory?I have solved Rudin's Principle Of mathematical analysis up to chapter 7.Some people advised me to use Real and complex analysis by Rudin, while other said it ...
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0answers
41 views

When is every open set a $F_\sigma$?

My question concerns the $F_\sigma$ property of a topological space $X$. I want to know if there is a particular name for those spaces in which every open set is $F_\sigma$. Moreover, if $X$ is a ...
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0answers
25 views

Have any authors suggested mathematics-wide prefixes for “missing a quotient” and/or “missing an identity”?

The prefixes in the following terms both mean: "missing the obvious quotient by the obvious equivalence relation." seminorm pseudometric Similarly, the prefixes in the following terms both mean: ...
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27 views

Properties shared by equivalent norms.

I am interested in knowing about "geometric" properties shared by equivalent norms on a Banach space. Here I mean "geometric" as opposed to topological, and probably in particular with reference to ...
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0answers
53 views

Interesting examples of switching limit and integral

We learn many theorems regarding the relationship of limit and integral (Dominated/ Monotone Convergence, Fatou, Semicontinuity of norms, etc...). As I'm working on my research, I find that I often ...
3
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1answer
31 views

Regularity for a parabolic problem with nonsmooth coefficients

I'm looking for references on the regularity of the (weak) solution to the parabolic problem with nonsmooth coefficients. In most literature, like Evans, the coefficients are often assumed to be ...
2
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1answer
94 views

Bezout's bound and resultants - reference request

In Terry Tao's blog post about Bezout's inequality, he writes: In our notation*, this theorem states the following: Theorem 1 (Bezout’s theorem) Let $d=m=2$. If $V$ is finite, then it has ...
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1answer
52 views

Characterization of solvable groups in terms of subgroups of certain orders?

In this question, the OP mentions the following result: a finite group $G$ is solvable if and only if $$\text{for all $n$ dividing $|G|$ such that $\gcd(\frac{|G|}{n},n)=1$, $G$ has a subroup order ...
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0answers
51 views

Alternatives to the notation $\|x\|$ for the norm of $x$?

For aesthetic reasons, I don't like the notation $\|x\|$ for the norm of $x$. Have any alternatives been proposed?
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0answers
15 views

Reference for p-capacitary functions

Consider $\Omega_1 $ and $\Omega_2$ two open bounded and convex sets in $R^n$with $\Omega_1 \supset \overline{\Omega}_2$. The unique weak solution of the problem $$ \begin{cases} \Delta_p u = 0 ...
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1answer
65 views

Is $\{1,1,2,3,4,5,\cdots,i,\cdots \} $ the simple continued fraction algebraic or transcendental?

Is $$1+\cfrac{1}{1+\cfrac{1}{2+\cdots}} $$ or$\{1,1,2,3,4,5,\cdots,i,\cdots \} , i\in \mathbb{N}$ the simple continued fraction algebraic or transcendental? Any reference is appreciated EDIT and ...
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1answer
65 views

Best algebra text for Model Theory

I'm looking for an algebra book that is tailored towards some of the ideas in Model Theory, I'm currently slogging through Hodges' Model Theory. I'm a bit rusty with my algebra and was curious if ...
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40 views

A book on analytic geometry

It's easy to find good recommendation for books here for any subject other than analytic geometry ,therefore I'd like to ask for any suggestion of analytic geometry books ,the only charactrestic I'm ...