This tag is for questions where the poster seeks references (books, articles, etc.) about a particular subject. Please do not use this as the only tag for a question.

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38 views

Solutions to problems in the ODE book by Gerald Teschl

I am self learning ODE by the book: Ordinary Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems by Gerald Teschl. Anyone knows where I can solutions to the problems given in this book? Thank you.
2
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2answers
69 views

Which book is appropriate for a Chemistry student that needs to learn basics about integrals?

A friend of me who is not studying mathematics now needs to deal with integrals, double integrals and triple integrals within his study of chemistry. He asked me to give him a suggestion for a basic ...
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0answers
28 views

Updating the LU Factorization

I am looking for a way to update the $LU$ factorization of a general $m \times n$ matrix after adding a column to the matrix. I have to iterate this procedure so I will begin with a matrix that is $m ...
6
votes
2answers
135 views

Push forward of the structure sheaf along covering

Let $f: X \to Y$ be a covering (proper, surjective, finite regular map) of smooth projective varieties of degree $d$. How one can show that in this case $f_* \mathcal{O}_X$ is a locally free sheaf of ...
3
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0answers
27 views

Relations between the Eisenstein series and the hypergeometric series

It is known that $$E_4(\tau) = {}_{2}F_{1}\left(\frac{1}{12}, \frac{5}{12}; 1; \frac{1}{J(\tau)}\right)^4$$ and $$E_6(\tau) = {}_{2}F_{1}\left(\frac{1}{12}, \frac{7}{12}; 1; \frac{1}{1 - ...
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0answers
7 views

about a barrier argument involving p-harmonic functios

Consider the lemma 2.2 and lemma 2.3 of this paper : http://www.ams.org/journals/tran/2002-354-06/S0002-9947-02-02892-1/S0002-9947-02-02892-1.pdf Lemma2.2: Let $D $ a convex domain in $R^n$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
6 views

References to papers/books that uses a kernel to smooth a discrete distribution

Since a kernel, such as Gaussian, is often used to smooth out the distribution of discrete points in 1D, 2D or 3D, I believe there must be some study materials or research work that have used this, ...
7
votes
1answer
534 views

If I know the probability of something happening after n trials is X, how can I estimate the probability of it happening for each individual trial.

This is assuming each trial has an independent probability. In other words, lets say that I perform $50$ trials a $100$ times. I know that the event happened only in $5\%$ of those hundred $50$-trial ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

3-Point Shoot using Quadratic Equation [closed]

This is my assignment. The question is "In what part of the three-point line can a player do best the three-point shoot to gain 3 point but using quadratic equation." There are no data given but we ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Absolute continuity and convolution

Suppose that $\mu$ is a finite Borel measure on the real line, $f, g\in L^1(\mu)$. Define $\nu=\mu\ast\mu$. Do I understand correctly that the convolution $f\mu\ast g\mu$ is absolutely continuous wrt ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Main theorem of Pythagorean plane

The theorem states: Any Pythagorean plane is isomorphic to the Cartesian plane $F^2$ over its field $F$ of segments. Can anyone give me a reference for this theorem?
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2answers
94 views

How to prove that all smooth vector bundles on a given vector bundle are the pull back of a vector bundle on the base

Recently, during a conversation, I heard about the result (previously mentioned also here on MO), whose statement is reported below. Not having the specific background necessary to reconstruct a proof ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Hölder continuity for parabolic equations

What is a good and modern reference for hölder regularity for non-degenerate parabolic equations? To be a bit more precise, I have a degenerate parabolic equation, exhibiting two degeneracies, and can ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Geometric dual graph

It is well known the notion of geometric dual graph. Let $G^*$ be the geometric dual of a planar graph $G$. I need the proof that $(G^*)^* \cong G$ , where can I find it ?
1
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0answers
35 views

Building a function $p : \mathcal{D} \rightarrow \mathbf{Ord}$ from a faithful functor $U : \mathcal{C} \rightarrow \mathcal{D}.$

For simplicity, I will ignore size issues in this question. Let $\mathcal{D}$ and $\mathcal{O}$ denote categories. By a function $\mathcal{D} \rightarrow \mathcal{O},$ let us mean a functor from the ...
7
votes
2answers
163 views

Which statements are equivalent to the parallel postulate?

I would like to have a long-ish list of statements that are equivalent to the parallel postulate. If a line segment intersects two straight lines forming two interior angles on the same side that ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Non-standard extensions of $p$-adic fields

Does there exist a non-standard extension of a non-Archimedean field (such as the construction $*\mathbb{R}$ out of $\mathbb{R}$ or the surreals $\mathbb{S}_\mathbb{R}$, not to mention their ...
0
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0answers
87 views

Proof that $G(3)\le 7$

Let $G(k)$ be the minimal $n$ s.t. every sufficiently large integer is the sum of $n$ nonnegative $k$th powers. Does anybody know where I can find Vaughan's proof that $G(3)\le 7$? I can't find a ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Reference for $F$-algebras and induction?

I've been learning about $F$-coalgebras and coinduction from this fantastic paper, which has really helped me get a feel with its many examples. I'm starting to struggle with reconciling the ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Math required for medical statistics

I have never been good with Math. I talk to many of my medical colleagues and it seems to me that most of them have a poor understanding of statistics. Many of them claim to understand it but actually ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Entrance exam preparation suggestions.

I will be giving my Entrance Exam for (MS in Computer Science) and this is the Syllabus. Syllabus Screenshot : http://i.imgur.com/9KUDCt3.png I am worried about the maths and reasoning part. It's ...
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0answers
41 views

What is known about the eigenvectors of random matrices?

Let $A$ be a real asymmetric $n \times n$ matrix with i.i.d. random, zero-mean elements. What results, if any, are there for the eigenvectors of $A$? In particular: How are the elements of the ...
2
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0answers
28 views

Elliptic PDE on the Whole Space

Can anyone suggest a reference for elliptic PDE on the all of $\mathbb{R}^d$, as opposed to some bounded domain $\Omega$, covering the standard topics of existence, uniqueness, and regularity. I ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Hyperbolic vs Euclidean Brownian Motion

In this article, page 4 of the linked pdf file, Lalley and Sellke claim that a hyperbolic Brownian motion can be obtained by time-changing a 2-dimensional Euclidean Brownian motion, conditioned to ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Miller's Construction, Partition Principle and Failure of Axiom of Choice

Partition Principle ($PP$) is the following statement: For all sets $a$, $b$ there is an injection $f:a\rightarrow b$ iff there is a surjection $g:b\rightarrow a$ It is known that $ZF\vdash ...
0
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2answers
72 views

Reference for book on fundamental abstract algebra topics

Can anybody suggest a good book on the topics listed below? A single book would be preferable. Thanks. Groups, subgroups, normal subgroups,cosets,Lagrange’s theorem, rings and their properties, ...
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0answers
26 views

Superelliptic curves

I'm trying to find information on superelliptic curves and how to solve them over the integers. The equation is $$y^k = f(x)$$ where $k=3$ and $f$ has degree $d=3$. Does anyone know any ...
1
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0answers
42 views

What kind of structures can I count using Alg?

I'm interested in counting structures that satisfy certain constraints up to isomorphism. For example, I might want to know how many clutters there are on $n$ vertices. The only way I can think to ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Math GRE: Calculus Textbooks - is Spivak + Stewart + Rudin sufficient?

Recently, I splurged and spent $1000 in math textbooks in preparation for the Mathematics GRE subject test. So far, in terms of calculus books, I have purchased Spivak, Stewart, and Baby Rudin. Is ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Kirchoff Matrix -Tree Theorem

I'm reading a proof of the Kirchoff Matrix -Tree Theorem: If $G$ is a simple connected graph, $D$ the diagonal matrix with the vertices' degrees and $A$ the adjacency matrix, then in $M = -A+D$ ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Expectation Maximization Algorithm for Gaussian Mixture Model

Can we use the Expectation Maximization algorithm for estimation of Gaussian Mixture Model with full covariance matrices? If yes then can you please give me a reference paper? So far all the machine ...
0
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2answers
15 views

Reference Request for Methods of the Calculation of Order

What are the standard methods of calculation of the order modulo $n$ of an integer $a$ where $\operatorname{gcd}(a,n)=1$?
0
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0answers
19 views

The use of Weighted arithmetic mean to determine the extent to which the data correspond

I don't know when I can ask such question, because it is not a completely mathematic question. I have a text and a topic (single word). I want to check how much this text corresponds to the topic. ...
2
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0answers
40 views

Chernoff Binomial Bound

I am reading a paper and the following Chernoff-type bound is presented: For X~Bin(n,p) and a>0, the following bounds for lower and upper tail, respectively, hold: $$\Pr[X\le np-a]\le ...
6
votes
1answer
103 views

Good Reference for Justifying (less well-known fields of) Math?

How do we as mathematicians justify the study of math to students? Or, indeed, how do we justify it to the general public? How do you justify your particular field? I'm particularly interested in ...
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7answers
2k views

Mathematical literature to lose yourself in

H.M. Edwards in the preface to his book on the Riemann Zeta Function, summarises his philosophy on learning Mathematics: ...I have tried to say to students of mathematics that they should read the ...
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3answers
129 views

The category of theorems and proofs

On a philosophy website, it said that you could have a category with theorems as objects and proofs as arrows. This sounds awesome, but I couldn't find anything on the web that has both "category" and ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Which is the best book on Goldbach conjecture research

Is there a book which summarizes the major research results in the past, and current research trends, for the Goldbach conjecture? I know, much progress has been made in Analytic Number theory in ...
3
votes
2answers
43 views

“Sandwich theorem” for eigenvalues of symmetric matrices

I am looking for a reference for the following result for symmetric matrices Let $A\in\mathbb R^{n\times n}$ be symmetric with eigenvalues $\lambda_n \leq\ldots\leq\lambda_1,\, M\subset \lbrace ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Online resources to learn numerical methods for PDEs?

I would like to get into a career that uses alot of applied math. I took a numerical analysis course in undergrad and liked it, so I plan to self-learn numerical methods for PDEs. Other than the MIT ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

System of First-Order Quasilinear PDEs: Burgers' Equation

The Burgers' equation is given by $u_{t}+uu_{x}=\nu u_{xx}$, where $u=u(x,t)$ and $\nu$ is the kinematic viscosity. How do I rewrite the equation (or any higher order PDE) as a system of first-order ...
12
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5answers
297 views

I need help finding a rigorous Pre-calculus textbook

I dislike modern textbooks; their cookie-cutter approach and appearance, over reliance on breaking things down into little boxes, the general spoon-feeding they engender and most of all the poor ...
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0answers
35 views

Book suggestion functional analysis [duplicate]

I am studding functional analysis and applications. Does anyone have a good recommendation of books//lectures/resources/etc.? Thanks.
2
votes
1answer
39 views

1D manifold is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb R$ or to $S^1$

In his ODE classic V.I. Arnold considers easy to see (легко видеть) that every one-dimensional (connected and without boundary) differentiable manifold is either diffeomorphic to $\mathbb R$ (if it is ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Single Variable Calculus Reference Recommendations

This question is a generalization of the common question asking for calculus references. It is here to abstract away the repetition, and give a canonical resource for calculus references. I'm ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

Applied Math Foundational Books

I have a BA in mathematics from a pretty good school, where I effectively exhausted the mathematics sequence. The sequence mostly focused on pure math (including measure theoretic real analysis and ...
2
votes
3answers
111 views

Chess and mathematics

I have to choose a research-like project to follow the next year. Because I'm a chess enthusiast, I was thinking of trying to tackle an (open) problem related to chess, and relevant to mathematics. ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Readings on more general/abstract notions of induction related to logic

Can someone suggest references to understand the more general/abstract concept of induction? Specifically, I am trying to justify to myself what is called induction on the "complexity of a ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Eisenstein-type series

Is the series, $$1 - 24\sum_{n = 1}^\infty \frac{q^{2n}}{(1 - q^{2n})^2}, \quad q = e^{\pi i \tau}, \quad \textbf{I}[\tau] > 0,$$ somehow related to $$E_2(q) = 1 - 24\sum_{n = 1}^\infty ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Markov Models and Applications

I am looking for resources in Markov models and its applications. I'm looking for tutorials, videos, books etc which provide the following Explain Markov chains in layperson terms and provide ...