This tag is for questions seeking external references (books, articles, etc.) about a particular subject. Please do not use this as the only tag for a question.

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-1
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0answers
16 views

Suggest good book to learn Fourier transform

I am to learn Fourier transform. I want know Fourier transform, its characteristics, properties and importance. So can anybody suggest good book or resource to learn Fourier transform which have ...
4
votes
0answers
40 views

Are there differences between the International and U.S. Editions of Dummit and Foote?

I'm taking an abstract algebra course this fall and want the textbook over the summer. I found an international copy of Dummit and Foote Abstract Algebra 3rd ed. for much cheaper than the U.S. ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

The limit is that which is neither too big nor too small to be the limit.

Proposed definition: $$ \lim_{x\to a} f(x) = L $$ means $L$ is the only number that is neither too big nor too small to be the limit. This can make sense only if one says precisely what "too big" and ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Has this approximation $0.41468250985111166$ a name?

William Hughes calculated on WolframAlpha the expression $$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{2^{\operatorname{prime}(n)}} $$ and got the approximate value $0.41468250985111166$. If one enters this value ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Reducing a double ultrapower to a single ultrapower

I hate having to ask this question, as I know for a fact I have seen the answer before but cannot seem to find it. So I'm breaking down and asking for a reference. Given a structure, let's say a ...
8
votes
0answers
62 views

Is there a “ping-pong lemma proof” that $\langle x \mapsto x+1,x \mapsto x^3 \rangle$ is a free group of rank 2?

Let $f,g: \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ be the permutations defined by $f: x \mapsto x+1$ and $g: x \mapsto x^3$, or maybe even have $g:x \mapsto x^p$, $p$ an odd prime. In the book, by Pierre de la ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Seminar concearning Spectral Theory of Differential Operators?

I must prepare a seminar about spectral theory of linear partial differential operators. However, I'm at a loss as to a nice reference. I'm looking for something that fits in a graduate spectral ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

The difference between weakly ordered set and partially ordered set?

I need a reference that discusses the difference between a weakly ordered set and a partially ordered set. My understanding is that a weakly ordered set $<X, \succsim>$ is one where the ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Point-set topology

I am about to begin a self-study project in point-set topology. I am a final year undergraduate. I am looking for suitable resources, I have so far come across Munkres' textbook and would like to find ...
3
votes
0answers
16 views

Book recommendation for network theory

I'm looking for a mathematically rigorous book on Network theory covering topics like entropy, degree distribution, centrality, and regular, random, small-world and scale-free networks. I'm familiar ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

solving non-linear systems inequalities

I am trying to solve a non-linear systems of 14 inequalities with 12 variables, involving exponential and polynomial functions. I have been searching over the web for leads,but without any success.I ...
4
votes
2answers
54 views

Non-compactness of the resolvent

Consider a complete non-compact Riemannian manifold $M$ and the resolvent of the Laplacian $(-\Delta + \lambda I)^{-1}$. It is known that the resolvent is in general not a compact operator. I am ...
6
votes
1answer
41 views

Group cohomology of dihedral groups

If $m$ is odd, the group cohomology of the dihedral group $D_m$ of order $2m$ is given by $$H^n(D_m;\mathbb{Z}) = \begin{cases} \mathbb{Z} & n = 0 \\ \mathbb{Z}/(2m) & n \equiv 0 \bmod 4, ~ n ...
-2
votes
0answers
58 views

Does anyone know of a book that explains factoring well?

Can anyone recommend me a book comes well explained the process to factor a polynomial of two variables with complex coefficients, as the multiplication of convergent power series in two variables ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Example of function not Fourier Invertible in $L^1$

It is well known that, if $1 < p \le 2$, then, for every $f \in L^p$, $$ \int_{[-R,R]^n} e^{-2\pi i x \cdot y} \hat{f}(y) dy \rightarrow f(x) $$ As $R \rightarrow \infty$, in the $L^p$ sense. ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

graded Hopf algebra and its dual

I am learning Hopf algebras, and there are two questions as follows: Is the tensor product of two Hopf algebras still a Hopf algebra? Let $A$ be an infinite dimensional algebra. Is the dual ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

Number of squarefree numbers and the Basel problem

Who discovered/proved that there are about $$ \frac{x}{\zeta(2)} $$ squarefree numbers up to $x$, or (roughly) when was this first known? Today I think this is considered 'obvious', but I don't know ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Runge's Theorem for meromrophic functions

Is there a name for this extension of Runge's theorem? Theorem: Let $K\subset\mathbb{C}$ be compact, and let $A\subset K^c$ be a set which intersects each component of $K^c$. Let $f$ be meromorphic ...
4
votes
1answer
26 views

A Mertens-like product over primes

MathWorld's page Prime Products gives the 'related result' (7) to Mertens' theorem: $$ \lim_{n\to\infty}\log p_n\prod_{k=1}^n\frac{1}{1+1/p_k}=\frac{\pi^2}{6e^\gamma}. $$ Does this identity have a ...
4
votes
0answers
44 views

Multivalued Functions for Dummies

I have been studying complex analysis for a while, but I still cannot "get" how multivalued functions work. Despite having it explained to me many times, my brain cannot process it. For example, I ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Does a $K_n$ with $n$ pendants have a name?

Consider the graph we get by taking the complete graph on $n$ vertices, and then attaching a pendant vertex to each of the $n$ vertices by an edge. Does such a graph have a name, i.e. do such graphs ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Reducing uncertainty of a mathematical model with data (Process control)

I know this is a very broad question, but need suggestions, link to good reference papers etc. So here is the question: I have an uncertain model whose parameters are static (not changing with time) ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Real form and real structure on a complex Lie group

E.B.Vinberg and A.L.Onishchik in their book give the following two definitions. For a complex Lie group $G$ its real Lie subgroup $H$ is called a real form of $G$, if a) the Lie algebra $L(H)$ of ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Ratio of degrees of nodes in Graph

I have a question regarding to graph and ratio of degrees of nodes in graphs. See the following image: I'm going to find a relation between $A$ and $C$. So, I count all links from $C$ to $B$s $= ...
2
votes
0answers
13 views

Good Problem Book for Convergence Concepts in Probability

I need a good book containing many challenging exercises (or problems) on Convergence Concepts in Probability. The topics I have covered are: Borel-Cantelli Lemmas Modes of Convergence and ...
2
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0answers
25 views

Multiplication operators are sectorial

Consider the multiplication operator $M_a$ on $L^p(M)$, where $M$ is a Riemannian manifold, and $a$ is a non-negative function. An operator $A$ is said to be sectorial if there exists $\theta \in (0, ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Challenging problems in algebra (book recommendation)

Could you suggest me a book/web page where I can find challenging/hard problems in algebra (possibly with solutions) for an undergraduate student (groups, rings, fields, Galois theory)? Thanks in ...
0
votes
1answer
9 views

any two uncountable Borel subsets of a Polish space are Borel isomorphic

I'm trying to find a proof that any two uncountable Borel subsets of a Polish space are Borel isomorphic. I've been trying to find it in Kechris' "Classical Descriptive Set Theory" but I've been ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Beyond Schwarz Lemma

Let $f(z)=a_1z+a_2z^2+a_3z^3... $ be a Schwarz function then by lemma $|a_1|\leq 1 $.But what is known about the higher coefficients? For example ; what can be said about $ max [a_1+a_2]$ ? Is there ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Good sources to learn about Geometric Analysis

So far the topics that have captured my interest the most are analysis and geometry. I want to learn a bit more about geometric and global analysis. There seems to be no shortage of geometry books but ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Resolvent estimate of hyperbolic Laplacian

Consider the Laplacian $-\Delta$ on the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n$. For $\lambda \in \mathbb{C} \setminus [0, \infty)$, do we have resolvent estimates of the form $$\Vert (-\Delta - \lambda ...
1
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0answers
2 views

Consistency/range conditions for (integral) transform mapping into higher-dimensional space

I am interested in learning more about what the (formal) implications are when transforming a $n$-dimensional function space (e.g., the space of all $\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$) to a higherdimensional ...
2
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0answers
19 views

Continuity of Translation and Dilation on $L^p$ spaces

Let us consider any $f \in L^p(U)$, where $U \subset \mathbb R^n$ is open, and $1 < p < \infty$. We know the translation operator $f(x) \mapsto f(x+a)$ and the dilation operator $f(x) \mapsto ...
0
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0answers
26 views

Bertini's papers in english

I'd very interested by finding translation in english of some papers of Bertini. I don't want necessarly a paper from himself, for exampe I was very happy to find this paper : ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Why can a function in $L^1(\partial \mathbb{D})$ be represented by a Fourier series?

I am looking for a reference to the claim that for any $f\in L^1(\partial \mathbb{D})$, where $\partial \mathbb{D}$ is the unit circle in $\mathbb{C}$, ...
2
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0answers
9 views

Reference for measures of commutativity needed

I'm looking for an appropriate measure to quantify the extent to which two matrices commute. In other words, if $A$ and $B$ are two $n \times n$ Hermitian matrices, and $[A,B]=C$. I'd like a ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Book recommendation: History of the foundations of analysis

I'm looking for a book for a friend. I'd like to find a mostly historical, non-technical treatment of the story of Weierstrass, Cauchy, Riemann, and their work placing Newton and Leibniz' calculus on ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Is this a metric on $\mathbf P\mathcal H$?

Let $\mathcal H$ be a real or complex Hilbert space with inner product $\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle$. On the projective space $\mathbf P\mathcal H = \left(\mathcal H\setminus\{0\}\right)\big/{\sim}$ ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

An introduction to monodromy in topology and algebra

I'm looking for some basic references on monodromy and monodromy groups, in particular I'd like something which describes the interplay between the topological definition (in the theory of covering ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

How we get the topics of our textbooks in math? [on hold]

My point is which processes have happened till we get such kind of undergraduate Algebra, Analysis or Topology topics? Sometimes I think about the vagueness that these materials carry since I don't ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views
+100

Mean value theorem for random variables

In a proof I am trying to understand a mean value theorem for random variables is used. It is stated that $$f(X+Y)=f(X)+f^\prime(X+\theta Y)(Y-X)$$ for real valued random variables $X$ and $Y$ and ...
3
votes
0answers
16 views
+50

Estimates for the normal approximation of the binomial distribution

I'm interested in estimates of the normal approximation for binomial distributions, i.e. in estimates of $$\sup_{x\in\mathbb R}\left|P\left(\frac{B(p,n)-np}{\sqrt{npq}} \le x\right) - ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

Seeking advice from all [on hold]

I've come back to education after 4 years and I feel very out of practice, currently I am studying a-levels and need to pass with excellent grades for my ill fathers sake as it is his last wish. I am ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

Book which covers these contents of the same level of Fulton's book.

My question is very specific. I'm studying Chapter 8 of Fulton's algebraic curves book and I would like to find another book (or online sources) which covers these contents: Divisors, the Vector ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology Mathematics Competition Question

As mentioned in the title, does anyone know where can I obtain past question papers from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology? Any link will be greatly appreciated. The following is one of ...
1
vote
3answers
36 views

What book is good in studying beginning optimization?

Recently, I heard some talks about Optimization. And I am beginning to love that field. I want to study beginning optimization, what book can you recommend for me? Also what tips can you give to a ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Determination of quartic Gauss sums

Typically, the Gauss sum over $\mathbb{F}_p$ of order $k$ means the quantity $$\sum_{n=0}^{p-1} e^{2\pi i n^k/p}.$$ In the book Gauss and Jacobi Sums of Berndt, Evans and Williams, a more general sum ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

A-Level/GCSE Geometry textbook? Geometry for STEP and MAT?

everyone. I have been looking for a book that covers the most elementary parts of Geometry, such as similar triangles, circles(arc, sector and others), Pythagorean theorem, Sine and Cosine Laws, so ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Prerequisites for learning general topology

I want to learn general topology in order to apply it in electromagnetism. I am an undergraduate student and I have a background in linear algebra (not at an advanced level), linear differential ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Feynman Integration

Could somebody please recommend some places to learn Differentiating under the Integral sign? I need to learn this technique as a lot of Integrals can be solved using this. Many thanks!