This tag is for questions seeking external references (books, articles, etc.) about a particular subject. Please do not use this as the only tag for a question.

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4 views

Double integral definition of periodic Sobolev spaces

Preliminaries: For $s \geq 0$ define the periodic Sobolev spaces $H^s(\mathbb T)$ with norm $$ \| f \|_{H^s(\mathbb T)}^2 = \sum_{k \in \mathbb Z} \big(1 + |k|^2 \big)^s \, \big|\widehat{f}_k \big|^2, ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

What are some easier papers/books I can read? [on hold]

I'm trying to improve my ability in reading mathematics papers. My field is more related to biological sciences, but there are a lot of interesting papers I'd like to read that use more mathematical ...
0
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0answers
16 views

Combinatorial Convex Optimization: Russian paper

I'm looking for an electronic version of the paper: David Yudin and Arkadi Nemirovski. Informational complexity and effective methods of solution of convex extremal problems. Economics and ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Application of Multivariate Analysis on Straight Lines [on hold]

Can anyone suggest to me a reference on the Application of Multivariate Analysis on Straight Lines? The reference should contain the part where we use the concept of orthogonality to formulate ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

What is a good book for learning Stochastic Calculus?

I am in search of a good book for learning Stochastic Calculus from a purely mathematical/statistical point of view. Almost all the books I see are based on Finance. Also, please specify the ...
2
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0answers
21 views

Abelian hypersurfaces

Is there any way to tell from its defining equation when an affine hypersurface has a group law? I am aware that all such groups are matrix groups; in that case I might want to ask when a variety over ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Estimate for partial sums of a series equivalent to the Riemann hypothesis

The sums $$S_N=\sum_{n=1}^N\frac{\mu(n)}{n},$$ where $\mu$ is the Moebius function, are known to tend to 0 as $N\to+\infty$. As far as I remember, there was an estimate on $S_N$ equivalent to the ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Multiplicative version of convex hull

The convex hull of a finite set of points, $(x_i,y_i) \in \mathbb{R_+}^2$ ($i=1,...,n$), is defined as: $$\left\{(\sum_{i=1}^{n} \alpha_i x_i,\sum_{i=1}^{n} \alpha_i y_i) \mathrel{\Bigg|} (\forall i: ...
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0answers
30 views

Interval arithmetic with different definitions of intervals

Interval arithmetic normally deals with intervals defined as $[a,b]$ with rules like $$[a,b]\cdot[c,d]=[a+c,b+d]$$ I am interested in interval arithmetic with different interval definitions such as ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Geometrical Interpretation of Risk Ratio (RR) [on hold]

Can anyone suggest any book or article on the topic "Geometrical Interpretation of Risk Ratio (RR)" ?
1
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0answers
17 views

do Carmo or Pressley as introduction to Differential Geometry?

I'm choosing between these authors for self-studying Differential Geometry. The contents seem pretty similar for both books and I was wondering which book I should choose. The level of these books ...
0
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0answers
8 views

Reference needed: Chi-square goodness of fit test, independence test, …

I want to really understand what is a Chi-square test and how it works: when is it needed, what motivates its use, etc. The same thing is needed for "Independence tests" and analysis of variances. Is ...
1
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1answer
24 views

What are those variations of norms called?

Let $V$ be a vector space with a function $\|\cdot\|$ on it that satisfies all the axioms of norms except for scalability condition $\|\alpha \mathbf{x}\| = |\alpha| \|\mathbf{x}\|$ replaced with ...
0
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1answer
17 views

Reference about conformal map

I am here because I want to know if someone knows of some good e fast books or references about conformal map . More precisely I need of the propeties of the conformal maps on manifolds with boundary. ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

“Asymptotic” $\mathbb{R}$-algebras

Definition. By an asymptotic $\mathbb{R}$-algebra, I mean an $\mathbb{R}$-algebra $F$ of functions $\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ satisfying: $$\mathop{\forall}_{f:F}\left[\left(\lim_{x ...
2
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1answer
46 views

Error in Billingsley?

Problem 8.25 in the third edition of Probability and Measure by Billingsley (1995, p. 142) is as follows: Suppose that an irreducible [Markov] chain of period $t>1$ has a stationary ...
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0answers
18 views

What do we call the number that measures how good of an asymptote $g$ is to $f$, and what are the basic results about this number?

Suppose we have a (potentially very complicated) smooth function $f : \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R},$ and we're trying to approximate it (in the limit as the input value goes to $+\infty$) by a ...
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1answer
14 views

Zeitz's ACoPS vs Larson's PSTP

Which of the following books is better to prepare for a mathematical competition at the undergraduate level? The art and craft of problem solving (ACoPS) or Problem solving through problems (PSTP). ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Density of spaces $C_0^{\infty}(\mathbb{R})$, $W_2^2(\mathbb{R})$ and $L^2(\mathbb{R})$ in each other

Let's consider following spaces: $L^2(\mathbb{R}) = L^2(\mathbb{R}, \mathbb{C}, \mu_L)$ --- space of $\mathbb{C}$-valued functions defined on $\mathbb{R}$ for which the square of the absolute value ...
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2answers
183 views

Works of Kurt Gödel

I'd like to know how to get started with Gödel's work and theorems. I have a decent knowledge of tensors, Einstein field equations. When it comes to logic and set theory, I'm a beginner. Can anyone ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Conditions for convergence of derivatives from pointwise convergence

Let $\{f_n\}_n$ be a sequence of functions $\mathbb R \rightarrow \mathbb R$ which converges pointwise to $f$, ie: $$f_n(x) \rightarrow f(x) \hspace{10pt}\hbox{for all $x$}.$$ What additional ...
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0answers
7 views

Geodesics of Sasaki metric

I would like to ask the community for a reference on the following question: Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $(T^1M,g_S)$ be the unit tangent bundle with the Sasaki metric. Is it true that ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Error estimation for the Wallis product

From the Wallis product we know $$\prod_{k=1}^{\infty} \left(\frac{2k}{2k-1} \cdot \frac{2k}{2k+1}\right) = \frac{2}{1} \cdot \frac{2}{3} \cdot \frac{4}{3} \cdot \frac{4}{5} \cdot \frac{6}{5} \cdot ...
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0answers
26 views

Kaplansky characterization of principal Artin ring

I would like to learn the proof of this paper of Kaplansky where it is proven that for a commutative ring every module split as sum of cyclic module iff the ring is an Artin principal ideal ring (well ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Gradient flow of Dirichlet energy

I have heard that the gradient flow of the Dirichlet energy gives a solution of the heat equation, i.e. if $u(t,x) \in C^1( [0,\infty) \times \mathbb R^d)$ solves $$ u_t(t,x) = - dE(u(t,x)), $$ where ...
2
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0answers
49 views

QFT and topology

I have had a course in topology, I have heard of homotopy quantum field theory and topological field theory, but I dont know anything about QFT, what would be a good starting point to learn about the ...
2
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0answers
20 views

Properties of spectra

I've been trying to understand spectra better, and I was wondering what would be a good source to learn from. My issue with the classical treatments (e.g., Adams, Switzer) is that people keep telling ...
0
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0answers
7 views

Nakayama automorphism $\sigma$ of Hecke Algebra $^0H^f_n$ is not inner for $n\geq 3$?

With $R=\mathbb{Z}[q_1,q_2]$, the Hecke algebra $H^f_n$ of $S_n$ is defined to be the $R$-algebra generated by $T_1,\dots,T_{n-1}$ satisfying $T_iT_{i+1}T_i=T_{i+1}T_iT_{i+1}$, $T_iT_j=T_jT_i$ if ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Besides the $3x + 1$ problem, for which similar problems are still unresolved regarding trayectory?

Generalize the $3x + 1$ problem as $cx \pm 1$, where $c$ is a positive odd integer and $x$ is a positive integer iterated through the function as far as possible to discover a cycle. If $x$ is even, ...
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0answers
65 views

Lebesgue Premeasure via Transfinite Induction

If $I=[a,b)$ we write $|I|=b-a$ for the length of $I$. Given a theorem of Caratheodory, the tricky part in showing the existence of Lebesgue measure is this: Lemma If $[0,1)$ is the disjoint union of ...
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1answer
26 views

Reference on manifolds with boundary

I am here because I want to know if someone knows of some good e fast books or references about manifolds with boundary. Help me please.
1
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0answers
25 views

Reference request about Thm which use Transversality to compute Homotopy Groups [duplicate]

I'm following the following notes, and my attention was caught by Theorem $1.1.4$. I am unable to find any reference of the proof. Could you suggest me some books in which there is a proof of this ...
3
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1answer
47 views

graph partition, second smallest eigenvalue.

In spectral graph partition theory, the eigenvector corresponding to the second smallest eigenvalue of the laplacian matrix of a graph, in general, is used to partition the graph. What is the ...
0
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1answer
15 views

Lattice points in simplices - reference request

I found this paper http://homepages.math.uic.edu/~yau/35%20publications/An%20upper.pdf which, in formulas (1.2) and (1.3), relates the number of non-negative and positive integer values that are ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

A Guide to the Proof of Fermat's Last Theorem from the Modularity Theorem

A few years ago, a friend of mine told me that he had taken an advanced undergraduate number theory class (so something that assumed only a knowledge of algebra and mathematical maturity) which ended ...
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votes
0answers
19 views

reference for unsolved problems in ETCS [closed]

I am looking for unsolved problems in the theory of "elementary theory of category of sets" are there references for (foundational) problems in the category of sets as foundation?
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1answer
73 views

The greatest book on calculus ever written, if Spivak didn't exist [closed]

If Spivak, supposedly, did not exist....who would replace him as the author of the greatest book on calculus ever? And please, don't just list a name of books like an absolute imbecile. Give us your ...
5
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0answers
100 views

Advanced Differential Geometry Textbook

In algebraic topology there are two canonical "advanced" textbooks that go quite far beyond the usual graduate courses. They are Switzer Algebraic Topology: Homology and Homotopy and Whitehead ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Finitely generated abelian groups and finite index subgroups

I want a proof or reference for the following fact: "Let $G$ be a finitely generated abelian group and let $\phi:G\to G$ be an injective homomorphism. Then the index $[G:\phi(G)]$ is finite." I ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Global sections of sheafification of Cohen-Macaulay module

Let $S=k[x_0,\ldots,x_n]$ be the polynomial ring over a field $k$ with the standard grading. Let $M$ be a finitely generated graded Cohen-Macaulay $S$-module of dimension at least two. Let ...
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1answer
24 views

Recommend a software for solving math.

I am working with long geometry equation having long chains of other equations in each equation. So recommend a math solving software that may help me solve those long equations and save my time.
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0answers
27 views

Recommend resources of Abstract Algebra which contain more historical development

I read the Wikipedia page about Abstract Algebra. There is a sentence that says Numerous textbooks in abstract algebra start with axiomatic definitions of various algebraic structures and then ...
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0answers
21 views

Reference for a couple of terms, $\underline{\operatorname{Hom}}_X(-,-)$ and $\boxtimes$

I have a couple of questions on symbols. What are the names for $\underline{\operatorname{Hom}}_X( \mathscr{F},\mathscr{G})$ for sheaves on a scheme $X$, and $\boxtimes$? And what would be a ...
2
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0answers
32 views

What calculus material can prepare me for MCMC?

I am looking to revise calculus from scratch to move on to Monte Carlo Markov Chain Methods and Quasi Monte Carlo Methods. I studied calculus properly a couple of years ago however it was back in high ...
2
votes
0answers
13 views

Solutions to Dirichlet problem on manifolds with boundary

I am looking for a reference for the following assertion: Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold with boundary, and $f:\partial M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be smooth. Then there exists a unique smooth ...
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0answers
24 views

Recommend a book for complex analysis. [duplicate]

I am going to have an introductory course in complex analysis. So please recommend me a book in complex analysis.
3
votes
1answer
39 views

What does the symbol $H^1_0(\Omega)$ mean?

Here $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is a closed disc centred at $0$ with radius $r$.The book I am reading is assuming the Dirichlet boundary condition on $\Omega$ and claiming that the dual of ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Is there an English version of Johann Bernoulli's integral calculus lectures?

The name of lectures of integral calculus written by Johann or Jeans Bernoulli (he is called by both names as far as I know) might be " lecciones mathematicæ de calculo integral"; I must mention that, ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Cross-disciplinary math papers [closed]

Can anyone tell me of any papers in math that belong to more than one field, such as a paper in topology and analysis, or graph theory and boolean algebra? Any such paper would be welcome, but I am ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Continuum hypothesis and non measurable set

This is from Chap 8 of Real and Complex analysis of Rudin. The author does not present a proof (using the continuum hypothesis) for the existence of the function $j$. Where can I find such a ...