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39 views

Why do we call a linear mapping “linear mapping”? [migrated]

What are the historical reasons that created the term "linear mapping"?
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0answers
28 views

How to prove it and how to solve it

Tomorrow I will begin my studies, real analysis, however I have some difficulties in making statements so I thought before starting the study in real analysis, learn how to do demonstrations properly. ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

Lie algebra and Lie group cohomology, reference request

Who can give me a good reference (better if introductory/motivated) about Lie group cohomology, Lie algebra cohomology, and the link between the two? Thanks.
3
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0answers
43 views

How can I calculate the formula of this fractal-like structure?

I did the following fractal-like structure manually, and I was trying to convert it to a formula (or an algorithm including formulas) to compute some parts of the drawing, but I get lost due to the ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Mixing up seating charts: Measuring “mixedness” over time

Background: My class has $10$ students and $3$ tables; naturally, the students are distributed with $3, 3,$ and $4$ seated at the individual tables. On the second day of class, students sat in the ...
2
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0answers
62 views

Categories that differ in morphisms

Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be two (small) categories defined over the same set of objects: that is, $C_1$ and $C_2$ differ only in their hom-sets. Specifically, $Hom(C_1) \neq Hom(C_2)$, and $Hom(C_1) \cap ...
2
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0answers
31 views

Set of functions from a finite field to the integers

Has the set of functions $\mathbb{F}_q \to \mathbb{Z}$ endowed with pointwise addition and additive/multiplicative convolution been studied? Does anyone know a reference or keywords to search for? ...
-2
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0answers
31 views

“Elementary Set Theory - Leung, Chen” - Solution manual? [on hold]

I'm trying to study some ST on me own :-) ! I have found a very nice book with lots of problems but without any solution to the problems. Do you guys know whether someone have made a solution manual ...
0
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0answers
10 views

Please recommend some reading materials for me on pseudovarieties.

I would like some reading materials for finite semigroups, specifically in pseudovarieties. I have read a few papers on Simon's Theorem and, of course, have covered the basics leading up to ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Reference help about fuzzy logic and fuzzy set

Good afternoon, I'm trying to learn about Fuzzy alone, I was using some texts on the Internet about it, but it was very difficult to learn. I want to learn about Fuzzy set as shaper of uncertainty. ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Reference for the statement “bilinear form $a$ is symmetric if and only if the operator $S$ is self-adjoint”

Thanks to Riesz representation theorem, a continues bilinear (sesquilinear) form on Hilbert space $$a: \mathcal H\times \mathcal H\rightarrow\mathbb R \ \ (\text{or} \ \ \mathbb C)$$ can be ...
1
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1answer
11 views

Is optimal bound for Alcuin's triangular city problem known?

Alcuin's triangular city problem is Problem 28 from Propositiones ad Acuendos Juvenes. There is a triangular city which has one side of 100 feet, another side of 100 feet, and a third of 90 ...
0
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1answer
19 views

Intervals of integers modulo n

Do the following related concepts appear anywhere in literature? Denoting an "interval" in the integers modulo $n$ by $[i,j] = \{i, i+1, \dotsc, j\}$. For example, in modulo 6, $[5,3] = ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

What is this 2-D array of numbers called?

Define $c(n,r)$ ($n\in\Bbb N;r\in\Bbb Z$) by setting $c(0,-1)=-1$, $c(0,0)=1$, and $c(0,r)=0$ otherwise, with all further $c(n, r)$ given recursively by $$c(n+1,r)=rc(n,r-1)-(r+1)c(n,r)$$(rather in ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Good resources for studying independence proofs

I've finished most of Enderton's set theory. And I intend to spend some time studying independence proofs. I'm more interested in independence of axiom of choice not CH. From I know so far, there ...
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0answers
13 views

Quartic spline explanation

I need to use a quartic spline (natural spline) for a robotics application. However, most of the documents explaining splines focus on quadratic and cubic splines. Could you please give me some ...
7
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0answers
126 views

What is known about the sum $\sum\frac1{p^p}$ of reciprocals of primes raised to themselves?

Consider the following series: $$\sum_{p\in\mathcal{P}}\frac{1}{p^p}$$ where $\mathcal{P}$ is the set of all prime numbers: $\mathcal{P}=\{2,3,5,7,11,13,\ldots\}$. My question is: Is this a ...
0
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0answers
44 views

Math study plan for first year uni [on hold]

firstly apologies if threads like this aren't allowed on this site. I will be starting undergraduate math next year. At the moment I have no background at all in higher math. Here are the books I am ...
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2answers
47 views

On proving $(f^{-1})'(b) = \frac{1}{f'(a)}. $ where $b = f(a)$.

Could somebody kindly provide a proof or a reference to a proof of this fact: Let $ I $ be an open interval, and suppose that $ f: I \to \mathbb{R} $ is one-to-one and continuous on $ I $. If $ f ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Need ''The diameter of the prime graph of a finite group'' by Lucido

I need a paper by Lucido, I am studying prime graphs to make a presentation in Group theory class, which is here on degruyter. Now, my college doesn't have access to degruyter (although is has to many ...
-1
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0answers
56 views

Blogs by mathematicians of our days [on hold]

Please, provide a link to blogs of mathematicians( not those of Terence Tao, Timothy Gowers[and which are present on their pages] say, as I'm already familiar with them).
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0answers
17 views

Discrete version of Sylvester's Law of Inertia

Given a matrix $A\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$, we denote by symbol $\mathrm{In}_d (n_<,n_>,n_1)$, the discrete inertia (or inertia w.r.t. the unit circle) of $A$, where $n_<,n_>$ and $n_1$ ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

The 1-Norm on a Quantum Group as a Supremum

To this MO question, Yemon Choi comments that If $\tau$ is a faithful normal trace on a von Neumann algebra $M$, then IIRC $\tau(|x|)$ is equal to the supremum of $|\tau(xy)|$ as $y$ runs over all ...
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0answers
29 views

The equivalent of least squares, but for vectors

Given a set of poins, one can use a fitting method such as least squares to find the straight (or the parabola, or the 3rd grade equivalent) that's closest to all points at the same time (via ...
3
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1answer
58 views

Reference Book for Calculus

I've made this post as detailed as I can so as to give you a fair idea of my level. Calculus (particularly Integration) is my passion and frankly I spend all my free time learning as much of it as I ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Group Theory: Suggest video lecture (In English)

Please suggest video lecture for following topics in Group Theory. Revision of definition and examples of groups, subgroups. Cyclic Groups, Classification of subgroups of cyclic groups. Permutation ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Transcendence of Values of Beta Function

Wikipedia mentions that the number $$a = \dfrac{\Gamma\left(\dfrac{1}{4}\right)}{\pi^{1/4}}$$ is transcendental. Since $\Gamma(1/2) = \sqrt{\pi}$ the above number $a$ seems to connected to a ...
9
votes
1answer
98 views

What are some easier books for studying martingale?

What are some easier books for studying martingale? They are defined to be comprehensive but easier than Roger and William's martingale book. For example, to study Q and F martingales? It should ...
0
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0answers
54 views

Prerequisites “Homology Theory of Algebraic Varieties” by Wallace

I bought this book because the title was very interesting, the description as well and the price very cheap. You can read it here in PDF. Unfortunately, I realized after reading the first lines I was ...
0
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0answers
20 views

Where can I find ths paper about a diophantine equation?

https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=15345230964505461139 I couldn't access this paper anywhere. It would be very helpful if anybody could explain the way how Nagell solved the diophantine ...
2
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0answers
6 views

Special class of Brenke Polynomials

I was wondering if there are any particular papers dealing with a particular class of Brenke Polynomials, defined as $$A(t)B(xt)=\sum_{n\ge 0}P_n(x)t^n$$ where $A=B$ or, where $A(t)=C(B(t),t)$ for a ...
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6answers
402 views

Elementary number theory - prerequisites

Since summer comes with a lot of spare time, I've decided to select a mathematical subject I want to learn as much as possible about over the next three months. That being said, number theory really ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Graph Theory text for social scientist.

I am a graduate student in Economics. I have a decent grounding in maths, but I've never studied graph theory or combinatorics. I need to study graph theory in order to analyse production networks. ...
0
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1answer
41 views

The related concepts to a special statement

I saw the following statement later but I don't know it is true or not and I don't remember its reference: Suppose that $A$ and $B$ are non-empty sets and $G$ is a group with the generating set $A$ ...
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0answers
48 views

Transitivity of discriminant for flat algebras

Let $A$ be an finite flat $R$-algebra and $A'$ be an finite flat $A$-algebra such that it is also finite flat as an $R$-algebra. Then we have a notion of discriminant ideals ...
0
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0answers
26 views

Graphs associated with rings and modules

There are several articles in the literature that deals with some interesting graphs associated with rings and modules. For example The zero-divisor graphs D. F. Anderson, P. S. Livingston, The ...
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0answers
19 views

is every n-dimensional subspace of l2 isometrically isomorphic to l2n?

Let $E$ be an $n$-dimensional subspace of $\ell_2$. I seem to recall hearing that $E$ must be isometrically isomorphic to $\ell_2^n$, but I can't see why this would be the case, nor can I find a ...
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0answers
19 views

What are equivalent way of defining Lebesgue integration? [on hold]

Is there any book or lecture notes which tells all the equivalent way of defining Lebesgue integration?
2
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1answer
41 views

Desk Reference Question: Linear Algebra and its Applications by Lay or Strang? Or Handbook of Linear Algebra?

I would like a good working desk reference for linear algebra for someone in applied mathematics (no proving abstract theorems). I saw the Handbook of Linear Algebra as well, but I am concerned it may ...
1
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2answers
36 views

a theory of transcendental functions?

Lately I've been interested in transcendental functions but as I tried to search for books or articles on the theory of transcendental functions, I only obtained irrelevant results (like calculus ...
4
votes
2answers
102 views

Modular curves over finite fields

I'm looking for a detailed reference for modular curves over finite fields, such as $X(N)$, $X_1(N)$, and $X_0(N)$. There seems to be a lot of literature dealing with them over $\mathbb{C}$, but I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Can't we really add together two points on a manifold?

Let us consider a classical mechanical system with observables being smooth functions $C^\infty(X)$ on a Poisson manifold $X$. The algebra of observables will be denoted as $A$ Next we can define ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Replicating Kolmogorov's Counterexample for Fourier Series in Context of Fourier Transforms

It is a famous result of Kolmogorov that there exists a (Lebesgue) integrable function on the torus such that the partial sums of Fourier series of $f$ diverge almost everywhere (a.e.). More ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Books on Catastrophe Theory

I'm looking for a technical introduction to catastrophe theory, preferably something short. I have a good background so graduate level texts are welcome. Thanks in advance.
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Name of the segment connecting a point's coordinate axis projections?

Given any point $(x,y)$ in the real plane consider the corresponding line segment connecting $(x,0)$ with $(0,y)$. See diagram. Is there a name for this special segment? (I believe that in ...
8
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4answers
606 views

Mathematics is not a spectator's sport? [closed]

The title is a sentence by John M. Lee, from his book "Introduction to Topological Manifolds". Indeed, I was wondering if one can learn mathematics in a passive way, just reading the books and ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Real analysis : Preliminary topics for - Measure Theory, Integration Theory, Differentiation and Integration [closed]

I have following syllabus to study in Real Analysis Subject. I want to know, What are necessary topics that I have to cover as a prerequisite for below syllabus. Actually I am unable to get direction ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Proof of Whitney intersection theorem

I know "Lectures on the h-cobordism theorem" by Milnor lists a proof. Unfortunately, the proof is subtle, intricate, and lengthy, that is, not succinct and elegant enough (for Milnor, of course.) Is ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Distribution - number of children in a family [closed]

Could someone recommend a suitable distribution to model the number of children in a family? I am interested in "Eastern Europe situation", where we have ~$1.4$ children per couple in average ...
4
votes
2answers
124 views

Shortest abstract algebra book

I'm familiar with rigorous linear algebra, and I've had a very elementary course on modern algebra. I'm not interested in algebra but I need to learn more about it. Hence I'm looking for a concise and ...