Puzzles, curiosities, brain teasers and other mathematics done "just for fun".

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0
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1answer
77 views

Game statistics: Extracting interesting patterns out of users and level

I made a small game and in course of time collected fair amount of data between users and level The level chart is long (120 levels) but looks somewhat like this $$ \begin{array}{|c|c|} ...
75
votes
4answers
4k views

What is the smallest number of $45^\circ-60^\circ-75^\circ$ triangles that a square can be divided into?

What is the smallest number of $45^\circ-60^\circ-75^\circ$ triangles that a square can be divided into? The image below is a flawed example, from http://www.mathpuzzle.com/flawed456075.gif ...
3
votes
0answers
210 views

What is known about functions of type $f(n+1) = f(n)^ {f(n)}$?

Update : having looked at Knut's Double Arrow Notation ( Thank you DJC), it seems that this question is nothing more than a frivourless wondering that should be undertaken by whom ever wonders it, it ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Evenly dividing candy bar into $n$ pieces

I have 2 friends. We have one candybar and we want to divide it evenly. Unfortunately we don't have any way of accurately measuring and cutting the candybar. Therefore we are looking for a method ...
4
votes
2answers
627 views

Minimal number of solutions to a sudoku cube

A "Sudoku cube" is a 3x3x3 uncoloured Rubik's cube. In the solved state, each face has the digits 1 through 9 arranged in ascending rows from top to bottom, and all of the digits on a given face have ...
15
votes
1answer
422 views

Choosing points in fractions of the unit interval

How long a series of points in (0,1) can be chosen such that the first two are in different halves, the first three are in different thirds, ... the first $n$ are in different $n^{\text{th}}$s? My ...
6
votes
2answers
160 views

Why are the periods of these permutations often 1560?

I ran across a math puzzle that went like this: Consider the list $1,9,9,3, \cdots$ where the next entry is equal to the sum mod 10 of the prior 4. So the list begins $1,9,9,3,2,3,7,\cdots$. Will ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

Avoiding matching first digit of $a^n$ with $b^n$

For any given pairs of positive integers $a$ and $b$, is it possible that the first digit of $a^n$ never matches the first digit of $b^n$ for any positive integer $n$? (If $a=2$ and $b=5$ the only ...
24
votes
2answers
1k views

Proof of recursive formula for “fusible numbers”

The set of fusible numbers is a fantastic set of rational numbers defined by a simple rule. The story is well told here but I'll repeat the definitions. It's the formula on slide 17 that I'm trying to ...
9
votes
1answer
205 views

Cube skeleton bindings

Imagine that you have a cube skeleton, like so: Further imagine that you have three rubber bands that you can loop through any of the faces. However, only one rubber band may go through any ...
18
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7answers
528 views

Contemporary Mathematical Columns in Magazines

In good old days, Scientific American was host to some legendary mathematical (and computer science) oriented columns that inspired generations of scientists and engineers. Douglas Hofstadter, Martin ...
2
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0answers
154 views

$n$ by $n$ Primally Magic Squares

(Again copied verbatim from a September 2009 thread I made.) A Primally Magic Square (PMS) is exactly like a traditional magic square with a change of criteria. Where a traditional magic square is ...
10
votes
3answers
411 views

a tiling puzzle/question

My teacher gave us a riddle that goes like this: You have a 7x7 square and 16 3x1 tiles. Of the 16 tiles, 15 are straight and 1 is crocked ("L" shaped). When you tile the square with these tiles you ...
3
votes
3answers
845 views

What is the importance of an integer sequence like the happy numbers?

I've been looking at the happy numbers which led me to the OEIS and showed me that there are many documented integer sequences. What I don't understand is the importance of these sequences. To me, the ...
24
votes
5answers
12k views

What is the math behind the game Spot It?

I just purchased the game Spot It. As per this site, the structure of the game is as follows: Game has 55 round playing cards. Each card has eight randomly placed symbols. There are a total of 50 ...
13
votes
2answers
532 views

Mathematics Behind the 4×4 and 5×5 Rubik's Cube

A lot is known about the math behind the 3×3 Rubik's cube (symmetries, generators, group structure etc...). Is the same true for the 4×4 and 5×5 cubes? I haven't had much success finding this ...
122
votes
6answers
22k views

Deleting any digit yields a prime… is there a name for this?

My son likes his grilled cheese sandwich cut into various numbers, the number depends on his mood. His mother won't indulge his requests, but I often will. Here is the day he wanted 100: But ...
6
votes
1answer
522 views

Solving a scrambled $3 \times 3 \times 3$ Rubik's Cube with at most 20 moves!

I read somewhere that any scrambled form of $3 \times 3 \times 3$ Rubik's cube can be solved using at most $20$ moves, and I just said "wow"! I am wondering can we prove this by mathematical ways? Or ...
15
votes
2answers
947 views

any pattern here ? (revised 2)

for any positive number $k$, I have a $(k+1)*(k+1)$ matrix. I wonder if these matrices follow any "obvious" pattern. My goal is to guess the elements for matrix with $k=5$ and above (most probably in ...
3
votes
2answers
305 views

Decryption Problem

The following message was posted in our math department and I wouldn't mind some help into getting started at cracking it: gectl atnoy danwm etaim oroni snair ohass wveno faome nceto kils Any ...
6
votes
1answer
585 views

How many steps does it take the computer to solve a Sudoku puzzle?

We all know what Sudoku is. Given a Sudoku puzzle, one can use a simple recursive procedure to solve it using a computer. Before describing the algorithm, we make some definitions. A partial solution ...
31
votes
3answers
1k views

For which number does multiplying it by 99 add a 1 to each end of its decimal representation?

This was asked by my maths lecturer a couple of years ago and ive been wracking my brains ever since: Find a number that, when multiplied by 99 will give the original number but with a 1 at ...
6
votes
1answer
274 views

Fewest required values in magic square?

A magic square of order $n$ is an $n \times n$ grid containing each of the numbers $1,2,\dots,n^2$, so that the numbers in each row, column, and diagonal sum to the same number $n(n^2+1)/2$. This ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the 2125922464947725402112000 symmetries of a Rubik's Cube?

In a recent talk, Marcus du Sautoy says there are 2125922464947725402112000 (2.1*10^24) symmetries of a Rubik's cube, but doesn't explicitly identify what qualifies as a symmetry. What counts as a ...
4
votes
2answers
307 views

Natural set to express any natural number as sum of two in the set

Any natural number can be expressed as the sum of three triangular numbers, or as four square numbers. The natural analog for expressing numbers as the sum of two others would apparently be the sum ...
4
votes
1answer
298 views

Is there any mathematical trick?

Given two natural numbers I am supposed to reverse each of them and then sum them up and reverse the sum to get the final answer. For example if the numbers are $4358$ and $754$ then the answer ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views
13
votes
1answer
620 views

Rubik's cube interesting questions?

The upper bound for the number of moves required to solve a regular Rubik's cube has been shown to be 20. Two questions come to mind: Does this result have more general significance? What are the ...
25
votes
4answers
1k views

Which is bigger?

In my classes I sometimes have a contest concerning who can write the largest number in ten symbols. It almost never comes up, but I'm torn between two "best" answers: a stack of ten 9's (exponents) ...
1
vote
2answers
502 views

Determining odds in Blackjack?

How do you determine the different odds in Blackjack? For example, what would be the difference in odds from using 1, 2, or 3 decks? Also, what would be the difference in odds if you shuffle the deck ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Knowing the time of arrival to point X

I have a bus that does A-------X------------------------B it goes at 10 hours from A, having: Speed at A sA = 10 m/s constant ...
17
votes
5answers
786 views

Fun math outreach/social activities

What are some great math social activities for students? I'm looking for things that bring people together with a "light" mathematical touch. The goal is to create a stronger mathematical community in ...
5
votes
4answers
996 views

Question about basic strategy in Blackjack

I was watching Beating Blackjack with Andy Bloch where he runs through the basic strategy charts that outline the best strategy with playing the game. Later he also talks about the methodologies to ...
15
votes
9answers
24k views

When the roulette has hit 5 reds why shouldn't I bet to black?

First some context, I'm not a mathematician, not even close (as you will soon see) I do grasp some things about it but in a need to know basis, so plain english answers are appreciated (too). I can't ...
23
votes
1answer
2k views

Going to the Movies!

I was looking at movie times today and was struck by the oddly-spaced showing times. For example, at the local Loew's Theater "Tron: Legacy 3D" (127 min.) is playing on two screens at the following ...
0
votes
1answer
562 views

Units of Hamming, and Euclidean distance

This is just a simple doubt I wanted to clear. I'm calculating the Hamming and Euclidean distance between two columns in a matrix, where each column is storing time information in seconds of when a ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Lights out game on hexagonal grid

I greatly enjoyed the Lights Out game described here (I am sorry I had to link to an older page because some wikidiot keeps deleting most of the page). Its mathematical analysis is here (it's just ...
5
votes
1answer
766 views

Can somebody explain the plate trick to me?

I learned of the plate trick via Wikipedia, which states that this is a demonstration of the fact that SU(2) double-covers SO(3). It also offers a link to an animation of the "belt trick" which is ...
28
votes
7answers
2k views

Quotient geometries known in popular culture, such as “flat torus = Asteroids video game”

In answering a question I mentioned the Asteroids video game as an example -- at one time, the canonical example -- of a locally flat geometry that is globally different from the Euclidean plane. It ...
5
votes
3answers
581 views

How many ways can I make six moves on a Rubik's cube?

I am writing a program to solve a Rubik's cube, and would like to know the answer to this question. There are 12 ways to make one move on a Rubik's cube. How many ways are there to make a sequence of ...
-2
votes
3answers
3k views

How to solve number series with $f(n) = n^2 + 1$

Let's say I have this series of numbers 2, 5, 10, 17. Now somebody told me that next number is 26. He used this function for that: ...
2
votes
1answer
614 views

A problem related to the number 1963

You are allowed to use +, -, / and * (plus, minus, division and multiplication) signs and bracketing. These signs you can put between the numbers 1963 to form mathematical expressions. You must put ...
8
votes
1answer
422 views

$\binom{n}{k} : \binom{n}{k+1} : \binom{n}{k+2} = a : b : c$

It is a rather surprising fact (to me, at least) that $\displaystyle \binom{14}{4} = 1001$; $\displaystyle \binom{14}{5} = 2002$; $\displaystyle \binom{14}{6} = 3003$. Actually, this is the only ...
3
votes
2answers
185 views

Five Fridays and Sundays on October

How to prove that if you take any 400 consecutive Octobers then exactly 14 % of those years have five Fridays and Sundays?
4
votes
2answers
304 views

How is done the calculation of the minimum number of movement to solve any configuration of Rubik's Cube?

I have read a few weeks ago that some mathematical researchers have discover that the minimum number of movements to solve any initial configuration of a Rubik's cube has been downsized to 20. How do ...
9
votes
1answer
564 views

How many disconnected graphs of the Rubik's cube exist?

Let us say that a Rubik's cube in a particular configuration is in a particular "state". All other configurations of this cube (other "states"), which can be achieved by rotations of the cube can be ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Formula(/How) to find 2 numbers that add together to give one number and times to give another

I have 2 numbers (a & b) but I need a formula (or a how to) to find which 2 numbers (c & d) will add together to give a and times together to give b. So ...
11
votes
1answer
685 views

What's the probability that a sum of dice is prime?

Prompted by today's Minute Math question on the MAA site (http://amc.maa.org/mathclub/5-0,problems/T-problems/T-web,ia/2005web/tb05-12-ia.shtml), I started thinking about the probability that the sum ...
4
votes
2answers
323 views

a sequential game of dice

consider the following game: 10 dice are tossed and those showing 3 are more are retained. [those showing 2 or less are discarded.] the remaining dice are tossed again and those showing 4 or more are ...
5
votes
1answer
546 views

Interesting Taxicab Problem?

I came up with this problem after discussion of taxicab geometry in math class... I thought it was a simple problem, but still pretty neat; however, I am as of yet unsure of whether my answer is ...