1
vote
2answers
53 views

4 crystal balls and a 10,000 story building

There is an analog of this question I've heard with 2 crystal balls but a higher number like 4 or more makes it much more interesting. You are given 4 crystal balls and there is a 10,000 story ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Proof of convergence of Kaprekar's Constant

I've tried googling this one a bit but nothing seems to come up, even though its considered to be a well known fact. Why does the kaprekar process of taking a 4 digit number: L, generating L' and L'' ...
8
votes
2answers
331 views

An alternating decimal sequence: Does its average have a limit?

Define a sequence of decimals $x_n$ by alternating the digits $1,2,\ldots,n$ left and right, as follows: $$x_1 = .1$$ $$x_2 = .21$$ $$x_3 = .213$$ $$x_4 = .4213$$ $$x_5 = .42135$$ $$x_6 = .642135$$ ...
3
votes
3answers
43 views

Unbounded sequence with convergent subsequence

I'm just wondering if anyone knows any nice sequences that are unbounded themselves, but have one or more convergent sub-sequences?
19
votes
12answers
713 views

hand evaluate $\sqrt{e}$

I have seen this question many times as a example of provoking creativity. I wonder how many ways are there to evaluate $\sqrt{e}$ as accurately as possible. The obvious way I can think of is to use ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

polynomial series and root multiplicity

Excuse me, because I know this is a double post but I can't for the life of me find the original post. Given a sequence $(a_n)$, one can construct a polynomial of the form ...
1
vote
3answers
136 views

What is the next number? [closed]

What is the next number in the following set ? $$1,11,21,1211,111221, \ldots$$
2
votes
1answer
202 views

Sequences, sets and element position in the set.

I have a sequence Q with the length of N. This is the fragment of this sequence: 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 The sequence has been divided into the sets of 4 elements ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Primes created by “n + digital-root(n)” sequences

I've looked at the sequences created by repeatedly adding the digital root of a number to the number until it becomes prime. This is the pseudo-code for the program I've used:   n = 0 ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Next term in the sequence $1, 3, 33, 55, 565, 6567, 8767, …$?

My friend was asked this question at a job interview (it was nothing math related, so I assume it was more of a "let's see how you think" kind of question, not "how well can you identify series") and, ...
3
votes
0answers
165 views

Limits of infinite processes that terminate in finite time - checking my understanding?

I am a computer scientist by training, but have a fair amount of math background that I've picked up through classes, teaching, and general interest. A student of mine posed a question to me. I think ...
2
votes
3answers
359 views

Why is 11 times the 7th term of a fibonacci series equal to the sum of 10 terms?

Why is 11 times the 7th term of a fibonacci series equal to the sum of 10 terms? I was watching scam-school on youtube the other day and this number trick just astonished me. Can someone please ...
3
votes
0answers
211 views

Help explain why (or why not) the solution for a in $\sum_{n=1}^\infty (-1)^n\times(n^{1/n}-a)=0$ is 1-2$C$MRB

$C$MRB is approximately 0.1878596424620671202485179340542732. See this and this. $\sum_{n=1}^\infty (-1)^n\times(n^{1/n}-a)$ is formally convergent only when $a =1$. However, if you extend the ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

roulette wheel sequence

Is the sequence of numbers around a European roulette wheel (the integers from 0 to 36 inclusive) random or is there a pattern to it? It is said to have been devised by Pascal, which might be thought ...
3
votes
0answers
311 views

MRB constant proofs wanted

This article has been edited for a bounty. $C$ MRB, the MRB constant, is defined at http://mathworld.wolfram.com/MRBConstant.html . There is an excellent 56 page paper who's author has passed away. ...
0
votes
0answers
132 views

Gauss' Summation Trick; Applications and Generalizations

I'm going to write an article about the summation trick attributed to Guass and its applications and generalizations. I'm sure you know what is the trick I mean: $1+2+\cdots+100=101+101+\cdots+101$ ...
6
votes
1answer
55 views

“Convergence” of the sequence $a_k=2^{10^{\ k}}$

I've been observing final digits of each number in the sequence $$a_k=2^{10^{\ k}}$$ You get: $\ a_0=2 \\ a_1=1024 \\ a_2= ...205376 \\a_3= ...
4
votes
1answer
325 views

Hilarious Comic … DiffyQ and infinity ensue…

I ran across this comic, and it's gold. It is orginially published here If I am correct, the first panel alone defines a self-referential loop if not a differential Equation: $X$: Amount of Black ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Linear algebra function that creates decreasing product vector of original vector

For vector $y=[y_1,y_2,\dots y_n]$ , let $\gamma = \sum_{i=1}^n \gamma_i$ , and $\gamma_i(n-i+1)=y_n*y_{n-1}*\dots y_i$ so that $\gamma$ looks like $[y_1*y_2*\dots y_n, y_2*\dots*y_{n}, \dots y_n]$ ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

Find n term of sequence

A sequence is given: $$1,10,11,100,101,110,111,1000,\dots,a_n,\dots$$ The question is: what is the value of $a_n$ for a given $n$? I have tried a lot of patterns but was not able to meet the ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Functions to pick up orderly the elements on the SW-NE half diagonals in a half matrix (lower triangular part)

I wish to write a program that does the following, and I need some math help figuring out a simple formula to pick up elements in the lower triangular part of a matrix. Consider the lower bottom-left ...
0
votes
2answers
501 views

Formula for sequences

Can you guess a general generating rule for these 7 sequences ? 2 3 4 2 3 4 3 4 4 2 3 4 3 5 4 5 4 5 6 2 3 4 3 5 4 6 5 4 6 5 6 5 6 6 2 3 4 3 5 6 4 7 5 4 6 5 7 6 5 7 6 7 6 7 7 2 3 4 3 5 6 4 7 5 8 ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Number of Distinct Resistances that can be produced from n equal resistance resisters

Here is an interesting problem: The number of distince resistances that can be produced from n equal resistance resisters is given below. The Sequence Surprisingly this is also equal to the number ...
47
votes
3answers
15k views

Predicting Real Numbers

Here is an astounding riddle that at first seems impossible to solve. I'm certain the axiom of choice is required in any solution, and I have an outline of one possible solution, but would like to ...
1
vote
2answers
206 views

Lengths of increasing/decreasing subsequences of a finite sequence of real numbers

Let $x_1,\ldots,x_n$ be a finite sequence of real numbers. Let $f(\{x_i\}_{i=1}^n)=f(\{x_i\})$ be the length of the largest non-decreasing subsequence, and let $g(\{x_i\})$ be the length of the ...
2
votes
1answer
645 views

How to calculate $ 1^k+2^k+3^k+\cdots+N^k $ with given values of $N$ and $k$? [duplicate]

Here $ 1<N<10^9$ and $0<k<50$ So we have to calculate it in order of $O(\log N)$.
0
votes
1answer
214 views

Sequence Question from past post

I recently saw a post about sequences. This made me remember some other post someone had posted here on Math.SE. He did not want answers but wanted general ways to tackle them. I did spend an hour or ...
4
votes
5answers
291 views

What is closed-form expression for $F(n)$ when $F(n)=F(n-1)+F(n-2)$ and $F(0)=a$,$F(1)=b$ and $a,b>0$?

What is closed-form expression for $F(n)$ when $F(n)=F(n-1)+F(n-2)$ and $F(0)=a$, $F(1)=b$ and $a,b>0$ ? It seems to be simple generalization of Fibonacci sequence but I can't find closed form for ...
13
votes
3answers
300 views

Integer sequences which quickly become unimaginably large, then shrink down to “normal” size again?

There are a number of integer sequences which are known to have a few "ordinary" size values, and then to suddenly grow at unbelievably fast rates. The TREE sequence is one of these sequences, which ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Question on pathological sine function

Some years ago I came across what was defined as "pathological" function defined as: $$ f(x)=\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{1}{k^2}\cdot \sin\left(k!\cdot x\right) $$ It was mentioned (in an article I ...
8
votes
1answer
195 views

Do roots of a polynomial with coefficients from a Collatz sequence all fall in a disk of radius 1.5?

Consider a modified version of Collatz sequence: $C(n)=\left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \frac{3n+1}{2} & n\ \mathrm{odd} \\ \frac{n}{2}& n\ \mathrm{even}\end{array} \right.$ Let $F_n$ be the ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Gradually rising or falling numbers

I'm looking for a number series I can use for gradually rising or falling numbers. The number series should not be linear and should converge to a number at some point. (Sorry I'm really scared of ...
3
votes
3answers
310 views

Convergence of $x_n = \cos (x_{n-1})$

I define the sequence $x_n = \cos (x_{n-1}), \forall n > 0$. For which starting value of $x_0 \in \mathbb{R}$ does the sequence converge?
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Number of combinations of $k$ numbers using arithmetic operations

What is the maximum number of positive rational values that can be obtained by combining $k$ positive integers using only addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and parentheses? Assume that ...
8
votes
0answers
195 views

Largest $x$ such that the power tower (tetration) $x^{x^{x^{x^{…}}}}$ converges? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Infinite tetration, convergence radius Recently in this thread, Pseudo Proofs that are intuitively reasonable, I learned that ...
2
votes
2answers
313 views

A sequence of nested fractions with a counter-intuitive limit

Given $a,b\in\mathbb C$, let us construct the following sequence: $$\begin{align} a+b&=a+b\\ \cfrac a{a+b}+\cfrac b{a+b}&=1\\ \cfrac a{\cfrac a{a+b}+\cfrac b{a+b}}+\cfrac b{\cfrac ...
5
votes
0answers
163 views

$2, 5, 13, 17, 29, 421, 401, 53, 281,…,\rightarrow \infty$? $a_{n+1}=\operatorname{ GPF}(qa_n+p)$

I denote by $\operatorname{ GPF}(n)$ the greatest prime factor of $n$, eg. $\operatorname{ GPF}(17)=17$, $\operatorname{ GPF}(18)=3$. Is there a way to prove that the sequence $a_{n+1}=\operatorname{ ...
2
votes
3answers
462 views

A binet-like formula for $\small 1 , 2 , 3 , 6 , 9 , 18 , 27, 54, 81, \ldots $?

This is more a "recreational" problem. By another question I came to the question for a closed-form-formula for this sequence $\small 1 , 2 , 3 , 6 , 9 , 18 , 27, \ldots $ which is just the mixture of ...
15
votes
2answers
947 views

any pattern here ? (revised 2)

for any positive number $k$, I have a $(k+1)*(k+1)$ matrix. I wonder if these matrices follow any "obvious" pattern. My goal is to guess the elements for matrix with $k=5$ and above (most probably in ...