Theoretical foundations of calculus: limits, convergence of sequences, construction of the real numbers, least upper bound property, and related analysis topics such as continuity, differentiation, and integration through the fundamental theorem of calculus.

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Need Suggestions for beginner who is in transition period from computational calculus to rigorous proofy Analysis

I have completed basic calculus 1,2,3 courses, Linear Algebra, etc. I have not, however, got into rigorous Analysis yet, which I am planning to do now. I have three books in mind. They are : Terence ...
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To find continuous functions on $\mathbb R$ which preserve certain algebraic structures

Can we determine all non-constant continuous functions $f:\mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ such that for every subgroup $G$ of $(\mathbb R,+)$, $f(G)$ is also a subgroup of $(\mathbb R,+) $ ? And ...
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Show that if $\int_0^x f(y)dy \sim Ax^\alpha$ then $f(x)\sim \alpha Ax^{\alpha -1}$

Let $f$ be a real, continuous function defined on $[0,\infty)$ such that $xf(x)$ is increasing for all sufficiently large values of $x$. Show that if $$\int_0^x f(y)dy \sim Ax^\alpha \; (x\to ...