1
vote
1answer
40 views

Does $f_n(a_n)\to f(a)$ hold?

Say, we have $f, f_n \in C^0(\mathbb R, \mathbb C)$ such that $f_n \xrightarrow{\text{uniform}}f$ and a sequence of reals $a_n \to a$. Does it then hold that $f_n(a_n)\to f(a)$? I couldn't think of ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Continuity of f [on hold]

Is the statement below true.If it is could someone provide a proof of this.If its not provide a counter example $ f(x)$ is continuous at $x_0$ $\implies \exists \delta>0:$ (if ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Question about limit points in relation with continuity and functional limits

I'm self-studying from the book Understanding Analysis by Stephen Abbott, and I have the feeling that the author is being careless about limit points in his theorems or I am not understanding ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

A continuous mapping $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ may have a fixed point?

Let a function $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}, $satisfied $$\forall x,y\in\mathbb{R},|f(x)-f(y)|\leq k|x-y|.(0<k<1)$$ Prove: There exists a only one $\xi\in \mathbb{R}$ ,such that ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Characterization of continuity in terms of preimages of open sets

1--8 Theorem. If $A\subset \mathbb R^n$, a function $f:A\to \mathbb R^m$ is continuous if and only if for every open set $U\subset \mathbb R^m$ there is some open set $V\subset \mathbb R^n$ such ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Showing two functions are uniformly continuous

I have no idea how to prove this detail (uniformly continuous) about these functions because they're defined to $\infty$. I need the general mindset to prove it, or any ideas. Thanks in advance. $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Continuity and differentiablity [on hold]

True or False ? If $f : \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ satisfies $$|f(x) − f(y)| ≤ |x − y|^{\sqrt{2}}$$ for all $x, y \in R$, then $f$ must be a constant function. Let $f : \mathbb R\to \mathbb R$ be ...
0
votes
5answers
82 views

Proving $f(x,y) = y - x$ is continuous

How do you prove $f(x,y) = y - x$ is continuous? The domain is $\mathbb{R^{2}}$ and the codomain is $\mathbb{R}$. Is there an easy way to do it using the definition that the preimage of an open set ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Absolute continuity for non-measures?

Let $B$ be the collection of Borel subsets of $R^2$. A measure on $B$ is said to be absolutely continuous with respect to area if any subset with area 0 has measure 0. Is there a natural ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Absolute continuity of two-dimensional measures

Absolute continuity has two different meanings: one for functions and one for measures. The Wikipedia page explains the relation between the two notions in the following way: A finite measure μ ...
-2
votes
1answer
56 views

If the product of two continuous bounded positive functions tends to $0$, does it follow that one of them tends to $0$? [closed]

Let $f$ and $g$ be two continuous, bounded and positive functions on $\mathbb{R}^+.$ Given that, $\lim_{x \rightarrow \infty} f(x) g(x) = 0.$ Then prove that, at least of the functions converges to ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Proving IMVT using delta-epsilon

Let's assume $f(a)<0$ and $f(b)>0$. IMVT claims that there's $c\in(a,b)$ such that $f(c)=0$. The Proof: Consider $$A = \{ a\le x\le b : f(x) < 0 \}$$ That's a non-empty set and therefore, by ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

continuous on $[0,\infty)$ and uniformly continuous on $[a, \infty )$ for some $a\in \mathbb R^+$ , to show uniform continuity on $[0, \infty)$

Let $f:[0, \infty) \to \mathbb R$ be a continuous function which is uniformly continuous on $[a, \infty )$ for some $a\in \mathbb R^+$ , then how to show that $f:[0, \infty) \to \mathbb R$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Continuity of a piecewise constant function

A)I can draw the graph and see that the function is continuous at x=0.3 as when you approach it from the left and right you get the same result B) not sure how to prove properly but it is not ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

If a continuous function is positive at a point, it is also positive in some neighborhood of the point [closed]

Suppose that $f:\mathbb{R}^k\to\mathbb{R}^1$ is a continuous function and that $f(x^*)>0$. Show that there is a ball $B=B_\delta(x^*)$ such that $f(x)>0$ for all $x\in B$.
1
vote
1answer
26 views

A “repeated roots allowed” version of the continuity of roots

Let $R_n$ denote the set of all monic real polynomials of degree $n$ all of whose roots are real. Then $R_n$ is a closed subset of the $n+1$-dimensional space ${\mathbb R}_n[X]$. For $P\in R_n$, ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Hölder continuity and uniform boundedness

Is uniform boundedness is related to Hölder continuity of a function? I mean is it necessary to prove first uniform boundeness to prove the Hölder continuity of a function? Also tell me the ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Give an example of a continuous function $f:R\rightarrow R$ which attains each of its values exactly three times. [duplicate]

Give an example of a continuous function $f:R\rightarrow R$ which attains each of its values exactly three times. Ed.: answered by the duplicate above Does there exist a continuous function ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Alternative Uniform-Continuity theorem proof by Luroth

Can please someone elaborately give the proof of Uniform-Continuity theorem ( every continuous function on a closed bounded real interval is uniformly continuous) by Luroth ? thanks in advance
2
votes
3answers
78 views

Is $h(x_1,…,x_n)=\sqrt{x_1^2+…+x_n^2}$ continuous?

How would I go about showing whether or not $h(x_1,...,x_n)=\sqrt{x_1^2+...+x_n^2}$ is continuous? I have shown that the partial derivatives exist everywhere except $(0,..,0)$.
4
votes
3answers
126 views

$\lim_{x\rightarrow 1}\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{n-1}}{n^x}=\ln2$.

Prove $$\lim_{x\rightarrow 1}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{{(-1)}^{n-1}}{{n}^{x}}=\ln2.$$ Of course $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{{(-1)}^{n-1}}{{n}}=\ln2,$$ but we can not use the Proposition : If a ...
2
votes
2answers
37 views

Uniform continuity of a subset of $R$

Let $A \subset R$ and $f:A\to R$ be given by $f(x) = x^2$. Then $f$ is uniformly continuous if $A$ is bounded subset of $R$. $A$ is dense subset of $R$. $A$ is unbounded and connected subset of ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

For a different proof of the boundedness theorem of continuous functions

The bounded-ness theorem of continuous functions i.e. every continuous function $f:[a,b] \to \mathbb R$ is bounded on the closed bounded real interval $[a,b]$ can be proved by Bolzano -Weirstrass ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Calculate Radon-Nikodym derivative in a point when it is continuous in that point

I can't solve the following exercise, even if I find it quite intuitive. Let $\nu, \mu$ be Radon measures on a metric space $(X,d)$. Suppose that: 1) $w\in L^1(X,\mu), w\geq 0$ $\mu$ a.e.; 2) $w$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Given a continuous function f on $[a,b]$ such that $f([a,b])\subset [a,b]$, why does there exist an $x: g(x) \lt 0$ for $g(x)=f(x)-x$?

I'm trying to prove that for a function that is continuous on $[a,b]$, with $f([a,b] \subset [a,b]$ there exists a $c \in [a,b]: f(c)=c$. If you consider a function $g(x)=f(x)-x$ the result would ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Proof of the rank theorem in Rudin's PMA book

I am studying Rudin's proof of the rank theorem (theorem 9.32 in Principles of Mathematical Analysis.) We have an invertible function $H(x)$ defined on an open set. He claims we can "shrink" the open ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Prove that a function is continuous at x =0

I need to prove that $f$ continuous at $(x)=0$ using a $\epsilon$- proof $$ f(x) = \begin{cases} x/(1-x),&x\geq 0 \\ x/(1+x),&x \leq 0 \end{cases} $$ So this is what I have so far: Let ...
1
vote
3answers
94 views

Is the function $f(x) = 1/x$ continuous?

A function f is mapped from the non-zero reals to the reals . We assume the natural topology to be induced on the domain. Then is the function f(x) = 1/x continuous ? EDIT Suppose I use this ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Proving $\cos$ is Lipschitz continuous with $L=\frac{\sqrt3}2$ on $[-\frac12,1]$, using $\frac{\sqrt3}2=\cos\frac\pi6=\sin\frac\pi3$

I'm working my way through some analysis exercises to gain a better understanding and I stumbled upon an exercise where I could really use a hint. The task is to show that the inequality $|\cos ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Show that the graph of $y=x^3\sin(\pi/x)$ extends to a smooth arc

Here's the problem: Let $y(x)$ be a real-valued function defined on the interval $x\in [0,1]$ by means of the equation $$y(x)= \left\{ \begin{array}{lr} x^3\sin(\frac{\pi}{x}) ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

If a function is bounded and the variable is bounded, is the function continuous?

Suppose you have a function $f:C\to \mathbb R$ where $C$ is closed and bounded interval and $f$ is bounded. Does that mean $f$ is continuous? I know the other way around (if $f$ is continuous, $f$ ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

If a function is both upper and lower semicontinuous, does it have to be continuous?

I am looking for an example of a function which is both upper and lower semi continuous but is not continuous. I have an example: $$f(x):=\begin{cases} 1 & \mathrm{if}\; x < 1,\\[7pt] ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Direct proof of uniform continuity on compact set

I've looked in several books for a direct proof of the theorem that says if a function is continuous on a compact set, then it is uniformly continuous. I've only found proofs that argue by ...
8
votes
1answer
533 views

Where is the error in my proof that all derivatives are continuous?

I know that this can not be true due to counter-examples but I don't know where the error in my reasoning is. Assumption: If $f(x)$ is differentiable in $\mathbb{R}$ then the derivative $f'(x)$ is ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Epsilon-Delta continuity definition for straight lines parallel to axes

I am taking a course on real analysis online and I encountered the $\epsilon-\delta$ definition for a function to be continuous. But I wonder if I can apply it to functions which are straight lines ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

A continuous function that attains neither its minimum nor its maximum at any open interval is monotone

Let $f: \mathbb R\to \mathbb R$ be a continuous function such that $f$ attains neither its minimum nor its maximum at any open interval $I \subseteq \mathbb R$ , then how to prove that $f$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

$C^0$ is a closed subspace of $L^{\infty}$

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be an open bounded set. Let $f\in C^0(\bar\Omega)$. I have to prove that $\|f\|_{\infty}=\|f\|_{L^{\infty}}$. One implication is trivial. Let's consider the other one. ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

What is the definition of this set of absolutely continuous function

I know that $$AC(a,b):=\left\{f \in C(a,b)|f(x) = f(c)+\int_c^x g(t) d \lambda(t),c \in (a,b), g \in L^1_{\text{loc}}(a,b)\right\}$$ $$AC[a,b]:=\left\{f \in C[a,b]|f(x) = f(c)+\int_a^x g(t) d ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Are there standard parameters for the Weierstrass nowhere differentiable function?

On Wikipedia, the Weierstass non-differentiable function is defined as: $$f(x)=\sum^{\infty}_{n=0}a^n\cos(b^n\pi x)$$ where $0<a<1$, $0<b$, and $ab>1+\frac 32 \pi$ Since it seems like, ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

In the semi linear uniform space

In the semi linear uniform space, If $f$ is a function from $(X ,Γ_X)$ to ($Y,Γ_Y)$ where $f(x_n)$ converges to $f(x)$ whenever $x_n$ converges to $x$,show that $f$ is continuous at $x$.
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Problem related to Mean Value Theorem

I found out a question that I can't figure out a way to solve it. Plz can anyone help me. Question is, Prove that $\exists\,C\in(0,\pi/4)\,\mathrm{s.t.}\,\tan(\pi/4+C)=3/C$ I know this should be ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

Requirement for continuity of unit normal vector

When considering a subset $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$. If we consider $\nu$, the outward unit surface normal to $\partial \Omega$, what are the requirements of $\partial \Omega$ which will ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Sequence problem dealing with continuity and convergence.

I need help in this question. I figured out a way to solve the question but not sure the proof is valid. This is the question, Given $a \in\mathbb{R}$, and a function ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Intuition behind homeomorphism from $B((0, 0), 1) \to \mathbb{R^2}$

In my notes I have that the following function is a homemorphism from $B((0, 0), 1) \to \mathbb{R^2}$ $$h(x, y) \to \frac{f(\sqrt{x^2 + y^2})}{\sqrt{x^2 + y^2}} (x, y)$$ where $f = ...
4
votes
4answers
141 views

Real Analysis: Showing $f: \Bbb Q \to \Bbb Q$ is continuous

The following is all working in $\mathbb{Q}$, not $\mathbb{R}$. I am working with the function $f: \mathbb{Q} \to \mathbb{Q}$ defined piece-wise by $f(x)=-1$ if $x^2<2$ $f(x)=1$ if otherwise I ...
-1
votes
1answer
32 views

Proving continuity of Thomae's function at irrational points

Let $h:\mathbb R^+ \to \mathbb R$ be a function such that $h(x)=0$ for every irrational $x$ and for any rational number in $\mathbb R^+$ of the form $\dfrac mn ,$with g.c.d.$(m,n)=1$ , we define ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

$\int_{\mathbb R^{2}} |\int_{\mathbb R} (f(t-y)- f(t)) g(t-x) e^{-2\pi i w\cdot t} dt|dx dw \to 0 $ as $y\to 0$?

Fact: It is well-known that translation is continuous in the $L^{1}$ norm, that is, if $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ then $\lim_{y\to 0} \|f_{y}-f\|_{L^{1}(\mathbb R)}=0;$ (where, $f_{y}(x)= f(x-y)$, ...
20
votes
4answers
626 views

How does this discontinuity occur in evaluating a nested square root?

This question is based on a comment I made on a question likely to be closed. Let $$y=\sqrt {x+ \sqrt {x+ \sqrt {x+ \sqrt {x+ \sqrt {x+ \dots}}}}}$$ be the classic nested square root which has ...
7
votes
2answers
145 views

$f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ continuous and $\lim_{h \to 0^{+}} \frac{f(x+2h)-f(x+h)}{h}=0$ $\implies f=$ constant.

Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function with the property that $$\lim_{h \to 0^{+}} \dfrac{f(x+2h)-f(x+h)}{h}=0$$ for all $x \in \mathbb{R}$. Prove that $f$ is constant.
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Equicontinuity of a pointwise convergent sequence of monotone functions with continuous limit

I was looking at this question, and trying to come up with a counterexample. After thinking about it, I thought the following might be true: Claim: let $\{f_n\}$ be a sequence of continuous, ...