Questions about numbers expressible as the quotient of two integers. For questions on determining whether a number is rational, use the (rationality-testing) tag instead.

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4
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3answers
2k views

If $x$ is a rational number, then $1/x$ is a rational number

Why is this statement false? If $x$ is a rational number, i.e. $\frac{p}{q}$, then shouldn't it be obvious that $\frac{q}{p}$ is also a rational number, by definition of rational numbers?
11
votes
1answer
135 views

Differentiation of a function $f:\mathbb{Q}\to \mathbb{Q}$(Rational Calculus)

Assume that $f:\mathbb{Q}\to \mathbb{Q}$ is given such that $\forall a\in \mathbb{Q}$ the following limit, exists \begin{equation} \lim_{x\to a} \frac{f(x)-f(a)}{x-a}\in \mathbb{R} ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Question on rounding off rule

There is a specific rule(Banker's Rule I think) for rounding of numbers that end in 5. The rule is that we add 1 to the preceding digit of it's odd but keep it as it is if it's even. It's always ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

A question on the equation $^qx=2$

Given the equation $$^qx=2$$ with $q\gt3$ where $^qx$ means the 'tetration' operation on $x$, my question is: is it possible to find a value for $q$ for which the solution $x$ of the equation is a ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Question about the density of Q in R

So I was looking over a density that shows that the rational numbers are dense in the real numbers. If $0< a <b$, with with $a,b$ real numbers, then I understood why we can chose n such that: ...
0
votes
4answers
51 views

How to multiply two different numbers with different powers

How do you multiply and simplify: $\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)^{1/6}\cdot 18^{1/3}$? Simplify in surd form.
2
votes
1answer
80 views

How do I work out the aspect ratio from the resolution by hand?

For $1024 \times 768$ I can see that $768/1024 = 0.75$, i.e. $\frac34$, so $4:3$ makes sense. How do I do it for other resolutions like $1920 \times 1080$ though?
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Adding a natural number to a normalized fraction

I am currently writing yet another rational number class where the fraction should always be normalized. When adding a natural number to a normalized fraction, it possible to get a non-normalized ...
0
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2answers
73 views

Subfields of $\mathbb{Q}$

How to prove that $\mathbb{Q}$ doesn't have any proper subfields? I have no idea how to prove it.
11
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3answers
219 views

If $a^4+b^4\in\mathbb Q$ and $a^3+b^3\in\mathbb Q$ and $a^2+b^2\in\mathbb Q$, prove that $a+b\in\mathbb Q$ and $ab\in\mathbb Q$.

If $\begin{cases}a^4+b^4\in\mathbb Q\\ a^3+b^3\in\mathbb Q\\ a^2+b^2\in\mathbb Q\end{cases}$, prove that $a+b\in\mathbb Q$ and $ab\in\mathbb Q$. It is given that $a,b\in\mathbb R$. The proof of ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Rational approximation bound for real numbers in (0,1)

I am working on a problem that related to rational approximation of real numbers. I am looking for a bound of the form: Given a positive real number, $\alpha \in (0,1)$, there exist positive ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Integers, rationals and reals as sets? [duplicate]

Natural numbers can be represented as pure sets by defining them to contain every number that is smaller than them. Arithmetic can be performed on them using the Peano axioms. Are there any similar ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Isn't this wrong?

This worksheet This question: $$w^2 - w \leq 0$$ This answer: $$(-\infty, -1] \cup [0, 1]$$ Isn't this wrong ? At $w = -2$, it becomes: $(-2)^2 - (-2)$, which is $4 + 2$, which is $\geq 0$. But ...
1
vote
3answers
51 views

How to solve this inequality question without manual checking?

Question: Find the maximum integral value which satisfies: $$\frac{x-2}{x^2-9}<0$$ I know that this means either of the following: #1. $x-2<0$ and $x^2-9>0$. Implies that $x \in (3, ...
3
votes
3answers
344 views

Which is greater: $1000^{1000}$ or $1001^{999}$

Question: Find the greater number: $1000^{1000}$ or $1001^{999}$ My Attempt: I know that: $(a+b)^n \geq a^n + a^{n-1}bn$. Thus, $(1+999)^{1000} \geq 999001$ And $(1+1000)^{999} \geq ...
0
votes
5answers
140 views

Converting Repeating Decimal Numbers to Fractions

Is it possible to write any decimal number, with a repeating decimal part, and be able to convert it into the form n/d (where both n and d are natural numbers)? I know rational numbers that are ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Inequalities giving incorrect solution

Question: Find the solution set for:$$\frac{|x|-1}{|x|-2} \geq 0$$ $x\not=\pm2$ My attempt: Let $|x| = y$, then inequality becomes $(y-1)(y-2)>=0$ Implies that: #1. $y-1\geq0$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Non-trivial solutions for $(x;\sin{x})\in\mathbb{Q}^2$? [duplicate]

Is it possible? For $\cos{x}$ were analogous solutions also okay. $$(x;\sin{x})\in\mathbb{Q}^2$$
1
vote
4answers
173 views

A triangle has to find its third side.

Problem: (Euclid had a triangle in mind - I am including this line so that future googles come across this question) The triangles longest side is $20$ and another side is $10$. Its area is $80$. ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Proving congruency of triangles

Question: Given $AB$ is diameter, $C$ and $D$ lie on circumference, $AB = 15cm$, $AC = 12cm$, $BD = 9cm$, find area of quadrilateral ABCD. Note that the points $O$ and $Q$ were not in the ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Horses grazing in a circle.

Question: Diagram: Note that The circle with center $C$ is touching the arc of semi-circle $AB$ also; I couldn't draw it. The figure wasn't drawn on cartesian planes; so, though it may seem ...
1
vote
2answers
140 views

Why a decimal fraction is not expressing exactly what a rational number is in base 2?

I am currently using rational numbers to express currency and math operations with currency, while dealing with rational numbers has provided a great convenience in over coming the limitations of ...
4
votes
2answers
86 views

Prove that if $a$ is a rational number and $a^2$ is an integer then $a$ is an integer.

Question on a proof's review: Proof by contradiction: Suppose $a$ is not an integer. Then $a=p/q$ where $p$ and $q$ are coprime, $q$ is not 0, and $q$ is not 1. Then $a^2 = p^2/q^2$. This is ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Solving this equation

Question: Solve: $$3^{2x^2}-2\cdot3^{x^2+x+6}+3^{2(x+6)}=0$$ I thought that we can take $a=3^{x^2}$ and $b = 3^{x+6}$. Then equation becomes $a^2-2ab+b^2=0$, which obviously means $a-b=0$. ...
3
votes
2answers
40 views

Which of the following is the highest value?

Question: Find the highest value among $12^9$, $10^{11}$ and $11^{10}$. I have seen problems like this, but they had surds, these are integers. Also, the LCM of $10$, $11$, $9$ $(990)$ is fairly ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Confusing sum of fractions

Question is to find the sum of: $$(\frac{1}{2^2-1})+(\frac{1}{4^2-1})+(\frac{1}{6^2-1})+(\frac{1}{20^2-1})$$ I know that $a^2-b^2=(a+b)(a-b)$, and that with this I can find the LCM to be 1995, ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Rational Numbers and farey fractions

How can I go about proving the following problem: Prove that a number a is rational if and only if there exists a positive integer k such that $[ka]=ka$. Prove that a number is rational if and only ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Show that two field extensions are the same

Can you help me with showing that these two field extensions are the same: $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{3}, \sqrt[3]{5})$ $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{3} + b\sqrt[3]{5})$, where $b\neq0$ is any rational number. Thanks ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

show that if $|x-\frac{m}{n}| \leq \epsilon$ then $n$ is very large

I am working on my calculus homework currently, and in order to solve a question, I need to prove this more simple statement: if $|x-\frac{m}{n}| \leq \epsilon$ for all $\epsilon>0$ then $n$ has ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Rational doubt ( doubt in rational number) [duplicate]

If there is a prime number x, if we reciprocate it we will get 1/x. Reciprocal of prime number will be a rational number , Except 1/2 and 1/5 , every number which is reciprocal of prime number is a ...
5
votes
2answers
493 views

Is the Nested Radical Constant rational or irrational?

Given the sequence $A_n=\sqrt{1+\sqrt{2+\sqrt{3+\sqrt{\dots+\sqrt{n}}}}}$: Are there any known rational elements in $A_n$, or has it been proved that all are irrational? Is there any proof for ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

number between 17 and 18, and has a rational square root

"number between 17 and 18, and has a rational square root" Is there even one? They all keep coming up irrational for me
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Prove that if $t \in T$ and $q \in Q$, but $q \neq 0$ then $qt \in T$ (where $T$ = transcendental numbers)

Question: Prove that if $t \in T$ and $q \in Q$, but $q \neq 0$ then $qt \in T$. This is Exercise 2.7.13(a) from Mark E. Watkins, Jeffrey L. Meyer: Passage to Abstract Mathematics. I'm currently ...
6
votes
3answers
191 views

Let $a,b \in R$ where $ a < b$. Prove that there exist a rational number $c$ and an irrational number $d$ such that $ a <c<b$ and $ a<d<b$.

Question : Let $a,b \in R$ where $ a < b$. Prove that there exist a rational number $c$ and an irrational number $d$ such that $ a <c<b$ and $ a<d<b$. Hint: consider decimal expansions ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Prove that if $y,z \in\Bbb Q$ then $y^z \in\Bbb A$

Question : Prove that if $y,z \in\Bbb Q$ then $y^z \in\Bbb A$. My attempt: Definition 2.7.8 states that a number $s$ is an algebraic number when there exists some $p \in\Bbb Z[x]$ such that ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Prove $\forall u,v,x,y,z,w \in \mathbf{R}^+, \frac{u}{v} < \frac{x}{y} \wedge \frac{x}{y} < \frac{z}{w} \implies \frac{u + z}{v+w} < \frac{z}{w}$

This is a question from a past exam that I can't seem to figure out. Any tips or hints? Prove $$\forall u,v,x,y,z,w \in \mathbf{R}^+, \frac{u}{v} < \frac{x}{y} \wedge \frac{x}{y} < \frac{z}{w} ...
0
votes
5answers
207 views

Why can't the reals be constructed from the infinitesimal?

If the infinitesimal gives an unlimited precision as 1/∞ --> 0 Which can be thought of as the decimal 0.000000.....00000... then Why can't the reals, which demands, simply, unlimited precision (this ...
2
votes
0answers
357 views

Proof by contradiction problem on rational numbers

Using proofs by contradiction, show that there is no smallest negative rational number and no largest positive rational number. Assume that there is a smallest negative rational number. Therefore, ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

Do rational and irrational numbers flip-flop?

I have found out that between every 2 rational numbers there is an irrational number, and between every 2 irrational numbers, there is a rational number. Does this mean that the rational and ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Limit of function defined on the rational numbers

Let $f$ the function defined on $\mathbb Q$ by : $ f(n/m) = n $. I would like to know whether it is true that : $ \forall q\in \mathbb Q - \{ 0 \} \quad \forall R>0 \quad \exists \delta >0\quad ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Convergence almost everywhere

Let consider rational numbers $\{r_n\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$ on [0, 1]. How to prove, that such sum $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n^2|x-r_n|^{0.5}}$$ converges almost everywhere on [0, 1]. There are my ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Rational vs Irrational distribution

Imagine I draw a number line, and I took two points. What's the distribution of rational and irrational numbers between them? If I put it in a diagram where I color rational with a color and ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

irrational, proving or finding counterexapmle [duplicate]

Prove or find a counterexample: For all real numbers x and y it holds that x + y is irrational if, and only if, both x and y are irrational. Can anyone give me a hint just about how to start cause i ...
21
votes
4answers
2k views

Can every irrational number be written in terms of finitely many rational numbers?

Consider the irrational number $\sqrt{2}$. It can be written in terms, i.e., in a closed form expression, of two rational numbers as $2^{\frac{1}{2}}$. Does it hold in general that every irrational ...
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votes
0answers
50 views

Closure of divisibility in denumerator, under sum of fractions

I have to prove that for a fixed positive integer n, the subset A of Q consisting of rationals with denumerator that divide n under addition, forms a group under addition. I just did that it's ...
2
votes
2answers
201 views

Let a, b, c, d be rational numbers… [closed]

Let $a, b, c, d$ be rational numbers, where $\sqrt{b}$ and $\sqrt{d}$ exist and are irrational. If $a + \sqrt{b} = c + \sqrt{d}$, prove that $a=c$ and $b=d$.
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vote
1answer
80 views

Confusing rational numbers

Question: If $$x = \frac{4\sqrt{2}}{\sqrt{2}+1}$$ Then find value of, $$\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}*(\frac{x+2}{x-2}+\frac{x+2\sqrt{2}}{x - 2\sqrt{2}})$$ My approach: I rationalized the value of $x$ to ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

The solutions to $x^2+y^2=5$ in $\mathbb{Q}$. [duplicate]

Consider the following equation: $$x^2+y^2=5.\tag{1}$$ What are the solutions to this equation if $x,y\in\mathbb{Q}$, where $\mathbb{Q}$ is the set of all rational numbers? My attempt: Because ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Logic verification: $x^3$ is irrational, then $x$ is also irrational

Prove, by contraposition, if $x^3$ is irrational, then $x$ is also irrational. Just a verification do I need to show that given $x$ is rational $x^3$ is also rational? Suppose $x \in \mathbb{Q}$ ...
1
vote
4answers
111 views

The solutions to $x^2+5=y^2$.

Consider the equation $$x^2+5=y^2.\tag{1}$$ If $x,y\in\mathbb{Z}$, what are solutions to (1)? If $x,y\in\mathbb{Q}$, what are solutions to (1)? Note: $\mathbb{Z}$ is the set of all integers and ...