Questions about numbers expressible as the quotient of two integers. For questions on determining whether a number is rational, use the (rationality-testing) tag instead.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
4answers
39 views

Algebraic fractions: addition

I have very elementary question about adding algebraic fractions. Now, I know the following: $$\frac{a}{c} + \frac{b}{d} = \frac{da + cb}{dc}$$ My question is however, how given this expression: ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Set theory proof question on rational numbers

I was assigned a problem by my Discrete Mathematics professor that goes as follows: Prove that on $\mathbb{Q}$ (the set of all rational numbers), the relation "$<$" satisfies " $< \circ <~ = ...
2
votes
3answers
36 views

How to calculate value of expressions when $a = 22$

$a = 22$ Round the answer to three significant figures: $\dfrac{77}{3a}$ for this one I am not sure if I do $\dfrac{77}{3(22)} = 1.17$ or $\dfrac{77}{3(22)} = 56$. Sorry if this is written in a ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How many elements are in the following set?

The set is $$\{ x \in Q:x^2 =64/25 \} $$ I thought the answer was $\{ \frac{8}{5}, -\frac{8}{5} \}$ but I am told there are in fact 4 distinct elements: $$\{ \frac{8}{5}, \frac{8}{-5}, \frac{-8}{5}, ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Set in $\mathbb{R}^2$ that contains no (non-null) measurable rectangles [closed]

From Torchinsky's Real Variables text, presented in a chapter on abstract Fubini's Theorem. Define the following set: $$E := \mathbb{R}^2 \setminus \{(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2: x-y \in \mathbb{Q}\}.$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

algebra exponents and fractions

I could be over thinking or tired... But I am to embarrassed to ask my prof. this probably very simple algebra rule I am ignorant of... Also this is just a snip-it from a inductive proof example. ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Dedekind cuts in Rudin's PMA

I'm working on Appendix to chapter I of Rudin's Principles of mathematical analysis and I have the following problem: Given a positive cut $\alpha$ and a rational $x>1,$ how can I prove that there ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Limit of sequences and integers

If $a$ is a non zero real number , $x \ge 1$ is a rational number and $(r_n)$ is a sequence of positive integers such that $\lim _{n \to \infty}ax^n-r_n=0$ , then is it true that $x$ is an integer ?
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Annuity present value formula explanation

Could somene please explain me how the formula evolves, ie. how does the fraction flip, etc? Thank you in advance!
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Pre-Algebra Fractional Exponent Question

Why does $t^{\frac{3}{2}} \cdot t^{\frac{1}{2}} = t^2$? What I tried to do was multiply the exponents together $\frac{3}{2} \cdot \frac{1}{2} = \frac{3}{4}$ so my final answer was $t^{\frac{3}{4}}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

How exactly is this happening?

I was studying Derivative and my book says if: Then its derivative is: I can't understand how the writer has changed the first derivative fraction into the second one. In other words, how did he ...
4
votes
2answers
446 views

length of period

Each rational number (fraction) can be written as decimal periodic number. Does exists a method or hint that show how long will be the period of arbitrary fraction. For example $1/3=0.3333...=0.(3)$ ...
3
votes
3answers
97 views

Find rational points on $x^2 + y^2 = 3$ and on $x^2 + y^2 = 17$

$(a)$ Find all rational points on the circle $x^2 + y^2 = 3$, if there are any. If there is none, prove so. $(b)$ Find all rational points on the circle $x^2 + y^2 = 17$, if there are any. If there ...
1
vote
3answers
61 views

Expressing $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2} + \sqrt{3} + \sqrt{5}}$ with rational Denominator

could you please help me express this with a rational denominator $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2} + \sqrt{3} + \sqrt{5}}$ Thank you
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How to calculate the Integer portion of a fraction using only +, -, $\div$ and *?

I made something in excel that calculates the days left until a given date, and from that how many weeks were left. I had it so that 9 days displayed as 1.2 using this formula: ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Irrational numbers to irrational powers being rational?

So some of you may be familiar with the proof that some irrational numbers to irrational powers are rational, that is: if $A = \sqrt2^\sqrt{2}$ then it follows that $A^\sqrt{2} = 2$. So, I've found a ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Rational number in form $(a^x+b^y)/(c^z+d^w)$

Find all positive integers $(x,y,z,w)$ such that for any positive rational number $r=p/q$, there exist positive integers $(a,b,c,d)$ for which $$r=\frac{a^x+b^y}{c^z+d^w}.$$ For instance, for ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Second Order Approximation for a Polynomial

if I have an expression: $L=\frac{12a^3d^3-4wa^3d^2+16a^2d^2-4wa^2d+6ad+1}{12a^3d^3-4wa^3d^2-4a^2wd+16a^2d^2+7ad-aw+1}$ what is the second order approximation in $\frac{d}{w}$? I know that ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Is a subset of $\mathbb{Q}\times\mathbb{Q}$ that all variants of an exponentiation equation have answers in it, infinite?

Note that we have: $$A=\{(a,b)\in\mathbb{Q}\times\mathbb{Q}~|~\text{Both equations}~a+x=b, b+y=a~\text{have answers in }~\mathbb{Q}\}=\mathbb{Q}\times\mathbb{Q}$$ ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Extracting a function of a variable from an expression

I have this expression: $\frac{d+2wd}{2w+3wd-3d-w^2-1}$ Is there anyway I can write it just as a function of f(d)? [To me this looks like it is already a function of d, but I want to confirm if ...
2
votes
3answers
116 views

Why$ 1/12$ is NOT an irreducible basic fraction?

I'm trying to solve this problem. A fraction $m/n$ is basic if $0 \le m < n$, It is irreducible if $\gcd( m,n ) = 1$ (greatest common divisor) In the example, when $n=12$, irreducible basic ...
-1
votes
3answers
88 views

How to simply this fraction with irrational denominators? [closed]

How to simplify? $\frac{1}{1+\sqrt{3}} + \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}+\sqrt{5}} + \frac{1}{\sqrt{5}+\sqrt{7}} \frac{1}{\sqrt{7}+3}$
4
votes
3answers
88 views

“Canceling out” in division doesn't always work the same way does it?

I've been working on Nested Fractions at the Khan Academy. Recently I was doing a routine problem and came to the correct conclusion but I realized I didn't understand why I wouldn't keep dividing. ...
-1
votes
2answers
31 views

Fraction confusion

I read in a set of memoranda that if $ \frac{b-x}{x}=\frac{b}{a}$, then $$x = \frac{ab}{a+b}$$ How is this true? I tried working it out but I could not understand. Please help.
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Find the fraction that creates a repeating decimal that repeats certain digits

Is there any way to find the fraction $x/y$ that, when converted to a decimal, repeats a series of digits $z$? For example: ${x}/{y} = z.zzzzzzzz...$ or with actual numbers, $x/y = 234.234234234...$ ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

How to solve for $x$ in ${\sqrt{9+2x}} - {\sqrt{2x}} = \frac{5}{\sqrt{9+2x}}$

How can I solve for $x$ in the following equation? ${\sqrt{9+2x}} - {\sqrt{2x}} = \frac{5}{\sqrt{9+2x}}$
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Seeing the plane as a four (or more) dimensional vector space on $\mathbb Q$

As I was trying to answer a question about the enumeration of circuits one can build with a set of miniature train track elements, I realized that all plane positions that could be reached had ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

What fraction is $\frac{2}{5}$ of $\frac{3}{4}$?

$\frac{2}{5}$ of blood donors at a centre have group O blood. $\frac{3}{4}$ of these donors are under 30. What fraction of the group O blood donors at the centre are under 30? What I did was divide ...
2
votes
3answers
70 views

How to simplify $(a^2+ab+b^2)/(a+\sqrt{ab}+b)$

How can I simplify as much as possible: $$\frac{a^2+ab+b^2}{a+\sqrt{ab}+b}$$ Also, first post here, looking forward to sticking around!
0
votes
2answers
235 views

Proof Involving Rational Numbers

I asked this same question last night and got some answers but still can't make sense of this, normally I'd move on but since I know how to do everything else for the test I'm going to try to get this ...
10
votes
7answers
665 views

When is an Integer a Rational Number, and are All Ratios Rational, Even $\frac{\sqrt{7}}{2}$?

$$\Bbb{Q} = \left\{\frac ab \mid \text{$a$ and $b$ are integers and $b \ne 0$} \right\}$$ In other words, a rational number is a number that can be written as one integer over another. ...
18
votes
8answers
7k views

Proof that every repeating decimal is rational

Wikipedia claims that every repeating decimal represents a rational number. According to the following definition, how can we prove that fact? Definition: A number is rational if it can be written ...
10
votes
2answers
354 views

Sum of series with binary parity in the numerator

I'm now stuck with this question, and I don't even know where to start: Find sum of series$$\sum_1^\infty \frac{f(n)}{n(n+1)}$$, where f(n) - number of ones in binary representation of n. I wish I ...
2
votes
4answers
60 views

Why does the least common denominator work?

Take for instance the following problem. You have two beakers of the same height. One has tick marks that break it into thirds. The other has tick marks that separate it into fourths. The water levels ...
1
vote
3answers
72 views

How to put a fraction in simplest form, such as $140/255$?

Given the fraction $$\dfrac{140}{255}$$ How do I find a common factor so it can be easily simplified? I have already tried $2$, $3$ and $4$.
0
votes
1answer
33 views

$5.30$ converted to a fraction or mixed number in lowest terms

$5.30$ converted to a fraction or mixed number in lowest terms The correct answer they got on my worksheet is $5 \frac3{50}$, but I get $5 \frac{15}{50}$.
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Not including rational number in inequality

If you have a linear inequality like $x < 7$ where $x$ belongs to rational numbers. Then on graphing it on a number line, a unfilled circle is used to denote that $7$ is not included. But that ...
4
votes
5answers
899 views

why is PI considered irrational if it can be expressed as ratio of circumference to diameter? [duplicate]

Pi = C / D (circumference / diameter) . I have read that if circumference can be expressed as an integer then diameter cannot and vice-versa, so that the ratio can never be expressed as a/b where both ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

There does not exist rational numbers $x$ and $y$ such that $x^y$ is a positive integer and $y^x$ is a negative integer

I want to prove or disprove: There does not exist rational numbers $x$ and $y$ such that $x^y$ is a positive integer and $y^x$ is a negative integer. For the integers $-3$ and $4$, $(-3)^4 = 81$ ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Prove that the numbers of the form $a+b\sqrt{2}$, where $a$ and $b$ are rational numbers, form a subfield of $\mathbb{C}$.

I'm having trouble proving that a multiplicative inverse exists in the following problem: Prove that the numbers of the form $a+b\sqrt{2}$, where $a$ and $b$ are rational numbers, form a subfield of ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

$a, b, x \in \mathbb{Q}$ with $a \neq 0$. Is the $\frac{b}{a}$ the only possible value for x in $a \cdot x = b$

I have an exercise in my last assignment for calculus which is the following: Let $a, b, x \in \mathbb{Q}$ with $a \neq 0$. Use only the field axioms and the properties which we showed in class ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

$x$ positive, rational but not an integer. $x^x$ irrational.

Let $x$ be positive, rational, but not an integer. That means $x$ can be written as $\frac{p}{q}$ with $p,q$ coprime, $p,q \neq 0$ and $q \neq 1$. Is $x^x$ always irrational? I think that this has to ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

How do you calculate certain variables of two or more events that occur simultaneously compared to the same events happening subsequently.

Say you have two hoses, A and B, that fill up a pool of equal size at different rates. Hose A fills up a pool in 10 mins, hose B in 20 mins. Thus A = 1p/10m, B = 1p/20m. Lets say that Hose A filling ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Show using ordering axioms that $x^2 < y^2$ for $x, y \in \mathbb{Q}$, with $0 < x < y$

I have an exercise in my last assignment of calculus: Show using ordering axioms that $$x^2 < y^2$$ for $x, y \in > \mathbb{Q}$, with $0 < x < y$ This is my solution: We have that ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

How can I integrate $\int{1\over 2x+2}$

$$\int{1\over 2x+2}$$ Method 1 $$\int{1\over 2x+2} = \frac 12\int{1\over x+1} = \frac 12 ln(x+1) + c $$ Method 2 $$\int{1\over 2x+2} = \frac 12\int{2\over 2x+2} = \frac 12 ln(2x+2) + c $$ Wolfram ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Are there any bases which represent all rationals in a finite number of digits?

In base 10, 1/3 cannot be represented in a finite number of digits. Examples exist in many other bases (notably base 2, as it's relevant to computing). I'm wondering: does there exist any base in ...
4
votes
6answers
121 views

Find $\lim_{x \to \infty} \left(\frac{x^2+1}{x^2-1}\right)^{x^2}$

How to calculate the following limit? $$\lim\limits_{x \to \infty} \left(\frac{x^2+1}{x^2-1}\right)^{x^2}$$
1
vote
4answers
114 views

How come $\left(\frac{n+1}{n-1}\right)^n = \left(1+\frac{2}{n-1}\right)^n$

I'm looking at one of my professor's calculus slides and in one of his proofs he uses the identity: $\left(\frac{n+1}{n-1}\right)^n = \left(1+\frac{2}{n-1}\right)^n$ Except I don't see why that's ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

for $p$ given, $\zeta_p$ a primitive root of unity, fow which $d\in \mathbb{Z}$ does $\zeta_p \in \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$?

Here is a question that I am trying to answer: Let $p$ be a prime greater than $2$. For which $d \in \mathbb{Z}$ contains $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$ a primitive root of power $p$? What I did If ...
7
votes
3answers
113 views

Show that $\frac{1}{a}+\frac{1}{b}\not=\frac{1}{a+b}$

Problem Assume that $a,b\in\mathbb{R}-\{0\}$ and that $a+b\not=0$. Prove that $\frac{1}{a}+\frac{1}{b}\not=\frac{1}{a+b}$. My Proof Let's assume that $\frac{1}{a}+\frac{1}{b}=\frac{1}{a+b}$, then ...