For questions on rational numbers, numbers that can be expressed as the quotient or fraction $\frac pq$ of two integers.

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3answers
48 views

Irreducibility of gcd/lcm or lcm/gcd

Consider two irreducible fractions: $r_{1} = \frac{p_{1}}{q_{1}}$ $r_{2} = \frac{p_{2}}{q_{2}}$ Are these two fractions: $r_{3} = \frac{\text{gcd}\left(p_{1}, p_{2}\right)}{\text{lcm}\left(q_{1}, ...
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1answer
116 views

Evaluate the expression

Evaluate the expression $$\frac{1^2}{1^2-10+50}+\frac{2^2}{2^2-20+50}+\cdots+\frac{80^2}{80^2-80+50}$$ What should I do after that ? $\sum\frac{n^2}{n^2-10n+50}$ I'm not seeing anything to find ...
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3answers
73 views

Finding non-zero rational numbers to fit $a^2+b^2=C$

This is a question on my homework. Specifically, find non-zero rationals $a,b$ such that $a^2+b^2=9$. I think that this is related to work that Diophantus did, but I'm not really sure and I just don't ...
1
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1answer
84 views

For what values of $b\in \mathbb R$ is $\pi-b\in \mathbb Q$ true?

Just a simple short question. I'm looking for values $b$ such that $\pi-b$ is a rational number. Obviously $\pi$ is such a number, but are there more? Edit: $b$ is in $\mathbb R$
0
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1answer
79 views

Need help with proving that group is not finitely-generated [duplicate]

I need to prove that $(\mathbb{Q}^*, \times)$ (i.e rationals, zero excluded, under multiplication) is not finitely generated. So, suppose that G is finitely-generated. That means there exist a ...
0
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1answer
62 views

Dimension of the rationals over the integers

What is the dimension of the $Q$, when they are seen as a vector space over the integers $Z$ (with the usual definitions of addition and multiplication)? Initially I thought that the dimension ought ...
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1answer
103 views

An example of a group operation on the rationals, which is not isomorphic to the additive group

I'm looking for an example of a group operation on the rationals, which is not isomorphic to the rational additive group. Can you find such an example?
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2answers
230 views

Do irrational numbers really exist?

Isn't it possible that an irrational number is in reality the quotient of two infinitely long integers that even if there were repeating sections in it, it would take infinite digits to find the first ...
2
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1answer
241 views

Is every injective rational function $f:\mathbb Q\to\mathbb Q$ a polynomial?

I thought this might be quite easy to show, and then realized that the tools I know from real analysis aren't going to help here. Suppose we have a rational function: $$ f(X)=\frac{P(X)}{Q(X)} $$ ...
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6answers
819 views

Is there a function that gives the same result for a number and its reciprocal?

Is there a (non-piecewise, non-trivial) function where $f(x) = f(\frac{1}{x})$? Why? It would be nice to compare ratios without worrying about the ordering of numerator and denominator. For example, ...
1
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1answer
46 views

Complex Numbers, Complicated Powers

We know there are two non-real imaginary numbers like $a$, $b$ such that the power $a^{b}$ is a real number. For example we have $i^{i}=\frac{1}{\sqrt{e^{\pi}}}$. Question: Are there two non-real ...
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2answers
84 views

Decimal to fraction conversion

We write software for managing recipes and are working on moving from an approximation based decimal to fraction conversion, for example, anything between 0.03125 and 0.09375 becomes 1/16 to a math ...
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2answers
79 views

Rational numbers in base 6

Express the fractions , for several small values of , in base 6. Determine which rational numbers have terminating expressions in base 6. I am unsure how to reduce fractions in base 6. For example, ...
3
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2answers
72 views

Existence of five real numbers satisfying a given condition.

Let $a_1,\dots,a_5$ be five distinct non-zero real numbers. Suppose that for $i\neq j$ either $a_i+a_j$ or $a_ia_j$ or both are rational numbers, does it implies that $a_i^2$ are rational numbers for ...
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1answer
110 views

subring of rational numbers and its ideal

Let $p$ be a prime number. For any $p$ the subring $\mathbb{Q}_p$ of of the field of rational numbers is defined: $\mathbb{Q}_p=\{\frac{a}{b}|a,b\mbox{ are integers, $p$ does not divide $b$}\}$ Let ...
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0answers
123 views

Find all $\theta$ such that sin$\theta$ and cos$\theta$ are both rational number.

Find all $\theta$ such that sin$\theta$ and cos$\theta$ are both rational number. I thought this question might have been asked by someone else, but I couldn't find any. Currently I'm studying ...
3
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1answer
38 views

Is the fraction of the irrational exponentiations of two coprime integers by a rational an irrational?

Consider two strictly positive integer coprimes $n, m\in\mathbb{N^*}$ and a rational $r=\frac{p}{q}\in\mathbb{Q}$. Consider furthermore that the three number statifies the following condition: ...
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2answers
92 views

Can the exponentiation of an integer by a rational be a non-integer rational?

Consider a strictly positive integer $n\in\mathbb{N^*}$ and a rational $r=\frac{p}{q}\in\mathbb{Q}$. My question is the following: what is the nature of $n^r$? My first guess is that $n^r$ is an ...
1
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0answers
21 views

Rational exponentiation?

Consider the following operation: $\left(\frac{a}{b}\right)^\frac{n}{m}$ where $a, n\in\mathbb{Z}$ and $b, m\in\mathbb{N^*}$. My question is: when the result is a rational number, how (formula or ...
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3answers
113 views

When proving that there is not rational number $m/n$ equal to $\sqrt{2}$, why does $m$ and $n$ must be not both even?

I've read this on Rudin's Principles of Mathematical Analysis: 1.1 Example We now show that the equation $$p^2=2$$ is not satisfied by any rational $p$. If there were such a $p$, we ...
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2answers
586 views

Prove there is no rational number p/q whose square is 2. [duplicate]

I need to prove there is no rational number p/q whose square is 2.I think there may be an easy way to prove this by contradiction,But i cannot solve it.Please help
1
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7answers
288 views

Why is a repeating decimal a rational number?

$$\frac{1}{3}=.33\bar{3}$$ is a rational number, but the $3$ keeps on repeating indefinitely (infinitely?). How is this a ratio if it shows this continuous pattern instead of being a finite ...
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2answers
485 views

Order preserving bijection from $\mathbb Q\times \mathbb Q$ to $\mathbb Q$

Do you have a simple example of order preserving bijection from $\mathbb Q\times \mathbb Q$ to $\mathbb Q$? On $\mathbb Q$, I use the usual order and on $\mathbb Q\times\mathbb Q$, I define the ...
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4answers
262 views

Show that the integers have infinite index in the additive group of rational numbers.

Show that the integers have infinite index in the additive group of rational numbers. Anybody in a good enough mood to tell me how this is done?
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2answers
114 views

Does the set of rational numbers between 0 and 2 have the least upper bound property?

Let $A = \{ a \in Q : 0 < a < 2\}$ Does A have the least upper bound property? Definition: $A$ has the least upper bound property if $\forall$ nonempty $B \subseteq A$, if $B$ has an upper ...
21
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2answers
436 views

Is $\{\tan(x) : x\in \mathbb{Q}\}$ a group under addition?

A student asked me the following today : Is $S:= \{\tan(x) : x\in \mathbb{Q}\}$ a group under addition? I am quite perplexed by it. Clearly, the only non-trivial part is to check For any $x, ...
4
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1answer
138 views

Is $\frac{\zeta (m+n)}{\zeta (m)\zeta (n)}$ a rational number for $m,n\ge 2\in\mathbb N$?

Question : Is $$\frac{\zeta (m+n)}{\zeta (m)\zeta (n)}$$ a rational number for $m,n\ge 2\in\mathbb N$ where $\zeta (s)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n^s}$? Motivation : We know that $$\zeta ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Prove that $x^3 + x^2 = 1$ has no rational solutions?

Is this enough for a proof?: $$x^3+x^2 = 1$$ I would factor and get: $x^2(x+1) = 1$ I would show that $x = \sqrt1$, which is irrational but then do I have to show more? $x+1=1$ which gives me $x=0$ ...
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6answers
1k views

what's the difference between a rational number and an irrational number?

I tried to understand the difference between rational numbers and irrational numbers. I understand what is a rational number (a number that can be expressed as the ratio of two numbers p/q). what ...
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1answer
67 views

For any $a \in \mathbb R$ and any $n \in \mathbb N^+$ there exists $q \in \mathbb Q$ such that $|a-q|< \frac{1}{n}$.

For any $a \in \mathbb R$ and any $n \in \mathbb N^+$ there exists $q \in \mathbb Q$ such that $|a-q|< \frac{1}{n}$. I think i can prove this is false, let $a=2,n=2,q=1/2$ so $|2-\frac{1}{2}|< ...
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2answers
88 views

supremum of rational numbers true or false

I'm trying to figure out if this is false or true. $\sup \{a \in \mathbb{Q} : 0 \le a <1\} = 1$ I'd say it's false because we can $a=1/2$ $\sup\{1/2\}= 1/2$
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1answer
64 views

Question on a subset $S$ of $[0,1]\times[0,1]$ where for each $(x,y)\in S$ at least one of $x$ and $y$ is irrational

If $S$ is a subset of $[0,1]\times[0,1]$ such that one point of the ordered pair is rational and the other is irrational or both are irrationals. Then which of the following is true? a) $S$ is closed ...
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1answer
37 views

Linear operators over rational coefficients

This is related to a question I answered earlier which raised a question in my mind. My question is the following, Suppose we have a vector space $\mathbb{V}$ with real coefficients. Let ...
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3answers
198 views

Prove that x is rational

Let $x$ be a real number with the properties that $x^3+x$ and $x^5+x$ are rational. Prove that $x$ is rational. Denote $a=x^3+x$; $b=x^5+x$. We can multiply and add them together until we get the ...
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3answers
261 views

Proving supremum for non-empty, bounded subsets of Q iff supremum in R is rational

Let E be a nonempty bounded subset of ℚ. Prove that E has a supremum in ℚ if and only if its supremum in ℝ is rational and that in this case, the two are equal. This seems intuitive enough, and I ...
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4answers
298 views

Is there a bijection $f: \mathbb{Q} \to \mathbb{Q}_{>0}$?

For $\mathbb{R}$, we have the exponential function. Is there also a bijection $f: \mathbb{Q} \to \mathbb{Q}_{>0}$ or to $\mathbb{Q}_{\geq 0}$?
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2answers
722 views

Can we ever get an irrational number by dividing two rational numbers?

If we try to divide any two random arbitrarily long rational numbers like 103850.2387209375029375092730958297836958623986868349693868398659825528365... and ...
0
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1answer
30 views

How to solve this Ratio problem

I am preparing for an olympiad and came across the following question in a workbook. There is answer but no explanation: The ratio between the number of passengers travelling by Ist and IInd class ...
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0answers
41 views

Experimental calculation and $\mathbb{Q}$

I have been reading this article and have a question about the first line of the second paragraph on the first page. It says: The basis for this suggestion is the simple fact that all experimental ...
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2answers
421 views

Proving the rationals are dense in R

I know this is a common proof. I'm following Rudin's proof and I'm following everything except for one step. Suppose $x, y \in \Bbb R$ and $x < y$. Then there exists an $n \in \Bbb N$ such that ...
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1answer
111 views

Does this equation have a rational point? (Elliptic curve?)

Can someone check pls if, $$852 + 3017 x - 1104 x^2 + 2009 x^3 - 3362 x^4=y^2$$ has a rational point? (This arose in an equal sums of like powers problem.) P.S. I've checked $x=p/q$ for ...
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1answer
180 views

Is this a rational or irrational number?

It is given that $$z=\sqrt\frac{\sqrt{3x+1}}{\sqrt{3x-1}}$$ How does one find whether $z$ is a rational or irrational number?
3
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1answer
86 views

Is the infinite table argument for the countability of Q unsound?

The first "proof" I learned for why the rationals are countably infinite relied on arranging the rational numbers in a two-dimensional array and using the well-known traversal shown below to construct ...
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2answers
138 views

Rational solutions of $x^3+y^3=2$

I came along the problem of finding three perfect cubes that are consecutive numbers of an arithmetic progression, i.e: $a^3-b^3=b^3-c^3$, where $a>b>c$ (to avoid trivial solutions). Clearly it ...
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2answers
36 views

A necessary and sufficient on the co-efficients of a quadratic to give an integer

Le $f(n) := an^2 + bn + c$ for all integers $n$, where $a$, $b$, $c$ are rational. What are the necessary and sufficient conditions on $a$, $b$, and $c$ such that $f(n)$ be an integer for all $n$?
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3answers
132 views

Finding Rational numbers

Please help with the following question: Find rational numbers a and b such that: $$\left(7 + 5\sqrt2\right)^{\frac13} = a + b \sqrt2$$ Thank you
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1answer
51 views

Analysis, Density of Rational Numbers

Suppose p/q and k/l are rational numbers with abs(p/q - k/l) < 1/ql. Prove p/q = k/l. Similarly, let p/q be a fixed rational number and suppose k/l is a rational number with 0 < abs(p/q - k/l) ...
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3answers
105 views

If a triangle has rational coordinates, does it have rational area?

Basically, the topic says it all. If a triangle has rational coordinates (say, in $\mathbb Q^2$), must it have rational area? I realize the side-lengths are usually irrational; that's fine. Heron's ...
6
votes
3answers
280 views

Additive group of rationals has no minimal generating set

In a comment to Arturo Magidin's answer to this question, Jack Schmidt says that the additive group of the rationals has no minimal generating set. Why does $(\mathbb{Q},+)$ have no minimal ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Linear order, Löwenheim-Skolem

LO is the theory of linear ordering. Suppose T a theory, which contains at least the symbol {<} in her language and T $\vDash$ LO. Suppose T has an infinite model. Prove that there's a model M for ...