Questions about numbers expressible as the quotient of two integers. For questions on determining whether a number is rational, use the (rationality-testing) tag instead.

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3
votes
2answers
95 views

Showing $r\in\mathbb Q\setminus \{0\}\implies e^r\notin \mathbb Q$

For a given $n>0$, let $\displaystyle J_n:x\to \frac{1}{n!}\int_{-x}^x(x^2-t^2)^ne^tdt$ a. Prove that there exists $A_n,B_n\in \mathbb R_n[X]$ such that $\forall x\in \mathbb R^+, ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Can we write “fractional root” symbol in math?

Fractional exponents are legit but I have never seen fractional roots, so I just wonder if we can write fractional roots such as this: It sometimes can be convenient to think about too.
4
votes
6answers
449 views

Is $15/52$ equal to $17/59$?

Is $\frac{15}{52} = \frac{17}{59}$? I typed it into the calculator and found: $$\frac{15}{52} = 0.2884615 $$ $$\frac{17}{59} = 0.2881356 $$ So I thought they were different. But then my friend said ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Simplification imaginary fractions

In an exercise, a partial fraction expansion has to be done. I have no problem with that, but one of the last steps includes a simplification as follows: \begin{equation*} \left( -\frac 12 - \frac 16 ...
0
votes
3answers
29 views

Ordering an even and odd fraction that are close

We know that $1/4 < 5/11 < 1/2$. I did it this way from small to large: $$\frac{1 \cdot 3}{4 \cdot 3} = \frac{3}{12}$$ $$\frac{5}{11}$$ $$\frac{1 \cdot 6}{2 \cdot 6} = \frac{6}{12}$$ It is ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Roots of a Cubic Polynomial with Elementary Symmetric Polynomial Coefficients

Let $R_n$ be a set of $n$ distinct nonzero rational numbers. Let $e_k$ be elementary symmetric polynomials over $R_n$---i.e. $e_0=1$, $e_1 = \sum_{1\le i\le n} r_i$, $e_2 = \sum_{1\le i<j\le n} r_i ...
-1
votes
3answers
60 views

How to show simple inequality of fractions

If $$\frac {a}{a+b}<\frac{a'}{a'+b'}$$ then how can I show that $$\frac {a}{a+2b}<\frac{a'}{a'+2b'}\ \forall\ a,b,c>0$$ I tried puitting in a constant k so $$\frac ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Farey Sequence implemenatation

I'm trying to use the Farey sequence to get the next lowest reduced fraction in a list. For example, for $n = 8$, we have $\dots, \frac13, \frac38, \frac25, \frac37, \frac12, \dots$ So let's take ...
2
votes
2answers
30 views

Sign of fractional exponent [duplicate]

What is the sign of $-1^{\frac{2}{3}}$? I thought it was positive 1 because it involves squaring, but that doesn't seem to be the case. Why?
8
votes
3answers
106 views

Minimal $ab$ for Rational Number $a/b$ in an Interval

Given rational numbers $L$ and $U$, $0<L<U<1$, find rational number $M=a/b$ such that $L \le M<U$ and $(a\times b)$ is as small as possible---$a$ and $b$ are integers. For example, If ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

Real numbers and rationals - Decimal Expansion

How would one endeavor to show that A real number is rational if and only if its decimal expression ends in recurring digits?
5
votes
2answers
51 views

What automorphisms exist on the abelian group of positive rationals under multiplication?

Consider the abelian group $(\mathbb{Q}_{>0}, \times)$. What automorphisms exist for this group? I can only think of the trivial one and of $\phi(q) = \frac{1}{q}$. If we relax the problem to ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Is the set of real numbers really uncountably infinite?

The proof that the set of real numbers is uncountably infinite is often concluded with a contradiction. In the following argument I use a similar proof by contradiction to show that the set of ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Solving equations including floor function.

I got a little trouble solving equations that involve floor function in an efficient way. For example : $$ \left\lfloor\frac{x+3}{2}\right\rfloor = \frac{4x+5}{3} $$ In the one above, I get that ...
1
vote
3answers
84 views

Closed form of a sum of ratios of integers

I am computing in a program this sum (does it have a "name"): $$\sum_{\alpha=2}^{K} \frac{\alpha-1}{\alpha}$$ is there a way to avoid the sum, term by term, and use a more compact closed form ?
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Approximating non-rational roots by a rational roots for a quadratic equation

Let $a,b,c$ be integers and suppose the equation $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c=0$ has an irrational root $r$. Let $u=\frac p q$ be any rational number such that $|u-r|<1$. Prove that $\frac 1 {q^2} \leq |f(u)| ...
4
votes
4answers
93 views

How does $-\frac{1}{x-2} + \frac{1}{x-3}$ become $\frac{1}{2-x} - \frac{1}{3-x}$

I'm following a solution that is using a partial fraction decomposition, and I get stuck at the point where $-\frac{1}{x-2} + \frac{1}{x-3}$ becomes $\frac{1}{2-x} - \frac{1}{3-x}$ The equations are ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Is every homeomorphism of $\mathbb{Q}$ monotone?

It is well known that every continuous injective map $\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is monotone. This statement is false for maps $\mathbb{Q}\rightarrow\mathbb{Q}$. (That is becaus $\mathbb{Q}$ is ...
5
votes
0answers
77 views

Prove that the square root of any irrational number is irrational.

The problem I'm having with this proof is that I'm not sure if my proof actually proves the theorem correct or if I'm using circular reasoning. Theorem: Prove that the square root of any irrational ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

rational numbers as upper limit of a summation?

a quick question: Is it a legit way to use a fraction as the upper limit of a summation? Given is a frequency $f$ and a sample rate $f_s$. I want to use a sum like this: $\sum_{k=1}^{\frac{f_s}{2f}} ...
0
votes
5answers
50 views

canceling double fractions how?

I had this example: $$ \frac{\frac{11}{5}}{2} = \frac{11}{10} $$ then: $$ \frac{2\frac{1}{5}}{2} = \frac{11}{10} $$ $$ \frac{1}{5} \not= \frac{11}{10} $$ is this right canceling of double ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

If $\frac{a}{b}=\frac{b}{c}=\frac{c}{d}$, prove that $\frac{a}{d}=\sqrt{\frac{a^5+b^2c^2+a^3c^2}{b^4c+d^4+b^2cd^2}}$

What I've done so far; $$\frac{a}{b}=\frac{b}{c}=\frac{c}{d}=k\\ a=bk, b=ck, c=dk\\ a=ck^2, b=dk^2\\ a=dk^3$$ I tried substituting above values in the right hand side of the equation to get ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Compare density of rationals to the density of integers

Is is possible to somehow quantitatively compare the density of rational numbers to the density of integer numbers, ascribing to the both a number characterizing the density?
3
votes
2answers
562 views

How can the decimal expansion of this rational number not be periodic?

I just noticed that dividing $1 \div 998$ gives me the apparently non-periodic $$0.001002004008016032064\ldots ,$$ which is $$10^{-3} + 2\times 10^{-6} + 4\times10^{-9} + 8\times 10^{-12} + \cdots = ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Order approximation for rational polynomial

I have this fraction: $\frac{(-12a^3)d^3 + (4wa^3 - 16a^2)d^2 + (5wa^2 - 8a)d - a^2w^2 + 2aw - 1}{(- 12wa^4 + 12a^3)d^3 + (4a^4w^2 - 20a^3w + 16a^2)d^2 + (4a^3w^2 - 11a^2w + 7a)d + a^2w^2 - 2aw + 1}$ ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Calculating enrichment

My question concerns how enriched something is as im trying to combine several lists of uneven group size and the answer is escaping me. So basically, I have 6 groups and I want to compare them with ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

$\frac{6}{4 \times 2} + \frac{7}{5 \times 2} + … + \frac{21}{19 \times 2}$

I got this exercise from school and I have no idea what notion to use, it resumes to Harmonic series, I can't find a generic answer. Do you have any idea? $\frac{6}{4 \times 2} + \frac{7}{5 \times 2} ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

High School Probability and Contradiction

So I recently came across this question (2(a)) that my friend who teaches high school math posed to me. I thought the solution could be found by using the identities $P(B\,|\,A) = \dfrac{P(A\cap ...
-2
votes
4answers
80 views

How to prove that $\frac{\ln 12}{\ln 18}$ is irrational witout using the change of base rule? [closed]

I have to show that $\frac{\ln 12}{\ln 18}$ is irrational by using change of base rule. At the beginning I have proved that $\ln r$ is irrational for any rational $r$, $r\ne 1$. Then using this we ...
0
votes
4answers
35 views

Mixed Fractional Equation?

$$3 \frac{3}{5} + \frac{2}{x} = 4\frac{4}{15}$$ I tried subtracting by both sides, etc, but it didn't come out right. I also tried multiplying by both sides, but, it didn't seem to work. what would ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Rational Irrational Numbers

I know that a rational number can always be expressed as a fraction, but can't we also say that it is a number that follows a definite pattern? Like one-third for example; it is never ending as a ...
1
vote
4answers
33 views

Monotonicity of a fraction.

So I want to prove that the following fraction is monotone increasing, as a part of another proof, that's why I stumbled on: $$\frac{4^{n+1}}{2\sqrt{n+1}} \ge \frac{4^{n}}{2\sqrt{n}}$$ I know it's ...
3
votes
2answers
37 views

For each rational $q$ there is an integer $n$ such that $q+n=271$, and vice versa

For all $q \in \Bbb Q$ there exists $n \in \Bbb Z$ so that $q + n = 271$. This is true? Because both $q$ and $n$ are rational numbers and $271$ is an integer thus it's a rational number? Also, ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Long division for multipolynomial expression, little o notation

I have this expression: $$\mathrm{Exp}=\frac{d^3(-12a^4)+d^2(4a^4-16a^3)+d(4a^3-6a^2-a)}{d^3(-12a^4+12a^3)+d^2(4a^4-20a^3+16a^2)+d(4a^3-11a+7a)+(1-2a+a^2)}$$ Is there any way I can take the second ...
0
votes
2answers
138 views

Find whether a given rational number has a terminating decimal expansion

Without actual division find whether the rational number $\dfrac{1323}{264600}$ is terminating or non terminating. I know that to solve this, we have to convert the denominator into the formula ...
8
votes
3answers
478 views

“Length” of rationals in an interval

For $x \in \mathbb{R}$, define $r(x)$ as follows: $$ r(x)= \begin{cases} 1 &\text{if $x$ is rational},\\ 0 &\text{if $x$ is irrational}. \end{cases} $$ Q. What is $\int_0^1 r(x) dx$ ? I ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Can we say that $\sqrt{2}=2/(2/(2/(2/\ldots)))$?

Can we say that $\sqrt{2}= \cfrac{2}{\cfrac{2}{\cfrac{2}{\cfrac{2}{\ldots}}}}$? We have ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Equivalent forms of expressions with complex numbers

Which expressions are equivalent to $ {1\over{(9i+z)^4}} + {1\over{(9i-z)^4}}$ Select all that apply. $ {18i\over{(81−z)^8}}$ $ {−18i\over{(81+z)^8}}$ $ {18i\over{(81+z)^8}}$ $ ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Bounded Set for Rational Number

$$A = \{x \in \Bbb Q: x^2 < 11\}$$ I am looking for the upper and lower bounds of set $A$. I know they should be the greatest and the smallest rational number within $(- \sqrt{11}, \sqrt{11})$ ...
1
vote
4answers
57 views

What fraction of her salary does Joan manage to save?

Last Month, Joan spent 1/3 of her monthly salary on food, 2/5 on her child's tuition fees and 3/4 of the remainder on transportation. If she then saved the rest, what fraction of her salary did she ...
-1
votes
1answer
31 views

Elementary Fractions

There are two identical water jugs, A and B. Jug A is 3/7 full of water and Jug B is 8/11 full. What fraction of the capacity of a jug should water be poured out from jug B to jug A so that they both ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

Closeness of $n! \ x$ to integers for irrational $x$

This question came up in the comments to another question. Is there an irrational number $x$ such that, for sufficiently large $n$, the product $$ n! \ x $$ is arbitrarily close to an integer? More ...
1
vote
3answers
63 views

How is $\frac{(10^{4})^{6}-1}{10^4-1} = 1 + 10^{4} + 10^{8} + 10^{12} + 10^{16} + 10^{20}$?

As the title states, how is: $$\frac{(10^{4})^{6}-1}{10^4-1} = 1 + 10^{4} + 10^{8} + 10^{12} + 10^{16} + 10^{20}$$ I can't see the pattern. Can someone please help? Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Why is the $\mathbb Z$-module $\mathbb Q$ projective in category $\sigma[\mathbb Q]$?

We know that $\mathbb Q$ is not a projective $\mathbb Z$-module, but, I've read this paper and it says in Example 2.11 that it's easy to check that "$\mathbb Q$ as $\mathbb Z$-module is projective ...
-1
votes
4answers
58 views

Multiplying whole number with fractions.

I'm looking at a solution to a math problem and there are obviously some rules regarding multiplication of fractions that I don't know. Can someone make any sense of this? $$s_n = 625 \cdot ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Finding all possible pairs of positive integer values

The ratio of the sum of two positive integers to their difference is $7:5$. If the the sum of the two numbers is at most $25$, find all possible values for the pair of numbers. Let $m$ be the first ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

About subspaces of $\mathbb{R}$ as vector space over $\mathbb{Q}$.

In many texts is noted the analogy between the transcendence degree of a field extension and the dimension of a vector space, so I'm tempting to use such analogy to better understand the structure of ...
0
votes
3answers
126 views

All sets of rational numbers are bigger than the set containing infinite integers - or are they?

Intro This started with me learning the different types of infinity. I like to call them types instead of sizes due to the fact, that infinite is defined by being endless or "not-finite" - meaning ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Fraction Transforms

Here's a number theory problem I'm having some difficulty with: Say we transform a fraction by the following rule: we start with some fraction $\frac{m}{n}$ with $m > n$ and then convert it to ...
1
vote
5answers
76 views

How to compute $\frac{t^2}{t+1}$ to the form $\frac{1}{t+1} +t -1$

One of my attempts would look like below. $\frac{t^2}{t+1}$ = $\frac{t \times t+1-1}{t+1}$ = 1+ $\frac{t-1}{t+1}$ = $\frac{t-1+1-1}{t+1} + 1$ = $\frac{-2}{t+1} +2$ Also, I put into t an arbitrary ...