Questions about numbers expressible as the quotient of two integers. For questions on determining whether a number is rational, use the (rationality-testing) tag instead.

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2
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0answers
17 views

how much differential structure can we put on countable manifolds?

The motivation for this question is that I would like to formulate Lagrangian mechanics in a purely discrete setting (see also my older question at physics.se). Unfortunately several key pieces of ...
-1
votes
3answers
41 views

How to calculate this expression and get an integer number?

Hello there I don't have idea how to calculate this: $$\left[\frac {116690151}{427863887} \times \left(3+\frac 23\right)\right]^{-2} - \left[\frac{427863887}{116690151} \times \left(1-\frac ...
-1
votes
3answers
33 views

Question in fraction [on hold]

I find it difficult to solve this. Please help me out.... At a party, the number of men was $\frac{2}{5}$ the number of women. After $144$ women left, the number of women become $1\frac{1}{2}$ ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

Is a continuous function $f : \mathbb{Q}\to\mathbb{Q}$ always bounded on a closed interval?

Can a function $f : \mathbb{Q} \to \mathbb{Q}$ that is continuous on an interval $[a,b]$ not be bounded on $[a,b]$? I'm asking this because in Spivak's Calculus, the "Boundedness Theorem", which ...
-1
votes
4answers
49 views

Why do we switch the denominator and numerator when we divide fractions? [duplicate]

Why do we switch the denominator and numerator when we divide fractions? I've been trying to find out why and I've asked several people and checked many websites but none that give me a good answer. ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

How to estimate the number of decimal places required for a division?

Given two decimal numbers, is it possible to estimate the number of decimal places required to fit the result of their division? Provided that the division yields a finite number of decimals, of ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

for which values of $\theta$.does this equation: $x_1^{\sin\theta}+\cdots+x_n^{\sin\theta}=1$ have rational solutions for all $n$?

I'd surprised if this equation:$$x_1^{\sin\theta}+\cdots+x_n^{\sin\theta}=1 $$ have rational solutions for all $n$ and for all values of $\theta$. My question here is: for which values of $\theta$ ...
-4
votes
1answer
95 views

How to approximate $0.714286$ as a fraction of $\pi$?

I'm doing an exercise that tells me that the answer must be a multiple of pi, like $12\pi$ or $\dfrac23\pi$. I need to approximate $0.714286$ as a fraction of $\pi$. How do I achieve this?
2
votes
4answers
151 views

How to get the given equality?

I have the following sum ($n\in \Bbb N)$: $$ \frac {1}{1 \times 4} + \frac {1}{4 \times 7} + \frac {1}{7 \times 10} +...+ \frac {1}{(3n - 2)(3n + 1)} \tag{1} $$ It can be proved that the sum is equal ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

proof of rational numbers as repeating or terminating decimald

As an exercise in my conceptual algebra class we attempted to determine the reason why this theorem holds true in the forward direction. (Note we decided not to tackle the opposite direction) I wrote ...
18
votes
9answers
804 views

Distributive property on fractions

I'm in seventh grade and my teacher wasn't able to explain this to me. why is $\frac{1}{a+b}$ not equal to $\frac 1b +\frac 1a$? I'm sorry if this is obvious. EDIT: thank you to everyone who ...
0
votes
3answers
40 views

Math trigonometry transformation

Hi, I haven't done math in a while, and stumbled upon this thing. The angle ($\arccos 7/25) is given, and i have to calculate the cosine of it's half. I've used the basic formula for cosine of an ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Fixed Points of Function from Rationals to Reals

Consider a function $f$ from the positive rationals to the reals such that $f(x)f(y)\ge f(xy)$ and $f(x+y)\ge f(x)+f(y)$. Further assume this function has a fixed point greater than $1$. Prove this ...
7
votes
6answers
179 views

I was wondering, shouldn't the fraction $\frac {-2}{-1}$ be less than 1?

Because technically, the numerator is smaller than the denominator as $-2 < -1$ I know it's an extremely stupid question. I mean I know that I can just multiply $-1$ to the numerator and the ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Another (in)dependence over the nonzero rationals question

About one hour ago I asked a question which at first sight looked non-trivial to me but it is really trivial. Shame on me, whether I want it or not. Now I have, solely for fun, another question which ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Linear (in)dependence of roots over the nonzero rational numbers

I was reading some question on this site and stream of thought led me to the creation of another question that could be trivial for someone but I am unable even to start solving it. I wanna share this ...
-2
votes
3answers
35 views

Recurring duodecimals fractions [closed]

I get the idea about duodecimals from what I read till I reach the fractions point where: $\frac{1}{8}=0.16$ instead of $0.15$ $\frac{1}{9}=0.14$ instead of $0.13333333$ ...
2
votes
3answers
43 views

Why are there opposite rules for dividing positive numbers and negative numbers?

I'm in confusion from some time about division of negative numbers. When we divide a positive number with a positive number, for example $$5/3 = 1.66 $$ we see what is biggest multiple of 3 which is ...
8
votes
4answers
353 views

Find the sum of reciprocals of divisors given the sum of divisors

Let $d_1, d_2, \cdots d_k$ be all the factors of a positive integer '$n$' including $1$ and $n$. Suppose $d_1 + d_2 + d_3+\cdots+d_k = 72$. Then find the value of $\frac{1}{d_1}+\frac{1}{d_2}+\cdots + ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Online math question didn't do a square of a square root properly?

I'm currently taking an online college math course, and I recently came across something that I can't make any sense out of. $(\frac{5x \cdot \sqrt{3}}{6})^2 = \frac{25x^2}{12}$ It looks like ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Differential equation - fractions, circular answer?

Hi this might seem like a really stupid question but then hopefully someone can asnswer it quite easily :) I have function $P{_t}$$=(E{_t}$ $(P{_t}{_+}{_1}+$ $δ{_t}{_+}{_1}$$ )-γΩx$${^*})/$$(1+rf+ψ_t ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

How Many Rational Slopes?

Given an $N$ by $M$ grid with integer coordinates (e.g. like pixels in an image), how many slopes are defined by the set of lines passing through the each grid point pair? Note that because the ...
1
vote
2answers
234 views

How is N^2/3 equivalent to 1/(N^1/3)?

I've tried to look for similar things on StackExchange and elsewhere on the net, but can't seem to find anything, so thought I'd just ask for some help on here... Someone has kindly helped me with a ...
3
votes
2answers
44 views

Representing rational numbers on a number line

Though the cardinality of the set of natural numbers is the same as the cardinality of the set of rational numbers, when one looks at a number line this fact seems counterintuitive, since between ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

How can I approximate a decimal with two fractions where denominator is less or equal to $d$

I was looking for a way to approximate a decimal number with a fraction, whose denominator is less or equal to $d$. Basically, having a decimal $X$, I want to find two fractions such that ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

why doesn't proof of sum of two rational number is rational not proving the irreducibility of fraction $\frac{ad+bc}{bd}$?

When I was comparing proof for $\sqrt{2}$ and sum of two rational numbers, I found that the proof of two rational number did not mention anything about common factor in the ratio. one proof I found ...
61
votes
14answers
11k views

Express 99 2/3% as a fraction? No calculator

My 9-year-old daughter is stuck on this question and normally I can help her, but I am also stuck on this! I have looked everywhere to find out how to do this but to no avail so any help/guidance is ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

How to simplify a diabolical expression involving radicals

A friend and I have been working on this problem for hours - how can the following expression be simplified analytically? It equals $\frac{1}{2},$ and we have tried the following to no avail: ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

How do I show that the equivalence relation defining the rational numbers is transitive?

I apologize if this is a super easy question, but there is something fishy about my proof. I was to show: $$(p,q) \sim (m,n) \wedge (m,n) \sim (a,b) \implies (p,q) \sim (a,b) $$ under the ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

For which values of $\theta $ does this claim true?

According to the conjecture of , L. J. Lander, T. R. Parkin, and John Selfridge (1967):I suppose this claim : claim :let : $$\sum_{i=1}^n a^{\cos\theta}_i =\sum_{j=1}^m b^{\cos\theta}_j ,$$ for ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Presentation of the additive group of the rational numbers

We know that $\mathbb{Q}\cong\mathbb{Z}\times\mathbb{Z}/\sim$, where the isomorphism is a ring isomorphism and the equivalence relation is defined as $$(a,b)\sim(c,d)\Longleftrightarrow ad=bc$$ Then ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Rational number with rational exponent becomes rational

I'm looking for a proof to show when $p^q$ for $p,q \in \mathbb{Q}$ is again in $\mathbb{Q}$, without factoring. I'm not sure, if it's possible, given these two numbers to say if the result is again ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

When we can change the sign of denominator

Suppose $z=\frac{-x_1}{x_2-x_3}$, find $-z$. Which one is correct $$-z=\frac{x_1}{x_2-x_3}\ \ \ \text{or}\ \ \ -z=\frac{x_1}{-x_2+x_3}$$
21
votes
3answers
848 views

“Least trivial” function preserving rationality

Is there a "non-trivial" function $f(x,y)$ such that $$f(x,y) \in \mathbb{Q} \iff x,y\in \mathbb{Q}?$$ An example of a "trivial" function would be $$f(x,y) = \begin{cases} 0 & x,y\in ...
3
votes
2answers
34 views

SAT math problem about solute and solution

There are two solutions $P$ and $Q$. There are $50 g$ of $P$, which has $30\%$ benzene by mass, and $200 g$ of $Q$, which has $70\%$ benzene by mass. If $20 g$ of solution $P$ is added to $20 g$ of ...
4
votes
3answers
150 views

Why does $\frac{49}{64}\cos^2 \theta + \cos^2 \theta$ equal $\frac{113}{64}\cos^2 \theta $?

I have an example: $$ \frac{49}{64}\cos^2 \theta + \cos^2 \theta = 1 $$ Then what happens next: $$ \frac{113}{64}\cos^2 \theta = 1 $$ Where has the other cosine disappeared to? What operation ...
2
votes
2answers
32 views

decimal to fractions

When being asked how to solve the Arithmetic Means of 8, 7, 7, 5, 3, 2, and 2, I understand that adding these numbers then dividing by 7 (the amount of numbers) gives me the decimal 4.85714... But ...
39
votes
0answers
2k views

If the decimal expansion of $a/b$ contains “$7143$” then $b>1250$

I recently stumbled upon this really interesting problem: If we have a fraction $\frac{a}{b}$ where $a,b \in \mathbb{N}$ and we know that the decimal fraction of $\frac{a}{b}$ has the numerical ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

Here are two fractions, $\frac{2}{3}$,$\frac{7}{8}$, which of these fractions are closer to $\frac{3}{4}$?

I've been throwing this question around my family. No one has a clue, therefore can someone help? I'm pretty sure this will be easy to do
10
votes
1answer
179 views

What is known about this well-ordering of the rationals in a finite interval?

Given any interval $I=(a,b) \subset \mathbb R^+$, we may order the rationals in $I$ with a denominator-first lexicographic order, as follows: First, we list, in increasing order of numerator, all $q ...
2
votes
3answers
96 views

Get rid of the square roots of the denominator: $\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{7}-2\sqrt{5}+\sqrt{3}}$

How to get rid of the square roots of the denominator: $\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{7}-2\sqrt{5}+\sqrt{3}}$? I squared the whole denominator, but that didn't help. Also I searched for a propriety or ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

Fractions of an amount [closed]

I need help with the following problem: Catalin works in an office. One week he divides his time between these tasks: $\frac{1}{4}$ of his time in meetings $\frac{5}{8}$ of his time writing ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Is there such a thing as complex rational numbers and does it have the same properties as the usual complex numbers as extension of the real numbers?

I've been wondering if there is any use to defining a set that is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Q}^2$ (in the same way that $\mathbb{C}$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^2$). I immediately see a problem with ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Are fractions with zero divisors in the denominator never well defined?

Are fractions with zero divisors in the denominator never well defined? I know that for a fraction in modular arithmetic to be well defined, the denominator must not be a zero divisor, e.g: $$ x ...
0
votes
4answers
74 views

Dividing fractions in real life scenario / application

First of all sorry if this question sounds too stupid or offends anyone. One apple divide by two you get half an apple. $\large{\frac{1}{2} = 0.5}$ I couldn't get my head around with dividing ...
3
votes
4answers
385 views

SAT Maths Question About Fractions

Whilst revising, a problem caught my eye and I cannot seem to find an answer. I am usually bad at these types of questions. On a certain Russian-American committee, $\frac23$ of members are men, ...
0
votes
3answers
68 views

$(5x +1) ÷ (3x)$ is not a polynomial?

On the Mathwarehouse page on polynomial equations, it gives this expression as an antiexample, something that is not a polynomial: $(5x +1) ÷ (3x)$ However, it also says on the same page that if it ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

Fractions and Largest Common Multiple, Algebra, Numerator and Denominator Identical Numbers?

This is the question find $x$ of equation: $$\frac{5x-2}{5} - \frac{2x+3}{2} = 3$$ I tried multiplying this all by 10, the LCM. It ended with: $x -x=49.$ How do you solve this without cancelling ...
0
votes
5answers
47 views

How does this seemingly-trivial simplification work?

In a section on inductive proofs in the book Modelling Computing Systems: Mathematics for Computer Science (Muller, Struth) there is a simplification that is assumed to be trivial, but that I can't ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

Showing $r\in\mathbb Q\setminus \{0\}\implies e^r\notin \mathbb Q$

For a given $n>0$, let $\displaystyle J_n:x\to \frac{1}{n!}\int_{-x}^x(x^2-t^2)^ne^tdt$ a. Prove that there exists $A_n,B_n\in \mathbb R_n[X]$ such that $\forall x\in \mathbb R^+, ...