1
vote
1answer
102 views

Is there a way to mathematically describe “surprise”?

Let's say that there are ten people entered into a random drawing, the winner gets some large prize. If I were one of those ten people, and I were to win, then I would be pleasantly surprised. If ...
11
votes
5answers
6k views

What's the difference between stochastic and random?

What's the difference between stochastic and random? I've read in the portuguese wikipedia that there's a difference, but I still didn't see this point on english wikipedia.
1
vote
1answer
243 views

What does Linear Congruential mean?

How does one interpret the terms "Linear" and "Congruential" as in a "Linear congruential RNG"? I am used to linearity by $f(ax)=af(x)$. This does not seem to me to hold true in this case ($\bmod$). ...
0
votes
1answer
342 views

doubt on iid distribution vs uniform distribution

I am a bit confused when I read "iid distribution". It looks to me like what is called "uniform distribution" i.e. a distribution of probability that is constant in a range. Am I correct in thinking ...