For questions about the quaternions: a noncommutative four dimensional division algebra over the real numbers.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
2answers
264 views

Rotate the axis of rotation of a quaternion by another quaternion

I have two quaternions, $q_1$ and $q_2$. I want to rotate the axis of rotation of $q_1$ by $q_2$. Is there any way of doing this directly, without extracting the axis of rotation from $q_1$, rotating ...
0
votes
0answers
137 views

remove rotation about Z-Axis from Quaternion

I have a quaternion representing the rotation of a uav. The coordinate system is with X/Y defining the horizontal plane and the Z-Axis going up. For the motor controller i need the rotation WITHOUT ...
4
votes
2answers
105 views

Does the square root of $i$ necessitate quaternions?

The square root of i is $\frac{\sqrt{2} + i \sqrt{2}}{2}$. But how is it valid to use a number in expressing the square root of that number?
3
votes
3answers
158 views

Are there different conventions for representing rotations as quaternions?

I am trying to understand how quaternions are represented as rotations, in particular how to convert from a quaternion representation to a rotation matrix. The following paper by Diebel gives an ...
2
votes
3answers
643 views

Composition of two axis-angle rotations

Please note that I am not referring to Euler angles of the form (α,β,γ). I am referring to the axis-angle representation, in which a unit vector indicates the direction axis of a rotation and a scalar ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Orthogonal procrustes problem using quaternions

Hello I'm trying solve orthogonal procrustes problem in 3d with a help of quaternions. Original problem is: For matrix $A$ find orthogonal matrix $Q$ that $$||A-Q||_F =\min_{\Omega \in SO(3)} ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

“adding” numbers $\in\mathbb{U\left(2\right)}\times \mathbb{R}^+_0$

Let a unitary number be one that corresponds to a matrix of the form: $$\left( \begin{array}{cc} w+i x & y+i z \\ -e^{i p} (y-i z) & e^{i p} (w-i x) \end{array} \right)$$ This is analogous to ...
6
votes
3answers
201 views

4 dimensional numbers

I've tought using split complex and complex numbers toghether for building a 3 dimensional space (related to my previous question). I then found out using both together, we can have trouble on the ...
1
vote
1answer
542 views

Coordinate Transformation on Local coordinate system

I am having a point $P(x,y,z)$ in $3D$ with respect to global coordinate system. I want to create an another Local Coordinate System by picking three points $N1, N2, N3$ in 3D. Now I want to know the ...
8
votes
2answers
241 views

Binary tetrahedral group and $\rm{SL}_2(\mathbb F_3)$

The binary tetrahedral group $\mathbb T$ is an interesting 24-element group. For instance it can be expressed as the subgroup $$ \mathbb T = \left\{ \pm 1, \pm i, \pm j, \pm k, \dfrac{\pm 1 \pm i \pm ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

Fractal derivative of complex order and beyond

Is there some precise definition of "complex (fractal) order derivative" for all complex number? I am aware of the Riemann-Liouville fractional definition given here: Complex derivative but I would ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Understanding quaternions and axis angle representations

I have a sensor that gives me a quaternion. I convert the quaternion to an axis-angle representation using http://www.euclideanspace.com/maths/geometry/rotations/conversions/quaternionToAngle/. When I ...
1
vote
2answers
145 views

What does multiplication of two quaternions give?

I'm using quaternions as a means to rotate an object in the application I'm developing. If one quaternion represents a rotation and the second quaternion represents another rotation, what does their ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Commutative applying rotations around three axis

Rotating an object in a 3 dimensional space by euler angles might be intuitive but comes with some problems. First, the order of applied rotations around the different axis matters. Second, there is ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Equivalent conditions of quaternion matrix algebra

I am following Theorem 2.3.1 of Maclachlan's and Reid's The Arithmetic of Hyperbolic 3-Manifolds. We define a quaternion algebra $A=\left(\frac{a,b}{F}\right)$ over a field $F$ of characteristic ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Nullify (zero out, cancel) rotation in an arbitrary axis in a Quaternion

Question: How do you nullify (zero out) rotation around an arbitrary axis in a Quaternion? Example: Let's say you have an object with quaternion orientation $A$. You also have a rotation quaternion ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Some questions about quaternions.

It is possible make something like complexification of a real vector space using quaternions? If yes, it's similar to complex case or there are considerable differences? Has been studied a quaternion ...
2
votes
2answers
256 views

Proof that Quaternion Algebras are simple

I have a proof that every quaternion algebra over a field $A=\left(\frac{a,b}{F}\right)$ is simple, i.e. has no nontrivial two-sided ideals, which appeals to the algebraic closure of $F$ and the ...
2
votes
3answers
154 views

Math beyond Quaternions

Quaternions remove the commutative property and octonions eliminate the associative property can we go any higher and eliminate more properties?
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Optimimal rotation using non-linear conjugate gradient

The problem I'd like to ask is the following : let $M_1$ and $M_2$ two rigid bodies with a quadratic constraint function $f$ attached to its grid points. $M_2$ is always kept static while $M_1$ can be ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Combing rotation quaternions

If I combine 2 rotation quaternions by multiplying them, lets say one represents some rotation around x axis and other represents some rotation around some arbitrary axis. The the order of rotation ...
5
votes
2answers
315 views

Does anyone know any resources for Quaternions for truly understanding them?

I've been studying Quaternions for a week, on my own. I've learned various facts about them but I still don't understand them. My goal is to understand rotation quaternions specifically. I don't want ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Need help interpreting an equation from an article (related to quaternions).

At this link, about half way down the page, there is an equation I don't understand http://physicsforgames.blogspot.com/2010/02/quaternions-why.html This is the equation. $$VV† = -x^2I^2 - y^2J^2 - ...
4
votes
3answers
254 views

How do you construct the quaternion and the multiplication rules, like Hamilton did?

So, I understand complex number multiplication, and how it represents $2D$ rotations. What I don't understand is, how you add two more imaginary numbers $j$ and $k$, and get $3D$ rotations. I believe ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

The multiplication of 2D vectors produces what?

I am trying to learn about rotation quaternions, and in the process I am currently looking at 2D vector multiplication. To avoid confusion with other types of multiplication, this is the basic form I ...
3
votes
2answers
56 views

What type of division is possible in 1, 2, 4, and 8 but not the 3rd dimension?

In this article that talks about some history of hamilton http://plus.maths.org/content/curious-quaternions There is a snippet that says this: Multiplication is very sneaky. You can only set up ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

How does one derive this rotation quaternion formula?

given an angle and an axis, the corresponding quaternion can be computed like this. $w = \cos( Angle/2)$ $x = \text{axis}.x * \sin( Angle/2 )$ $y = \text{axis}.y * \sin( Angle/2 )$ $z = ...
1
vote
0answers
131 views

How is the Quaternion multiplication derived?

Quaternion multiplication seems suspiciously similar to the cross product. How is it derived? Here is a description of the multiplication: Let $Q_1$ and $Q_2$ be two quaternions, which are defined, ...
3
votes
3answers
126 views

Quaternions: Difference(s) between $\mathbb{H}$ and $Q_8$

What is the difference between $\mathbb{H}$ and $Q_8$? Both are called quaternions.
0
votes
1answer
118 views

How do I calculate a position in front of a quaternion given the initial position and the quaternion?

Well I want to determine the position in front of, lets say 'an object'. 'An objects' has a position (pX,pY,pZ) and a quaternion rotation (qX,qY,qZ,qW) (where qW seems always to be ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

How are these formulas for Quaternion -> Rotation Matrix related?

I'm trying to write a program to convert a quaternion to a rotation matrix. One source I found is: ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Quaternions, torque, and impulse.

In a physics simulation I have a solid ball of mass $m$ and moment of interia $M$ (which is a diagonal matrix with all entries equal to ${2\over5}mr^2=i$). Its instantaneous rotation is given by a ...
1
vote
1answer
418 views

half sine and half cosine quaternions

Something is a little bit unclear to me. In the image below you see that you need to divide the angle by a half. Acccording to wikipedia they say that this is so that I could rotate clockwise or ...
11
votes
4answers
744 views

Quaternions: why does ijk = -1 and ij=k and -ji=k

Currently i am studying quaternions. I do understand that i, j and k are imaginairy numbers. so $i^2 = j^2 =k^2 = -1$. But I could not understand this: ...
2
votes
2answers
239 views

Detail in the proof of the quaternion rotation identity

I am trying to understand the proof of the quaternion rotation identity illustrated in wikipedia ...
4
votes
2answers
157 views

$x^2+1=0$ uncountable many solutions [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why are the solutions of polynomial equations so unconstrained over the quaternions? Coudl someone explain me the following: Why should $x^2+1=0$ have uncountable ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

Matrix representation of the Quaternions?

Can anyone explain how why the matrix representation of the quaternions using real matrices is constructed as such?
2
votes
1answer
67 views

How can I break down a rotation of known amount around a known axis into two rotations of unknown amounts around known axes?

I have a vector that's been rotated a known amount about a known axis. I would like to break this rotation down into two separate rotations around known, linearly independent axes where the amounts I ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

How to Perform Quaternion Multiplication

Everywhere that I've looked, it seems to be assumed that $i^{2} = j^{2} = k^{2} = - 1$, along with the other rules of quaternion multiplication. However - for my homework - I'm being asked to show ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

inner product on matrices with quaternionic entries

let $\mathbb{H}$ be the quaternions and $Mat(n,\mathbb{H})$ be the vector space of $n\times n$ matrices over $\mathbb{H}$. Let $H(n,\mathbb{H}):=\{ A\in Mat(n,\mathbb{H}): \overline{A}^t=A \}$ be the ...
2
votes
1answer
380 views

3 axis gimbal controller and quaternions

this question has been probably asked in different forms but please bare with me: I'm building a three axis gimbal controller as part of my uni project. Besides the gimbal stabilization on each axis, ...
0
votes
2answers
375 views

Updating a quaternion orientation by a vector of euler angles

I'm trying to understand why this formula works to update an orientation with an angular velocity represented as a vector of rotations in $radians/{second}$. I understand that two quaternions ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

how to extrapolate quaternions?

from http://answers.unity3d.com/questions/168779/extrapolating-quaternion-rotation.html ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Error in Weyl character formula computation.

I need someone with a keen eye for errors. I am trying to use the Weyl character formula for the symplectic group Sp$(4,\mathbb{C})$ on certain matrices coming from 2x2 quaternion matrices. Summing ...
22
votes
2answers
694 views

What do we lose passing from the reals to the complex numbers?

As normed division algebras, when we go from the complex numbers to the quaternions, we lose commutativity. Moving on to the octonions, we lose associativity. Is there some analogous property that we ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Sub division rings of division rings

Below $^\ast$ denotes "nonzero elements of". There is a problem in Jacobson's Basic Algebra 1, there is a problem to this effect: if $S$ is a subdivision ring of $\mathbb{H}$ such that $S^\ast$ is a ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Triple quaternion multiplication

I'm self learner and for some reason I can't wrap my head around quaternion multiplication. I just stumble upon one of equation in my text. Can anyone show step-by-step workout for below: $$ ...
1
vote
3answers
157 views

How can we make $\mathbb{R}^n$ into a multiplicative group?

Are there any sorts of multiplicative group structures we can put on set $\mathbb{R}^n$? By multiplicative, I mean that it should be compatible with the natural scalar multiplication on ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

How $v=(-\sin\frac{\alpha}{2}\sin\frac{\beta}{2},\cos\frac{\alpha}{2}\sin\frac{\beta}{2},\sin\frac{\alpha}{2}\cos\frac{\beta}{2})$ is derived from…

In the book Quarternion and Rotation Sequences, I can't seem to work out how the final equation (colored in $\color{red}{red}$) is derived from the original equation (colored in $\color{blue}{blue}$). ...
0
votes
1answer
395 views

3D points rotation to quaternions

For the simplicity, we'll consider two 3D points, that moves one relatively to other, in time. Let's say: ...