For questions about the quaternions: a noncommutative four dimensional division algebra over the real numbers.

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Quaternions: Finding the two quaternion vectors knowing the inital and final positions of interpolation?

Basically I have this really simple problem where I have the two vectors <0,1,0> (initial) and <0,-1,0> (final) for ...
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Rotating a point in space about another via quaternion

I have a system that is giving me a point in 3D space (call it (x, y, z)) and a quaternion (call it (qw, qx, qy, qz)). I want to create a point at (x+1, y, z), and then rotate that point using the ...
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35 views

Series does not converge [closed]

How would I go about showing that the series$$\sum_{n + m\tau \in \Lambda} {1\over{{|n + m\tau|}^2}}$$does not converge, where $\tau \in \mathbb{H}$?
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Alternative quaternion multiplication method

Given two quaternions, $a+bi+cj+dk$ and $e+fi+gj+hk$, their product (w.r.t. their given order) would normally be given by ...
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28 views

Converting Quaternion or 4x4 Matrix to 3x3 Matrix representation.

I'm working on some code that manipulates an Axis-Aligned Bounding Box, so it always encompasses the object it borders. I use a 3x3 matrix to re-size the box when it rotates. The only issue is I only ...
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Suggestions for Clifford Analysis

I'm trying to learn Clifford Calculus and I can't find introductory level books. I found some nice lecture notes of José Figueroa-O'Farrill when I was studying Clifford Algebra: ...
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37 views

What is the right name for the space occupied by a quaternion

I have a little problem wrapping my head around quaternions, in particular I have problems about how to pair the usual "3D algebra" with the theoretic vision of a quaternion. I know that informally a ...
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18 views

Taking a quaternion and multiplying it by a third vector

I have found a quaternion that describes the rotation of vector1 onto vector2. How would I go about applying this same rotation to a third vector? I am not using unit quaternions, rather I have a ...
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26 views

Quaternion Inverse multiplied by a vector

I'm a high school student and am doing research involving quaternions. My question is what would happen if one were to multiply $q^{-1}$ by $v$ first and then multiply by $q$ to undergo a rotation. Is ...
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37 views

Conjugation of quaternions

This proof is extreeeeemely boring, but still I must get it right. Let $x = x_0 + x_1 i + x_2 j + x_3 k \in \mathbb{H}$ (the Hamilton quaternions). Conjugation is defined as: $$x^\ast = x_0 - x_1 i - ...
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1answer
14 views

Velocity vector transformations with respect to a global frame of reference

This seems like it should be a simple problem, but I've been stuck on it for about a day now. It's technically a programming problem, but I'm posting it here because the root of the problem is really ...
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Tait–Bryan angle rotations using quaternions

I am attempting to rotate a point $P$ in $\mathbb R^3$ using the Tait–Bryan angles as the inputs, but the math is done by quaternions. This is what I have done so far: Let the Tait-Bryan angles be ...
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30 views

The major differences between dual-quaternions and screw theory

I am working on a project involving the motion of rigid body. From the literatures, I found two main tools, namely the dual-quaternions and screw theory. May I ask what are the major differences ...
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41 views

Compute the quaternion of a bone knowing the position of two joints

I met a problem in my project to compute the orientation of a bone. Suppose I have a bone with two joint on each end. The length of the bone is $L$. Assume the 3D position of two joints, notated as ...
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Calculating the perpendicular of a plane using many noisy measurements

I have a number of noisy measurements of quaternions, $q_i$. Where $q_i$ describe rotations from the world frame to a given plane. I want to calculate a perpendicular vector to the plane so as to ...
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32 views

Align the cube's nearest face to the camera

I have a cube and 4x4 transformation matrix Cube is rotated randomly I need to find the nearest face of cube regarding to camera and rotate the cube by aligning that face to the camera. How can I do ...
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Eigenvalues of Second Derivatives on Quaternions

So, say you have some quaternion $q = a + b i + c j + d k$. Let $a, b, c, d, \in f(w, x, y, z)$ which each take four real numbers and yield one real number. Then, what are the most general solutions ...
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Is there an algebraic closure for the quaternions?

This post is a sequel of: Is the set of quaternions $\mathbb{H}$ algebraically closed? This answer shows that: 1. $\mathbb{H}$ is algebraically closed for the polynomials of the form $\sum a_r ...
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Determine Euler Angles from look, up, and cross vectors

I have a spaceship flying through a $3D$ space. The flight is determined by applying a quaternion to the look, up, and cross vectors with the following scheme (this is working perfectly): starting ...
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33 views

Determine similarity between two sequence of quaternions while allowing a degree of freedom around Z axis

A person holds his phone and rotates it in space in a sequence. I am able to obtain a sequence of quaternions from the phone's motion sensors representing the rotation of the phone from the phone ...
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2answers
46 views

Find all Quaternions Satisfying..

Let H be the skew field of quaternions. Find all quaternions x satisfying $(i + j)x(i + k) = 2$ I'm having trouble figuring out what to do with this question. I know the "i j k i j k" formula for ...
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45 views

Solution of $ax+xb=c$ in a division ring

The equation $ax+xb=c$ in the quaternions skew field ($a,b,c,x \in \mathbb{H}$) has solution: $$ x= \left(|b|^2+2b_0a +a^2\right)^{-1} \left( ac +c \bar b\right) $$ Where $|b|,b_0,\bar b$ are ...
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119 views

Can quaternions be useful for integrals?

Lets assume we want to find a closed form for $\int_0^1 f(x) dx$ where $f(x)$ is a real-analytic function. There are many techniques to find that. Some include contour integration on the complex ...
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39 views

Isomorphism of Quaternion group

Prove that $Q_{8} \cong H \rtimes G \Rightarrow H=\{e\}$ or $G=\{e\}$. My proof (is it correct?): We know that (it's a fact from the lecture): If $M \cong H\rtimes G$, then $H \cong K \unlhd M$ ...
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Know if a 4x4 matrix is a composition of rotations and translations (quaternions)

I am using quaternions to describe 3D transformations. A position in space is representated by a (x,y,z,1) vector, and a transformation by a 4x4 matrix, following quaternions logics as far as I could ...
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1answer
84 views

What is the general definition of the conjugate of a multiple-component number?

I know that the conjugate of a binomial is the negation of the second part. So the conjugate of (a + b) would be (a - b). I know that the conjugate of a complex number (a + bi), similarly, is (a - ...
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1answer
79 views

What is the magnitude of a dual number? I'm not finding information on this.

I'm investigating dual quaternions and am having to learn a lot of stuff myself because I'm finding very few resources on the mathematical background. I know that the magnitude of a dual quaternion ...
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27 views

How to calculate end point of vector using quaternion?

How can the end-points of the three orthonormal vectors representing local coordinate system of point (p.x, p.y, p.z) be calculated given rotation represented by quaternion in global coordinate system ...
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43 views

Rotation Equivalence using Quaternions

I'm given a statement to prove: A rotation of π/2 around the z-axis, followed by a rotation of π/2 around the x-axis = A rotation of 2π/3 around (1,1,1) Where z-axis is the unit vector (0,0,1) ...
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Inverse of a $2\times2$ matrix with noncommuting entries

I want to invert a $2 \times 2$ matrix with quaternionic entries. Since non-commutativity, the determinant is not well defined and I've seen in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quaternionic_matrix that, ...
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53 views

Exponential Function of Quaternion - Derivation

The equation for the exponential function of a quaternion $q = a + b i + c j + dk$ is supposed to be $$e^{q} = e^a (\cos(\sqrt{b^2+c^2+d^2})+\frac{(b i + c j + dk)}{\sqrt{b^2+c^2+d^2}} ...
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1answer
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Finding $J$ such that this diagram commutes

DISCLAIMER: This is not homework. I did this exercise here and need someone to check if my work is correct: Is it possible to find a matrix $J\in M_{2n}(\mathbb C)$ such that the following diagram ...
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One more question about mapping quaternionic matrices into real matrices

Real matrices that lie in the image of the inclusion homomorphism $\rho_n: M_n(\mathbb C) \to M_{2n}(\mathbb R)$ are called complex linear real matrices. It is easy to see that a real matrix is ...
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On the inclusion homomorphism for quaternionic matrices into complex matrices

My thoughts / background information: It is easy to find an inclusion homomorphism for complex matrices into real matrices: considering the one dimensional case note that multiplying a complex number ...
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1answer
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Quaternion Negative Unity

I'm reading Hamilton's Paper on Quaternions. Found here http://www.emis.de/classics/Hamilton/OnQuat.pdf. On page 5, the first statement of 7, says that there are only two different square roots of ...
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Question about Hamilton's Quaternion Paper

So I was reading Hamilton's paper on quaternions. http://www.emis.de/classics/Hamilton/OnQuat.pdf. On page 2, I'm having trouble following how QQ' and equations A,B,C lead to equation D. My main ...
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Basis for quaternionic functions

We know that the set of functions $\{1,\cos x, \sin x, \cos 2x, \sin 2x, ... \; | \,x \in \mathbb{R} \}$ is a basis in the space $L^2_\mathbb{R}[-\pi,\pi]$ . Given a quaternion $z \in \mathbb{H}$ ...
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A corollary of Niven

Please proof corollary of Niven: For $a \in D\backslash R$, the equation ${t^n} = a$ has exactly $n$ solutions in $D$, all of which lie in $R\left( a \right)$, in there $R$ is a real-closed field and ...
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Why is this algebraic manipulation of quaternions incorrect?

I know that for quaternions, $$i^2=j^2=k^2=ijk=-1$$ I've tried to understand this intuitively as having $i$, $j$ and $k$ represent a rotation about each of three axes. But when I do a bit of ...
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3D Extension of a Fun Geometric Series Puzzle

After being inspired by this question, and in particular Semiclassical's excellent response and generalisation, I thought of another generalisation to a 3-dimensional plane.: Suppose you start at ...
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Explaining Spin(3)

I’m going to discuss the action of Spin(3) on Euclidean vectors. This thing has several alternative names: “versors”/“rotation quaternions”, “quaternionic adjoint representation”, “quaternion action ...
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Maximal and prime ideals of quaternions with integer coefficients

Let $R = \mathbb{Z} + \mathbb{Z}i + \mathbb{Z}j + \mathbb{Z}k$, the subring of $\mathbb{H}$ consisting of quaternions with integer coefficients. An exercise in Goodearl and Warfield's An Introduction ...
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Given unit quaternions $q_0,q_1$, find $q$ such that $q_1 = q^* q_0 q$

I rotate an object in space and find two orientation (unit) quaternions. $q_0 = {}^{M_2}_{M_1} q$ is the orientation at the 2nd position relative to the 1st position, measured in frame M. $q_1 = ...
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Quaternion exponential

Given an imaginary quaternion $ \mathbf{v}=\alpha \mathbf{i}+ \beta \mathbf{j}+\gamma \mathbf{k} $ its exponential is: $ e^\mathbf{v}=\cos \theta +\mathbf{v}\dfrac {\sin \theta}{\theta} $ where ...
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How does a quaternion differ from a position in terms of algebraic structure?

For two positions, I can subtract one from another to get a vector; I can take combination of them to get another position. My question is, can I treat quaternions in the same way? To be more ...
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60 views

Simple Vector Space Rotation

Given Data in the problem & notation convenstions We have 3 rotation vectors called $\vec{\theta_1},\vec{\theta_2},\vec{\theta_3}$, magnitude of these vectors will give you angle of rotation We ...
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Quaternion–Spinor relationship?

I've known for some time about the rotation group action of the ('pure') quaternions on $ \mathbf{R}^3 $ by conjugation. I've recently encountered spinors and notice similarities in their definitions ...
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63 views

Showing $\mathbb{H}$ is isomorphic to a subring of $M_2(\mathbb{C})$ as $\mathbb{R}$-algebras

I'm currently trying to show that the ring $A =\begin{pmatrix} a & b \\ - \bar{b} & \bar{a} \end{pmatrix} $ is isomorphic to the real quaternions $\mathbb{H}$ as $\mathbb{R}$-algebras. ...
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61 views

Is there a relationship between the cross product and quaternion multiplication?

I've just been introduced to the Kronecker delta, $\delta_{ij}$, along with the alternating tensor, $\varepsilon_{ijk}$ (in vector calculus). Motivation for the question: I've been introduced to ...
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3D rotation by a complex angle around a complex axis.

Context In electromagnetism, it is common to meet complex angles. Snell's law can produce them (with metals and/or total internal reflection), and when we plug them into Fresnel's equations, the ...