For questions on quantum mechanics, a branch of physics dealing with physical phenomena at microscopic scales, where the action is on the order of the Planck constant.

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2answers
82 views

Understanding Bell's inequality vs. quantum mechanics

I have difficulty to understand how Bell's inequality rules out local hidden variable theory. It seems to me that there is some hidden variable in the Kolmogorov's axiomatization of probability ...
2
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2answers
245 views

Trace in non-orthogonal basis

In Dirac notation we can define the trace of an operator in Hilbert space $\rho$ as the follows, $Tr(\rho)=\sum\limits_{|s\rangle \in B} \langle s| \rho |s\rangle$ where B is some orthonormal ...
2
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2answers
216 views

Perturbation theorem of Weyl

Does anyone know where to find something about the perturbation theorem of Weyl, preferably on the internet. The theorem I'm talking about states: let $A$ be a self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert ...
2
votes
3answers
324 views

Why does the Method of Successive Approximations for a Differential Equation work?

Time dependent perturbation theory in quantum mechanics is often derived using the Method of Successive Approximations for a Differential Equation. I have not seen an explanation or a more rigorous ...
2
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1answer
221 views

Question on complex number calculation for transmission coefficient of finite potential well

This is actually in my quantum mechanics textbook (pure math question though), and I just cannot see why this equality is true. Any help would be greatly appreciated! Let $F$ and $A$ be nonzero ...
2
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2answers
115 views

Is there a reason for the similarity between $\exp(-x^2-x^4-x^6)$ and $\cos(0.5\pi x)$

I was wondering whether the similarity between the functions $\exp(-x^2-x^4-x^6)$ and $\cos(0.5\pi x)$ was due to some more fundamental limiting relation between the two functions (or similar ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Eigenvalue equation and separable solutions

Recently, studying Quantum Mechanics I found a doubt regarding separable solutions and eigenvalue equations for differential operators. Suppose we are considering some space $\mathcal{H}$ of functions ...
2
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1answer
38 views

How to calculate this Delta Dirac Integral?

I'm trying to understand the result of this integral. $$\int_{-\infty}^a\delta(x-b)\,\mathrm dx$$ The book gives me the following answer. If $a>b$, $1$; If $a<b$, $0$; I'm not sure but ...
2
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2answers
66 views

A question on use of square integrable functions

I'm approaching this from a physicist's perspective, so apologies for any inaccuracies (and lack of rigour). As far as I understand it, a square-integrable function $f(x)$ satisfies the condition ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Zero Tensor Product

Suppose we have a space $|\psi_1\rangle \otimes |\psi_2\rangle \otimes |\psi_3\rangle$, and operators (matrices) A ⊗ B ⊗ C acting on this Hilbert space (like in quantum mechanics). I'm trying to ...
2
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2answers
52 views

Can someone explain the notion of “unbounded” operator as simple as possible?

I've read about these operators in quantum mechanics, but I have never seen them in action. I think that is because I absolutely do not intuitively understand this concept. I've read some stuff online ...
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2answers
100 views

Question about Dirac notation

So from what I understand $\langle w | v \rangle=\vec w^* \cdot \vec v$. Ok. I'm fine with that notation. But then I've seen $\langle x | y \rangle=\delta(x-y)$ and $\langle x | p ...
2
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1answer
136 views

How can we show that a map is a completely positive map?

I am doing a homework problem where I have to find whether the map $$ \rho ~\rightarrow~ {\rm tr}(\rho) I - \rho $$ is completely positive. If the map is not completely positive, a counter-example ...
2
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1answer
80 views

Quantum Mechanics- Quantum Zero Paradox

Im struggling with this question after doing other question on my example sheet. I'm struggling with showing both results in the question and help will be very much appreciated. Thanks
2
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1answer
83 views

Delta function proof in QM

I'm actually working with some QM problems at the moment but I've hit a wall with a delta potential involved. The problem asks me to verify that $$ \frac{d \phi_{x=0^{+}}}{dx} -\frac{d ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Simon's algorithm for n = 3

The Simon's problem is as follows: Suppose we are given a function $f : \{0, 1\}^n \to \{0, 1\}^m$, with $m \ge n$, and we are promised that either $f$ is 1-to-1, or there exists a non-trivial s such ...
2
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2answers
60 views

Expectation value of pure state in quantum mechanics

It's well known that in quantum mechanics, the expectation value of a self-adojint operator $A$ in pure state $|\psi\rangle$ is $\langle\psi |A|\psi\rangle = \operatorname{Tr}(A |\psi \rangle ...
2
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1answer
292 views

Tensor and Kronecker product

I have a follow exercise. Let $\left|\Psi\right\rangle = \tfrac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\left(\left|0\right\rangle + \left|1\right\rangle\right)$. Write out $\left|\Psi\right\rangle^{\otimes 2}$ xplicitly, both ...
2
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1answer
115 views

Is multiplying by a measurable function $V$ always self-adjoint?

There are a handful of results establishing conditions on the measurable real-valued function $V(x)$ under which the operator: $$-\Delta + V(x)$$ Is (essentially) self-adjoint on ...
2
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2answers
364 views

Solving the time-independent Schrodinger equation for particle in a potential well

I'm solving a quantum mechanics problem for the particle in a potential well, and the equation I have to solve is $$\frac{d^2\psi}{dx^2}+k\psi=0$$where $$k=\frac{2mE}{\hbar^2}$$ This seems easy enough ...
2
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2answers
216 views

Instance of Ehrenfest's Theorem

Please Help me to fill in the gaps Show $$ \frac{\text d \langle {p} \rangle}{ \text{d} t} =\left\langle - \frac{ \partial V }{\partial x} \right\rangle .$$ $$\frac{\text d \langle {p} ...
2
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1answer
129 views

How are Tr(AB) results restricted?

In quantum mechanics one postulates that for each state $i$ there is a matrix $A_i$ and for each measureable dynamical variable $j$ (velocity etc.) there is a matrix $B_j$. Both are Hermitian matrices ...
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2answers
38 views

Different definitions for the complex inner product.

I have asked this question on P.S.E. and have gotten some nice answers, but I felt I might get even more satisfactory answers if I post it here. "I have just now noticed that Griffiths (in his book ...
2
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2answers
52 views

Is there a way to factor out the middle tensor product?

Given a state $(|1\rangle \otimes |0\rangle \otimes |1\rangle) + (|0\rangle \otimes |0\rangle \otimes |1\rangle)$, is it possible to factorise out the $|0\rangle$ in the middle of both of them? ...
2
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2answers
43 views

Can I allow a value of n to be defined if that value of n gives a 1/0 , BUT that 1/0 has another 1/0 that cancels it out?

I'm working through an integral for Quantum Mechanics 2, Harmonic oscillator with time-dependent perturbation, and I have encountered this situation when evaluating the integral. The part in ...
2
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1answer
38 views

Calulate the eigenvalues and the eigenstates

An observable is given by $$\sum\limits_{n= 1}^N a_n|a_n\rangle\langle a_n | $$ Here $\langle a_n |a_m\rangle = \delta_{nm}$. What are the possible measurement results corresponding to the operator ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Distinct ways three integers can sum to a constant

So I am doing some quantum mechanics and it has led to some combinatorics. I need to know how many distinct ways I can have $N_1+N_2+N_3=N$ where $N$ is fixed so we can change $N_1$, $N_2$ and $N_3$. ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Evaluation of Operator-Valued Function

Hello all; above is my question! :) I've gone through all the way up to the final "and hence deduce that". Up to this point, the question has been fairly straightforward, but I have no idea how to ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Unitary transformation between complete and orthonormal bases

I'm using the Dirac notation for vectors here, since this is a quantum mechanics question. Suppose the complete orthonormal bases $\{|\psi_n\rangle\}$ and $\{|\psi{'}_n\rangle\}$ are related by the ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Quantum Hamiltonian commuting with the Pauli-Runge vector.

I have to prove that $[A_j, H] = 0$, with; $$\vec{A} = \frac{1}{2Ze^{2}m}(\vec{L} \times \vec{P} - \vec{p} \times \vec{L}) + \frac{\vec{r}}{r}$$ $$H = \frac{p^2}{2m} - \frac{Ze^2}{r}$$ And, $Z, e, ...
2
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1answer
191 views

Left-ratio and right-ratio in (not necessarily commutative) field

I am reading Birkhoff–Neumann (1936) about (not necessarily commutative) field $F$. The authors use terms right-ratio and left-ratio in section 13. Right-ratio is denoted as $[x_1, x_2, ... ...
2
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1answer
88 views

boundary conditions for Schr$\ddot{\textrm{o}}$dinger equation in 2D polars?

What are the boundary conditions at $r=0$ for Schr$\ddot{\textrm{o}}$dinger's equation for a quantum particle in 2D polars $(r,\theta)$, with potential $U=0$ for $r<a$ and $U=\infty$ for $r>a$? ...
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0answers
26 views

How does Ornstein-Uhlenbeck arise in quantum mechanics?

The Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator, defined here is a self-adjoint operator on $L^2(\mathbb R^d)$ (with respect to Gaussian measure). I've heard it comes up in QM, and I'm wondering how? Does it ...
2
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1answer
26 views

Functional integration and Feynman path integrals in wolfram alpha

Is it possible to do Feynman path integrals in wolfram alpha? Say for a free quantum mechanical particle. The reason I am interested in this is because I would like to see how it arrives at the ...
2
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0answers
32 views

Lorentz transformation proof

For an occurence, we can choose coordinates ct and x (calculating both time and space in length) ct and x thereby take on the form of a two dimensional vector. Show that the same coordinates in S' ...
2
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1answer
39 views

The distribution solution to $L^{+} u=0$ is u=0, where $L^{+}=-\frac{d}{dx}+x$?

Consider the creation operator $L^{+}=-\frac{d}{dx}+x$. If $u\in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ and is a distribution solution to the equation $L^{+}u=0$, then for any $\phi\in C_0^{\infty}(\mathbb{R})$ we have ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Reference request for complex scalar field, propagators worked out with path integral approach? [closed]

In quantum field theory, the Lagrangian for the complex scalar field is$$\mathcal{L} = \partial_\mu \phi^* \partial^\mu \phi - m^2 \phi^*\phi.$$Can anyone supply me a reference to where the ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Spectral theorem for momentum operator

I'm trying to apply the spectral theorem to the explicit example of the momentum operator: \begin{equation} p:= i\frac{d}{dx} \end{equation} on the domain $D=\{\psi\in H^1(0,2\pi)\ |\ ...
2
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0answers
12 views

Covariance of nonlinear sde

My problem is to compute the covariance of the following Ito process $$ dX_t=AX_t+\sum_{k=1}^{n}B_kX_tdW_k, $$ where $A,B_k$ are nonlinear operators defined on a complex separable Hilbert space $H$. ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Commutation of a partial trace with an operator

Let the partial trace $\mathrm{tr}_B$ be a mapping from an endomorphism End$\left( H_A\otimes H_B \right)$ onto an endomorphism End$\left( H_A \right)$. Then the partial trace is defined as $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Make mathematical sense of the Dirac well Potential Equation

A classical problem in quantum mechanics involving the Dirac Delta function is given by $$ y''+(\delta(x)-\lambda^2)y=0 $$ Then, to find ''bound states'', you solve on the right and find the ...
2
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0answers
35 views

On block density matrices and CPTP maps

Consider a $n\times n$ density matrix $\rho$ and decompose it as $$ \rho=\left[\begin{array}{c|c} \rho_A & \rho_B \\ \hline \rho_B^\dagger & \rho_C\end{array}\right], $$ with $\rho_A$, ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Why must power series count up by integers 0,1,2.. in 3D harmonic oscillator in spherical coordinates?

http://www.physicspages.com/2013/01/17/harmonic-oscillator-in-3-d-spherical-coordinates/ http://quantummechanics.ucsd.edu/ph130a/130_notes/node244.html These are two links that have roughly the same ...
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0answers
29 views

I would like to find a generalization of the plane wave expansion to Hankel functions.

The plane wave expansion is \begin{equation} e^{i\vec{k}\cdot \vec{x}}=\sum_{\ell=0}^{\infty}i^\ell(2\ell+1)j_{\ell}(kx)P_{\ell}(\cos(\theta)) \end{equation} where $j_\ell$ is the spherical Bessel ...
2
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0answers
46 views

A mixed state integrated over Haar measure in QFT

I think that we can write a state in Quantum Mechanics like: $$ \int dx\lambda _x \vert x\rangle\langle x\vert $$ and when we talk about QFT, we would replace integral with functional integrals: $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Find the constant in the following matrix

An atom is prepared in the angular momentum state $$C\left(\begin{array}{c}1 \\ 2\end{array}\right)$$Here $C$ is a constant. This has benn written in the $S_z$ basis. a)Find C b)Work out ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Application of Fubini Theorem in Quantum Mechanics

I'm afraid I'm very confused by how to correctly apply the Fubini theorem to simplify integrals? I have some integral $$ \sum_{k = 0}^{2}\int_{0}^{T} dt_2 \int_{0}^{t_1} dt_1 \bigg[ ...
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0answers
66 views

Proof of Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Exercise

I'm not very knowledgeable in QM, and I know many physics books derive the uncertainty principle using commutators, but as an exercise in my PDE book (by Asmar), I should be able to derive it from one ...
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0answers
151 views

$C^*$-algebras, von Neumann algebras, unbounded operators and quantum mechanics in connection

I am studying the theory of $C^*$-algebras, von Neumann algebras and unbounded operators in courses on Functional Analysis and Opertor Algebras. Now I want to apply this knowledge to (algebraic) ...
2
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1answer
46 views

How does one diagonalise an operator that has exponential elements?

I asked this question before on the Physics StackExchange, but as one commenter noted I might have more luck here. So the question is: What is the diagonal form of the (density) operator $\hat\rho$, ...