For questions on quantum mechanics, a branch of physics dealing with physical phenomena at microscopic scales, where the action is on the order of the Planck constant.

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Positivity and Complete positivity of Simon Map

Simon map in a specific basis is defined as $$ \left[ {\begin{array}{ccc} A & B & C \\ D & E & F \\ G & H & I \\ \end{array} } \right] \rightarrow \left[ ...
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21 views

Does a better formula exist for converting quantum state into binary?

First, would like to say that I am not a mathematician so by no stretch of the imagination could I dream of resolving this problem. I have been working with a concept for copying real matter into ...
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1answer
50 views

Domain of the quantum free Hamiltonian in 1D

Consider the quantum free Hamiltonian $H_0 =-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}$ (the Laplacian on the real line). I want to show that it is (essentially) self-adjoint in its domain of definition. The usual approach ...
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1answer
49 views

Commutator proof

I have a proof in my book I dont fully understand. The author is proving that if $[A,B]=1$ then $[A,B^n]=nB^{n-1}$. The proof is really short, it is only one line of equations, but I dont understand ...
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1answer
51 views

How can we show that a map is a completely positive map?

I am doing a homework problem where I have to find whether the map $$ \rho ~\rightarrow~ {\rm tr}(\rho) I - \rho $$ is completely positive. If the map is not completely positive, a counter-example ...
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65 views

Squaring an operator

There is an excercise of squaring an operator in my book of quantun mechanics. The operator is $$\hat{A}=\frac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}x}+x$$ And I should compute $\hat{A}^2$. He gives me a result ...
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1answer
25 views

Interchange exponential of operators in quantum mechanics

What is the formula for interchanging products of exponential operators in quantum mechanics., i.e. I want to write $e^Ae^B = e^{B+...}e^A$
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42 views

Index notation for unitary matrices

I was wondering if someone could confirm this for me. I'm attempting to re appropriate a paper into matrix notation but i keep getting confused. I first have a unitary matrix that makes a ...
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84 views

Time-independent magnetic Schrodinger equation

Let $B$ be a magnetic field, let $\mathbf{a}$ be a vector and let $\Psi$ be the wave function. If $\mathcal{H}(B) = (-i\nabla + B\mathbf{a})^2$, where $\nabla$ is the gradient, then the ...
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37 views

Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic? Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...
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23 views

Reversing Summation and Product of Sequences [closed]

I am working on a proof for some homework, so I will leave all details out. I can prove it if this step is mathematically sound: ...
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5answers
198 views

how to prove $e^{A \oplus B} = $$e^A$ $\otimes$ $e^B$ where A and B are matrices? (Kronecker operations)

how to prove $e^{A+B} = $$e^A$$e^B$ where A and B are matrices? The operations '+' and '*' are defined such that AI + IB = A+B, where I is the identity matrix. I suppose these are called Matrix ...
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1answer
30 views

Hermitian transformation

I am studying Quantum Mechanics, and the book by Griffths introduces some concepts that I have never come across in my Math courses. I will try to summarize my questions, and hopefully someone will be ...
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25 views

Quantum: Toffoli gates

How do I prove that a toffoli gate is a controlled CNOT gate. i.e, $G_{Toffoli} = |0\rangle\langle 0| \otimes I + |1\rangle\langle 1|\otimes G_{CNOT}$. I am not sure how to approach this, thoughts? ...
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16 views

relationship between the CNOT gate and the I and X single-qubit gates

I need to prove this relationship: $G_{CNOT} = |0\rangle\langle 0| \otimes I + |1\rangle\langle 1|\otimes X$. So I think I need to show that both sides are a linear map on $H \otimes H \otimes H$ So ...
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309 views

Topological Quantum Field theories

I was wondering about the following on TQFTs. It is said that TQFTs have vanishing Hamiltonians $\hat{\mathcal{H}}$. Firstly, I would like to ask: Why is this so? Secondly, consider the ...
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32 views

Quantization and evaluating a complex function on multiple Riemann sheets

In Lecture 3 of his mathematical physics course, Carl Bender mentions that the evaluation of a complex function on multiple Riemann sheets can be used to describe the quantization of the laws of ...
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58 views

Axiom of choice in proof of Wigner's theorem?

In Appendix A of chapter 2 of "The Quantum Theory of Fields," vol. 1, Weinberg presents a proof of Wigner's theorem: given a symmetry transformation $T$ of rays, one can extend this to a symmetry ...
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24 views

Is the spectrum of a product of two operators, $AB$, invariant under $UAU^{\dagger}$ for unitary $U$?

This question is about linear operators on a Hilbert space. If necessary, the Hilbert space can be assumed to be finite dimensional. I have two Hermitian operators, $A$ and $B$. Do we have $$ ...
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80 views

Spectral theorem in Quantum Mechanics

In Quantum Mechanics one often looks at self-adjoint(unbounded and closed) linear operators $A,B$ that are defined dense on $L^2$. My question is: Is it true that if we have $[A,B]=0$, where $[,]$ is ...
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2answers
67 views

Problem with a wavefunction in Quantum Mechanics (math) (Book solution possibly wrong?)

Well there is a problem in my book which lists this problem: Calculate the probability that a particle will be found at $0.49L$ and $0.51L$ in a box of length $L$ when it has (a) $n = 1$. Take the ...
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120 views

Tensor product of affine space and algebra

When reading about Quantum Mechanics, I always feel a bit disappointed when physicists consider that (for example) the 3-dimensional position of a particle must be decomposed into 3 coordinates $x, y, ...
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1answer
43 views

Complex Projective Line

How can I go about showing that a collection of all states is the complex projective line $CP^1$? All I understand at the moment is that an element in $CP^1$ is of the form ...
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0answers
57 views

Does $Z_A$ exist such that $\exp(X+A) = \exp(X) Z_A$?

I am considering an exponential on the following form: $$\exp(X + A \otimes I_B),$$ where $X$ is a Hermitian operator on a tensor Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}_A \otimes \mathcal{H}_B$, $A$ is a ...
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55 views

Proving commutation relation in Algebraic Bethe Ansatz

I have a problem with proving a certain commutation relation. For my Bachelor's thesis I give a more mathematically rigurous 'treatment' of a select set of chapters of a paper by L.D. Faddeev. Noting ...
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1answer
54 views

Hermite Differential Equation - Non-integer values of $\lambda$

The Hermite differential equation, given by : $$ \frac{d^2y}{dx^2} - 2x \frac{dy}{dx} + \lambda y = 0 $$ has solutions of the $$ y(x) = \mathcal{H_n(x)} $$ when $ \lambda \: \epsilon \:\mathcal{Z_+} ...
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2answers
28 views

Hermitian - Using the Spectral Theorem

Ok so I am trying to show that if A is normal and has real eigenvalues, then A is hermitian. It was suggested that I try using the spectral theorem. So if we assume A is normal and has real ...
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2answers
79 views

Selfadjointness of Coulomb Hamiltonian in d>=3 dimensions

I know that the Coulomb-Hamiltonian $H=-\Delta - |\cdot|^{-1}$ is self-adjoint with $dom(H)=H^2(\mathbb R^3)$. This follows by the Kato-Rellich-Theorem. Has the corresponding quadratic form a form ...
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33 views

Algebraic formulation of quantum mechanics and unbounded operators

Posted in the physic site: In AQFT one specifies the structure of the observables as a $C^*$-algebra. This seems to excludes algebras that don't have a norm, such as the Heisenberg algebra. ...
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29 views

Homeomorphism between the space of all Ashtekar connections and spacetime?

This is a question I've asked in physics.stackexchange: Excerpt from an essay of mine: Let $\Psi(\varsigma)$ be the wavefunction in the loop representation, where $\varsigma:[0,1]\to\mathcal{M}$, ...
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65 views

Continuity in a physical context

I'm currently trying to solve an exercise for my quantum mechanics class and have run into a bit of a jam: Suppose we have the following potential : $V(x) = 0$ if $x > |a/2|$ but $V(x) = V_0$ if ...
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44 views

Can a unitary matrix be constructed from any doubly stochastic matrix?

Here is a question that came up while I was thinking about the foundations of quantum mechanics: Consider a unitary $n\times n$ complex matrix $U$, with elements $u_{ij}$. We know that the rows and ...
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97 views

How to solve analytically or simplify this coupled system of ODEs?

I have a coupled system of ODEs: $$\cases{ i\frac{\text{d}y_1}{\text{d}t}=A f(t)y_2(t)+E_1 y_1(t)\\ i\frac{\text{d}y_2}{\text{d}t}=A f(t)y_1(t)+E_2 y_2(t) }\tag1$$ Here $f(t)$ is a periodic function ...
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1answer
47 views

Angular Momentum Operators: A quick question [closed]

Given $L_+|l,m\rangle \propto |l,m+1\rangle$ and $L_-|l,m\rangle \propto |l,m-1\rangle$ Why isn't it the case that $\langle l,m|L_+L_-|l,m\rangle = 1$? Perhaps naively, but I assumed $\langle ...
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47 views

Question arising from quantum mechanics concerning groups and symmetries

I'm trying to understand a calculation my professor did in my quantum mechanics script. Here it is: Each rotation $R \in O(3)$ induces a unitary transformation in $L^2(R^3)$, i.e. the space of square ...
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1answer
83 views

Reference request for differential geometry/quantum chaos text

I'm looking for a differential-geometry based exposition of chaos theory and quantum chaos. Ideally, it would start with the Hamiltonian formalism (on symplectic manifolds) and discuss as many of the ...
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1answer
117 views

Finite element method for the 'Particle-In-a-Box' problem in quantum mechanics

(Apologies in advance for the lengthy question, but it really is needed for a precise description of what I've done!) In suitable units, the 'Particle-in-a-box' problem is described by the following ...
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1answer
51 views

eigenfunctions of hamiltonian in 'natural units'

Let $H=0.5(p^2+q^2)$ be the hamiltonian in natural units. Let $f_{n}$ be the eigenfunctions of H. Show that $<f_{n},f_{m}>=1$ if n=m, and equal to 0 otherwise. Do this by using the ...
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2answers
455 views

Why do odd dimensions and even dimensions behave differently?

It is well known that odd and even dimensions work differently. Waves propagation in odd dimensions is unlike propagation in even dimensions. A parity operator is a rotation in even dimensions, ...
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1answer
279 views

Integrals involving Hermite Polynomials

Could you please tell me, How to evaluate this integral which involve hermite polynomials, $\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-ax^2}x^{2q}H_m(x)H_n(x)\,dx=?$ where $H_n$ is the $n$-th Hermite polynomial ...
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1answer
46 views

the split of two quantum dice

We need to find the probabilities of the sum and the difference of two quantum dice. What is the probability of their sum to be 2? it can be accomplished only when both dice are 1. the probability of ...
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90 views

Takhtajan's “Quantum Mechanics for Mathematicians”

I want to know the math that is required to read Takhtajan's "Quantum Mechanics for Mathematicians". From the book preview on Google, I gather that algebra, topology, (differential) geometry and ...
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34 views

Expectation value in a Quantum derivation

I'm reading a physics paper (John Bell's 1964 paper on the EPR paradox if anyone is physics-curious) and I'm having an issue following his derivation. It's the probability distribution stuff -not ...
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1answer
51 views

Quantum Mechanics- Quantum Zero Paradox

Im struggling with this question after doing other question on my example sheet. I'm struggling with showing both results in the question and help will be very much appreciated. Thanks
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1answer
30 views

Continous and Discrete basis, Multiplication of Density Matrix and Hamiltonian.

Suppose I have a wave function $\psi(x)$ in position basis. I can make a density function by simply multiplying $\psi(x)$ and its conjugate $\psi^*(x)$. If I operate the density matrix ...
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77 views

Physical dimension of a complex wave function.

If the probability density function $\rho$ is: $$\rho=\psi^{*}\psi=|\psi|^2$$ where $\psi$ is a complex wave function that is a solution to the Schrodinger equation, what are the physical dimensions ...
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4answers
58 views

Is raising a value to the second power the same as multiplying it it's complex conjugate?

I was watching a video on YouTube on Quantum Mechanics Concepts and saw that if you wanted to convert a probability amplitude to a probability, you square it. In the video he said that this was ...
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40 views

Quantum measurement - How does this commutator correspond to the following?

From the book Quantum Measurement by Vladimir B. Braginsky and Farid Ya.Khalili How do they go from 5.18 to 5.19?
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Solving $y'' + (ax+b)y = 0$

This is a problem in quantum mechanics when one considers a linear potential; in physics-speak the equation would be written as $$\frac{d^2\psi}{dx^2} + \frac{2m}{\hbar^2}(E-ax)\psi = 0,$$ with ...
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31 views

Oscillator solutions with regard to TDSE Eigenvalues

Taking a shot at a QM harmonic oscillator problem tonight. Consider a 1-D harmonic potential: $$ V(x) = \frac {m\omega^{2}x^{2}} {2} $$ solve for the gen. solution to the TDSE, $ \psi(x,t)$ utilizing ...