In mathematics and theoretical physics, the term quantum group denotes various kinds of noncommutative algebra with additional structure. (Def: http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_group)

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What is the natural action of $U(\mathfrak{g})$ on $\mathbb{C}[G]$?

Let $G$ be a Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. What is the natural action of $U(\mathfrak{g})$ on $\mathbb{C}[G]$? It seems that the natural action comes from the following. We have a ...
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Composition of Dual Maps in (rigid) Monoidal Categories

If $X, Y$ are objects in monoidal category $\mathcal{C}$ which have left duals $X^∗, Y^∗$ and $f : X → Y $ is a morphism in $\mathcal{C}$, then the left dual map $f^∗ : Y^∗ → X^∗$ of $f$ is given by: ...
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Braided Hopf algebra - inverse of a given map

Let $(H,\nabla, \Delta, S,\eta,\varepsilon)$ be a Hopf algebra in a braided monoidal category $(\mathcal{C},\Psi)$. We also assume that $S$ is invertible. Let us define a map ...
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Is the category of H-bicomodules within the monoidal category of H-bimodules equivalent to the category of left H-comodules

Fix $\mathbb{k}$ a field. Let $H$ be a $\mathbb{k}$-quasi-bialgebra. Is there an equivalence $ {}_H^H \mathcal{M}_H^H \cong {}^H \mathcal{M}$ where ${}_H^H \mathcal{M}_H^H$ is the category of ...
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Braided Hopf algebra - properties of braiding

Let $(H,\nabla,\Delta,S)$ be a Hopf algebra in a braided category. I'm trying to simplify the following $(\nabla\otimes \mathrm{id}\otimes \mathrm{id})(\nabla \otimes \Psi \otimes ...
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25 views

Defining the dual-comodule of a comodule?

As is well known, every left module has a dual, which is a right module. How does this work for comodules? More explicitly, does there exist a notion of the ...
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Braided Hopf algebra - properties

If $(H,\Delta,\nabla)$ is a Hopf algebra in the prebraided monoidal category $(\mathcal{C},\Psi)$ then $\Psi_{H,H}=\left(\nabla\otimes \nabla\right)\left(S\otimes\Delta \nabla\otimes ...
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From Hopf Algebras to quantum groups

I start with self study about quantum groups. Until now I covered Hopf $*$-algebras and there representations (for example by the book of Klymik and Schmüdgen). Now I want to understand the step from ...
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A question on coalgebras(2)

Assume that $C$ is a coalgebra with comultiplication $\Delta:C \to C\otimes C$. The higher order comultiplication can be defined inductively as follows(with some abuse of notations we denote them by ...
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A question on coalgebras(1)

Is there a complex coalgebra $C$ with dimension at least 2 for which the scalar operators $T(x)=\lambda x$ are the only operators which satisfy $$(T\otimes T)\circ \Delta= \Delta \circ T^{2}$$ ...
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How do you evaluate elements of the Drinfeld double $D(H)$ against elements of $H^\ast$ or $H$?

Proposition 8.2 of Majid's primer on quantum groups says that if $H$ is a finite dimensional Hopf algebra with quantum double $D(H)$, then this is a factorizable Hopf algebra with quasi-triangular ...
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Why is the coproduct $\Delta$ of the quantum double $D(H)$ an algebra homomorphism?

If $H$ is a a finite dimensional Hopf algebra, $H^\ast\otimes H$ has a Hopf algebra structure with multiplication $$ (\phi\otimes h)(\psi\otimes g)=\sum \psi_2\phi\otimes h_2g\langle ...
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Why does $\operatorname{Ad}_h((S\otimes 1)(Q))=\epsilon(h)(S\otimes 1)(Q)$ in a quasi-triangular Hopf algebra?

I'm reading a proof that in a quasi-triangular Hopf algebra $H$, $(S\otimes 1)Q$ is $\operatorname{Ad}$-invariant. Here $Q=\tau(R)R$, where $R$ is the invertible element in $H\otimes H$ satisfying all ...
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If $\Delta$ is cocommutative in $k(G)$, why does that imply $G$ is abelian?

Suppose $G$ is a finite group and $k(G)$ is it's group function Hopf algebra. I read that for $k(G)$ is quasi-triangulated requires that $G$ be abelian. If $R$ is the distinguished element of ...
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Counit of the universal comeasuring of an algebra?

Suppose $A$ is an algebra, and $(M(A),\beta_U)$ is the initial comeasuring of $A$. It's known that $M(A)$ is a bialgebra, say with coproduct $\Delta$. If $k$ is the base field, then ...
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Hecke algebra - independence of choice decomposition

Let $q\in \mathbb{C}$ and $\mathcal{A}_{q}$ be a Hecke algebra of degree $n$, i.e. a unital algebra generated by elements $\sigma_1,...,\sigma_{n-1}$ satisfying the following relations ...
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Coadjoint action $\operatorname{Ad}^*_\phi(h)$ respects coproduct $\Delta$?

In Majid's quantum group primer at the beginning of Chapter 3, page 18, he's proving that if $H'$ and $H$ are dually paired bialgebras or Hopf algebras, the coadjoint action $$ ...
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Is this system of inequalities (and equality) tractable?

I have some real parameters here. The $\mu_i$ - for $i=1,2,3,4,5$ - are 'convex coefficents' in that $\mu_i\geq 0$ and $\sum_{i}\mu_i=1$. The $x$ and $z$ are such that $x^2+z^2\leq 1$. The ...
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Algebra structure on dual to coalgebra

I'm trying to prove the following theorem using braided diagrams: Let $(C,\Delta,\varepsilon)$ be a finite-dimensional coalgebra. There is an algebra structure on $C^*$ given by multiplication ...
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arithmetic with quantum integers

Consider the ring $\mathbb{Z}[q^{\pm 1}]$. For $n \in \mathbb{N}$, define the quantum integers: $$[n]_q := \frac{q^n-q^{-n}}{q-q^{-1}} = q^{n-1} + q^{n-3} + \cdots + q^{-(n-3)} + q^{-(n-1)}$$ What ...
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The 1-Norm on a Quantum Group as a Supremum

To this MO question, Yemon Choi comments that If $\tau$ is a faithful normal trace on a von Neumann algebra $M$, then IIRC $\tau(|x|)$ is equal to the supremum of $|\tau(xy)|$ as $y$ runs over all ...
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References about an action $U_q(n) \times \mathbb{C}_q[N] \to \mathbb{C}_q[N]$.

Let $N$ be the unipotent subgroup of a Lie group $G$ consisting of all upper triangular matrices and $n$ the Lie algebra of $N$. I found in some paper that there is an action $U_q(n) \times ...
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Intrinsic action on dual basis of a quantum group module

TL;DR. Is there a way to describe the action of a quantum group (that is, the action of the $E$'s and $F$'s) on the linear dual of a module (with action given by the antipode) explicitly in terms of a ...
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A “nice” orthogonal basis for translation invariant symmetric polynomials

It is going to be a rather long question, so I will first state it and then try to explain and motivate it. Take $\Lambda_n $ as the graded ring of symmetric polynomials of a field $F$ in $n$ ...
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A computation for Manin triple.

I am reading the book. I have some questions about the computations in (4.1) on page 40. The computation are in the following. I don't know why $$ ([[e_r^*, e_k], e_s^*]+[e_r^*, ...
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A reference for the Tannaka-Krein theorem

I am looking for a reference for the Tannaka-Krein theorem on compact groups. By the Tannaka-Krein theorem which is also called (classic) Tannaka duality (because of the quantum theory), I mean the ...
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Is it possible to obtain a Hermitian, positive semidefinite matrix as some sum of non-commuting matrices?

I am working with generalized Pauli matrices given by $X \vert j \rangle = \vert (j+1)mod~p \rangle$, where $p$ is a prime number. $Z = \vert j \rangle = \omega \vert j \rangle$, where $\omega = ...
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Reference request for q-numbers?

Let $q$ be an element of a field $k$ (possibly $\mathbb{C}$), different from $-1$ and $1$. We have $$[n]=\frac{q^n-q^{-n}}{q-q^{-1}}=q^{n-1}+q^{n-2}+\dots+q^{-n+1}$$ Where $n$ is a natural number. ...
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How to understand the algebra $U_A(Lg)$?

Let $g$ be a complex simple Lie algebra and $Lg = g \otimes \mathbb{C}[t, t^{-1}]$. Let $q$ be a non-zero complex number and $U_q(Lg)$ the quantum loop algebra corresponding to $g$. Let $A = ...
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Motivation behind Quasitriangular Hopf algebra

I would like to know why it is interesting to define the quasi-triangular structure on a Hop algebra. I understand that the pseudo-co-commutative (the existence of an intertwining operator between the ...
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A triangular Hopf algebra and its unitary R-matrix

Why is the R-matrix of a Hopf algebra called unitary when it satisfies the relation $$R^{-1}=R_{12},$$ I would say invertible, why then call it unitary? Is that a nomenclature that maybe comes from ...
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Defining the quantum group $U_q(\mathfrak{sl}_2)$

I've seen two defining relation for $U_q(\mathfrak{sl}_2)$ by the Serre relations $$[H,E]=E,\quad[H,F]=-F, \quad [E,F]=\frac{q^H-q^{-H}}{q-q^{-1}}, $$ or by taking $K=q^H$ $$KK^{-1}=K^{-1}K=1,\quad ...
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Binomial-like expansion for non-commuting operators

I would like to evaluate the following and express it in a compact form: $(\hat{a}^\dagger(x)+\hat{a}(x))^n\,\vert0\rangle$, where the $n^{\text{th}}$ power of the sum of the annihilation and creation ...
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Action of universal R-matrix of U_q(sl_2)

My question is really simple but requires a few definitions. No special knowledge of quantum groups should be needed, it is more about tensor algebra. Let $q \in \mathbb{C}$ with $q \neq 0, \pm 1$. ...
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What does the notation $U(\frak{g})[[\hbar]]$ mean?

I'm reading the following motivation for studying quantum group but I'm unfamiliar with the double bracket notation in $$U(\frak{g})[[\hbar]].$$ Is this a special set of polynomials with coefficient ...
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Reference request: product in $\mathbb{C}_q[X] \otimes \mathbb{C}_q[Y]$.

Let $a \otimes b, a'\otimes b' \in \mathbb{C}_q[X] \otimes \mathbb{C}_q[Y]$, where $X, Y$ are two algebraic varieties. Suppose that algebraic group $T$ acts on $X, Y$. Then there are coactions ...
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What is the relation between the construction of Reshetikhin-Turaev and Witten's paper?

I have read that the papers of Reshetikhin and Turaev provide a mathematically rigorous framework for the ideas contained in Witten's paper "Quantum field theory and the Jones polynomial". Can ...
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Relation between Poisson bracket and commutator.

In quantum case, we have commutators. In classical case, we have Poisson bracket. Let $T$ be a Poisson group, $a, b \in \mathbb{C}_q[T].$ It seems that we have $$ [a, b]=(q-1)\{a,b\}+o((q-1)^2). $$ ...
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Quantum flag manifolds

What are quantum flag manifolds? Please introduce me a good reference for to learn them. I no nothing about flag manifolds and I need an introductory text book related to this subject. If someone ...
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Poisson bivector on the product of two manifolds

Let $X, Y$ be two manifolds. Let $(U, x_1, \ldots, x_n)$ and $(V, y_1, \ldots, y_m)$ local coordinates of $X, Y$ respectively. A Poisson bivector on $X$ is defined by \begin{align} \pi_X = \sum_{i,j} ...
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What is $\Delta(1)$ for $1$ in $U(\mathfrak{g})$?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra and $U(\mathfrak{g})$ its universal enveloping algebra. Then $U(\mathfrak{g})$ is a hopf algebra. Is $\Delta(1) = 1 \otimes 1$ or $\Delta(1) = 1 \otimes ...
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An alternative proof for the units of $U_q(\mathfrak{sl}_2)$ using Ore extensions.

I would like to establish what the set of units are in the quantized enveloping algebra $U_q(\mathfrak{sl}_2)$. First, I recall the definition of the quantized enveloping algebra- throughout the ...
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Connections of Finite groups and quantum groups

I'm a master's student waiting to start my phd in quantum groups and their represenation theory in march 2015. I love representation theory $\textit{per se}$, and looking for references on this work I ...
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What is the explicit formula for classical r-matrices?

It is said that classical r-matrices are those satisfy the classical Yang-Baxter equation $[r_{12}, r_{13}] + [r_{12}, r_{23}] + [r_{13}, r_{23}] = 0$, where $r \in \mathfrak{g} \otimes \mathfrak{g}$. ...
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How to show that $\mathcal{O}_q[U]$ is isomorphic to $U_q(\mathfrak{n})$?

Let $U$ be the positive unipotent radical of $SL_n$ and $\mathfrak{n}$ the Lie algebra of $U$. How to show that $\mathcal{O}_q[U]$ is isomorphic to $U_q(\mathfrak{n})$? Here $\mathcal{O}_q[U]$ is the ...
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Questions about root operators.

I am reading the notes. On line 13 in the section Root operators, it is said that The operator $f_1$ maps from the space $V(\mu)$ to $V(\mu-(1,-1,0))$. I don't know why. We have $$ f_i V (\mu) ...
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~ The important use of Frobenius–Schur indicators and Frobenius-Schur exponents ~

I had asked a question on the uses of conjugacy class and centralizer. I had receive various helpful feedback. I appreciate them. Here I like to get some feedback on the Frobenius–Schur indicator. ...
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How do I compute the specific map between two isomorphic finite C* algebras?

Starting with a finite C* algebra $\mathcal{A} \subset M_{n}\left({\mathbb C}\right)$ (complex $n\times n$ matrices), $\mathcal{A}$ is known to be isomorphic to a canonical algebra of the form ...
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A little bit of Intuition for Corepresentations from Representations

Hi folks I am trying to prove what I think should be a straightforward enough result but I am having to make a somewhat unnatural definition to do it. This unnatural definition is hinted at in a paper ...
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Quantum: Toffoli gates

How do I prove that a toffoli gate is a controlled CNOT gate. i.e, $G_{Toffoli} = |0\rangle\langle 0| \otimes I + |1\rangle\langle 1|\otimes G_{CNOT}$. I am not sure how to approach this, thoughts? ...