Questions on quadratic functions and equations, second degree polynomials usually in the forms $y=ax^2+bx+c$, $y=a(x-b)^2+c$ or $y=a(x+b)(x+c)$.

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91 views

Is a finite number of quadratic equations in two variables sufficient to solve for the two variables?

Let's say I’m trying to solve a Diophantine problem in two positive integers, $y$ and $q$. Furthermore, let’s say I can derive an extremely large (read: arbitrary) number of equations of the form $$ay^...
5
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0answers
94 views

Probability that the roots of a quadratic equation are real

Roots of the quadratic equation $x^2+5x+3=0$ are $4\sin^2\alpha+a$ and $4\cos^2\alpha+a$. Another quadratic equation is $x^2+px+q=0$ where $p,q\in\mathbb{N}$ and $p,q\in[1,10]$. Find the probability ...
4
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100 views

Almost-Linear Sequence of Positive Integers Excluding a Near-Quadratic Integer Sequence

I remember that I have seen a similar problem to this one here: The set of natural numbers that don't belong to a set (which is a duplicate of $m$ doesn't come in the sequence $a_n=[n+\sqrt{n}+...
4
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30 views

Complex roots of quartic polynomial

This is a question from an undergraduate course on Galois theory: Find all complex numbers which are roots of $P(T)=T^4+2T^2-\sqrt{6}T+\frac{3}{4}$ Can we use Galois theory to solves this? Or ...
4
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73 views

Quadratic equation too hard

I am trying to solve a quadratic equation very hard. Is there any other way to solve this without quadratic formula? $$ x^2(-BE(F+C)^2(G+C)(A+C))))+x(C(F+C))\left [ EBA(D-H)-(G+C)(A+C)(B(D-H)+D(F+C)) ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Symmetric proof for the probability of real roots of a quadratic with exponentially distributed parameters

What is the probability that the polynomial has real roots? asked for the probability that the quadratic polynomial $ax^2+bx+c$ has real roots if the parameters $a,b,c$ are exponentially distributed ...
4
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88 views

Solving quadratic diophantine equations in two variables

I've looked at the recommended questions, but none of them seem to match my question. Consider the equation $2015 = \frac{(x+y)(x+y-1)}{2} - y + 1$. This can trivially be simplified to $4030 = x^2 + ...
4
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116 views

Fibonacci Quadratic Residue

After some research I have came up with a conjecture on Fibonacci quadratic residue: $F(x)^2 mod F(y)$ = { if y is even: $(F(|x-y|)^2$ } { if y is odd: $-(F(|x-y|)^2$ } for ...
4
votes
0answers
81 views

Quadratic system of ODEs

I have a quadratic ODE system that looks like this: $\dot{x}=Ax+diag(x)Nx$ where $x \in R^n$ and $A,N \in R^{n \times n}$ and $diag(x) \in R^{n \times n}$ is a diagonal matrix in which $x$ is its ...
4
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0answers
120 views

Quadratic equation in $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$?

I would like to ask for some help about the following problem. Given is a polynomial $\,f(x)=ax^{2}+bx+c\,$ in $\,\mathbb{Z}/ n\mathbb{Z},\,$ we know that this quadratic equation $\,f(x)=0\,$ has ...
3
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96 views

Suppose that a function $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c$, where $a,b,c$ are real constants, satisfy the relation..

Suppose that a function $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c$, where $a,b,c$ are real constants, satisfy the relation $$-1\leq f(x)\leq 1 $$ for all $-1\leq x\leq 1$, then the maximum value of $f'(x)$ is I think the ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ be the roots of a quadratic equation $4x^2-(5p+1)x+5=0$.If $\beta=1+\alpha,$then find the integral value of $p.$

Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ be the roots of a quadratic equation $4x^2-(5p+1)x+5=0$.If $\beta=1+\alpha,$then find the integral value of $p.$ Sum of roots$=\alpha+\beta=\frac{5p+1}{4}$ Given $\beta=1+\...
3
votes
0answers
93 views

How can I find values for which a given expression gives a perfect square?

There have been several posts on this topic on math.se, such as this one with the same title. However all the posts I found contained coefficients to $x^2$, that were perfect squares. I am looking for ...
3
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0answers
131 views

What methods are known to visualize patterns in the set of real roots of quadratic equations?

I came across a previous awesome question about the visualization of the distribution of polynomial roots and tried to do a simpler version applied to the set of real roots of quadratic equations $ax^...
3
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85 views

Question about linearization

Given a data matrix $D\in\mathbb{R}^{N \times N}$ Can one construct another matrix $M$ that for all permutation matrices $Q^A$,$Q^B$, if $[\sum_i\sum_j (Q^A_{ij}D_{ij})]^2 \geq [\sum_i\sum_j (Q^B_{...
2
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0answers
39 views

What is relation between a particular root of two polynomials?

We have $$x^3+(m+n+p-1)x^2-((m+n)(1-p)+2p-1-mn)x-(p-1)(m-1)(n-1)=0$$ in which $m,n\ge2, p\ge1$ are natural numbers. All the three roots of this cubic are positive. Let $\lambda$ be the least of them. ...
2
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0answers
38 views

How to use piecewise quadratic interpolation?

I'm attempting to get the hang of quadratic interpolation, in MatLab specifically, and I'm having trouble approaching the process of actually creating the spline equations. For example, I have 9 ...
2
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0answers
57 views

Help solving the quadratic equation $ax^2-4bx+4bc-\frac{d^2}{a}=0$

I have been struggling to solve this quadratic equation in the variable $x$ with integral coefficients: $$ax^2-4bx+4bc-\frac{d^2}{a}=0$$ $a\neq 0$ of course.How do I ensure that $x$ is an integer? ...
2
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83 views

Parabola Terminology

In Danish we call the two halves of a parabola that goes out to each side from the vertex branches like branches on a tree. Is there a name for them in English? Are they just called halves or maybe ...
2
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0answers
58 views

How do you the roots of functions that are not quadratics?

I was asked to consider the equation $(x-3)(x+3)^2=c$ I have been asked to find the values of C in which the equation has: three distinct roots only one real root a double root and a single root ...
2
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83 views

Why the quadrature formula is exact one not an approximation?

I am reading this material on the algorithm of calculating the centroid of a polyhedron. I am confused by the last step of the deduction: The three coordinates of the centroid can be obtained: ...
2
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0answers
38 views

Taylor expansion need help understanding.

I am at the moment reading a paper (SURF) and trying to understand what is happening here and how the things works as it does.... a non maximum supression is performed on the scale space ...
2
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0answers
165 views

Lagrange multiplier expression

I would like to solve the following optimization problem using the gradient ascend method: \begin{array}{ll} \text{maximize}_{\theta} & \theta^TQ_1\theta + b_1\\ \text{subject to} & \theta^...
2
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0answers
43 views

Extraction of quadratic terms with state-space representation

I am having trouble with transforming the dynamics of a 4DOF gyroscope to a neat state-space representation. The system has the following set of equations: $T_i + f_i(\omega, \alpha) = 0;\;i:1-4$ . ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Does $2^2=4$ imply $2=\pm \sqrt{4}$?

I read the square root property from the book, College Algebra by Raymond A Barnett and Micheal R Ziegler that, The square root property says, If $A^2=C$ then $A=\pm \sqrt{C}$ I took the ...
2
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0answers
50 views

$A(x+p)²-B(x-p)²=y$, historical/math reference

I'm trying to build a reminder of all that I found about the quadratic function over the years. Here I came across this form of quadratic equation that I did not know: A(x+p)²-B(x-p)²=y I have no ...
2
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0answers
40 views

can someone break this quad formula down for me?

Can someone explain how this person yield the stuff on the right side using quad formula?
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0answers
15 views

Derivative of quadratic form involving singularity

This might be a silly question, but i have been really curious about the following: Consider the following function seen thru a single variable, say $\alpha$: \begin{equation} f(\alpha) = \mathbf{x}^...
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39 views

Trigonometric roots of a cubic

Let the product of the sines of the angles of the triangle is $\frac{2}{3}$ and the product of their cosines is $\frac{1}{9}.$ If $\tan A$ , $\tan B$ and $\tan C$ are the roots of the cubic, find the ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Not sure what is meant by Quadratic Matrix. Is this an academic, or domain-specific term?

I'm not a mathematician, and the last time I studied maths was a good eight years ago. I'm going through a book called 'An Introduction to Recommender Systems', and in ...
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19 views

Simple Quadratic Question Word Problem

On a site, I read a word problem: A company charges 1.25 per ride and currently averages 10000 riders per day. The company needs to increase revenue, but found that each $.10 increase in fare results ...
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30 views

Am I finding this $x$-value correctly?

If the flight path of a cricket ball is given by: $$y = \frac{1}{3}x - \frac{1}{60}x^2$$ And a fielder standing originally at $(10, 0)$ catches the ball when it is $1.5$ units above the ground, to ...
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0answers
30 views

$abc$-formula: $D >= 0$ or $D > 0$?

I don't really understand when to put $>$ or $<$ , $>=$ or $<=$ when working with the $abc$-formula. This is the $abc$-formula: We have a quadratic equation: $$ax^2+bx+c$$ Now for the $...
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0answers
35 views

How to constrain the linear least squares fit of a quadratic polynomial with known constraints

How to constrain this fit I have some function , $f(x) = a x^2+b x+c$ , with the constraints $a<0$ and $c = \frac{b^2}{4a}+\frac{1}{2}ln(\frac{-a}{\pi})$ I have measured $f(x)$ for some $x$. Can ...
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0answers
29 views

Solve quadratic vector equation, with variable hidden inside scalar

Let $\vec{f}$ $m\times 1$ unknown vector, given $n\times 1$ vector $\vec{F}$, $n\times m$ matrix A ($n<m$), nonzero vector $\vec{v}$ from the nullspace of A ($Av=0$), non-invertible symmetric ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Taylor's formula and its quadratic term

I struggle with the following problem: For a function $$f: \mathbb{C} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}~,$$ $f$ attains its maximum for $z_0= e^{i\pi/3}$, $f(z_0)=F_{max}.$ Assume we may use Taylor's theorem (...
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0answers
40 views

If you are using piecewise quadratic polynomials to approximate the function $f (x) = \ln x$ on the interval $[1, 2]$

If you are using piecewise quadratic polynomials to approximate the function $f (x) = \ln x$ on the interval $[1, 2]$ and expect the maximum error to be smaller than $10^{-6}$, how many subintervals ...
1
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0answers
69 views

If $a+b+c = 0$ then the quadratic equation $3ax^{2}+2bx +c=0$ has atleast one root in _________?

If $a+b+c = 0$ then the quadratic equation $3ax^{2}+2bx +c=0$ has atleast one root in _________? Rolle's theorem states that if $f(a) = f(b)$ then there exists a $p \in [a,b]$ such that : $f'(p) = \...
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0answers
35 views

2nd Order Differential Equation Limits

Consider the differential equation $$ay′′ + by′ + cy = g(t)$$ where $a > 0$, $c > 0$, and $g(t)$ is a continuous function on $\mathbb R$. (a) If $y(t)$ is a solution of the above equation ...
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0answers
21 views

Expression for sum of matrix quadratics

I'm stuck on an algebra problem. For $i=1, \dots, N$, let $Y_i \in \mathbb{R}^{r \times p}$, and $\hat{M} = \frac{1}{N} \sum_{i=1}^N Y_i$ be the matrix of the element-wise averages. Suppose $V \in \...
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15 views

Linear Algebra and Quadratic Equations

I'm just wondering if Linear Algebra is concerned only with Linear equations? Can quadratic equations(or any higher power) also be considered under Linear Algebra? What does the term Linear stand for?
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24 views

solving quadratic equation in GF(2^m)

I am trying to implement Elliptic Curve Cryptography on software in GF(2^m). To do this, I need to be able to solve a quadratic equation, namely $x^2 + x = c$. After a lot of research, I know the ...
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0answers
77 views

New way to solve Quadratic Equations?

A couple months ago, I was challenged to discover a new way to solve quadratic equations with one rule: I must think of it myself. At first I was hopeless, trying various sorts of random things, but I ...
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0answers
31 views

Problem on Bivariate normal distribution

Let $X_1$ and $X_2$ have a bivariate normal distribution with parameters $\mu_1 = \mu_2 = 0$ and $\sigma_1 = \sigma_2 = 1$ and $\rho = 1/2$ Find the probability that all the roots of $X_1x^2+ 2X_2x + ...
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33 views

How to minimise objective function with H1 constraint?

I have a cost function that I try to minimise: $$ \Pi \sim ||y - Ax||^2 + ||\nabla x || ^2 $$ The gradient is there to constraint that my solution at minimum $x_{min}$ is continuous in 1st ...
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0answers
42 views

Does an equation of this type have complex solutions?

How can I show, that every quadratic equation of the type $z^2+az+b=0$ with complex coefficients $a,b$ has a solution in $\mathbb{C}$? And how can I get these solutions? At first, I tried applying ...
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0answers
28 views

discriminant of a quadratic function

Let $f$ and $g$ be a quadratic funtcions. Assume that $|f(x)|\geq |g(x)|$ for all $x\in\mathbb{R}$. How to show that $|d_f|\geq|d_g|$, where $d_h$ denote the discriminant of an arbitrary quadratic ...
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0answers
42 views

Help solving this 2nd Order Differential Equation

I am wondering how I finish off the solution to the following 2nd Order differential equation: $$3u_{tt} + 2u_{xt} - 8u_{xx} = \cos(x + t)$$ I know that I have to factorize it and get the following: ...
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0answers
39 views

Find first positive perfect square in polynomial time

I have a quadratic. for example $$1x^2+6884x+3297$$ Is it possible to find the first perfect square in the series in polynomial time where both x and y are whole positive integers. In the above ...
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0answers
88 views

Minimization of a multivariate quadratic equation

I am interested in the minimum of a general multivariate quadratic equation for non-negative real numbers: $$ \begin{aligned} & \underset{x_i}{\text{minimize}} & & \sum^{n}_{i=1}\sum^{n}_{...