Questions on quadratic functions and equations, second degree polynomials usually in the forms $y=ax^2+bx+c$, $y=a(x-b)^2+c$ or $y=a(x+b)(x+c)$.

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11
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106 views

On the prime-generating polynomial $m^2+m+234505015943235329417$

In 2009, J. Waldvogel and Peter Leikauf found the remarkable Euler-like polynomial, $$F(m)=m^2+m+234505015943235329417$$ which is prime for $m=0\to20$, but composite for $m=21$. Define, ...
5
votes
0answers
91 views

Number Theory: $x^2\equiv 1\pmod{140}$

I have this problem assigned for homework and I'm confused as to how to solve an $x^2$ congruence. Here is the problem: $x^2\equiv 1\pmod{140}$ My only thought was to do something along the lines ...
4
votes
0answers
51 views

Symmetric proof for the probability of real roots of a quadratic with exponentially distributed parameters

What is the probability that the polynomial has real roots? asked for the probability that the quadratic polynomial $ax^2+bx+c$ has real roots if the parameters $a,b,c$ are exponentially distributed ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

Solving quadratic diophantine equations in two variables

I've looked at the recommended questions, but none of them seem to match my question. Consider the equation $2015 = \frac{(x+y)(x+y-1)}{2} - y + 1$. This can trivially be simplified to $4030 = x^2 + ...
4
votes
0answers
109 views

Fibonacci Quadratic Residue

After some research I have came up with a conjecture on Fibonacci quadratic residue: $F(x)^2 mod F(y)$ = { if y is even: $(F(|x-y|)^2$ } { if y is odd: $-(F(|x-y|)^2$ } for ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

Quadratic system of ODEs

I have a quadratic ODE system that looks like this: $\dot{x}=Ax+diag(x)Nx$ where $x \in R^n$ and $A,N \in R^{n \times n}$ and $diag(x) \in R^{n \times n}$ is a diagonal matrix in which $x$ is its ...
4
votes
0answers
117 views

Quadratic equation in $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$?

I would like to ask for some help about the following problem. Given is a polynomial $\,f(x)=ax^{2}+bx+c\,$ in $\,\mathbb{Z}/ n\mathbb{Z},\,$ we know that this quadratic equation $\,f(x)=0\,$ has ...
3
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56 views

Quadratic equation too hard

I am trying to solve a quadratic equation very hard. Is there any other way to solve this without quadratic formula? $$ x^2(-BE(F+C)^2(G+C)(A+C))))+x(C(F+C))\left [ EBA(D-H)-(G+C)(A+C)(B(D-H)+D(F+C)) ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ be the roots of a quadratic equation $4x^2-(5p+1)x+5=0$.If $\beta=1+\alpha,$then find the integral value of $p.$

Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ be the roots of a quadratic equation $4x^2-(5p+1)x+5=0$.If $\beta=1+\alpha,$then find the integral value of $p.$ Sum of roots$=\alpha+\beta=\frac{5p+1}{4}$ Given ...
3
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83 views

How can I find values for which a given expression gives a perfect square?

There have been several posts on this topic on math.se, such as this one with the same title. However all the posts I found contained coefficients to $x^2$, that were perfect squares. I am looking for ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Question about linearization

Given a data matrix $D\in\mathbb{R}^{N \times N}$ Can one construct another matrix $M$ that for all permutation matrices $Q^A$,$Q^B$, if $[\sum_i\sum_j (Q^A_{ij}D_{ij})]^2 \geq [\sum_i\sum_j ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

How to use piecewise quadratic interpolation?

I'm attempting to get the hang of quadratic interpolation, in MatLab specifically, and I'm having trouble approaching the process of actually creating the spline equations. For example, I have 9 ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Help solving the quadratic equation $ax^2-4bx+4bc-\frac{d^2}{a}=0$

I have been struggling to solve this quadratic equation in the variable $x$ with integral coefficients: $$ax^2-4bx+4bc-\frac{d^2}{a}=0$$ $a\neq 0$ of course.How do I ensure that $x$ is an integer? ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Equation over free group

Let us consider free group $F(a,b)$ of rank two. I need to find a solution (or to prove that there is no one) over this group of the following equation: $$x^2[x^{2k},y]=a^2b^2,$$ where ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

Parabola Terminology

In Danish we call the two halves of a parabola that goes out to each side from the vertex branches like branches on a tree. Is there a name for them in English? Are they just called halves or maybe ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

What methods are known to visualize patterns in the set of real roots of quadratic equations?

I came across a previous awesome question about the visualization of the distribution of polynomial roots and tried to do a simpler version applied to the set of real roots of quadratic equations ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

How do you the roots of functions that are not quadratics?

I was asked to consider the equation $(x-3)(x+3)^2=c$ I have been asked to find the values of C in which the equation has: three distinct roots only one real root a double root and a single root ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Why the quadrature formula is exact one not an approximation?

I am reading this material on the algorithm of calculating the centroid of a polyhedron. I am confused by the last step of the deduction: The three coordinates of the centroid can be obtained: ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Taylor expansion need help understanding.

I am at the moment reading a paper (SURF) and trying to understand what is happening here and how the things works as it does.... a non maximum supression is performed on the scale space ...
2
votes
0answers
163 views

Lagrange multiplier expression

I would like to solve the following optimization problem using the gradient ascend method: \begin{array}{ll} \text{maximize}_{\theta} & \theta^TQ_1\theta + b_1\\ \text{subject to} & ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Extraction of quadratic terms with state-space representation

I am having trouble with transforming the dynamics of a 4DOF gyroscope to a neat state-space representation. The system has the following set of equations: $T_i + f_i(\omega, \alpha) = 0;\;i:1-4$ . ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Does $2^2=4$ imply $2=\pm \sqrt{4}$?

I read the square root property from the book, College Algebra by Raymond A Barnett and Micheal R Ziegler that, The square root property says, If $A^2=C$ then $A=\pm \sqrt{C}$ I took the ...
2
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0answers
49 views

$A(x+p)²-B(x-p)²=y$, historical/math reference

I'm trying to build a reminder of all that I found about the quadratic function over the years. Here I came across this form of quadratic equation that I did not know: A(x+p)²-B(x-p)²=y I have no ...
2
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0answers
37 views

can someone break this quad formula down for me?

Can someone explain how this person yield the stuff on the right side using quad formula?
1
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0answers
15 views

Linear Algebra and Quadratic Equations

I'm just wondering if Linear Algebra is concerned only with Linear equations? Can quadratic equations(or any higher power) also be considered under Linear Algebra? What does the term Linear stand for? ...
1
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0answers
16 views

solving quadratic equation in GF(2^m)

I am trying to implement Elliptic Curve Cryptography on software in GF(2^m). To do this, I need to be able to solve a quadratic equation, namely $x^2 + x = c$. After a lot of research, I know the ...
1
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0answers
61 views

New way to solve Quadratic Equations?

A couple months ago, I was challenged to discover a new way to solve quadratic equations with one rule: I must think of it myself. At first I was hopeless, trying various sorts of random things, but I ...
1
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0answers
23 views

Problem on Bivariate normal distribution

Let $X_1$ and $X_2$ have a bivariate normal distribution with parameters $\mu_1 = \mu_2 = 0$ and $\sigma_1 = \sigma_2 = 1$ and $\rho = 1/2$ Find the probability that all the roots of $X_1x^2+ 2X_2x + ...
1
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0answers
28 views

How to minimise objective function with H1 constraint?

I have a cost function that I try to minimise: $$ \Pi \sim ||y - Ax||^2 + ||\nabla x || ^2 $$ The gradient is there to constraint that my solution at minimum $x_{min}$ is continuous in 1st ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Does an equation of this type have complex solutions?

How can I show, that every quadratic equation of the type $z^2+az+b=0$ with complex coefficients $a,b$ has a solution in $\mathbb{C}$? And how can I get these solutions? At first, I tried applying ...
1
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0answers
36 views

Solving a depressed cubic equation

Consider a depressed equation $y^3 + py = q$ Put y = p + q and deduce that 3uv = -p ; $u^3 + v^3 = q$. -----(1) Use (1) to obtain a quadratic in $u^3$ How do I solve this ? An explanation I think ...
1
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0answers
24 views

discriminant of a quadratic function

Let $f$ and $g$ be a quadratic funtcions. Assume that $|f(x)|\geq |g(x)|$ for all $x\in\mathbb{R}$. How to show that $|d_f|\geq|d_g|$, where $d_h$ denote the discriminant of an arbitrary quadratic ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Help solving this 2nd Order Differential Equation

I am wondering how I finish off the solution to the following 2nd Order differential equation: $$3u_{tt} + 2u_{xt} - 8u_{xx} = \cos(x + t)$$ I know that I have to factorize it and get the following: ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Find first positive perfect square in polynomial time

I have a quadratic. for example $$1x^2+6884x+3297$$ Is it possible to find the first perfect square in the series in polynomial time where both x and y are whole positive integers. In the above ...
1
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0answers
60 views

Minimization of a multivariate quadratic equation

I am interested in the minimum of a general multivariate quadratic equation for non-negative real numbers: $$ \begin{aligned} & \underset{x_i}{\text{minimize}} & & ...
1
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0answers
27 views

Get parameters for given point on quadratic bezier triangle

I have a 2 dimensional quadratic bezier triangle described by the position of its corners $v_0$, $v_1$ and $v_2$ and a handle for each side $h_0$, $h_1$ and $h_2$. The parametric equation with the ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Finding point closest to origin on a hyperboloid

(1) Let A be 3x3 real symmetric matrix. The eigenvalues of $A$ are $\lambda_1 = -6, \lambda_2 = 1, \lambda_3=4$ $q(x_1,x_2,x_3) = -x_1^2 + x_2^2 -x^2_3 + 10x_1x_3 = 1$. $A$ is the matrix of $q$. I ...
1
vote
0answers
200 views

Differential Equations: Confocal Ellipse and Hyperbola

I am currently brushing up on Conic Sections, and I am having some problems on solving a first order quadratic differential equation. I would appreciate any help on the topic! I know that confocal ...
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0answers
118 views

Minimum Curvature Path

Let's say we are given a closed race track with a given and constant width. I am to implement an algorithm which finds both shortest path trajectory and minimum curvature trajectory for the car. I ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Reference about quadratic forms with discriminant 1

When I am reading Serre's $A$ $Course$ $In$ $Arithmetic$, Chapter 5, it deals with $quadratic$ $forms$ of some vector space $V$, which can be viewed as an extension of an $abelian$ $group$ $E$ of ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Optimization of a Quadratic on a Linear Variety

We have a linear subspace $L_j := L[s_0,s_1,...,s_j]$ and a linear variety: $x_0 + L_j := [x_0 + y : y \in L_j]$ and a standard quadratic cost function $V(x) = a + b^Tx + 0.5x^TCx, \ \ \ C^T = C ...
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0answers
59 views

Show Equivalence of Binary Quadratic Forms

I've been stuck on these two problems from my problem set for quite a while. Any help would be appreciated! 2)Suppose that $ax^2 + bxy + xy^2$ is equivalent to $Ax^2 + Bxy + Cy^2$. Show that $gcd ...
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0answers
73 views

Real world application of slanted conics (parabolae especially)

I am writing a report on slanted conics of the form $$(x-h)^2+(y-k)^2= \dfrac{d}{\sqrt h}$$ Where $(h, k)$ is the focus, and $d$ is the directrix. Are there any real world applications for slanted ...
1
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0answers
28 views

All solutions to Quadratic matrix polynomials

I am after two things: 1- algorithms for finding all solutions of possibly large quadratic matrix equations of the form $AX^2+BX+C=0$ 2- (if possible) software implementing the algorithms ...
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0answers
19 views

Probabilty of even number of games won/lost uses auxiliary variables for a quadratic equation. Why?

In a problem of finding the probability that an even number of games (even S) not being lost in $l$ games, I read the following explanation : "We form the equation, $x^2 - 4rx + 2r^2 = 0$, and ...
1
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0answers
38 views

Linear constraints in Quadratic equation

I have been going through this paper, and wish to implement the same algorithm in java. I have also managed to write equivalent code for the same, but I have not completely understood the mathematics ...
1
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0answers
69 views

Solving matrix equation of the form $(AX)^2+(BY)^2=D$

Is there any method that can solve the matrix equation of the form $(AX)^2+(BY)^2=D$? $A$ and $B$ are matrices, $X$, $Y$ and $D$ are column vectors. (Solve for $X$ and $Y$) I originally have two ...
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0answers
55 views

Quadratic Congruence in $\mathbb Z/2^n \mathbb Z$

Given the congruence $ax^2+bx+c \equiv 0 \pmod {2^n}$, how precisely does one go about finding its roots? I'm comfortable with quadratic congruence mod n with n odd, but 2's lack of a multiplicative ...
1
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0answers
130 views

Showing DO NOT exist GCD of $6$ and $2+2 \sqrt{-5}$ in $\Bbb Z[\sqrt{-5}]$.

Showing DO NOT exist gcd of $6$ and $2+2 \sqrt{-5}$ in $\Bbb Z[\sqrt{-5}]$. I tried it. Suppose $d$ is GCD of $6$ and $2+2 \sqrt(-5)$. then there exist $x,y \in \Bbb ...
1
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0answers
51 views

Interchanging from exponential form to log form

Shouldn't the answer be x = loge(everything else in the bracket) why is the loge function divided by "k" ???