Questions on quadratic functions and equations, second degree polynomials usually in the forms $y=ax^2+bx+c$, $y=a(x-b)^2+c$ or $y=a(x+b)(x+c)$.

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141
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18answers
15k views

Why can ALL quadratic equations be solved by the quadratic formula?

In algebra, all quadratic problems can be solved by using the quadratic formula. I read a couple of books, and they told me only HOW and WHEN to use this formula, but they don't tell me WHY I can use ...
5
votes
2answers
662 views

Factoring Quadratics: Asterisk Method

I'm teaching my students about factoring quadratics. We've done GCF, difference of two squares, squared binomials, and grouping. One of my colleagues then found this asterisk method on line. It's ...
11
votes
8answers
624 views

How to factor quadratic $ax^2+bx+c$?

How do I shorten this? How do I have to think? $$ x^2 + x - 2$$ The answer is $$(x+2)(x-1)$$ I don't know how to get to the answer systematically. Could someone explain? Does anyone have a link to ...
3
votes
5answers
312 views

How to “Re-write completing the square”: $x^2+x+1$

The exercise asks to "Re-write completing the square": $$x^2+x+1$$ The answer is: $$(x+\frac{1}{2})^2+\frac{3}{4}$$ I don't even understand what it means with "Re-write completing the square".. ...
1
vote
3answers
308 views

How do I solve a Continued Fraction of solution to quadratic equation?

I know that it is possible to make a CF (continued fraction) for every number that is a solution of a quadratic equation but I don't know how. The number I'd like to write as a CF is: $$\frac{1 - ...
0
votes
5answers
87 views

How do you factor a quadratic expression, without using the formula?

I am asked to factor $2x^2 -3x+1=0 $ using factorization, but I run into fractions, and it becomes very messy and complicated to deal with, especially since specifically asked not to use the formula. ...
17
votes
3answers
420 views

What would be the value of $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{an^2+bn+c}$

I would like to evaluate the sum $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{an^2+bn+c}$$ Here is my attempt: Letting $$f(z)=\frac{1}{az^2+bz+c}$$ The poles of $f(z)$ are located at $$z_0 = ...
3
votes
5answers
275 views

Proving Quadratic Formula

purplemath.com explains the quadratic formula. I don't understand the third row in the "Derive the Quadratic Formula by solving $ax^2 + bx + c = 0$." section. How does $\dfrac{b}{2a}$ become ...
3
votes
5answers
840 views

Where did $-4x$ come from?

I'm going over my quadratic equations for the ACT and I came across this quadratic: $$(x – 2)^2 – 12$$ My teacher said we could have factored it out into this: $$x^2 – 4x – 8$$ But I just don't ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Two circles intersection

Could you tell what are all the four points in following? Two circles intersect at two points maximum when we want to draw intersecting circles. But there we are solving quadratic equations, what is ...
4
votes
1answer
809 views

If $ax^2-bx+c=0$ has two distinct real roots lying in the interval $(0,1)$ $a,b,c$ belongs to natural prove that $\log_5 {abc}\geq2$

If $ax^2-bx+c=0$ has two distinct real roots lying in the interval $(0,1)$ with $a, b, c\in \mathbb N$, prove that $\log_5 {abc}\geq2$. The equations I could form are: 1) $f(0)>0$ and ...
5
votes
2answers
201 views

Let $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c$ where $a,b,c$ are real numbers. Suppose $f(-1),f(0),f(1) \in [-1,1]$. Prove that $|f(x)|\le \frac{3}{2}$ for all $x \in [-1,1]$.

Let $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c$ where $a,b,c$ are real numbers. Suppose $f(-1),f(0),f(1) \in [-1,1]$. Prove that $|f(x)|\le \frac{3}{2}$ for all $x \in [-1,1]$. I made quite a few attempts but could not ...
4
votes
2answers
111 views

When the quadratic formula has square root of zero, how to proceed?

Is there an easier way to solve the following equation? $$x^2=2x-1$$ I think I know how to find $x$, using the quadratic formula: I get $$x^2-2x+1=0$$ then $$x=\frac{2 \pm \sqrt{4-4})}2= ...
3
votes
3answers
238 views

Proving the quadratic formula (for dummies) [duplicate]

I have looked at this question, and also at this one, but I don't understand how the quadratic formula can change from $ax^2+bx+c=0$ to $x = \frac{-b\pm\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}$. I am not particularly good ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Find the value of $f(x)$ for $x = 2 + 2^{2/3} + 2^{1/3}$

If $x = 2 + 2^{2/3} + 2^{1/3}$, then find the value of $f(x)=x^3 - 6x^2 + 6x$. I am unable to get to the answer - end up with more than one term. Please help me solve this!
2
votes
4answers
247 views

Solving a quadratic Inequality

My question is: Solve $$9x-14-x^2>0$$ My answer is: $2 < x < 7$ Though I know my answer is right, I want to know in what ways I can solve it and how it can be graphically represented. ...
1
vote
3answers
711 views

EdExcel GCSE question about Hannah and the sweets: show that $n^2-n=90$

This is my reconstruction of the EdExcel GCSE question that has caused such a Twitter storm in the UK in the last 24 hours, along with its solution. Hannah has a bag containing $n$ sweets, 6 of ...
1
vote
5answers
141 views

Find the length of a leg of a right triangle, given the area and the length of the other leg

The length of one leg of a right triangle is $(x - 6)$ centimeters, and the area is $(\frac12 x^2 - 7x + 24)$ square centimeters. What is the length of the other leg? I think the equation that I need ...
1
vote
3answers
429 views

If $(2x^2-3x+1)(2x^2+5x+1)=9x^2$,then prove that the equation has real roots.

If $(2x^2-3x+1)(2x^2+5x+1)=9x^2$,then prove that the equation has real roots. MY attempt: We can open and get a bi quadratic but that is two difficult to show that it has real roots.THere must be an ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Question about quadratic equation of complex coefficients.

Let $az^2+bz+c=0$ be a quadratic equation with complex coefficients $a,b,c$ and roots $z_1, z_2.$ If it is given that $|z_1|\not=|z_2|,$ how can I obtain the condition for this containing $a,b,c?$ ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

With Trinomial's, can someone explain the purpose of the first, second and third term. In layman terms.

I know that the first term is a quadratic and I suppose that lets us know we are dealing with identifying a curve, and the third term is our constant. I just can't quite put it all together as how ...
0
votes
0answers
195 views

Sample Code to Generate Points on the Rim of a Randomly Rotated Cone : What's Going On Here?

Related to this question: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/407897/randomly-generate-point-on-shell-from-3-points-2-angles-with-uniform-angle-dis I'm trying to reverse engineer the ...
5
votes
4answers
317 views

Derivation of the quadratic equation

So everyone knows that when $ax^2+bx+c=0$,$$x = \dfrac{-b\pm\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}.$$ But why does it equal this? I learned this in maths not 2 weeks ago and it makes no sense to me
-1
votes
1answer
84 views

If $a,b,c \in R$ such that $c \neq0$ If $x_1$ is a root of $a^2x^2+bx+c=0, x_2$ is a root of $a^2x^2-bx-c=0 $ and $x_1 > x_2 >0$…

Problem : If $a,b,c \in R$ such that $c \neq0$ If $x_1$ is a root of $a^2x^2+bx+c=0, x_2$ is a root of $a^2x^2-bx-c=0 $ and $x_1 > x_2 >0$ then the equation $a^2x^2+2bx+2c=0$ has roots $x_3$ ...
5
votes
1answer
159 views

dual problem of a Semidefinite programming in a non-standard forme

I have a problem with calculating the dual problem of : $$ \mbox{Minimize } tr(Y) + \frac{1}{\eta} tr(Z) $$ $$ \begin{pmatrix} Y & X \\ X & Z+\varepsilon I \end{pmatrix} \succeq 0 ...
5
votes
5answers
7k views

Why a quadratic equations always equals zero?

On evaluating quadratic equations, It always equals zero: $$ax^2+bx+c=0$$ Why zero? Is it possible to use other number for another purpose?
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Missing solution in quadratic equation

This is a reformulation of this question to better fit this forum. I removed the mentioning of sage math and this question is now 100% math. Given, the following quadrilateral: I want to describe ...
3
votes
5answers
4k views

Condition for a common root in two given quadratic equations

If $a,\;b,\;c$ are in Geometric Progression, then the equations $ax^2+2bx+c=0$ and $dx^2+2ex+f=0$ have a common root if $\;\displaystyle\frac da,\;\frac eb,\;\frac fc$ are in: Arithmetic Progression ...
3
votes
4answers
259 views

Where is the order of the variables inside the parentheses coming from?

I'm reading Sawyer's Prelude to Mathematics, here: I can't understand what's the meaning and application of "condition" here. Also when he gives the example on the cubic equation, stating that ...
3
votes
2answers
266 views

Integrating $\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{x^2 + 2x + 2} \mathrm{d} x$

I've been trying to integrate this: $$\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{x^2 + 2x + 2} \mathrm{d} x .$$ Unfortunately I haven't found a way so far. I've been trying to factor the denominator in order to end up ...
2
votes
2answers
355 views

sum of squares of the roots of equation

The equation is $$x^2-7[x]+5=0.$$ Here $[x]$ the greatest integer less than or equal to $x$. Some other method other than brute forcing. I tried a method of putting $[x]=q$ and $x=q+r$ which gives an ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

How do I transform the equation based on this condition?

If a and b are the roots of the equation $$2x^2-px+7=0$$ Then a-b is a root of ?
1
vote
5answers
2k views

On the number of possible solutions for a quadratic equation.

Solving a quadratic equation will yield two roots: $$\frac{-\sqrt{b^2-4 a c}-b} {2 a}$$ and: $$\frac{\sqrt{b^2-4a c}-b}{2 a}$$ And I've been taught to answer it like: $$\frac{\pm\sqrt{b^2-4a c}- ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Why can't this inequality hold true for all n > k?

This is from Discrete Mathematics and its Applications I am having trouble with why the "inequality n <= C cannot hold for all n with n >k". Is this reasoning for this that there is no largest ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

How can I check these equations if they have a solution?

I have two equations which are: $p^3+k\equiv0 (mod \quad h) $ and $(3p^2+3mp+m^2)m\equiv 0(mod \quad h)$ where $k,h,m >0$ and $p\ge0$ and $h\nmid m$ I need to show for given k,m,h and for all ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Determine all the values of the parameter $a$ for which the inequality $3-|x-a|>x^2$ is satisfied by at least one negative $x$.

I wanted to know, how can I determine all the values of the parameter $a$ for which the inequality $3 - |x-a| > x^2$ is satisfied by at least one negative $x$. I tried for $x<a, |x-a|=-(x-a)$ ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Solution af a system of 2 quadratic equations

I have a system of two quadratic equations with unknowns $x$ and $y$: $$a_{1 1} x y + a_{1 2} x^2 + a_{1 3} y^2 + a_{1 4} x + a_{1 5} y + a_{1 6} = 0,\\ a_{2 1} x y + a_{2 2} x^2 + a_{2 3} y^2 + a_{2 ...
5
votes
2answers
760 views

Find equation of quadratic when given tangents?

I know the equations of 4 lines which are tangents to a quadratic: $y=2x-10$ $y=x-4$ $y=-x-4$ $y=-2x-10$ If I know that all of these equations are tangents, how do I find the equation of the ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Vieta's Formula failed?

Find the value of $p$ if $p$ and $q$ are the roots of the equation, $x^2+px+q=0, \ \ \{x,p,q\}\in\ \mathbb{R}$ By using vieta's formula for sum and product of roots, $\begin{cases} p+q=-p ...
4
votes
2answers
348 views

Solving system of multivariable 2nd-degree polynomials

How would you go about solving a problem such as: \begin{matrix} { x }^{ 2 }+3xy-9=0 \quad(1)\\ 2{ y }^{ 2 }-4xy+5=0 \quad(2) \end{matrix} where $(x,y)\in\mathbb{C}^{2}$. More generally, how would ...
3
votes
2answers
20k views

Find the maximum or minimum value of the quadratic function.

Find the maximum or minimum value of the quadratic function by completing the squares. Also, state the value of $x$ at which the function is maximum or minimum. $y=2x^2-4x+7$ $x^2$ has a coefficient ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Finding the discriminant and roots of a polynomial

How is the discriminant of a polynomial determined? I know that for a quadratic function, the roots (where $f(x)=0$) are found by $$x=\frac{-b\pm\sqrt{\Delta}}{2a}$$ and here $\Delta$ is the ...
3
votes
1answer
290 views

Curve through four points — simple algebra??

The motivation for this is Bezier curves. But, if you don't know what these are, you can skip down to the last paragraph, where the problem is described in purely algebraic terms. Suppose I want to ...
3
votes
3answers
162 views

Solving quadratic equations by completing the square.

Graphing $y=ax^2+ bx + c$ by completing the square Add and subtract the square of half the coefficent of $x$. Group the perfect square trinomial. Write the trinomial as a square of a ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Number of solutions of $a^{3}+2^{a+1}=a^4$.

Find the number of solutions of the following equation $$a^{3}+2^{a+1}=a^4,\ \ 1\leq a\leq 99,\ \ a\in\mathbb{N}$$. I tried , $$a^{3}+2^{a+1}=a^4\\ 2^{a+1}=a^4-a^{3}\\ 2^{a+1}=a^{3}(a-1)\\ ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Why the quadrature formula is exact one not an approximation?

I am reading this material on the algorithm of calculating the centroid of a polyhedron. I am confused by the last step of the deduction: The three coordinates of the centroid can be obtained: ...
2
votes
0answers
155 views

Lagrange multiplier expression

I would like to solve the following optimization problem using the gradient ascend method: \begin{array}{ll} \text{maximize}_{\theta} & \theta^TQ_1\theta + b_1\\ \text{subject to} & ...
2
votes
3answers
99 views

Convert quadratic bezier curve to parabola

A quadratic Bézier curve is a segment of a parabola. If the $3$ control points and the quadratic Bézier curve are known, how do you calculate the equation of the parabola (which is an $y=f(x)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
325 views

Calculate the volume of water in glass over time.

For A) I found that volume should be defined by But I got no idea what to do in b) and c)
2
votes
4answers
59 views

If $9^{x+1} + (t^2 - 4t - 2)3^x + 1 > 0$, then what values can $t$ take?

If $9^{x+1} + (t^2 - 4t - 2)3^x + 1 > 0$, then what values can $t$ take? This is what I have done: Let $y = 3^x$ $$9^{x+1} + (t^2 - 4t - 2)3^x + 1 > 0$$ $$\implies9y^2 + (t^2 - 4t - 2)y + ...