Questions on quadratic equations, second degree polynomials usually in the forms $y=ax^2+bx+c$, $y=a(x-h)^2+k$ or $y=a(bx+c)(cx+d)$.

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121
votes
17answers
12k views

Why can ALL quadratic equations be solved by the quadratic formula?

In algebra, all quadratic problems can be solved by using the quadratic formula. I read a couple of books, and they told me only HOW and WHEN to use this formula, but they don't tell me WHY I can use ...
5
votes
2answers
443 views

Factoring Quadratics: Asterisk Method

I'm teaching my students about factoring quadratics. We've done GCF, difference of two squares, squared binomials, and grouping. One of my colleagues then found this asterisk method on line. It's ...
11
votes
8answers
604 views

How to factor quadratic $ax^2+bx+c$?

How do I shorten this? How do I have to think? $$ x^2 + x - 2$$ The answer is $$(x+2)(x-1)$$ I don't know how to get to the answer systematically. Could someone explain? Does anyone have a link to ...
3
votes
5answers
301 views

How to “Re-write completing the square”: $x^2+x+1$

The exercise asks to "Re-write completing the square": $$x^2+x+1$$ The answer is: $$(x+\frac{1}{2})^2+\frac{3}{4}$$ I don't even understand what it means with "Re-write completing the square".. ...
17
votes
3answers
403 views

What would be the value of $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{an^2+bn+c}$

I would like to evaluate the sum $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{an^2+bn+c}$$ Here is my attempt: Letting $$f(z)=\frac{1}{az^2+bz+c}$$ The poles of $f(z)$ are located at $$z_0 = ...
3
votes
5answers
242 views

Proving Quadratic Formula

purplemath.com explains the quadratic formula. I don't understand the third row in the "Derive the Quadratic Formula by solving $ax^2 + bx + c = 0$." section. How does $\dfrac{b}{2a}$ become ...
3
votes
5answers
801 views

Where did $-4x$ come from?

I'm going over my quadratic equations for the ACT and I came across this quadratic: $$(x – 2)^2 – 12$$ My teacher said we could have factored it out into this: $$x^2 – 4x – 8$$ But I just don't ...
4
votes
1answer
627 views

If $ax^2-bx+c=0$ has two distinct real roots lying in the interval $(0,1)$ $a,b,c$ belongs to natural prove that $\log_5 {abc}\geq2$

If $ax^2-bx+c=0$ has two distinct real roots lying in the interval $(0,1)$ with $a, b, c\in \mathbb N$, prove that $\log_5 {abc}\geq2$. The equations I could form are: 1) $f(0)>0$ and ...
5
votes
2answers
167 views

Let $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c$ where $a,b,c$ are real numbers. Suppose $f(-1),f(0),f(1) \in [-1,1]$. Prove that $|f(x)|\le \frac{3}{2}$ for all $x \in [-1,1]$.

Let $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c$ where $a,b,c$ are real numbers. Suppose $f(-1),f(0),f(1) \in [-1,1]$. Prove that $|f(x)|\le \frac{3}{2}$ for all $x \in [-1,1]$. I made quite a few attempts but could not ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Find the value of $f(x)$ for $x = 2 + 2^{2/3} + 2^{1/3}$

If $x = 2 + 2^{2/3} + 2^{1/3}$, then find the value of $f(x)=x^3 - 6x^2 + 6x$. I am unable to get to the answer - end up with more than one term. Please help me solve this!
2
votes
4answers
208 views

Solving a quadratic Inequality

My question is: Solve $$9x-14-x^2>0$$ My answer is: $2 < x < 7$ Though I know my answer is right, I want to know in what ways I can solve it and how it can be graphically represented. ...
1
vote
3answers
388 views

If $(2x^2-3x+1)(2x^2+5x+1)=9x^2$,then prove that the equation has real roots.

If $(2x^2-3x+1)(2x^2+5x+1)=9x^2$,then prove that the equation has real roots. MY attempt: We can open and get a bi quadratic but that is two difficult to show that it has real roots.THere must be an ...
0
votes
5answers
72 views

How do you factor a quadratic expression, without using the formula?

I am asked to factor $2x^2 -3x+1=0 $ using factorization, but I run into fractions, and it becomes very messy and complicated to deal with, especially since specifically asked not to use the formula. ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

With Trinomial's, can someone explain the purpose of the first, second and third term. In layman terms.

I know that the first term is a quadratic and I suppose that lets us know we are dealing with identifying a curve, and the third term is our constant. I just can't quite put it all together as how ...
0
votes
0answers
163 views

Sample Code to Generate Points on the Rim of a Randomly Rotated Cone : What's Going On Here?

Related to this question: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/407897/randomly-generate-point-on-shell-from-3-points-2-angles-with-uniform-angle-dis I'm trying to reverse engineer the ...
-2
votes
2answers
95 views

Using the quadratic equation to find the time for the ball to drop to a fifth of the height of the building

A ball is thrown down at 72km h-1 speed from the top of a building. The building is 125 metres tall. The distance travelled before it reached the ground is as follows... $$s = U_0 t + ...
5
votes
4answers
288 views

Derivation of the quadratic equation

So everyone knows that when $ax^2+bx+c=0$,$$x = \dfrac{-b\pm\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}.$$ But why does it equal this? I learned this in maths not 2 weeks ago and it makes no sense to me
-1
votes
1answer
80 views

If $a,b,c \in R$ such that $c \neq0$ If $x_1$ is a root of $a^2x^2+bx+c=0, x_2$ is a root of $a^2x^2-bx-c=0 $ and $x_1 > x_2 >0$…

Problem : If $a,b,c \in R$ such that $c \neq0$ If $x_1$ is a root of $a^2x^2+bx+c=0, x_2$ is a root of $a^2x^2-bx-c=0 $ and $x_1 > x_2 >0$ then the equation $a^2x^2+2bx+2c=0$ has roots $x_3$ ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Condition for a common root in two given quadratic equations

If $a,\;b,\;c$ are in Geometric Progression, then the equations $ax^2+2bx+c=0$ and $dx^2+2ex+f=0$ have a common root if $\;\displaystyle\frac da,\;\frac eb,\;\frac fc$ are in: Arithmetic Progression ...
3
votes
4answers
250 views

Where is the order of the variables inside the parentheses coming from?

I'm reading Sawyer's Prelude to Mathematics, here: I can't understand what's the meaning and application of "condition" here. Also when he gives the example on the cubic equation, stating that ...
3
votes
2answers
264 views

Integrating $\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{x^2 + 2x + 2} \mathrm{d} x$

I've been trying to integrate this: $$\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{x^2 + 2x + 2} \mathrm{d} x .$$ Unfortunately I haven't found a way so far. I've been trying to factor the denominator in order to end up ...
2
votes
2answers
278 views

sum of squares of the roots of equation

The equation is $$x^2-7[x]+5=0.$$ Here $[x]$ the greatest integer less than or equal to $x$. Some other method other than brute forcing. I tried a method of putting $[x]=q$ and $x=q+r$ which gives an ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

How do I transform the equation based on this condition?

If a and b are the roots of the equation $$2x^2-px+7=0$$ Then a-b is a root of ?
2
votes
6answers
277 views

Factoring Quadratics

Is there a method to find which numbers to use when simplifying quadratics? For example $x^2 + 5x + 6$ is easy enough to find, but what if I have bigger numbers, or I have this quadratic expression: ...
1
vote
5answers
2k views

On the number of possible solutions for a quadratic equation.

Solving a quadratic equation will yield two roots: $$\frac{-\sqrt{b^2-4 a c}-b} {2 a}$$ and: $$\frac{\sqrt{b^2-4a c}-b}{2 a}$$ And I've been taught to answer it like: $$\frac{\pm\sqrt{b^2-4a c}- ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Finding the domain and range of a function

$$F(x)=\frac {x^2+ax+1}{x^2+x+1}$$ Find the complete set of values of 'a' such that $F(x)$ is onto And f(x) maps from real numbers to real numbers.
0
votes
1answer
115 views

Determine all the values of the parameter $a$ for which the inequality $3-|x-a|>x^2$ is satisfied by at least one negative $x$.

I wanted to know, how can I determine all the values of the parameter $a$ for which the inequality $3 - |x-a| > x^2$ is satisfied by at least one negative $x$. I tried for $x<a, |x-a|=-(x-a)$ ...
5
votes
5answers
5k views

Why a quadratic equations always equals zero?

On evaluating quadratic equations, It always equals zero: $$ax^2+bx+c=0$$ Why zero? Is it possible to use other number for another purpose?
5
votes
2answers
915 views

Solution af a system of 2 quadratic equations

I have a system of two quadratic equations with unknowns $x$ and $y$: $$a_{1 1} x y + a_{1 2} x^2 + a_{1 3} y^2 + a_{1 4} x + a_{1 5} y + a_{1 6} = 0,\\ a_{2 1} x y + a_{2 2} x^2 + a_{2 3} y^2 + a_{2 ...
5
votes
2answers
648 views

Find equation of quadratic when given tangents?

I know the equations of 4 lines which are tangents to a quadratic: $y=2x-10$ $y=x-4$ $y=-x-4$ $y=-2x-10$ If I know that all of these equations are tangents, how do I find the equation of the ...
4
votes
2answers
217 views

Solving system of multivariable 2nd-degree polynomials

How would you go about solving a problem such as: \begin{matrix} { x }^{ 2 }+3xy-9=0 \quad(1)\\ 2{ y }^{ 2 }-4xy+5=0 \quad(2) \end{matrix} where $(x,y)\in\mathbb{C}^{2}$. More generally, how would ...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

Find the maximum or minimum value of the quadratic function.

Find the maximum or minimum value of the quadratic function by completing the squares. Also, state the value of $x$ at which the function is maximum or minimum. $y=2x^2-4x+7$ $x^2$ has a coefficient ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Finding the discriminant and roots of a polynomial

How is the discriminant of a polynomial determined? I know that for a quadratic function, the roots (where $f(x)=0$) are found by $$x=\frac{-b\pm\sqrt{\Delta}}{2a}$$ and here $\Delta$ is the ...
3
votes
1answer
220 views

Curve through four points — simple algebra??

The motivation for this is Bezier curves. But, if you don't know what these are, you can skip down to the last paragraph, where the problem is described in purely algebraic terms. Suppose I want to ...
3
votes
3answers
137 views

Solving quadratic equations by completing the square.

Graphing $y=ax^2+ bx + c$ by completing the square Add and subtract the square of half the coefficent of $x$. Group the perfect square trinomial. Write the trinomial as a square of a ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Calculate the volume of water in glass over time.

For A) I found that volume should be defined by But I got no idea what to do in b) and c)
2
votes
4answers
57 views

If $9^{x+1} + (t^2 - 4t - 2)3^x + 1 > 0$, then what values can $t$ take?

If $9^{x+1} + (t^2 - 4t - 2)3^x + 1 > 0$, then what values can $t$ take? This is what I have done: Let $y = 3^x$ $$9^{x+1} + (t^2 - 4t - 2)3^x + 1 > 0$$ $$\implies9y^2 + (t^2 - 4t - 2)y + ...
2
votes
3answers
107 views

Prove that for real numbers $x$, if $x^2 - 5x + 4 \ge 0$, then either $x \le 1$ or $x \ge 4$.

Its another homework question that I'm having trouble understanding. The full question is write a detailed structured proof that uses a proof by cases to prove that for real numbers $x$, if $x^2 - 5x ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

If I have an x intercept and a y intercept, how might I find the vertex of a parabola?

I have looked all over, and I have found different things here and there for figuring pretty much everything but that. What I have is an x chord and a y chord, but I need to find the vertex. This ...
1
vote
4answers
155 views

How can I solve equation $x^2 - y^2 -2xy - x + y = 0$?

I have this equation with 2 variables - $$x^2 - y^2 -2xy - x + y = 0$$ The only condition I have is that $x + y$ should be greater than $10^{12}$. EDIT - I need $x$ and $y$ to be integer. I ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

What technique reduces factorable ax^2+bx+c=0 to factorable where a=1

The normal way to factor ax^2+bx+c=0 is to look for t,u,v,w such that: (tx+u)(vx+w) = 0 so that tv=a, uw=c, and uv+wt=b. This can be tricky, since there can be several possibilities for t,u,v,w. ...
1
vote
3answers
219 views

How do I solve a Continued Fraction of solution to quadratic equation?

I know that it is possible to make a CF (continued fraction) for every number that is a solution of a quadratic equation but I don't know how. The number I'd like to write as a CF is: $$\frac{1 - ...
0
votes
3answers
82 views

Absolute value quadratic inequalities not the usual?

$ | -x^2 + 6x | \gt 13 $,for example. I would start off solving $ -x^2 + 6x = \pm 13 $ and either get 4 solutions, 3 solutions or two simply do the the nature of the graph. Without knowing if the two ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

A question using quadratic equations. [duplicate]

A ball is thrown down at 72km h-1 speed from the top of a building. The building is 125 metres tall. the distance travelled before it reached the ground is as follows... s = Uot + 1/5gt2 where Uo ...
0
votes
3answers
31 views

Why the discriminant determine whether a quadratic has real roots or not?

It's been quiet a mystery for, why is this true:? If $\Delta>0$ then it have two solutions. If $\Delta=0$ then it have only one solution. If $\Delta<0$ then it have no solutions