Questions on quadratic functions and equations, second degree polynomials usually in the forms $y=ax^2+bx+c$, $y=a(x-b)^2+c$ or $y=a(x+b)(x+c)$.

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167
votes
18answers
17k views

Why can ALL quadratic equations be solved by the quadratic formula?

In algebra, all quadratic problems can be solved by using the quadratic formula. I read a couple of books, and they told me only HOW and WHEN to use this formula, but they don't tell me WHY I can use ...
5
votes
2answers
786 views

Factoring Quadratics: Asterisk Method

I'm teaching my students about factoring quadratics. We've done GCF, difference of two squares, squared binomials, and grouping. One of my colleagues then found this asterisk method on line. It's ...
5
votes
4answers
342 views

Derivation of the quadratic equation

So everyone knows that when $ax^2+bx+c=0$,$$x = \dfrac{-b\pm\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}.$$ But why does it equal this? I learned this in maths not 2 weeks ago and it makes no sense to me
11
votes
8answers
640 views

How to factor quadratic $ax^2+bx+c$?

How do I shorten this? How do I have to think? $$ x^2 + x - 2$$ The answer is $$(x+2)(x-1)$$ I don't know how to get to the answer systematically. Could someone explain? Does anyone have a link to ...
3
votes
5answers
319 views

How to “Re-write completing the square”: $x^2+x+1$

The exercise asks to "Re-write completing the square": $$x^2+x+1$$ The answer is: $$(x+\frac{1}{2})^2+\frac{3}{4}$$ I don't even understand what it means with "Re-write completing the square".. ...
2
votes
3answers
386 views

How do I solve a Continued Fraction of solution to quadratic equation?

I know that it is possible to make a CF (continued fraction) for every number that is a solution of a quadratic equation but I don't know how. The number I'd like to write as a CF is: $$\frac{1 - ...
0
votes
5answers
94 views

How do you factor a quadratic expression, without using the formula?

I am asked to factor $2x^2 -3x+1=0 $ using factorization, but I run into fractions, and it becomes very messy and complicated to deal with, especially since specifically asked not to use the formula. ...
17
votes
3answers
434 views

What would be the value of $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{an^2+bn+c}$

I would like to evaluate the sum $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{an^2+bn+c}$$ Here is my attempt: Letting $$f(z)=\frac{1}{az^2+bz+c}$$ The poles of $f(z)$ are located at $$z_0 = ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

A polynomial with integer coefficients that attains the value $5$ at four distinct points

There is a polynomial $f$ of integer coefficients such that $\deg(f) \geq 4$. Let's assume that there are four integers $a,b,c,d$ for which $f(a)=f(b)=f(c)=f(d)=5$. Prove that there is no integer $k$ ...
11
votes
0answers
106 views

On the prime-generating polynomial $m^2+m+234505015943235329417$

In 2009, J. Waldvogel and Peter Leikauf found the remarkable Euler-like polynomial, $$F(m)=m^2+m+234505015943235329417$$ which is prime for $m=0\to20$, but composite for $m=21$. Define, ...
7
votes
5answers
236 views

How to solve $\ x^2-19\lfloor x\rfloor+88=0 $

I have no clue on how to solve this. If you guys have, please show me your solution as well. $$\ x^2-19\lfloor x\rfloor+88=0 $$
5
votes
1answer
1k views

If $ax^2-bx+c=0$ has two distinct real roots lying in the interval $(0,1)$ $a,b,c$ belongs to natural prove that $\log_5 {abc}\geq2$

If $ax^2-bx+c=0$ has two distinct real roots lying in the interval $(0,1)$ with $a, b, c\in \mathbb N$, prove that $\log_5 {abc}\geq2$. The equations I could form are: 1) $f(0)>0$ and ...
3
votes
5answers
291 views

Proving Quadratic Formula

purplemath.com explains the quadratic formula. I don't understand the third row in the "Derive the Quadratic Formula by solving $ax^2 + bx + c = 0$." section. How does $\dfrac{b}{2a}$ become ...
4
votes
5answers
856 views

Where did $-4x$ come from?

I'm going over my quadratic equations for the ACT and I came across this quadratic: $$(x – 2)^2 – 12$$ My teacher said we could have factored it out into this: $$x^2 – 4x – 8$$ But I just don't ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Two circles intersection

Could you tell what are all the four points in following? Two circles intersect at two points maximum when we want to draw intersecting circles. But there we are solving quadratic equations, what is ...
5
votes
2answers
258 views

Let $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c$ where $a,b,c$ are real numbers. Suppose $f(-1),f(0),f(1) \in [-1,1]$. Prove that $|f(x)|\le \frac{3}{2}$ for all $x \in [-1,1]$.

Let $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c$ where $a,b,c$ are real numbers. Suppose $f(-1),f(0),f(1) \in [-1,1]$. Prove that $|f(x)|\le \frac{3}{2}$ for all $x \in [-1,1]$. I made quite a few attempts but could not ...
4
votes
3answers
617 views

Is it possible to find out $x^2$ parabola and function from 3 given points?

I am programming a ball falling down from a cliff and bouncing back. The physics can be ignored and I want to use a simple $y = ax^2$ parabola to draw the falling ball. I have given two points, the ...
1
vote
3answers
489 views

If $(2x^2-3x+1)(2x^2+5x+1)=9x^2$,then prove that the equation has real roots.

If $(2x^2-3x+1)(2x^2+5x+1)=9x^2$,then prove that the equation has real roots. MY attempt: We can open and get a bi quadratic but that is two difficult to show that it has real roots.THere must be an ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Question about quadratic equation of complex coefficients.

Let $az^2+bz+c=0$ be a quadratic equation with complex coefficients $a,b,c$ and roots $z_1, z_2.$ If it is given that $|z_1|\not=|z_2|,$ how can I obtain the condition for this containing $a,b,c?$ ...
5
votes
2answers
155 views

When the quadratic formula has square root of zero, how to proceed?

Is there an easier way to solve the following equation? $$x^2=2x-1$$ I think I know how to find $x$, using the quadratic formula: I get $$x^2-2x+1=0$$ then $$x=\frac{2 \pm \sqrt{4-4})}2= ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Solution af a system of 2 quadratic equations

I have a system of two quadratic equations with unknowns $x$ and $y$: $$a_{1 1} x y + a_{1 2} x^2 + a_{1 3} y^2 + a_{1 4} x + a_{1 5} y + a_{1 6} = 0,\\ a_{2 1} x y + a_{2 2} x^2 + a_{2 3} y^2 + a_{2 ...
3
votes
3answers
259 views

Proving the quadratic formula (for dummies) [duplicate]

I have looked at this question, and also at this one, but I don't understand how the quadratic formula can change from $ax^2+bx+c=0$ to $x = \frac{-b\pm\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}$. I am not particularly good ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Find the value of $f(x)$ for $x = 2 + 2^{2/3} + 2^{1/3}$

If $x = 2 + 2^{2/3} + 2^{1/3}$, then find the value of $f(x)=x^3 - 6x^2 + 6x$. I am unable to get to the answer - end up with more than one term. Please help me solve this!
2
votes
4answers
298 views

Solving a quadratic Inequality

My question is: Solve $$9x-14-x^2>0$$ My answer is: $2 < x < 7$ Though I know my answer is right, I want to know in what ways I can solve it and how it can be graphically represented. ...
1
vote
3answers
868 views

EdExcel GCSE question about Hannah and the sweets: show that $n^2-n=90$

This is my reconstruction of the EdExcel GCSE question that has caused such a Twitter storm in the UK in the last 24 hours, along with its solution. Hannah has a bag containing $n$ sweets, 6 of ...
1
vote
5answers
262 views

Find the length of a leg of a right triangle, given the area and the length of the other leg

The length of one leg of a right triangle is $(x - 6)$ centimeters, and the area is $(\frac12 x^2 - 7x + 24)$ square centimeters. What is the length of the other leg? I think the equation that I need ...
0
votes
6answers
99 views

Find solution to complex equation $iz^2+(3-i)z-(1+2i)=0$

Find all the complex solutions to the equation $$iz^2+(3-i)z-(1+2i)=0$$ I've tried to solve this equation with two different approaches but in both cases I couldn't arrive to anything. 1) If ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

With Trinomial's, can someone explain the purpose of the first, second and third term. In layman terms.

I know that the first term is a quadratic and I suppose that lets us know we are dealing with identifying a curve, and the third term is our constant. I just can't quite put it all together as how ...
0
votes
0answers
225 views

Sample Code to Generate Points on the Rim of a Randomly Rotated Cone : What's Going On Here?

Related to this question: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/407897/randomly-generate-point-on-shell-from-3-points-2-angles-with-uniform-angle-dis I'm trying to reverse engineer the ...
37
votes
12answers
5k views

Why do I get one extra wrong solution?

I'm trying to solve this equation: $$2-x=-\sqrt{x}$$ Multiply by (-1): $$\sqrt{x}=x-2$$ power of 2: $$x=\left(x-2\right)^2$$ then: $$x^2-5x+4=0$$ and that means: $$x=1, x=4$$ But $1$ is not a ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

How to solve equations to the fourth power?

Is it possible to manually retrieve the value of $y$ from the following equation $$\color{blue}{153y^2-y^4=1296}$$ WolframAlpha has four solutions for $y$: $-12, -3, 3, 12$. How has it solved? What ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

Find $C$ such that $x^2 - 47x - C = 0$ has integer roots, and further conditions

Have been working on this for years. Need a system which proves that there exists a number $C$ which has certain properties. I will give a specific example, but am looking for a system which could ...
22
votes
2answers
299 views

Solve $x^4+3x^3+6x+4=0$… easier way?

So I was playing around with solving polynomials last night and realized that I had no idea how to solve a polynomial with no rational roots, such as $$x^4+3x^3+6x+4=0$$ Using the rational roots test, ...
5
votes
5answers
155 views

Finding range of $m$ in $x^2+mx+6$.

Find the range of values of $m$ in the quadratic equation $x^2+mx+6=0$ such that both the roots of the equation $\alpha,\beta<1$. My attempt - it is given that $\alpha<1$ and $\beta<1$ ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

If $a,b,c \in R$ such that $c \neq0$ If $x_1$ is a root of $a^2x^2+bx+c=0, x_2$ is a root of $a^2x^2-bx-c=0 $ and $x_1 > x_2 >0$…

Problem : If $a,b,c \in R$ such that $c \neq0$ If $x_1$ is a root of $a^2x^2+bx+c=0, x_2$ is a root of $a^2x^2-bx-c=0 $ and $x_1 > x_2 >0$ then the equation $a^2x^2+2bx+2c=0$ has roots $x_3$ ...
5
votes
1answer
389 views

Second longest prime diagonal in the Ulam spiral?

Given the Ulam spiral with center $c = 41$ and the numbers in a clockwise direction, we have, $$\begin{array}{cccccc} \color{red}{61}&62&63&64&\to\\ ...
5
votes
5answers
9k views

Why a quadratic equations always equals zero?

On evaluating quadratic equations, It always equals zero: $$ax^2+bx+c=0$$ Why zero? Is it possible to use other number for another purpose?
3
votes
4answers
62 views

If $9^{x+1} + (t^2 - 4t - 2)3^x + 1 > 0$, then what values can $t$ take?

If $9^{x+1} + (t^2 - 4t - 2)3^x + 1 > 0$, then what values can $t$ take? This is what I have done: Let $y = 3^x$ $$9^{x+1} + (t^2 - 4t - 2)3^x + 1 > 0$$ $$\implies9y^2 + (t^2 - 4t - 2)y + ...
3
votes
4answers
263 views

Where is the order of the variables inside the parentheses coming from?

I'm reading Sawyer's Prelude to Mathematics, here: I can't understand what's the meaning and application of "condition" here. Also when he gives the example on the cubic equation, stating that ...
1
vote
5answers
2k views

On the number of possible solutions for a quadratic equation.

Solving a quadratic equation will yield two roots: $$\frac{-\sqrt{b^2-4 a c}-b} {2 a}$$ and: $$\frac{\sqrt{b^2-4a c}-b}{2 a}$$ And I've been taught to answer it like: $$\frac{\pm\sqrt{b^2-4a c}- ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Soft Question: Weblinks to pages with explanation on quadratics.

I recently placed a question based on quadratics and received a few valuable answers. One of them was a comment in an answer with a link in it which I found useful. But unfortunately the webpage (of ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

Determine all the values of the parameter $a$ for which the inequality $3-|x-a|>x^2$ is satisfied by at least one negative $x$.

I wanted to know, how can I determine all the values of the parameter $a$ for which the inequality $3 - |x-a| > x^2$ is satisfied by at least one negative $x$. I tried for $x<a, |x-a|=-(x-a)$ ...
6
votes
2answers
193 views

Find the value of $x_1^6 +x_2^6$ of this quadratic equation without solving it

I got this question for homework and I've never seen anything similar to it. Solve for $x_1^6+x_2^6$ for the following quadratic equation where $x_1$ and $x_2$ are the two real roots and $x_1 > ...
5
votes
1answer
185 views

dual problem of a Semidefinite programming in a non-standard forme

I have a problem with calculating the dual problem of : $$ \mbox{Minimize } tr(Y) + \frac{1}{\eta} tr(Z) $$ $$ \begin{pmatrix} Y & X \\ X & Z+\varepsilon I \end{pmatrix} \succeq 0 ...
4
votes
0answers
51 views

Symmetric proof for the probability of real roots of a quadratic with exponentially distributed parameters

What is the probability that the polynomial has real roots? asked for the probability that the quadratic polynomial $ax^2+bx+c$ has real roots if the parameters $a,b,c$ are exponentially distributed ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Vieta's Formula failed?

Find the value of $p$ if $p$ and $q$ are the roots of the equation, $x^2+px+q=0, \ \ \{x,p,q\}\in\ \mathbb{R}$ By using vieta's formula for sum and product of roots, $\begin{cases} p+q=-p ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Missing solution in quadratic equation

This is a reformulation of this question to better fit this forum. I removed the mentioning of sage math and this question is now 100% math. Given, the following quadrilateral: I want to describe ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Finding the discriminant and roots of a polynomial

How is the discriminant of a polynomial determined? I know that for a quadratic function, the roots (where $f(x)=0$) are found by $$x=\frac{-b\pm\sqrt{\Delta}}{2a}$$ and here $\Delta$ is the ...
3
votes
5answers
6k views

Condition for a common root in two given quadratic equations

If $a,\;b,\;c$ are in Geometric Progression, then the equations $ax^2+2bx+c=0$ and $dx^2+2ex+f=0$ have a common root if $\;\displaystyle\frac da,\;\frac eb,\;\frac fc$ are in: Arithmetic Progression ...
3
votes
1answer
384 views

Curve through four points — simple algebra??

The motivation for this is Bezier curves. But, if you don't know what these are, you can skip down to the last paragraph, where the problem is described in purely algebraic terms. Suppose I want to ...