4
votes
2answers
70 views

Integral values of an expression

Let $b=\sqrt{a^2+5a+8}-\sqrt{a^2-3a+4}$ Find number of integral values of b. My $long$ way using Calculus : Find domain of function : $R$ Note that function is continuous Prove the function is ...
3
votes
0answers
146 views

Second longest prime diagonal in the Ulam spiral?

Given the Ulam spiral with center $C = 41$ and the numbers in a clockwise direction, we have, $$\begin{array}{cccccc} \color{red}{61}&62&63&64&\to\\ ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Necessary and sufficient conditions that the difference of two quadratic equations has no solutions in $\mathbb{N}$

Suppose you have an equation of the form $$ a(n^2 - m^2) + b(n-m) + c = 0 $$ With given integers $a$, $b$ and $c$. Is there a necessary and sufficient condition that the equation has no solutions ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

is there an analytic solution to $n^2+kn-d=m^2$ m,n integers

For $k=24,d=-17;m=8,n=3$, completing the square gives $(12+n)^2=m^2+161$ Where $161$ just happens to be the product of two primes $(q=7,p=23)$, so for large $k,m,n$ factoring may be very slow. ...
2
votes
4answers
840 views

Difference between fields $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{2}+\sqrt{3}]$ and $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{2},\sqrt{3}]$? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is $\mathbf{Q}(\sqrt{2}, \sqrt{3}) = \mathbf{Q}(\sqrt{2}+\sqrt{3})$? How would one describe elements from $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{2}+\sqrt{3}]$ and ...