4
votes
3answers
123 views

A conjecture on products/composition of Pell forms

Based on a few brute-force calculations, I've formulated the following. Conjecture. Let $x,y,u,v,p,q,a,b,c \ge 2$ be integers such that $$ (x^2+ay^2)(u^2+bv^2) = p^2+cq^2, $$ and write \begin{align} ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Divisors of numbers of the form $a^2+2b^2$ with $\gcd(a,b)=1$

Let's say I have a number $n$ which can be written as $a^2+2b^2$ for integers $a,b$. By Fermat/Euler/etc., I know that the primes dividing the squarefree kernel of $n$ cannot be congruent to $5$ or ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

“Descent” on binary quadratic forms?

Let's say I have the Diophantine equation $$ x^2+3n^2 = y^2+3z^2. \tag{$\star$} $$ where $n$ is a known integer, and we're trying to determine solutions in integers $x,y,z \ge 1$. Rewrite ($\star$) ...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

Solving $a^2+3b^2=c^2$

I'm looking for how to solve the equation $a^2+3b^2=c^2$ where $a,b,c$ are integers and $b$ is even, I'm looking for the algorithm used to solve this kind of equations, not just the solution. Regards ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Primes of the form $x^2+ny^2$ where $n\equiv 1\pmod{4}$ is a squarefree number

Let $n\equiv1\pmod{4}$ be a squarefree number and $p\equiv1\pmod{4n}$ be a prime number. Does there exist $x,y\in\mathbb{N}$ such that $p=x^2+ny^2$?
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Quadratic reciprocity and Pfister forms

Let $p,q$ be different primes unequal to $2$. Let $(a/b)$ denote the Legendre Symbol. The following holds: $q\text{ is a square }\bmod p \Longleftrightarrow (q/p) = 1 \Longleftrightarrow X^2+qY^2 = ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

If $4xy+3=c^2+3d^2$, is $xy$ necessarily a square?

I have a polynomial which, simplified, ends up in the form $$4xy+3 = c^2+3d^2.$$ Evidently $4xy+3$ is of the form $a^2+3b^2$, in light of the equality. But does $$ c^2 + 3d^2 = 4xy + 3 = xy(2)^2 ...
9
votes
3answers
389 views

A Pell equation inside a Pell equation

While working on another problem (see http://mathoverflow.net/questions/143599/solving-the-quartic-equation-r4-4r3s-6r2s2-4rs3-s4-1), I found the following equation to be solved: $$ ...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

number of integral values for which $x^2+19x+92$ is a perfect square.

number of integral values of x for which $x^2+19x+92$ is a perfect square=? I have no idea how to do this. Please help.
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Enumerating integer solutions to quadratic equations

Consider a quadratic equation with integer coefficients in two variables. $$ax^2+bxy+cy^2+dx+ey+f=0$$ I would like to know how to find the number of integer solutions $(x,y)$ to this equations. Is ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

If $3\mid a,b,c$ and $n=a^2+b^2+c^2$, prove that there exist $x,y,z$ such that $n=x^2+y^2+z^2$, where $3\nmid x,y,z$.

If $3\mid a,b,c$ and $n=a^2+b^2+c^2$, prove that there exist $x,y,z$ such that $n=x^2+y^2+z^2$, where $3\nmid x,y,z$. Here $n\in\mathbb N$, $a,b,c,x,y,z\in\mathbb Z$. This problem is originally ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Elementary properties of integral binary quadratic forms

Let $f = ax^2 + bxy + cy^2$ be a binary quadratic form over $\mathbb{Z}$. $D = b^2 - 4ac$ is called the discriminant of $f$. We say $f$ is positive definite if $a \gt 0$ and $D \lt 0$(cf. this ...
-1
votes
1answer
143 views

Relation between an integer represented by a binary quadratic form and a certain Dirichlet character defined by Jacobi symbol

Let $f = ax^2 + bxy + cy^2$ be a binary quadratic form over $\mathbb{Z}$. We say $D = b^2 - 4ac$ is the discriminant of $f$. It's easy to see that $D \equiv 0$ (mod $4$) or $D \equiv 1$ (mod $4$). If ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

A condition for an odd prime to be represented by a binary quadratic form of a given discriminant

Let $f = ax^2 + bxy + cy^2$ be an integral binary quadratic form. We say $D = b^2 - 4ac$ is the discriminant of $f$. If $D < 0$ and $a > 0$, we say $f$ is positive definite. It is easy to see ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Find all $(a,b,c)\in\mathbb{Z}^3$ such that $b^2-4ac=-20$, and $-|a|<b\le|a|<|c|$, or $0\le b\le|a|=|c|$.

Find all $(a,b,c)\in\mathbb{Z}^3$ such that $b^2-4ac=-20$, and either of the following is true: $-|a|<b\le|a|<|c|$, or $0\le b\le|a|=|c|$. We see that if $(a,b,c)$ is a solution, then so is ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Any integer can be written as $x^2+4y^2$

If $n$ is a positive integer with $(n,8)=1$ and $-4$ is square $mod$ $n$ then $n$ can be written in this form: $n=x^2+4y^2$. I was using that there are x, y integers satisfying $x^2+4y^2=kn$ where ...
15
votes
5answers
707 views

Every integer vector in $\mathbb R^n$ with integer length is part of an orthogonal basis of $\mathbb R^n$

Suppose $\vec x$ is a (non-zero) vector with integer coordinates in $\mathbb R^n$ such that $\|\vec x\| \in \mathbb Z$. Is it true that there is an orthogonal basis of $\mathbb R^n$ containing $\vec ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

A characterization of an ambiguous class of binary quadratic forms of discriminant $D$

We use the definitions of this question. Let $D$ be a non-square integer such that $D \equiv 0$ (mod $4$) or $D \equiv 1$ (mod $4$). There exists a bijection $\psi\colon Cl^+(R) \rightarrow C(D)$ by ...
1
vote
2answers
359 views

Finding positive integer solutions to $n = ax^2 +by^2 - cxy$

How can I find the positive integer solutions to $x$ and $y$, given that $n$, $a$, $b$ and $c$ are all positive integers, in an equation of the form: $$n = ax^2 + by^2 - cxy.$$ Specifically, I want ...
9
votes
4answers
369 views

Representing a number as a sum of at most $k$ squares

Fix an integer $k >0 $ and would like to know the maximum number of different ways that a number $n$ can be expressed as a sum of $k$ squares, i.e. the number of integer solutions to $$ n = x_1^2 + ...
7
votes
2answers
182 views

How does the theory of the quadratic number fields relate to the quadratic forms?

As every one knows, the quadratic number fields shares a deep connection with the binary quadratic forms; I have been told this relation when I was a senior high, and now I, learning some difficult ...