9
votes
1answer
91 views

Blocking lines of length $5$ in a $7 \times 8$ matrix; how can we know the solutions have a specific form?

A friend shared with me the following puzzle he encountered in a Chinese math competition: In a $7 \times 8$ matrix, we place tokens so that any straight line of length $5$ (horizontal, vertical, ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Alphametics Question

In the figure below, each distinct letter represents a unique digit such that the arithmetic sum holds. If the letter L represents 9, what is the digit represented by the letter T? ...
1
vote
2answers
345 views

Maths brain teaser. Fifty minutes ago it was four times as many minutes past three o'clock

Fifty minutes ago it was four times as many minutes past three o'clock. How many minutes is it to six o'clock..? I have got the solution online but have doubts in it : ...
0
votes
4answers
181 views

Odd one out questions

These are two questions given to a grade 5 student. I couldn't get a conclusive and compelling answer to any.
3
votes
1answer
201 views

Find a number leaving a particular remainder with 3 different numbers

I have the following question: Let $N$ be the greatest number that will divide $1305, 4665$ and $6905$, leaving the same remainder in each case. What is the sum of digits of $N$. My approach ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the minimum number of locks on the cabinet that would satisfy these conditions?

Eleven scientists want to have a cabinet built where they will keep some top secret work. They want multiple locks installed, with keys distributed in such a way that if any six scientists are present ...
3
votes
2answers
125 views

The number 3211000 is 7-special

Define a positive integer $k$ to be $n$-special if it satisfies the following properties: It has $n$ digits (0, 1, ..., 9) The 1st digit is equal to the number of 0's in the decimal representation ...
4
votes
2answers
224 views

Logic Puzzle of Diamonds and sons

I came across a math problem and I need a solution for this. An old man has 49 diamonds. Each one has a different worth as $1, $2, $3, ….. $49. He has 7 sons and he ...
5
votes
1answer
188 views

Tricky Puzzle!! Please help.

I stumbled upon a puzzle I can't crack. It goes like this: In a certain Code language: 7321=6 5342=3 8645=15 Then 9312=? The Answer is 9. But I can't seem to find the logic behind it??
1
vote
2answers
376 views

A truth teller and liar puzzle of Ramanujan mathematical olympiad 2013

On an island each person always tells the truth or each person always tells a lie. Three people say $A$ , $B$ and $C$ have a conversation. $A$ says that $B$ is lying , $B$ says that $C$ is lying and ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Where can I find Putnam competition questions and solutions online?

Math people: Until recently, at least, there existed at least one Web page containing complete Putnam competition problems and solutions from the past twenty years or so. In retrospect, I see that I ...
1
vote
2answers
999 views

Counting squares of maximum size in a rectangle

Given a rectangle of sides $m$ and $n$. $( m,n \in [1,1000] )$ We can cut the rectangle into smaller identical pieces such that each piece is a square having maximum possible side length with ...
1
vote
2answers
205 views

A simple riddle related to addition of odd numbers

I'm not sure if this type of question can be asked here, but if it can then here goes: Is it possible to get to 50 by adding 9 positive odd numbers? The odd numbers can be repeated, but they should ...
4
votes
0answers
307 views

A product puzzle

This is from a math contest. I have solved it, but I'm posting it on here because I think that it would be a good challange problem for precalculus courses. Also, it's kind of fun. Write the ...
4
votes
6answers
1k views

Finding the Heavy Coin by weighing twice

Suppose you have 100 coins. 96 of them are heavy and 4 of them are light. Nothing is known regarding the proportion of their weights. You want to find at least one genuine (heavy) coin. You are ...
9
votes
4answers
549 views

Irrational painting device

Part a) of the following problem appeared in one of the Putnam Exams (sorry, don't know which year exactly). If you want to solve Part a) don't read Part b). You have a painting device, which given ...