The tag has no wiki summary.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
0answers
23 views

Associated projective bundle on a projective scheme

Suppose that $X$ is a quasi-projective $k$-scheme with a right $B$-action (where $B$ is a linear algebraic group or Lie group) and that the quotient $X/B$ exists. Let the canonical projection $X \to ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

$d$-branched coverings and finite morphisms of degree $d$

Consider a smooth projective curve $X$ over $\mathbb C$ (so $X$ is a projective $\mathbb C$-scheme, integral, of finite type....), and let $t: X\longrightarrow\mathbb P^1_{\mathbb ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

A morphism from $\mathbb P^1_\mathbb C$ to $\mathbb P^1_\mathbb C$

Consider the projective scheme $\mathbb P^1_\mathbb C$ that is different from the projective line $\mathbb P^1(\mathbb C)$. Now look at the following lemma: I don't understand what is a ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Does $\operatorname{Proj}(\sigma)$ fix some points?

Consider a subfield $K\subseteq\mathbb C$, then by some properties of the fibered product of schemes we have that: $$\mathbb P^1_\mathbb C\cong\mathbb ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

global sections of structure sheaf of a projective scheme X over a field k?

Some may have already asked this question. What are the global sections of structure sheaf of a projective scheme $X$ over a field $k$? By Hartshorne page 18, Chapter 1, Theorem 3.4, global sections ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

questions about Global Proj

Can someone explain the construction of the global $\mathbf{Proj}$ to me? Although this question has been asked here, I still have several questions. For each open affine subset $U = \mathrm{Spec} ...
5
votes
1answer
46 views

Existence of a morphism of schemes from $X$ to $\mathbb P_A^n$?

In exercise ┬žII.III.VIII. of Algebraic geometry and arithmetic curves by Qing.Liu. one is asked the following: Let $X$ be a scheme over a ring $A.$ Let $f_0, \cdots,f_n\in\mathcal O_X(X)$ be ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

If $B$ is a graded $A$-algebra, then $\operatorname{Proj}B$ is an $A$-scheme

If $B$ is a graded ring, then for me is clear that $\operatorname{Proj}B$ with affine covering given by $D_+{(f)}\cong\operatorname{Spec} B_{(f)}$ is a scheme. The problem arises when $B$ is a graded ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Construction of projective space of a graded ring

Let $S=k[x_0,x_1,x_2]$, $k$ an algebraically closed field and $ S_d=k[x_0^d,x_0^{d-1}x_1,\ldots,x_2^{d-1}x_1, x_2^d]$. $\mathbb{P}S_d $ is identified with the projective space $\mathbb{P}^{N_d} $, ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Reducibility of a Hilbert scheme in projective space

My question concerns the computation of the Hilbert scheme $\mathsf{Hilb}_{3}^{2x+1}$, which parametrizes all curves of degree $2$ and genus $0$ in $\mathbb{P}^{3}_{k}$, with $k$ algebraically closed. ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

In the Proj construction, are the homogeneuos prime ideals determined up to an element in the base ring?

Consider the point $[a_0,...,a_n]\sim [a_0\lambda,...,a_n\lambda] \in \Bbb P^k_n$. How do you write the corresponding homogeneous prime ideal in the graded ring $S:=k[x_0,...,x_n]$? Well, the ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

$\textrm{Proj}(\cdot)$ and fibered product

Consider a field isomomorphism $f:F\longrightarrow K$, and let $X$ be the scheme $X=\textrm{Proj}(A)$ for some graded algebra $A$. I don't understand why is it true that ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Conditions under which a variety to remains smooth after base change (if p > 0)

Let $k$ be an arbitrary field of positive characteristic and let $V$ be a smooth projective (irreducible) variety over $k$. Suppose that $K/k$ is a field extension such that $V_K:=V\times_{\text{Spec ...
2
votes
3answers
156 views

What does the notation $\mathbb{P}V$ mean for a vectorspace $V$?

In algebraic geometry, I keep seeing the notation $\mathbb{P}V$ when $V$ is given as a vectorspace. My best guess is that $\mathbb{P}V$ is to mean the projective closure of $V$. But it would be nice ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

On the Hilbert function of projective schemes

Let $X \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective subscheme (not necessarily reduced or irreducible). Denote by $I_X$ the ideal of $X$ i.e., $\Gamma_*(\mathcal{I}_X)$. There are two definitions of Hilbert ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Closed subset of projective schemes

I must prove that if $R$ is a graded ring finitely generated over a ring $A=R_0$, $Proj R$ is isomorphic to a closed subscheme of some projective space $\mathbb{P}_A^r$. I've problems in proving this ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Projective scheme

How can I prove that the two different construction of $\mathbb{P}_k^n$ (as $Proj K[x_0,x_1,...,x_n]$ and by gluing copies of $\mathbb{A}_k^n$) agree? And how can I prove that if $A$ is reduced also ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Proj description of successive blowups

I am attempting to understand the global Proj description of a blowup. The following example is giving me difficulty. Start by taking $\mathbb{A}^2_{\mathbb{C}} = \text{Spec}(\mathbb{C}[x,y])$ and ...
6
votes
2answers
132 views

How does Liu intend his readers to compute $H^0(X,\Omega^1_{X/k})$ of this scheme?

In the chapter on duality theory in Liu's Algebraic Geometry and Arithmetic Curves, there is the following exercise. I'm having trouble seeing how one can apply the duality theory developed in Liu to ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

When are complete intersections also local complete intersections?

First, let us recall some definitions. Let $P=\mathbb P^d_k$ be a projective space over a field $k$. Let $X$ be a closed subvariety of $P$ of dimension $r$. We say that $X$ is a complete ...
7
votes
1answer
218 views

Computing Kähler differentials on $\mathbb P^1_A$ (What did Liu intend?)

Let $A$ be a ring and $X=\mathbb P^1_A$. On $D_+(T_0)\cap D_+(T_1)$, we have $$T^2_0d(T_1/T_0)= -T^2_1d(T_0/T_1).$$ How does one formally compute this transition? Of course this is ...
8
votes
0answers
196 views

Why do these two constructions of a sheaf associated to a module on a projective scheme agree?

Let $B$ be a graded ring an $M$ be a $\mathbb Z$-graded $B$-module. We can associate to $M$ a sheaf of modules on $\operatorname{Proj} B$ by defining the sheaf on the principal open sets $D_+(f)$ to ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Why are projective schemes $\mathbb P_A^n$ over a ring not affine for $n>1$?

I recently posted a very similar question, but I hid the question I really wanted answered in it. I'm posting this to make that question explicit. Let $A$ be a nonzero commutative ring with unit. ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Why are projective spaces over a ring of different dimensions non-isomorphic?

Let $A$ be a nonzero commutative ring with unit. Define $\mathbb P_A^n$ to be the scheme $\operatorname {Proj} A[T_0,\dots,T_n]$, where the grading on the polynomial ring is by degree. Why is it true ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Radical of prime ideal in homogeneous localization is prime

Let $B$ be a graded ring, $B=\oplus_{d\ge 0} B_d$. If $f\in B$ is homogeneous, we let $B_{(f)}$ denote the subring of $B_f$ made up of elements of the form $af^{-N}$, $N>0$, where $a$ is a ...
5
votes
3answers
118 views

Compactness of the complex points of a $\mathbb{C}$-variety

Let $X$ be a $\mathbb{C}$-variety and let $X_{cx}$ denote the topological space formed by its $\mathbb{C}$-points with the complex topology (i.e. the associated analytic space). If $X$ is projective, ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Showing that intersection multiplicity at a point is finite for prime divisors

My question has two parts two it: one vaguely more elementary, one perhaps less so. In Beauville (Complex Algebraic Surfaces), we define the multiplicity of intersection of two (irreducible, no ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

A proof that every projective morphism is proper?

I am currently working my way through Q. Liu's book "Algebraic Geometry and Arithmetic Curves". I'm puzzled by the proof that every projective morphism is proper, see below I understand that ...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

Does the singular locus of a conical variety (or scheme) determine the singular locus of its projectivization?

Lets say $X$ is a conical affine algebraic variety (conical meaning $X$ is the zero set of homogeneous polynomials of positive degree, equivalenty $X \subsetneq k^n$ and $x \in X \Rightarrow ax \in X$ ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

What does “Biextension of Abelian Varieties” mean?

If I have two schemes $X$ and $Y$, which are such that my question makes sense (I guess, they should be abelian varieties over a field $k$, so assume this). Then I have often read, but nowhere found ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

Dimension of the irreducible components of an affine open in $\mathbb{P}^n_k$.

I was doing some exercises in Liu's book on Algebraic Geometry. I am currently trying to solve a problem by showing the following: Let $U \subset \mathbb{P}^n_k$, k a field, be an affine open ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Proj construction and fibered products

How to show, that $Proj \, A[x_0,...,x_n] = Proj \, \mathbb{Z}[x_0,...,x_n] \times_\mathbb{Z} Spec \, A$? It is used in Hartshorne, Algebraic geometry, section 2.7.
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Are smooth relative curves over an arbitrary base normal?

Let $X/S$ be a smooth, projective scheme of relative dimension one over a scheme $S$ (which we may assume is affine Noetherian, but need not be reduced nor irreducible nor even connected). For $s \in ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Understanding $Bl_{\mathcal{I}}(k^4)/S_2$ where $\mathcal{I}$ is defined by $(x_1-x_2,x_3-x_4)$

Let $k_4=Spec(k[x_1, x_2, x_3,x_4])$ and $\mathcal{I}$ is the ideal sheaf defined by $(x_1-x_2,x_3-x_4)$. Then $$ Bl_{\mathcal{I}}(k^4) = Proj (\oplus_{i\geq 0} I^i t^i) $$ where ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

The variety associated to a polynomial ring with a particular grading

We impose various grading on an algebra or a module to understand its homological properties. So I made up the following problem and I would like to understand its correspondence as a variety. ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

If the reduction is smooth and projective, can I conclude the same about the scheme

Let $X$ be a $R$-scheme, where $R$ is a dvr. Suppose that the reduction of $X$ (over the closed point of $\mathrm{Spec} \ R$) is smooth and projective. Does this imply that $X$ is smooth and ...
7
votes
2answers
367 views

Classification of automorphisms of projective space

Let $k$ be a field, n a positive integer. Vakil's notes, 17.4.B: Show that all the automorphisms of the projective scheme $P_k^n$ correspond to $(n+1)\times(n+1)$ invertible matrices over k, modulo ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Can a non-proper variety contain a proper curve

Let $f:X\to S$ be a finite type, separated but non-proper morphism of schemes. Can there be a projective curve $g:C\to S$ and a closed immersion $C\to X$ over $S$? Just to be clear: A projective ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Connections on line bundles on product of varieties

Let $X$ and $Y$ be smooth projective varieties over $\mathbb C$. Suppose I have given a line bundle $L$ on $X\times Y$ with a connection relative to $Y$, i.e. $\nabla: L \rightarrow ...
9
votes
1answer
253 views

Tangent space in a point and First Ext group

Let $X$ be an abelian variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. I have read that one has for an arbitrary closed point $x$ on $X$ a canonical identification $$T_x(X)\simeq ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Isomorphism of first infinitesimal neighborhoods

Take an abelian variety $X$ over a field and consider $Z$ to be the first infinitesimal neighborhood of the diagonal in $X\times X$. Let furthermore $Y$ be the first infinitesimal neighborhood of the ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Morphisms of abelian variety and torus in additive group

let $A$ be an abelian variety and $T$ be an algebraic torus over a field $k$; furthermore denote with $\mathbb G_a$ the additive group over $k$, i.e. just the affine space. Why does then hold (i) ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Ample divisor on abelian variety

just a short question: if one has an abelian variety $X$ over a field $k$ and an ample irreducible divisor $D$ on $X$, then why is $H^1(X-D,\mathcal O_X)$ zero? Should it be that $X-D$ is affine? ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Geometry of abelian varieties

if $X$ and $Y$ are abelian varieties over a field $k$ and $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is a homomorphism of abelian varieties, are then the following true: 1) ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Smooth ample hypersurface on variety

I read the following fact which wasn't explained further and wonder how you exactly get it. Maybe you can give me some hint. Start with a smooth projective variety $X$ over a $k$. Then the author ...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

If $f^*(D)$ is a Cartier divisor, is $D$ Cartier also?

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a finite, surjective morphism of normal algebraic varieties and let $D$ be a Weil divisor on $Y$. In this case, one can pull back to get a Weil divisor $f^*D$ on $X$ associated to ...
4
votes
2answers
603 views

dimensionality reduction, projection points on a hyperplane

Imagine a N dimensional vector space. In it there are several points. I pick $m<N$ of them. They form a hyperplane in the N dimensional vector space. For example N = 10, m = 2. Now i want to ...
0
votes
3answers
256 views

Proj of graded rings

my question actually concerns an exercise II5.13 in Hartshorne. You have a graded ring $S=\oplus S_n$ with $n\ge0$ generated as $S_o$-Algebra by $S_1$ and you set $S^{(d)}=\oplus S_{dn}$ for a ...
2
votes
0answers
410 views

Very ample line bundles and global sections

my question concerns a very ample line bundle $L$ on a projective k-scheme. It gives a closed immersion $i:X \rightarrow P^{N-1}_{k}$ to some projective space over k. It can be viewed as induced by ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

Proj construction and ample dualizing sheaf

my question concerns a smooth projective variety $X$ with dualizing sheaf $\omega_X$: if I have that this dualizing sheaf is ample, then I have read you can conclude that $X\simeq Proj(\oplus_{k} ...