Use this tag when you want to determine the thinking that is needed to solve a certain type of problem, as opposed to looking for a specific answer to a question.

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55
votes
3answers
2k views

Laplace, Legendre, Fourier, Hankel, Mellin, Hilbert, Borel, Z…: unified treatment of transforms?

I understand "transform methods" as recipes, but beyond this they are a big mystery to me. There are two aspects of them I find bewildering. One is the sheer number of them. Is there a unified ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Time and distance problem

A train starts from Jammu for Srinagar at 13:30 and reached at 17:30.Another train starts from Srinagar at 15:30 and reaches Jammu at 19:00.At what time both train will meet??. I have solved this ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

What's the value of $x$ in the following equation?

So this is how I approached this question, the above equations could be simplified to : $$a = \frac{4(b+c)}{b+c+4}\tag{1!}$$ $$b = \frac{10(a+c)}{a+c+10}\tag{2}$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Solving a cubic equation

Solve $y=ax^3+bx^2+cx+d$ I need $x$ in terms of $y$ . I do not need the roots of the cubic equation . I need to express $x$ in terms of $y, x>0$
0
votes
4answers
45 views

right circular cylinder inscribed in a sphere

Find the dimensions of the right-circular cylinder of greatest vloume that can be inscribed in a sphere with a radius of 6 $in$ I think I need help visualizing, and maybe the solution. I've ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Relationship of radius of sphere to an inscribed right circular cylinder for max and min values

I cannot seem to find the correlation between having an interval of a radius of a sphere with finding the greatest lateral surface area of a right circular cylinder inscribed in it. The question goes ...
0
votes
2answers
536 views

Solve $4 A (L^{3/4}) - wL (((24 - L) w)^{-3/4}) = -(((24 - L) w)^{1/4})$ for L? Using Mathematica

I'm trying to solve $$4 A (L^{3/4}) - wL (((24 - L) w)^{-3/4}) = -(((24 - L) w)^{1/4})$$ for $L$ using Mathematica, and it spits the following out: ...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Bernoulli Probability Question [on hold]

Customers depart from a bookstore according to a Bernoulli process with parameter p = 0.15 (per minute). Each customer buys a book with probability 2/3, independent of everything else. What is the ...
-6
votes
0answers
37 views

Probability and statistics.. [on hold]

This is pic of question]1 I don t know what this question ask for. Should i use formula of root in quadratic equation?
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Lambert W function with natural log

I need to solve the next equation x: $d-x+yln[\frac{d}{x}]=b$ I inserted this into Wolfram Alpha and it returned: $x = y \Bbb{W}[\frac{e^\frac{d-b}{y}d}{y})]$ y, d, b, and x are all real, ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

What are some ways to check if a the information given is enough to solve a problem related to euclidean geometry? [closed]

To know if a the data given produces a unique answer is something important because if you know the data is insufficient to yield a unique answer you can stop looking for one. Example: $\triangle ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Showing that a function is not $(d,d)-$ continuous at a point.

Let $d: \mathbb R \times \mathbb R \rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a metric: $$ d(x,y) = \begin{cases} 0 & x = y \\ |x| + |y| + 3|x-y| & x \neq y \end{cases} $$ Show that the function $f: \mathbb R ...
65
votes
14answers
34k views

Dividing 100% by 3 without any left

In mathematics, as far as I know, you can't divide 100% by 3 without having 0,1...% left. Imagine an apple which was cloned two times, so the other 2 are completely equal in 'quality'. The totality ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Solving problems involving powers

How to reach from $1+𝐸𝐴𝑅= [1+𝑇×𝐴𝑃𝑅]^1/​t $ the power is (1/T) to $$APR = \frac{\ (1+EAR)^T - 1 \ }{T}$$ $$1+EAR=[1+T\times APR]^{1/T}\\ APR=\frac {(1+EAR)^T-1}T$$ and the same goes ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Recurrence relations, trouble understanding the statement

I have been struggling with the English in some recurrence relations problems, since I am studying it on my own and I'm not in a combinatorial environment. Here is one in which I can't grasp what it ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

How do I solve for x? Do I need the Lambert W function?

I need to solve the next equation x: $d-x+yln[\frac{d}{x}]=b$ y, d, b, and x are all real, positive numbers. How do I solve for x? Do use the lambert W function and if so how is that done? Thanks! ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

Recurrence relation for ternary sequence

Find the recurrence relation for number of ternary strings that do not contain two consecutive 0's or 1's. Strings that contains only 0s, 1s and 2s are called ternary strings. Answer is $a_n =2 ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Recurrence relation. Application to ternary sequences

The question is: How many ternary sequences have no double zero? For this I understand that our $n$-digit sequence either have $0,1,\dots,n$ zeroes, is this ok? If the answer of above is positive, ...
-5
votes
3answers
23 views

Probability: 52 cards in a deck [closed]

If you are dealt two cards successfully (with replacement of the first) from a standard 52-card deck, find the probability of getting a heart on the first card and a diamond on the second.
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Find the coefficient of $x^{19}$ in the expression $(x+1)(x+2)(x+3)\cdots (x+400)$

Find the coefficient of $x^{19}$ in the expression $(x+1)(x+2)(x+3)\cdots (x+400)$ I have no clue how to start. Any kind of help will be appreciated.
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Travelling salesman - organising a tour of any European destination based on the cheapest flights available.

I apologise if this has only a tenuous link to a mathematics forum I'm sure everyone is familiar with the £10 one-way flights by Ryanair and similar airlines in Europe. I was wondering whether there ...
0
votes
2answers
457 views

Solve $x^4+3x+20=0$ by Ferrari's method

Comparing the equation $$x^4+3x+20=0$$ With the equation $$(x^2+\lambda)^2-(mx+n)^2=0$$ we get $m^2=2\lambda,$ $-2mn=3,$ $n^2=\lambda^2-20$ Now, $4m^2n^2=9\Rightarrow ...
1
vote
0answers
9 views

Sum two nearest function of two class are the nearest function of the sum class

Suppose $x,\mu:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R^2}$ two smooth function and $\Gamma = \{\gamma : [0, 1] \rightarrow [0, 1]| \gamma (0) = 0, \gamma (1) = 1, \gamma$ is a diffeomorphism $\}$. Here $\Gamma$ ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

How to solve this question in more time efficient way?

Q) if$$x\sin a=y\cos a=\frac{2z\tan a}{1-\tan^2 a}$$ then find $4z^2(x^2+y^2)$a)$(x^2+y^2)^{3}$b)$(x^2-y^2)^3$c)$(x^2-y^2)^2$d)$(x^2+y^2)^2$ Ans:c i solved this in a very long way: $$x\sin ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Linearity in quotient space

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be the space of all parametric curves $x:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. Also let $\mathcal{C}$ is a linear manifold in the sense that $x_1,x_2\in \mathcal{C}$ implies that ...
2
votes
3answers
48 views

Ideas for solving this IVP

I am curious how to approach solving the initial value problem: $\begin{cases} y'(t) = 5t - 3\sqrt{y} \\ y(0) = 2 \end{cases}$. The equation isn't separable, and more generally it is not an exact ...
0
votes
1answer
423 views

Finding Y coordinate of third triangle point when X coordinate and two other points are already known

Suppose you know the coordinates for points A and B of a triangle. We can refer to those coordinates as (Ay,Ax) and (By,Bx). Also, suppose you know the X coordinate for point C (Cx) but do not know ...
7
votes
2answers
60 views

Three dimensional spherical excess formula

We all know the spherical excess formula: in a unit sphere, the area of a geodesic triangle is equal to the exceeding from $\pi$ of the sum of the three angles of the triangle. Is there a similar ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

How can I prove the equation has unique positive real solution?

Without using derivative, prove that the equation $$x^5-2x^4-3x^3-4x^2-5x-6=0$$ has unique positive real solution. I tried, consider function $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ with ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How to create a custom scale for a range of values

I'm utterly sorry for the very non-specific question, but I'm not even sure what I am looking for. Any pointers and terminology so I can document myself would be helpful. Because I do not know how to ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Ideas for solving this nonlinear IVP

I am curious how to approach solving the initial value problem: $\begin{cases} y'(t) = 5t - 3\sqrt{y} \\ y(0) = 2 \end{cases}$. The equation isn't separable, and more generally it is not an exact ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Find the basis for the kernel, for a linear mapping

Let $T : R^4 \to R^3$ given by $$T(x, y, z, t) = (x−y+z+t, x+2z−t, x+y+3z−3t)$$ Using Gauss-array and reducing the system of equations to row echelon form I got: $\{(1,1,1),(-1,0,1)\}$ as basis for ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Probability Riddle

I was told a puzzle recently, and I can't figure out how to solve it. It went like this: You are a prisoner. You play a game with the guard many times a day. This game has a unique probability ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

The Number of Two-digit Primes Which the Sum of their Digits is 6

Problem: Find the number of two-digit primes which the sum of their digits is six. We had this problem in a mathematic examination. The problem can be solved by testing all two-digit primes, but ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

calculus book recommendations [duplicate]

i want to learn single variable calculus i completed schooling and i love calculus for now i am focusing on single variable calculus i tried many books like Calculus - "A Complete Course 7th ed - R. ...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

How many $a$-nary sequences of length $b$ never have $c$ consecutive occurrences of a digit?

Let $S(a,b,c): = \#\{a$-nary sequences of length $b$ without $c$ consecutive occurrences of a digit$\}$. For example, $S(2,n,3)$ would be the number of binary sequences of length $n$ without $3$ ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Question about invariants.

There is a list of $n$ numbers. We pick any two numbers, $u$ and $v$ and replace them by $uv + u + v$. Does the final answer after $n-1$ operations, depend on the initial choice. I noticed that if ...
3
votes
6answers
92 views

Why isn't $-2$ solution for $x$?

I came across an logarithm problem recently. I don't know why solution to this problem cannot be $-2$. Now, don't downvote now because you don't know why I'm asking this. I know that logarithms' ...
20
votes
3answers
985 views

prove $\sqrt{a_n b_n}$ and $\frac{1}{2}(a_n+b_n)$ have same limit

I am given this problem: let $a\ge0$,$b\ge0$, and the sequences $a_n$ and $b_n$ are defined in this way: $a_0:=a$, $b_0:=b$ and $a_{n+1}:= \sqrt{a_nb_n}$ and $b_{n+1}:=\frac{1}{2}(a_n+b_n)$ for all ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Generating functions, problem solving. Distribute distinguishable balls to people

The problem reads: How many ways are there to distribute $26$ of $34$ distinguishable balls to $5$ people if Lucy gets at most $4$ balls? The generating function to distribute distinguishable balls ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Techniques for approximating a partial sum formula for any function.

There are several ways of computing the partial sum formulas of many summations, but is there a technique that can approximate a closed form for any summation? So far I found for $\sum_{x=0}^{n} ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

How can you solve for s in this very complex problem?

I recently stumped across a problem, which I need to solve. Of course, I used an calculator and I got $s=3$, but I want to know how to do it step by step. The problem is kind of complex: ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

A unit square contains 1 million rectangles without any common points. Show that the total area of rectangles is less than 1.

"A unit square contains 1,000,000 rectangles without common points. Show that the total area of rectangles is less than 1." This statement is somewhat imprecise. Let's say that these are closed ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Pink Kangaroo Maths Challenge: Ria Bakes Six Raspberry Pies

I have been doing some practice papers for an upcoming UKMT Maths Challenge. There's one question I can't seem to grasp. I'm not sure entirely sure where to start. I'm open to any ideas. Thank you ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Find the basis for the kernel and the image, for a linear mapping

Let $T : \Bbb{R}^3 → \Bbb{R}^3$ given by $$T(x, y, z) = (x + 2y − z, y + z, x + y − 2z).$$ Using Gauss-array and reducing the system of equations to row echelon form I got: $\{(3,-1,1)\}$ is a basis ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

One tap fills a pool. The other one empties it. It's a word problem.

In a pool there are two taps, one for filling and one for emptying. Once, when the pool was empty they opened the filling tap for $4$ hours. Afterwards, they opened by mistake the emptying tap and ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

The Diophantine Equation: $x^3-3=k(x-3)$

I wish to know how to resolve the diophantine equation: $x^3-3=k(x-3)$ ? The problem is: Find all integers $x\ne3$ such that $x-3\mid x^3-3$. - From 250 Problem's in Elementary Number Theory, by ...
0
votes
7answers
61 views

How do you work out the angle in this square?

I have labelled all the angles that I can work out. But I can't think of any other way to find the other angles without being 100% sure. Thank you! P.S. I have attached the official question - ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

What type of functional equation is this?

I'm trying to solve the following functional equation $f\left(x\right)=A\mbox{ exp}\left\{ \int\frac{1}{f\left(x\right)x^{2}+Bx}dx\right\}$ where ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Sequent calculus - where should I start?

I am given this formulae. $A \land B \implies C \lor D \lor E$ I want to deduce this formulae with sequent calculus. But my problem is that I dont know where to start, or which rule to take first. ...