Use this tag when you want to determine the thinking that is needed to solve a certain type of problem, as opposed to looking for a specific answer to a question.

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3answers
43 views

What is the number of mappings?

It is given that there are two sets of real numbers $A = \{a_1, a_2, ..., a_{100}\}$ and $B= \{b_1, b_2, ..., b_{50}\}.$ If there is a mapping $f$ from $A$ to $B$ such that every element in $B$ has an ...
1
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6answers
125 views

If $a+b+c+d=1$ then why is the maximum value of $(a+1)(b+1)(c+1)(d+1)$ is ${\left(\frac{5}{4}\right)}^4$?

What I know is that for equations of type $x+y=8$, $xy$ attains its maximum value when $x=y$ and this can be proved by either solving the quadratic equation with completing the squares or finding the ...
4
votes
4answers
78 views

$(x+y+z)^3-(y+z-x)^3-(z+x-y)^3-(x+y-z)^3=24xyz$?

The question given is Show that $(x+y+z)^3-(y+z-x)^3-(z+x-y)^3-(x+y-z)^3=24xyz$. What I tried is suppose $a=(y+z-x),\ b=(z+x-y)$ and $c=(x+y-z)$ and then noted that $a+b+c=x+y+z$. So the ...
4
votes
3answers
322 views

Students in a class, girls sitting with boys and boys sitting with girls

This is a very interesting word problem that I came across in an old textbook of mine. So I mused over this problem for a while and tried to look at the different ways to approach it but unfortunately ...
11
votes
4answers
467 views

The best balance in studying Mathematics? [on hold]

I'm a student studying Mathematics at a university level. I've completed Single Variable Calculus, Differential Equations, Multivariable Caculus, Real/Complex Analysis, and Linear Algebra and I've ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Finding the range from standard deviation and Gaussian Curve

The figure above shows a normal distribution with mean m and standard deviation d, including approximate percents of the distribution corresponding to the six regions shown. Suppose the heights of a ...
-1
votes
0answers
61 views

How to solve for X^2-2Yx+Y=0? [on hold]

How can I solve for $x^2-2Yx+Y=0$? Note: Y is an exponentially distributed random variable with parameter lambda>0. The solution is the following: no real solution for $4Y^2-4Y<0$, so when ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

clarity in the solution of the following problem

$$(D^2+D)y=x^2+2x+4$$ I found the solution as $$CF=C_{1}+e^{-x}C_{2}$$ and PI=$$\left(\frac{x^3}{3}\right)+4x$$ but the solution from my teacher is PI = $$\left(\frac{x^3}{3}\right)+4x+C3$$ Where ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Eigen function of one Stochastic Process from the eigen function of another Stochastic Process

Let us consider a centred square integrable stochastic process $\{X_t:t\in [0,2]\}$. Also let the eigen values and the eigen function of the kernel of the covariance operator of $X_t$ are ...
3
votes
2answers
153 views

Solving $2^x - 3^x + 6^x =0$.

Are there any known methods to solve $$2^x - 3^x + 6^x = 0,$$ where $x$ is either in closed form, perhaps in terms of special functions, or to give inequalities on the answers, where $x\in\mathbb{C}$ ...
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votes
0answers
20 views

Need Help Building An Equation to Find an Angle of Departure for Zeroing on a Rifle Scope

I asked this question yesterday, but the equation ended up not working. I believe I am using it correctly, and I have experimented countless times to no avail. Thus, I am here asking again being even ...
-1
votes
1answer
17 views

What is the answer to this problem solving question? [closed]

Saul plays a game where he scores 4 points for a hit and -6 for a miss. If he plays 20 round and scores 30 points. How many times did he miss?
0
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1answer
23 views

What area can this question be categorized into?

In a game of 12 players that lasts for exactly 75 minutes there are 6 reserves who alternate equally with starting players. It means that all players, including reserves, are in the game for exactly ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Need Help Building An Equation to Find an Angle for Zeroing on a Rifle Scope

My name is Michael, and I am trying to create a small video game. I am only in high school, so my math skills lack which is why I am here to find help from nice people! I am trying to find an ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Determinant of a matrix with binomial coefficients.

Let $n \in\mathbb{N}$ and $A=(a_{ij})$ where \begin{equation}a_{ij}=\binom{i+j}{i}\end{equation} for $0\leq i,j \leq n$. Show that $A$ has an inverse and that every element of $A^{-1}$ is an integer. ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Books for Problem-Solving Skills + How to Prepare for Putnam Competition [closed]

Dear Math Stack Exchange advisers, My name is Phoenix Kim, a rising junior with major in mathematics and an aspiring applied mathematician & algebraist. I wrote this email to seek your ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Is there a better way to determine the function in the integrand?

I need to find $U(z)$ given that $\Delta\ll 1$. $$\int_{-\Delta/2}^{\Delta/2} U(z) \, dz = C$$ $C$ and $\Delta$ are constants. Since $\Delta$ is small I am just using $$ U(z) = C / \Delta\,.$$ It ...
0
votes
3answers
336 views

simplification of an complex exponential equation

There are these steps in a solutions manual I do not follow. I struggle to find any good and problem specific information about this kind of math wizardry on my own. I don't really know what to google ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Correct distribution for cell visibility in 3D grid

I have 3D grid of cells. Each cell can be in two states: visible, not visible. The camera is positioned on the side and looks at the grid. Random variable X is defined as a number of visible cells in ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

How to solve this integral and have arccos(…) as a result?

$$\int {\sqrt{\csc^{2}x -1}} \, d(\cos^2x)$$ I need to solve this integral in order to arrive to a solution that looks like $x= \arccos(...)$ The main substitution is already done, I don't know how ...
3
votes
5answers
15k views

Probability of winning a prize in a raffle

My work is having it's annual Christmas raffle today. 1600 tickets have been sold, and there are 40 prizes to win. I have bought ten tickets. What are the odds I will win a prize? While an initial ...
91
votes
8answers
3k views

Probability that a stick randomly broken in five places can form a tetrahedron

Edit (June. 2015) This question has been moved to MathOverflow, where a recent write-up finds a similar approximation as leonbloy's post below; see here. Randomly break a stick in five places. ...
1
vote
2answers
430 views

Number of people having shaken hands an odd number of times

This is from a book called USSR Olympiad Problem book: Every living person has shaken hands with a certain number of other persons. Prove that a count of the number of people who have shaken hands ...
1
vote
1answer
348 views

How to calculate per unit costs for multiple items

I had a supplier give me a quote last week that seems very strange, can someone help me out? The quote is for IT hardware, but for simplicity (and anonymity) I'll use apples and oranges: ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

A question from Hoffman's linear Algebra

the question is on Section 1.4 exercise 7, it says: find all solutions of $$2x_1 - 3x_2 - 7x_3 + 5x_4 + 2x_5 = -2$$ $$x_1 - 2x_2 - 4x_3 + 3x_4 + x_5 = -2$$ $$2x_1 - 4x_3 + 2x_4 + x_5 = 3$$ ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Steady state of advection diffusion

I am looking for the non trivial solution to the advection diffusion equation: \begin{equation} \frac{\partial}{\partial x}\left(D_x \frac{\partial c}{\partial x} - uc\right) ...
5
votes
3answers
168 views

How to solve this inequality, with the hypothesis more complicated than the conclusion?

Given $x,y,z \in \mathbb{R}$ and $x,y,z>2,$ I want to show that if, $$\frac{1}{x^2-4}+\frac{1}{y^2-4}+\frac{1}{z^2-4} = \frac{1}{7}$$ then, $$\frac{1}{x+2} + \frac{1}{y+2} + \frac{1}{z+2} \leq ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

What is the relative strength of each of the players in this game?

This is a real life problem. A group of people meet once a week to play a game between two teams. Each round 2 people are randomly appointed captains. Each captain takes turns picking people to be on ...
7
votes
2answers
161 views

USSR Exam problem

I obtained this problem from here. A car starts from point $A$ towards $B$ at the same time as a motorcycle starts from $B$ to $A$ (but with a lesser speed). At the moment they meet, a second ...
16
votes
2answers
159 views

$xf(y)+yf(x)\leq 1$ for all $x,y\in[0,1]$ implies $\int_0^1 f(x) \,dx\leq\frac{\pi}{4}$

I want to show that if $f\colon [0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$ is continuous and $xf(y)+yf(x)\leq 1$ for all $x,y\in[0,1]$ then we have the following inequality: $$\int_0^1 f(x) \, dx\leq\frac{\pi}{4}.$$ The ...
188
votes
16answers
7k views

Optimizing response times of an ambulance corp: short-term versus average

Background: I work for an Ambulance service. We are one of the largest ambulance services in the world. We have a dispatch system that will always send the closest ambulance to any emergency call. ...
1
vote
4answers
31 views

Simple mod problem

It’s kind of a silly question but I can't find a simple way for finding the value of variable $d$ . $(5*d) \mod 8 = 1$ I normally just do this recursively by saying $d=d+1$ until I get the right ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Weak Law of Large Numbers and Central Limiting Theorem problem

From past experience, a teacher knows that the result of an exam is a random variable, with average $75$ and standard deviation $8$. How many students must take the exam to guarantee, with a ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Matrix representation in exponential form

So having worked out beforehand that $Λ(v) = \begin{pmatrix} γ&0&\frac{-γv}{c}\\ 0&1&0\\\frac{-γv}{c}&0&γ\end{pmatrix}$ where $Λ(v) ∈ SO(2,1)$ is a matrix representation of a ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

How do pupils solve 2nd degree equations in Germany? (different from Spain)

I'm from Spain and in Spain the undergraduate pupils learn to solve a 2nd degree (i.e. quadratic) equation using the formula $x=\frac{-b\pm\sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}$ but years ago I had a colleague who did ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Dates with 8 consecutive digits

In many places, dates are written as DD/MM/YYYY. For example, the 25th of April 1736 is written as 25/04/1736. Dates such as this one that use 8 consecutive digits (not necessarily in order) will be ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

Defining the $L^2$ norm of a vector valued function

I am considering a collection of function of the type, $ f:[0,2\pi]\rightarrow \mathbb{R^2}$. I want to define the $L^2$ norm of the function in that space. I am defining the a norm of ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Under what conditions would the function $\prod_{i=1}^{n}{\frac{r_i}{r_i - 1}}$ be decreasing with respect to $n$?

So I know that $$\frac{r}{r - 1}$$ is a decreasing function of $r$. My question is: Under what conditions would the following function be decreasing with respect to $n$? $$\displaystyle ...
2
votes
3answers
32 views

Problem leading simple equations

A sum of Rs. 8.85 is made up of 124 coins which are either 10 paisa coins or 5 paisa coins ; how many coins are there each Note : Rs. 1 = 100 paisas
0
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2answers
23 views

Problem leading equations

The question is : "A and B begin to play with 60$ each. If they play till A's money is double B's, what does A win?" Now i tried to solve it like they both have 60\$ each, then A got his money ...
0
votes
1answer
371 views

Solve 4 A (L^(3/4)) - wL (((24 - L) w)^(-3/4)) = -(((24 - L) w)^(1/4)) for L? Using Mathematica

I'm trying to solve $$4 A (L^{3/4}) - wL (((24 - L) w)^{-3/4}) = -(((24 - L) w)^{1/4})$$ for $L$ using Mathematica, and it spits the following out: ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

$\mathbb{A}^2\setminus (0,0)$ is not affine

I want to prove that $X = \mathbb{A}^2\setminus (0,0)$ is not affine. My attempt: If $\Bbbk[X] = \Bbbk[x,y]$ then $X$ is not affine since $(x,y) \subset \Bbbk[x,y]$ is a proper ideal, but $V(x,y) \cap ...
0
votes
2answers
23 views

System of equations that I'm having trouble with

$a/(x+y) - b/(x-y) = 1$ $b/(x+y) + a/(x-y) = (b^2-a^2)/2ab$ The answer to the values of $x$ and $y$ are given as $x=a-b, y=a+b$. How is that achieved?
1
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0answers
20 views

General and sufficient condition of independence

I'm having troubles with this proof: Let $\{Z_i\}_{i\in\mathbb{Z}}$ be i.i.d. random variables with zero mean and unit standard deviation. For $(a_0, a_1, ..., a_r)$ a sequence of $r$ real numbers ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

Inverse Fourier transform of $\frac{1-e^{-2\pi ift}}{2\pi if}$

I would like to calculate the inverse Fourier transform of the following $$H(f) = \frac{1-e^{-2\pi i f t}}{2\pi i f}$$ Can anyone tell me and explain to me how to do that? I don't want just an ...
2
votes
2answers
353 views

Making change with prime-valued coins

Am I understanding this question correctly and how do I approach these problems? In Numberland, the unit of currency is the El (E). The value of each Numberlandian coin is a prime number of Els. So ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Strange sum of random variables

So guys, I'm having this hard proof to solve in probability. I don't really know how to tackle it! Hope that someone can help. Let $\{Z_i\}_{i\in\mathbb{Z}}$ be i.i.d. random variables with zero mean ...
18
votes
4answers
340 views

How could I improve this approximation?

In a computer application, I need to solve trillions of times an equation which can be reduced to $$f(x)=\sin(x)-a x=0$$ Newton methods (quadratic and higher orders) are used for the solution. ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Reference request - Problem book by subject

I'm looking for good problem textbooks for self-study. I know only of two of this sort: "Introduction to Measure Theory" by Terry Tao, and "Problems in Algebraic Number Theory" by Esmonde and Murty. ...
3
votes
3answers
94 views

What is the value of $a^4+b^4+c^4$?

Consider $a,b,c$ such that $a+b+c =1, a^2+b^2+c^2=2$ and $a^3+b^3+c^3=3$. Find the value of $a^4+b^4+c^4$, if possible. Trial: I observe that \begin{align} a^4+b^4+c^4 ...