Tagged Questions

Use this tag when you want to determine the thinking that is needed to solve a certain type of problem, as opposed to looking for a specific answer to a question.

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0
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0answers
22 views

Difficult Integral in functional basis

Let $$g(x)=\int f\prime(x)\left[\frac{4}{3}x^2+4x^3+(2x^2+4x^3)f(x)+6x^2f^2(x)+xf^3(x)\right]dx$$ express $g(x)$ in terms of $\{1,x,x^2,x^3,....\}$ and $\{f(x),f^2(x),f^3(x),...\}$. Is there a clever ...
2
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2answers
33 views

Divisibility of sum of squares

I'm currently working through an olympiad problem book that uses the following fact: $3 \mid a^2 + b^2 \implies 3 \mid a$ and $3 \mid b$. I don't see how to show this. I know for that a prime $p$ ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Special equation solving

I would like to get x from the following function when the y is known and which + means If ...
0
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0answers
64 views

Finding minimum of a distance function using matlab

I have a function for that I want to find the minimum. The function calculates the distance between two sets where a set is defined as matix of row vectors $ D = [ d_1, d_2, ..., d_n]$, $d_n$ is a $m ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

Solving the equation $a ^ b + b ^ a = 200$

Find $a$ and $b$, $a ^ b + b ^ a = 200$ One of the answers is $a = 1$ and $b = 199$. Lets say $a, b$ belongs to $\mathbb{R}$ then there will be many solutions, for each $a$ there exist $b$, in ...
0
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2answers
67 views

How to solve this quadratic form equation?

Let $Q(x,y,z)=7x^2+7y^2-2z^2-10xy+8xz+8yz$ be a quadratic form and $A = \begin{bmatrix} 7 & -5 & 4 \\ -5 & 7 & 4 \\ 4 & 4 & -2 ...
13
votes
3answers
503 views

'Fixed Point' Irrationals

I found this interesting problem which turns out to be more difficult than it first appears: Suppose $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a function such that $f(f(x))=x$ for all $x \in ...
4
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2answers
178 views

Egg drop problem

Suppose that you have an $N$-story building and plenty of eggs. An egg breaks if it is dropped from floor $T$ or higher and does not break otherwise. Your goal is to devise a strategy to determine ...
0
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1answer
39 views

How many ways are there to parenthesise an expression?

Context I am writing a computer program to do a brute-force search for a solution to a puzzle which wanted to arrange four numbers with the four standard arithmetic operators and arrive at a given ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Solve equation. sum of negatie powers of two equal to one. Diaphantite.

Is the following correct? Let $\sum_{i=1}^n \frac{1}{2^{x_i}}=1$ where $x_i \in \mathbb{N}_0$ for $i \in \{1,\ldots,n\}$ than the only solutions is $$x_i=n-1, \quad \forall i \in \{1,\ldots,n\}.$$ ...
1
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1answer
13 views

Algorithm to find out on which position ZX is?

I am having the following problem. Lets consider the alphabet. From A-Z there are 26 letters. If its for example AA, then its ...
12
votes
4answers
177 views

How do you create a nonlinear game that the player can always win?

I thought a lot about this question — and initially, I intended to ask this on gamedev.stackexchange.com — but due to its rather theoretical aspects, I think it might be more appropriate to address a ...
26
votes
3answers
488 views

How does one cut onions in a mathematically efficient way?

Perhaps a math degree and cooking don't go hand in hand, but hopefully they do. I have been thinking about this problem for some time when in the kitchen without making any real progress: How does ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

how to find point where two exponential type functions intersect

I have two functions who intersect each other and i want to find time at which they intersect. The two functions are, $\left(1-\frac{1}{\text{X2}}\right)-\frac{(\text{X1}-1) (\text{X2}-1)}{e^{4 t ...
1
vote
2answers
22 views

how to express this problem as integral

I am given this word problem: Find a straight line which goes through the center of x, y coordinates so that the area between this straight line and graph of $f(x)=x^2$ is exactly $\frac{1}{6}$ I ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Motivation and Derivation of the Riccati Equation Transformation

Given a Riccati Equation which is differential equation of the form: $$ \frac{dy}{dx} = a_0 (x) + a_1 (x)y + a_2 (x)y^2 $$ It is well known that the transformation: $$ y = -\frac{1}{a_2(x)} ...
3
votes
4answers
87 views

How to easily prove $x+\frac{1}{x} \ge 2 \quad ∀x\in ℝ^+$ [duplicate]

When I tried to solve some certain math problem (an inequation) for pivate exercise purposes, I had to prove that $x+\frac{1}{x} \ge 2 \quad ∀x\in ℝ^+$, I solved it with tools from differential ...
3
votes
3answers
150 views

Is this question of sequence a Mathematical one, i.e. does it have objectively only one answer for each subpart.

This question is taken from 11th class Math book. Look at this question: At the very first glance one can tell that all the three sequences are G.P But! by using interpolation(as this answer ...
3
votes
3answers
49 views

Confusing -Probabilities.!!

Ok so far what i understand is this lets say...Having to draw a card from 52card-deck its probability is of course 1/52.Now the probability to say that i will keep drawing this same card 10 times of ...
4
votes
7answers
92 views

How to find $x^2 - x$?

I'm quite a novice when it comes to maths. I'm on a problem in which I have had to isolate $x$ , through factorials which I completed without problem. However, now I am stuck on a seemingly more minor ...
1
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0answers
36 views

How many lines needed to not lose in tetris game?

Suppose we play a tetris game with tetris be given randomly. Is there exists a number of lines that we can play infinitely, i.e. do not lose the game?
35
votes
9answers
4k views

When to give up on a hard math problem?

I practice olympiad problems from books like Putnam and Beyond. Often I come across a problem that I simply can't solve. After $\sim30$ minutes of deep thinking it feels like I'm ramming my head into ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

How to solve this sequence $165,195,255,285,345,x$

This is a question appeared in a competitive exam. The question is: Find the unknown term in $165,195,255,285,345,x$ 1)375 $\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ $ 2)420 3)435 $\ \ \ \ \ \ \ ...
-3
votes
5answers
317 views

How to solve the sequence: $87, 89, 95, 107, ?, 157$

This question appeared in a competitive exam. The question is: Q. Find the unknown term in $87,89,95,107,?,157$ 1)127 $\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ $ 2)122 3)139 $\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ $ ...
1
vote
2answers
134 views

Basic combinatorics question [closed]

In a tennis tournament there are $2n$ participants. In the first round of the tournament, each player plays exactly once, so there are $n$ games. Show that the pairings for the first round can be ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

How to solve 2 ÷ 2 ÷ 2 ? ${}{}{}{}$

$$2 ÷ 2 ÷ 2 = (2 ÷ 2) ÷ 2 \ \ \text{OR}\ \ 2 ÷ (2 ÷ 2) ?$$ Is there any standard rule which is world wide accepted for solving this type of expressions? If I process the expression from left to ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Residue of this function for $z_0=0$

I have this function $$\frac{\sin (2z)-2z}{(1-\cos z)^2}$$ I want to find its residue around $z_0=0$, however I've been battling it for hours but I get nowhere. I've tried finding its Laurent series, ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

A 20 × 20 × 20 cube is built of 1 × 2 × 2 bricks. Prove that one can pierce it by a needle without piercing a brick.

A 20 × 20 × 20 cube is built of 1 × 2 × 2 bricks. Prove that one can pierce it by a needle without piercing a brick. Taken from Engel's book, but no solution was given. Here's my solution: Look ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Find Laurent's series of these two functions around $z_o$

Find the Laurent series of $f(z)=\frac{z}{(z+1)^2}$ around $z_o=-1$, and $g(z)=z\exp(\frac1{z+i})$ around $z_o=-i$. For $f$, what they're asking is to find the series in $0<|z+1|$. On the ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Prove solution does not exist for inequalities system

I have an inequalities sytem like the following: Example > x+y+z <= A > x+y <= B > x+z > C > y+z > D > x >= E Let A,B,C,D,E be any ...
0
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1answer
36 views

How do I prove this statement?

I have to prove that if $$u=t^{\lambda}y(z)$$ and $$z=\frac{x}{\sqrt{t}} \,\,,$$ then $$\frac{\partial{u}}{\partial{t}}=\frac{\partial ^{2}{u}}{\partial{x}^{2}} \Rightarrow ...
5
votes
2answers
109 views

$\{a$ : $\forall f\in C^0$ with $f(0)=f(1)$ there exists $x$ s.t. $f(x+a) = f(x)\}$

Determine all $a\in[0,1]$ such that for ${\it every}$ continuous function $f:[0,1]\to \Re$ with $f(0)=f(1)$ there exists at least one $x$ where $f(x) = f(x+a)$. Firstly, $a=0,1/2,1$ are obviously ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Find the Laurent series of $\sin z/z^2$ using Laurent's theorem

I have the function $f(z)=\frac{\sin z}{z^2}$, wich is analytic over $\Bbb C\setminus\{0\}$, I want to find the Laurent series of $f$ valid for $0<|z|<R\le\infty$. Using Laurent's theorem we ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

More problems like Engel's Problem Solving

I've been working through Arthur Engel's Problem Solving and I've been enjoying it very much. I especially liked Chapters 1, 3, and 4, which cover the Invariant, Extremal, and Pigeonhole Principles ...
0
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1answer
31 views

An organization was surveyed with regard to the number of children each member had…

I am studying for my exam and there is no solution for this question. Can anyone provide the correct answers? Thanks. An organization was surveyed with regard to the number of children each member ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Using Poisson's integral formula

The problem asks to prove the following equality using Poisson's integral formula (or Poisson kernel, if I understood correctly from Wikipedia): $$\int_0^{2\pi} \frac{e^{\cos ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Trying to use the deformation theorem to solve integral

I have this integral: $$\int_{|z|=2}\frac{\cosh z}{(z+1)^3(z-1)}dz$$ Both singularities $z=1,z=-1$ are inside the circle. I have already solve this using partial fractions, and I don't have much ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

How does $2N_{h-2}$ become $2^{h/2}$?

I'm reading the Lecture 6 notes from MIT OCW Introduction to Algorithms, which discusses AVL trees, and I'm confused about one of the relations below: Balance: Worst when every node differs ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Proof Verification: If 650 points in a circle of radius 16, prove that some 10 must lie in a ring of inner radius 2 and outer radius 3.

If 650 points in a circle of radius 16, prove that some 10 must lie in a ring of inner radius 2 and outer radius 3. The area of any such ring is $5\pi$ and the area covered by the union of all rings ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Solve this equation. Can anybody do it?

There is this relation between x and y: $$x / y = a + b \log(y)$$ I have x. How do I ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

How to calculate per unit costs for multiple items

I had a supplier give me a quote last week that seems very strange, can someone help me out? The quote is for IT hardware, but for simplicity (and anonymity) I'll use apples and oranges: ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

I still forget concepts even after answering numerous math problems

Note: this is particularly aimed at high-school/entry level college problems When I'm learning a new topic: 1) I read the theory given in the textbook at the start of each topic 2) proceed to read ...
1
vote
2answers
738 views

Solving the exact differential equation y'=(x-y)/(x+y)

I need to solve the following exact equation: $y' = \frac{(x-y)}{(x+y)}$ I've been taught to put those in the form $M(x, y)dx + N(x, y)dy = 0$ and to make sure ${dM}\over{dy}$ = ${dN}\over{dx}$ So ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Explanation for a simple comparison

Ok, Yesterday I started to learn how to solve problems with comparisons, but I couldn't understand one thing of the "solve algotithm". Here is a part from a solve from a simple example problem ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Solving $Ae^x=Bx$ analytically, where $A$ and $B$ are constants?

This equation mixes both exponential terms and linear terms, something which I do not know how to deal with. Any pointers?
2
votes
1answer
247 views

equations solved with Newton's method by finding the zeros of functions?

I found this statement in one paper I read recently: This problem can be solved by finding the zero of functions: ...
6
votes
3answers
134 views

Find all real solutions of $6^x+1=8^x-27^{x-1}$

Find all real solutions of $6^x+1=8^x-27^{x-1}$. Things I tried: We want solutions of $$2^x3^x+1 = (2^x)^3-\frac{(3^x)^3}{27}.$$ Write $a=2^x$ and $b=3^x$. This gives $$ab+1 = a^3-\frac{b^3}{27}$$ or ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Solve for “lucky” numbers

A rational number is called "lucky" if it equals both $a+\frac{b}{c}$ and $a\times\frac{b}{c}$ for some positive integers $a,b,c$. How many lucky numbers are there between $5$ and $10$? Here's what I ...
0
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2answers
62 views

Question involving square equality between fractions and square roots [closed]

Find the values of the constants $p$ and $q$ such that $$\frac{\sqrt{p}}{\sqrt{p}+2p} = \frac{2\sqrt{p}-q}{3p+q} \tag{$p,q\ge0$}$$ How would you solve this? I've tried everything...
0
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0answers
101 views

Vieta jumping with non-monic polynomials

I have recently discovered Vieta jumping as a problem-solving technique. In order to teach myself about it, I have located most (all of?) the standard references, both here on MSE and "out there" (via ...