Use this tag when you want to determine the thinking that is needed to solve a certain type of problem, as opposed to looking for a specific answer to a question.

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31 views

How to solve this Ricatti-like ODE

I have been trying to solve the following ODE \begin{equation*} \dfrac{d\pi}{dx}x=c_1+\pi(x) c_2 + \pi(x)^2(c_3-x), \end{equation*} where, for every $i=1,2,3$, $c_i$ is a constant real value. ...
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2answers
27 views

Lottery problem - Chance of 4 out of 5 balls matching?

In a lottery, an urn contains 40 balls that are numbered 1, 2, ..., 40. Each week, 5 balls are drawn from the urn without replacement. To enter, one chooses 5 numbers. Anyone who correctly predicts ...
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2answers
170 views

Least sum of distances

Problem: Let $A, B, C, D$ be points in a $3$-dimensional space. Find the point $X$ that minimizes the sum of the distances $AX+ BX + CX + DX$. Context: During a course, I was assigned a ...
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0answers
34 views

Setting up an integral for a physics question.

The problem begins like this: a charge distribution is given by $\rho(r,\theta,\phi)=\gamma r^3cos\theta,a<r<b,0\le\theta<\pi/2$ and is zero everywhere else. The distance from the origin is ...
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2answers
79 views

Solving equation involving binomial function

Solve for $x$ in terms of $i$ and $j$: $$ \binom{x}{i} = j $$ where $x$ is Real; $i$ and $j$ are Integers: $x \geqslant i$, $i \geqslant1$, $j \geqslant 0$. I came across this problem while trying ...
1
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1answer
40 views

What to do when a probability problem becomes unwieldy to check via simulation?

I am assuming that some probability problems cannot be solved easily since there may be a lot of cases to handle and it would make miscounting likely. However, some problems do not simulate well on a ...
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2answers
26 views

Curiosity - maximising a product with a constraint

I have integers greater than 4, for instance $i_1$, $i_2$, $i_3$, ..., $i_n$. We have to change the greatest of these integers (for instance $i_1$ if they are ranked by descending order) by adding to ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Integral of $\frac1{\cos^n x}$

Hi guys I have already proven for an assignment that: $$\int\cos(x)^n dx=\frac{1}{n}\cos(x)^{n−1}\sin(x) + \frac{n-1}{n}\int\cos(x)^{n−2}dx$$ Now we have been asked to calculate ...
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1answer
61 views

Finding limits of two functions of two variables

Show using the definition of limit that $$\lim _{(x,y)\to(0,1)}\frac{x^2-y^2}{x^2+y^2} = -1$$ and $$\lim_{ (x,y)\to(0,0)}\frac{ (1-\cos(xy))\sin y}{(x^2+y^2) }= 0$$ Definition of limit: ...
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1answer
20 views

How many words can be formed by taking 4 letters at a time from the letters of the word 'MORADABAD'?

What I tried was: (9P4)/3!*2! This gave me a wrong answer (since the answer is 626). I'm unable to make use of the hint provided in my book: "make cases". Any help would be appreciated. :)
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1answer
30 views

how to write a differential equation for a problem like this

I've got a problem and i should solve it using differential equation.I don't know how to write the equation and start. A person is trying to fill a bathtub with water. Water is flowing into the ...
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2answers
29 views

replacing numbers to get final anser

I found this question in a random problem solving book that I was reading and wanted to know how you would solve it. I am not sure as how to go about this. Take any positive integer $n$ with fewer ...
3
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1answer
111 views

Limit of the sum of $\gamma_k(x)=xf((k+1)x)-\int_{(k+1)x}^{(k+2)x}f(t)\mathrm{d}t$

Let $f$ be a continuous, decreasing function, with $\displaystyle\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty}f(x)=0$. Let $\gamma_k(x)=xf((k+1)x)-\int_{(k+1)x}^{(k+2)x}f(t)\mathrm{d}t,\displaystyle x>0$. Let ...
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1answer
55 views

What is the probability the best case occurs? (Comp Sci Type Question)

I'm having trouble figuring out what's the probability the best case occurs? It's my first time bringing together probabilistic knowledge into computer science. The question goes as such. Consider ...
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1answer
28 views

raBinomial distribution with dependent trials?

I need your help with following problem: String with n characters is given. For each character in string there is probability p that it is wrong. Now you take a sliding window of length k, k<= n, ...
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2answers
47 views

Problem Solving Question (Riddle)

this is my first time asking a question here, so sorry in advance if there's anything wrong with the format or place this is posted in. The problem I need to solve is written as the following: "Four ...
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0answers
23 views

Polynomial systems - conditions for real solution

I was working on the computation of equilibrium points for dynamical systems and arrived in the following system of $n$ polynomials in the variables $(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ \begin{equation*} ...
3
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0answers
25 views

Iterations $n, n^n, (n^n)^{(n^n)},…$

(Note: I'm reposting this, as I posted the original too late in the evening to gain anyone's notice.) A contest problem (#2 on the 2010 Virginia Tech Math Competition) proffers the solver the ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Coin-tossing games

Suppose that you start off with $100$ dollars. You toss a coin $10$ times and guess it right $5$ times and lose $5$ times (the order of the outcomes is not known). It is known that every time you ...
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3answers
26 views

Finding dimensions using quadratic formula

A 52 m long fence is constructed on three sides of a housing block with area 240 m^2. The fourth side facing the road is left open. Find the dimensions of the block. Also here's another question I ...
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1answer
23 views

Solving for x in equation for chem

In the answers to a chem problem is just gives this equation: (34.969) (x) + (36.966) (1 - x) = 35.453, and says solve for x. But I have no clue how to solve for x....
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3answers
20 views

Problem Solving quadratics

A rectangular paddock has perimeter of 600 m and area 21 600 m^2. Find the dimensions of the paddock. So far, I've figured out the formula is x(300-x)=21600 and rearranged to 300x-x^2=21600. I'm not ...
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1answer
19 views

First-Order ODE Problem

I'm currently taking an ODE course at my school and one of the problems given follows: Suppose that a trajectory of $$(3x^2 - y)dx + (3y^2 - x)dy = 0$$ contains the point $(1,1)$. Show that it also ...
3
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1answer
68 views

If $I + A + \cdots + A^{n-1} = O$, $A$ a square integer matrix, $n$ odd, for what $k$ does $\det(\sum_{i = k}^{n-1} A^i) = \pm 1$?

This question is, in a sense, homework. I'm taking a problem-solving seminar which uses questions like these, the first question on the 2010 Virginia Tech Regional Math Competition, as fodder. The ...
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1answer
43 views

Finding x using the pythagoras theorem

$$x^2 = (x+1)^2 + (x-7)^2$$ can someone please find $x$? Also this is a quadratic equation problem solving question.
2
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1answer
52 views

Prove that $\sqrt{a_n b_n}$ and $\frac{1}{2}(a_n+b_n)$ have the same limit

I'm trying to solve the following problem prove $\sqrt{a_n b_n}$ and $\frac{1}{2}(a_n+b_n)$ have same limit. In this post http://math.stackexchange.com/a/267499, I do not understand the following ...
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2answers
40 views

Showing the summation of numbers

Using each of the digits 1 through 9 once, form numbers whose sum is 100. If you think it can't be done, then prove it. My attempt: I say it can't be done because the sum of all numbers $1-9$ is ...
1
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1answer
26 views

How many integer solutions are there

How many integer solutions for $a$ and $b$ in $(ab)/(a+b)=3600$? My attempt: $(ab)/(a+b)=3600$ = $ab=3600(a+b)$ where $a+b\not=0$ = $ab=3600a+3600b$ =$ab-3600a-3600b$ =$(a-b)3600$ ...
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1answer
33 views

Integer solutions of an equation that is set to a number

How many integer solutions for $a$ and $b$ in $(ab)/(a+b)=3600$? My attempt: $(ab)/(a+b)=3600$ = $ab=3600(a+b)$ = $ab=3600a+3600b$ =$ab=3600a=3600b$ Dividing $3600b$ on both sides ...
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2answers
42 views

Writing forms of an equation

Let $x>1/2$. What is the simplest form of the expression $(1+\sqrt{2x-1})/(\sqrt{x+\sqrt{2x-1}})$ Let $a=\sqrt{2x-1}$ $(1+a)/(\sqrt{x+a})$ =$(1+a)/(x+a)^{1/2}$ =$(1+a)(\sqrt{x+a})$ ...
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0answers
53 views

How can we find $\frac{2^m}{e^n}$ with an accuracy of $10$ decimal digits?

If $n$ and $m$ extremely large (1000 digits) and $1 <\frac{2^m}{e^n} < e$, how can we create an effective algorithm to find $\frac{2^m}{e^n}$ with an accuracy of $10$ decimal digits (10 digits ...
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0answers
41 views

Using jugs filled with water problem

Given jugs $m$ and $n$ liters (WLOG $m<n$) is it always possible to get all $i$, $0 \leq i \leq n ?$ If so, prove it. If not, explain which $i$ you can get. Is there also a minimum number ...
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2answers
34 views

Quarters and dimes word problem [closed]

Word problem: if you have three more quarters than dimes, and together they add up to $3.55, how many dimes do you have?
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2answers
48 views

Solving an algebraic equation for x

$(($ 3^$2\sqrt{3x})$/4$)$ $+3=$ 3^$\sqrt{3x}$ = $($ (3^${2}*{3x^{1/2}}$)/4$)$ $+3=$ 3^${3x^{1/2}}$ After simplifying: = ($3^{6x^2}$ $+ 3$)/4 $= 3^{3x}$ = $3^{6x} + 3 = 12^{3x}$ I tried ...
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4answers
69 views

Chance of playing a game

You are offered a chance to play a game. the rules are simple. there are $100$ cards face down. Of these, $55$ say win and $45$ say lose. You begin with $10000$ dollars. You must bet $1/2$ of your ...
2
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1answer
25 views

Shared groceries expenses between roommates to be divided as per specific consumption ratio and attendance

My apologies if this question is in the wrong section. Couple of my roommates & I (total 5 people) share the groceries expenses. We record the purchases in an Excel sheet, and also have the ratio ...
2
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0answers
38 views

Trying to make a formula to find maximum driving time.

I am trying to figure out how to make a formula (that will eventually be used in excel.) to figure out, how much driving time could be done in a block of time. In this case, 24 hours. And theses are ...
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3answers
32 views

If I end up with $10,000 because I lost 20% in 2 years…

If I end up with 10,000 after losing 20% in two years...How much did I have in the first place?
10
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8answers
254 views

Evaluate $ \int_{0}^{1} \ln(x)\ln(1-x)\,dx $

Evaluate the integral, $$ \int_{0}^{1} \ln(x)\ln(1-x)\,dx$$ I solved this problem, by writing power series and then calculating the series and found the answer to be $ 2 -\zeta(2) $, but I don't ...
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1answer
53 views

To Find the height of the building

A building casts a shadow 50 feet long. A rod 4 feet tall placed near the building casts a shadow 3 inches long. Find the height of the building.
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1answer
60 views

Set of numbers that add up 1 to n

I am currently trying to solve the following problem: Given a number $n \in \mathbb{N}$, find the size of a set $S$ of positive numbers $s_1, \ldots, s_k\in \mathbb{N}$, such that $\sum_{i=1}^kS_i ...
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0answers
35 views

Conditional Probability - Order is important!

Probability that Mark wins a tennis match he plays is 0.8. A knockout tournament requires players to win 5 matches to win the tournament. What is the probability that Mark wins the tournament? ...
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1answer
25 views

What would the answer be using Linear Equation

How many ways to arrange HATE...............................................
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4answers
77 views

Given circle and point, where does the tangential line through the point touch the circle?

Given a circle with known center $c$, known radius $r$ and perimeter point $x$: $$ (x - c_x)^2 + (y - c_y)^2 = r^2 $$ with a tangent line that also goes through a point $p$ lying outside the circle. ...
0
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1answer
55 views

How to solve this age problem?

I am solving the following question. Please guide me!! The ages of A and B are in the ratio of 5:7 and C and D are in the ratio of 5:7.Let sum of their ages is 150, what is the difference between the ...
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2answers
72 views

simple math question from civil service exam

The weight per foot of a length of square bar 4" x 4" in cross section as compared with one 2" x 2" in cross section, is ______ as much. A. Twice B. 2 1/2 times C. 3 times D. 4 times This question ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Stair flight problem

A stair flight has 10 steps. A kid can move in jumps of 1, 2 or 3 steps. Assume the kid starts on the floor (step 0), and always has to end in step 10 because there is a door that needs to be open. In ...
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2answers
481 views

Find the probability of winning at this lottery.

So, the problem I found goes like this: You have $n$ different numbers, numbered from $ 1 $ to $n$. You can randomly choose $m$ (different) of them. The computer also randomly selects $m$ ...
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1answer
20 views

Solving an equation

I have the following equation: $x_1^3 = \hat{x}_1^3 + e_1\delta(x_1,e_1)$ I have to find the function $\delta(\cdot)$ for which this equation holds. By definition: $e_1 = \hat{x}_1 - x_1$ So I am ...
2
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1answer
30 views

Find some probabilities given the probability tree

i've been practicing probability since it's not my strength, but i am doing that without a tutor or an official course, just books and videos. I was reading a problem, and i was capable of draw the ...