Use this tag when you want to determine the thinking that is needed to solve a certain type of problem, as opposed to looking for a specific answer to a question.

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0
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1answer
11 views

(What is the formula to find) What is the probability that the sum of the numbers on the tickets chosen is at least 7?

Senario: Box A contains four equal-sized tickets, numbered 1, 2, 3 ,4 Box B contains three tickets of the same size, numbered 4, 5, 6 An experiment consists of selecting one ticket from the box A ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

How can I solve this puzzle using equations?

There's a hall with 100 seats. I want to fill up these seats with men, women and children; they're going to purchase seat positions. The cost per seat for men is 5 USD, women 1 USD, and children 0.05 ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

How to find plane that's equidistant from the origin

Objective: Give the equation of a plane that crosses the axes at points equidistant from the origin. How do I make sure that the points $A(1,2,-2)$, $B(-5,1,1)$, $C(4,-3,1)$ are equidistant from the ...
7
votes
3answers
165 views

Calculate $\frac{1}{5^1}+\frac{3}{5^3}+\frac{5}{5^5}+\frac{7}{5^7}+\frac{9}{5^9}+\cdots$

I'm an eight-grader and I need help to answer this math problem. Problem: Calculate $$\frac{1}{5^1}+\frac{3}{5^3}+\frac{5}{5^5}+\frac{7}{5^7}+\frac{9}{5^9}+\cdots$$ This one is very hard for me. It ...
-2
votes
1answer
35 views

Equation of a plane equidistant from 3 points

Question: Given 3 point (point A, point B, point C), find an equation to a plane that crosses the axes at points equidistant to the origin P[0,0,0]. Are the following steps the right way to approach ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

How to know when a line is parallel to the xz-plane

What are some features of the equations of a line that is parallel to the xz plane, but does not lie on the plane, and is not parallel to any of the axes? So far all I got: -dot product of plane's ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Difficult generating function

Prove that the coefficient of $x^i$ for $i=1,2,3,...$ in the expansion of $\prod_{n=0}^{\infty} (1+x^{3^n})(1+x^{4^n})(1+x^{5^n})(1+x^{6^n})$ is greater than $0$.
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Last 7 digits of 7th powers

Alice and Bob play the following game. They alternately select distinct nonzero digits from $1$ to $9$, until they have chosen seven such digits. Consider the resulting seven-digit number by joining ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

How to see 4th dimension? [on hold]

Anyone has tricks or methods? Great help, thank you. P.S.: Abstractly of course, not actually seeing 4D, which I don't think is possible.
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Re professional mathematicians working on several problems at once. Source needed.

Recently I read a quote from a working mathematician where he pointed out that professionals have to get used to carrying around several unsolved problems at once. Can anyone help me with the source ...
4
votes
4answers
165 views

Inequalities, when does the sign change here?

I have encountered a problem with inequalities. I have been looking at examples provided by two websites which 'solve' inequalities, however when I try using my own method, the extremely simple ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

How long should you study Mathematics each day if you want to get into a graduate school? [on hold]

I'm a university student (Junior now!) and I was wondering how many hours fellow undergraduates and graduate students study a day. I hear posts about how time doesn't really matter and that it's about ...
6
votes
2answers
110 views

The best balance in studying Mathematics?

I'm a student studying Mathematics at a university level. I've completed Single Variable Calculus, Differential Equations, Multivariable Caculus, Real/Complex Analysis, and Linear Algebra and I've ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views

child custody percentage [closed]

$1$st parent has custody every Tues $8$ am until Thursday $3:45$ pm and alternate weekends Saturday $8$ am until Tues $8$ am. $2$nd parent has custody every Thursday $3:45$ pm until Saturday $8$ am ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

Coming up with short “magical” proofs

I was reading the solution to this problem: Prove that $f(n) = 2n$ is the only non-constant solution to $2f (m^2 + n^2 ) = (f (m))^2 + (f (n))^2 .$ The solution used these identities, pulled out of ...
9
votes
1answer
89 views

How could I improve this approximation?

In a computer application, I need to solve trillions of times an equation which can be reduced to $$f(x)=\sin(x)-a x=0$$ Newton methods (quadratic and higher orders) are used for the solution. ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Basic Mixture question

Let's say that I have 50 ounces of 100% sugar water solution. If I add 50 more ounces of pure water to that solution. What percentage of sugar water solution would I have left?
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Books in mathematics based on problem solving

Hi I'm looking for mathematical books that try to teach mathematical concepts by motivating and solving real life problems. For example a book in topology that is motivated by problems of planetary ...
2
votes
3answers
81 views

Trouble with inequalities

I'm a 9th grade student, going into 10th grade. Math has always been a subject I enjoyed and excelled in. I'm writing a schoolboard-wide math contest next year in mid-February I believe. To prepare ...
41
votes
15answers
13k views

Interview riddle

On the Mathematics chat we were recently talking about the following problem @Chris'ssis had to solve during an interview : $$3\times 4=8$$ $$4\times 5=50$$ $$5\times 6=30$$ $$6\times 7=49$$ ...
5
votes
2answers
54 views

Putting objects in a line.

I'm working on a project outside of school, and I've run into a bit a problem. I thought, maybe there are some problem solvers on the internet who would enjoy this. I have 8 balls, 3 red cubes, and ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

How to solve for $x$ in the function $y=x\ln(x)$?

I have $y=x\ln(x)$ and I need to solve for x. How am I supposed to do that? Because I get $y=x\ln(x)$ $y=\ln(x^x)$ $e^y=x^x$ and I am stack here... Can somebody help me? EDIT In my case the ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Finding the range from standard deviation and Gaussian Curve

The figure above shows a normal distribution with mean m and standard deviation d, including approximate percents of the distribution corresponding to the six regions shown. Suppose the heights of a ...
1
vote
3answers
25 views

Iterative Equation Problem with Constraints

I was given a programming riddle recently. It was eluded to that there is an equation, but I was told that finding the equation was not the goal, and that writing a simple program was the goal. I ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Splitting a remainder

So let's say i have a thousand pieces. Person 1 gets 350, person 2 gets 100 and person 3 gets 50. Now i have 500 pieces left. What i want to do now is split all the pieces i have left, over the 3 ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

Sum of square roots of integers

Let $x, y$ be integers and consider the equation $$\sqrt{x}+\sqrt{y}= 8 \sqrt{31}.$$ It is claimed that this implies $\sqrt{x}= a\sqrt{31}$ and $\sqrt{y}=b \sqrt{31}$ for $a,b$ integers. While this ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Can I solve this problem with matrices?

So I have some two dimensional data sets thats I want to analyse. They can be viewed in 2D form as below: $M1$: $$\begin{matrix}00 & 00 & 00 & 00 & 00 & 00 & 00 & 00 ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

LASSO Problem - A matrix structure!

I'm wondering if anybody knows about the structure of $A^{m\times n}$ in real big data LASSO problems. I want to ask if anybody know what is the degree of sparsity and separability(number of nonzero ...
0
votes
3answers
103 views

Unsure how to solve equation

I have the problem. Solve: $x^3 - 3x^2 + 2x - 5 = 0$. I've done similar, simpler ones like this, but in this case I don't know. Can someone at least tell me what you'd even call this exact type of ...
-1
votes
1answer
49 views

Boats and Stream Problem

Boats and Streams: A man rows to a place 48 km distant and come back in 14 hours. He finds that he can row 4 km with the stream in the same time as 3 km against the stream. The rate of the stream is: ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

How to solve this simple linear equation

I have the following equation (I personally wrote) $2x + (5+3) = 46 + 3x$ Is the above equation possible at all? If yes, how to solve it? I am new to math, as a free-learner (not associated with my ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Elements and Unions [closed]

Need help solving this problem step by step!
2
votes
2answers
60 views

Why does the additive subgroup of $\mathbb{R}$ generated by $1$ and $\sqrt{2}$ contain arbitrary small elements? [duplicate]

Let $G\subset \mathbb{R}$ be the additive subgroup of $(\mathbb{R},+)$ defined by $G=\mathbb{Z}+\sqrt{2}\mathbb{Z}$. I want to prove that for every $\epsilon>0$ there exists an element ...
-2
votes
1answer
27 views

math question im stumped on [closed]

Two race cars are speeding around the racetrack at different speeds. One goes around the track in 2 minutes; the other goes around the track in 1 1/2 minutes. How often does the faster car pass the ...
5
votes
2answers
176 views

How many diamonds did they steal?

There are $7$ thieves. They steal diamonds from a diamond merchant and run away into the jungle. Whilst they're running, night falls and they decided to rest in the jungle. When everybody is ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

what is wrong in my answer and what will be the correct solution for this probability question ?

A and B play a game where each is asked to select a number from 1 to 5. If the two numbers match, both of them win a prize. The probability that they will not win a prize in a single trial is - ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

X and Y are independent random variables and their distributions are..

X and Y are independent random variables and their distributions are.. $P(X=1) = 0.1 $ $P(X=2) = 0.2$ $P(X=3) = 0.3 $ $P(X=4) = 0.4 $ $P(Y=4) = 0.4 $ $P(Y=2) = 0.3$ $P(Y=3) = 0.2 $ $P(Y=4) = 0.1$ I ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

$X $ and $Y$ are continuous $RVs$, such that$ f(x,y) = 2, 0\leq x\leq 1, 0\leq y\leq 1, 0\leq x+y\leq 1$

X and Y are continuous RVs, such that $f(x,y) = 2, 0\leq x\leq 1, 0\leq y\leq 1, 0\leq x+y\leq 1$ I'm trying to find $P(x<1/2,y>1/2)$. So i'm integrating from $\dfrac{1}{2}$ to $1$ for $y$ ...
1
vote
3answers
61 views

Let $U$ be $~U [0,1] $and let $Y = U^{\frac{1}{2}}$

Let $U$ be $\sim \mathcal{U}[0,1]$ and let $Y = U^{1/2}$. I'm having trouble finding the $E(Y)$. How do I go about doing this?
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Strategy in solving linear equations with 3 unknown variables

I have an equation with this form: $ A x + B y + C z = N$ $A$, $B$, $C$, and $N$ are known. $A$, $B$, $C$, $N$, $x$, $y$, and $z$ are positive integers $>= 0$. I need to find out values of ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

P(X>Y) Probability Double Integral

$f(x,y) = \frac{12}{7(x^2 + xy)}$ $ 0 \le x \le 1$ and $0 \le y \le 1 $ I want to know the $P(X>Y)$. I believe the correct solution to this is integrating from 0 to 1 for dy and y to 1 for dx ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Uniform Spinner is spun twice..

A fair uniform spinner is spun twice, and the results V and W are noted. V and W are uniform RVs ∼U[0,1]. I'm trying to answer the question what is the joint pdf for V and W. I know that I have to ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Scheduling jobs with no deadlines issue

The problem of scheduling tasks with no deadline, given n tasks and execution time of task $i$ is equal to $i$, it means that the time performance of Task 1 is 1 and execution time of task 2 is 2, and ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Probability “average” understanding

This is more of a problem understanding probabilities than an actual question. In a game I am playing I can use a certain item to try to unlock different levels. The item will unlock a new level ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

How many real solutions of this equation?

How many real solutions of this equation $$\sqrt{x}+\sqrt{1-x^2}=\sqrt{2-3 x-4 x^2}?$$ I posted my question at here ...
14
votes
2answers
269 views

Does every “balloon” (dragon, tadpole, canoe paddle) admit a graceful labeling?

Post-Bounty Edit: Still no answer; will gladly accept if someone can provide a reference. Earlier Edit: It appears that the answer is "yes," either by an already existent publication or by ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

How is this card/paper plate magic trick done?

There are 3 paper plates, in which A is written on one, B on the 2nd, and C on the third. Now the person performing the trick knows the initial order of the paper plates. He then asks an audience ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Ehrenfest's urns have been loaded with a total of 6 balls…

Ehrenfest's urns (two of them) have been loaded with a total of 6 balls. If the first urn now contains 1 ball, what is the probability that it will contain 2 balls after the next transition? My ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Probability - A trial consists of tossing a fair coin twice and noting H = number of heads observed…

A trial consists of tossing a fair coin twice and noting H = number of heads observed. What is the probability that if 5 trials are performed, we will note H=0 two times, H=1 one time, and H=2 two ...
6
votes
2answers
84 views

Advice for self-studying Inequalities and Calculus

I'm interested in self-studying the following books over the next year or so: Spivak's Calculus (I'm already in Ch. 5 and it is very slow going) The Cauchy-Schwarz Master Class by J. Michael Steele ...