# Tagged Questions

In mathematics, a principal bundle is a mathematical object which formalizes some of the essential features of the Cartesian product $X\times G$ of a space $X$ with a group $G$.

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### Some doubts about the Atiyah groupoid

maybe this question is trivial, but I could not understand somethings about the Atiyah groupoid and algebroid. Let $\pi:P \twoheadrightarrow X$ be a principal $G$-bundle (where $G$ is a Lie group). ...
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### Does every manifold M always admit a Riemannian metric?

In the book "Geometry and Topology for Physicists" by Nash and Sen, in Section 7.6, after showing that the structure group $GL(n,\mathbb{R})$ of a frame bundle $F(M)$ (for a general manifold $M$ of ...
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### Reductions of structure groups and sections of coset bundles

I'm looking for a reference for the following proposition: Let $G$ be a Lie group and $H$ a (closed) Lie subgroup of $G$. Let $E \to B$ be a principal $G$-bundle. Then reductions of the ...
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### Formal adjoint of curvature (Yang Mills)

Currently reading a paper on finding solutions to the Yang Mills equation $D^*\Omega=0$, where $\Omega$ is the curvature and $D^*$ is the formal adjoint of the exterior covariant derivative $D$. ...
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### Difference between types of connections [closed]

For my background, I am familiar with the basics of differential geometry, especially Riemannian geometry, and in some more advanced topics relevant to physics, especially general relativity. Lately ...
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### Does a left group action on a principal bundle induce an action on associated vector bundles?

Let $G\hookrightarrow P\xrightarrow{\pi}M$ be a principal $G$-bundle with right action $\cdot$ and suppose we are also given a left action $\rho: U\times P\rightarrow P$ of some group $U$ on $P$. ...
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### Decomposition of tangent space of principal bundle

A connection on a principal bundle $\pi:P\rightarrow M$ is a choice of horizontal subspace $H_p$ at each $p\in P$, such that $T_p P = H_p + V_p$ where $V_p = \ker((\pi_*)_p)$. It is very common to ...
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### Lifting a principal G-bundle to a principal bundle with structure group a covering of G

Let $P\to$ be a principal $G$-bundle. Suppose $U$ covers $G$. What do we mean by a lift of $P$ with respect to $U$? Can we take $P,M,G,U$ such that no lift exists?
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### Bundle map is isomorphism iff it covers a homeomorphism

Consider $P_0$ and $P_1$ principal G-bundles with projection maps $\pi_0, \pi_1$, respectively; $f:P_0 \rightarrow P_1$ a continuous G-equivariant map (i.e. a bundle map) and $g:X_0 \rightarrow X_1$ ...
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### Transformation behavior of connection on vector bundle.

Using the notation from Jost's various books on geometry, let $$D=d+A$$ be a connection on a vector bundle $\pi:E\rightarrow M$ with structure group $GL(n,\mathbb{R})$. Also let $\{U_\alpha\}$ be ...
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### Is this operation meaningful or it is a mistake in the book?

I've been reading Nakahara's "Geometry, Topology and Physics" and found something quite strange on the section 10.3.3 which discusses the geometrical meaning of the curvature of a connection. It is ...
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### Reduction to the special orthogonal group

It is well known that an $SL_n$-bundle $E$ on an algebraic curve $X$ is self dual (i.e $E\cong E^*$) iff it is an $SO_n$-bundle However, I can't see why, because the isomorphism $E\cong E^*$ means ...
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### Quotient space of equivariant vector bundle.

Let $p: P \to B$ be a principal $G$-bundle, and $\pi : E \to P$ a vector bundle with action of $G$ on $E$ such that $G$ acts by vector bundle isomorphisms and $\pi$ is equivariant. Is it always the ...
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### To Reconcile Two Different Descriptions of the Dual Bundle

$\newcommand{\mc}{\mathcal}$ Let $\pi:E\to M$ be a smooth vector bundle with typical fibre a $k$-dimensional vector space $\mc V$. There are (at least) two ways to construct the dual bundle of $E$. ...
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### Rigorously what is this integral?

I've been studying some gauge theories approach to problems in mechanics in order to get a better understanding of the ideas from gauge theories and to see some applications of fibre bundle theory. ...
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### A Lie Group Homomorphism $f:G\to H$ Induces a Functor from Principal $G$-Bundles to $H$-Bundles

I am trying to understand Qiaochu Yuan's answer to this question. The first line of the answer reads: A Lie group homomorphism $f:G\to H$ induces a functor from the category of principal $G$-...
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### Applications of Principal Bundle Construction: Vague Question

I recently read the principal $G$-bundle construction on a smooth manifold $M$, where $G$ is a Lie group. To understand them better, I am looking for some applications. Can the principal $G$-...
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### Classify sphere bundles over a sphere

Problem (1) Classify all $S^1$ bundles over the base manifold $S^2$. (2) Do the same question for $S^2$ bundles. Moreover, does there exist a universal method to solve this kind of problem?...
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### Cartan geometry on manifolds with boundary

I was reading Sharpe's text on Cartan geometry, and I started to wonder: Does the theory change in any significant way if the base manifold for the Cartan principal bundle is allowed to be a smooth ...
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### How to obtain the metric tensor of a principal bundle total space given a connection (assuming it is metric compatible) in the total space?

The title says it all. In a principal bundle I know the connection defined in the total space. How can I calculate the metric that would be compatible with this connection.
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### What the curvature $2$-form really represents?

Let $(E,\pi,B)$ be a principal bundle with structure group $G$. The connection $1$-form can be thought of as a projection on the vertical part. It allows us to characterize the horizontal subspaces as ...
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### Conjugate group homomorphisms induce homotopic maps on classifying spaces

Let $G$ be a group and let $\phi: G \to G$ be the inner automorphism given by conjugation by an element $g' \in G$, i.e., $\phi(g) = g'^{-1} g g'$. I want to show that the induced map on classifying ...
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### Trouble proving identity - Gauge theory/Maurer-Carton one-form/Adjoint representation

The Identity I am trying to prove is the one in this already asked question how to show that ${ad}_{g_{\alpha\beta}} \circ g_{\alpha\beta}^{\star}\theta=-g_{\beta\alpha}^{\star}\theta$? The author ...
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### Are all quotients of a weakly contractible space via a free group action classifying spaces of the group?

First of all, I don't want to restrict to any kind of "nice spaces" since I am interested in the most general situation. Especially I do not work in any "convenient" category of spaces. Wikipedia ...
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### Principal bundles, connection forms and fundamental vector fields

Suppose $\pi:P\rightarrow M$ is a principal bundle, $\omega\in \Omega^1(P;\mathfrak{g})$ is the connection one form and $\sigma(\cdot)$ is the fundamental vector field associated to some vector field ...
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### Proof of $G\rightarrow G/H$ is a Principal H bundle

Let $G$ be a Lie group and let $H$ be a closed subgroup (not necessarily normal). Then $G$ is a principal $H$-bundle over the (left) coset space $G/H$. I could proof that the fibers are all ...
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### Associated bundles: isomorphism between spaces of differential forms.

I think this will be an easy question for numerous people. Let $\pi:P\rightarrow M$ be a principal bundle and $\rho:G\rightarrow GL(V)$ a representation. The space of $k$ forms on $M$ with values in ...
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### Bundles with nonzero Stiefel class over $\mathbb{CP}^2$

Could you please show me an example of a principal $SO(3)$-bundle over $\mathbb{CP}^2$ such that the restriction of this bundle on a projective line is non-trivial. Edit: One can try to construct the ...
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### Gauge fields and restrictions of the connection one form

I am working through some lecture notes on principal bundles and am stuck on the proof of a certain proposition. In the following, $\pi:P\rightarrow M$ is a principal bundle, $\omega$ is the ...
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### Identity of curvature in a principal bundle

I saw in wikipedia (http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curvature_form) the following identity for the curvature 2-form of a principal bundle $$2\Omega(X,Y)=h[X,Y]-[hX,hY]$$ where $X,Y\in T_uP$, $P$ being ...
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### The curvature of the connection one form - misunderstanding

Let $(P,M,G,\pi,\cdot)$ be a principal bundle. Let $\omega$ be the connection one form for a connection $H\subset TP$. Let $X,Y$ be smooth vector fields on $P$. Then the curvature $\Omega$ of the ...
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### What are classifying spaces actually classifying?

Let $G$ be a group. When we say the classifying space of $G$ we are actually meaning the classifying space of the principal $G-$bundles because the notion of classifying spaces is about classifying ...
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### Failure to close of horizontal lift on principal bundles.

When considering the geometrical meaning of the curvature on principal bundle $\pi: P \rightarrow M$, let us consider a coordinate system ${x_μ}$ on a chart $U$. Let $V = ∂/∂_{x_1}$ and $W = ∂/∂_{x_2}$...
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### Gauge theory on a trivial bundle

I am learning gauge theory, so I tried to understand what happens in the case of a trivial principal bundle. However I have some problems understanding how a connection looks like in that case. Here's ...
The Leray–Hirsch theorem says that given a fiber bundle $F \to E \to B$ such that $H^*(F)$ is free (as a module over whatever coefficient ring $k$) and, for each $n \geq 0$ there is a set of classes $... 0answers 63 views ### What is the principal bundle structure of$O(n)$? Consider the map$\pi:O(n)\rightarrow G(k,n)$which maps$A\in O(n)$to the subspace of$\mathtt{R}^n$spanned by the first$k$columns of$A$. Here$G(k,n)$is the Grassmannian manifold. My question ... 3answers 708 views ###$M \times N$orientable if and only if$M, N$orientable For two manifolds$M$and$N$I'm trying to prove that$M \times N$is orientable if and only if$M$and$N$are orientable. My attempt so far:$\impliedby)$Assume$M, N$are orientable. Then$\...
Given a principal bundle $\pi:M\rightarrow M/G$, there are natural maps $$\pi_{\mathcal{F}}:\mathcal{F}(M)^G\rightarrow\mathcal{F}(M/G)$$ \pi_{\mathfrak{X}}:\mathfrak{X}(M)^G\rightarrow\mathfrak{X}(...