In mathematics, a principal bundle is a mathematical object which formalizes some of the essential features of the Cartesian product $X\times G$ of a space $X$ with a group $G$.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
124 views

Connections and covariant derivatives

Let $A$ be a connection on a principal $G$-bundle $P$, let $\chi :G\rightarrow GL(V)$ be a representation of $G$, and let $E:=P\times _\chi V$ be the associated gauge bundle. Then, there is a ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Maps of $G$-bundles

A vector bundle is a $GL(\mathbb{R}^m)$-bundle with fiber $\mathbb{R}^m$. A principal $G$-bundle is a $G$-bundle with fiber $G$ (where the "$G$" in "$G$-bundle" embeds into $\mathrm{Aut}\, [G]$ by ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Heisenberg manifold

I am interested in the Heisenberg manifold, which is the quotient of the real Heisenberg group by the discrete Heisenberg (sub)group. It is a 3 -manifold which may be viewed as a circle bundle over ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

a question about space of smooth sections

Let $\Gamma(M,L) $ be the space of smooth sections, then why $\Gamma(M,L) $ is isomorphic to $A=\{f:L^{\times}\to \mathbb{C}; f(cz)=c^{-1}f(z), c\in \mathbb{C}-\{0\} , z\in L^{\times}\}$ . Here ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Obstruction of such gauge choice

Suppose we consider $\operatorname{ad}P_G \to T^k$ as the associated adjoint bundle (maybe this is not the correct name, but I just mean with the associated vector bundle ${\rm Lie}G$ as standard ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

$\mathbb{RP}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{CP}^1$ defines a principal U(1)-bundle

I have to show that the map $\pi: (x_o : x_1 : x_2 : x_3) \in \mathbb{RP}^3 \rightarrow (x_0 + i x_1) : (x_2+ ix_3) \in \mathbb{CP}^1$ defines a principal U(1)-bundle. The two standard coordinate ...
2
votes
0answers
96 views

Local trivializations for orthonormal frame bundle

Let $(E,\pi, M)$ be a real vector bundle of Rank $N$. Then one can define its frame bundle $GL(E)$ as follows: $GL(E)_x:=\{\text{ordered bases of }E_x\}$ (for $x\in M$). $GL(E):=\bigcup_{x\in M} ...
6
votes
0answers
169 views

Orbit space of a free, proper G-action principal bundle

Let $G$ be a topological group and let $r \colon E \times G \to E$ be a continuous right-action on a topological space $X$. If $p\colon E \to B$ is a continuous map into a topological space $B$ such ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Manifold non-orientable iff. frame bundle is connected

Let $M$ be a connected smooth manifold and $L(M):=\bigcup_{x\in M}L_xM$ its frame bundle where $L_xM:=\{(v_1,\dots,v_n):\{v_1,\dots,v_n\}\text{ is a basis of }T_xM\}$. $M$ is non-orientable iff. ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

What is the commutator of a horizontal and vector field for a connection on a Fiber bundle?

I would be tempted to rephrase my question as : why do people seem to care only about the curvature of a connection on fiber bundles ? Indeed, the curvature gives the vertical part of the commutator ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

How does a left group action on the fiber of a principal bundle induce a right action on the total space?

Suppose I define a "principal $G$-bundle" as follows: A principal $G$-bundle is a fiber bundle $F \to P \overset{\pi}{\to} X$ with a left group action of $G$ on $F$ that is free and transitive, ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

Local sections of Hopf fibration $(S^3,\pi,S^2)$

In the lecture we showed the local triviality of the Hopf fibration $(S^3,\pi,S^2)$ as a principal-$S^1$-bundle by constructing local sections $$s_1:S^2\setminus\{\infty\}\cong\mathbb{C}\to S^3,\qquad ...
4
votes
1answer
354 views

Intuition of Chern-Weil theory

Let $ P \rightarrow M$ be a $G$-principal bundle. The lie algebra of $G$ is $\frak{g}$ and $P$ has connection form $\omega \in H^1(P,\frak{g})$ and curvature form $\Omega \in H^2(P,\frak{g})$. We ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Principal stable $SL(2)$-bundles on a genus $2$ compact Riemann surface.

Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface with genus $2$. Can you give me examples of stable principal $SL(2)$-bundles on $X$?
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Doubt on how to prove proposition about bundles

I've started studying bundles and fiber bundles and to get some practice I've tried to prove the following proposition: "Every vector bundle $(E,B,\pi,F,G)$ is associated to a given principal bundle ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

One-form on quotient manifold

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold with tangent bundle $TM$ and cotangent bundle $TM^*$ and $\psi\in TM^*$ a one-form. We denote the quotient manifold of $M$ by the free and proper $G$-action $\varphi$ as ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Recovering an Ehresmann connection from its parallel transport

How can we recover an Ehresmann connection on a general fiber bundle (as a horizontal distribution) knowing only its induced parallel transport?
6
votes
1answer
95 views

Formal Definition of Yang Mills Lagrangian

I have a question regarding the Lagrangian in non abelian gauge theory. Say, $G$ is the gauge group and $\mathfrak g$ the associated Lie algebra. The Lagrangian is often written as $$ \mathcal ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

What form of Leibniz rule is this (principal fiber bundle)?

Let $P(M,G)$ be a principal fiber bundle. Let $\sigma : U \subseteq M \rightarrow P$ be a smooth local section and $f : U \rightarrow G$ a smooth function. For $ a \in G$, $R_a : P \rightarrow P$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Principal $G$-bundles as pull back bundles.

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and consider a $G$-universal bundle $\pi: EG \to BG $ where $BG$ is the classifying space for the goup $G$ and the bundle $\pi: EG \to BG $ is defined as the principal ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Universal property of universal bundles.

A classifying space for a group $G$ is a topological space $BG$ with a principle $G$-bundle $p : EG \to BG$ where $EG$ is contractile, so that $BG = EG/G$. A classifying space is universal in the ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

Classifying map

Let $\xi=(E,p,B)$ a principal $G$-bundle and $\eta=(P,\pi,Q)$ a real vector bundle such that $\operatorname{rank}(\eta)=n$. We can consider a classificant space $BG$. What is the classifying map $f:X ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Show that an Ehresmann connection on a principal G bundle is equivalent to a Lie Algebra Valued one form.

Let $E$ be a smooth principal $G$-bundle on M. The vertical bundle $V$ is defined as $V=\ker(d\pi:TE\to \pi^*TM)$. An Ehresmann connection on $E$ is a smooth subbundle $H$ of $TE$ (also called the ...
8
votes
1answer
195 views

Equivalence of Definitions of Principal $G$-bundle

I've finally gotten around to learning about principal $G$-bundles. In the literature, I've encountered (more than) four different definitions. Since I'm still a beginner, it's unclear to me whether ...
4
votes
0answers
179 views

Group actions and associated bundles

Let $P$ be a principal $G$-bundle over $B$, and let $G$ act on some space $F$ (feel free to work in your favorite category of spaces, if this helps). Then $\text{Aut}{P}$ (aka the group of gauge ...
10
votes
1answer
223 views

Why base point makes a huge difference?

While preparing a talk, I was tempted to "prove" the following relationship: $$\text{Prin}_{G}(X)\cong [X,BG]\cong [B[\pi_{1}(X),BG]\cong [\Omega B[\pi_{1}(X)],\Omega BG]\cong [\pi_{1}(X),G]$$ Here ...
9
votes
3answers
857 views

Texts on Principal Bundles, Characteristic Classes, Intro to 4-manifolds / Gauge Theory

I am looking for a textbook that might serve as an introduction to principal bundles, curvature forms and characteristic classes, and perhaps towards 4-manifolds and gauge theory. Currently, the only ...
12
votes
1answer
434 views

Local triviality of principal bundles

Suppose I define a principal $G$-bundle as a map $\pi: P \to M$ with a smooth right action of $G$ on $P$ that acts freely and transitively on the fibers of $\pi$. Does it follow that $P$ is locally ...