# Tagged Questions

Questions about the properties of functions of the form $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_n x^n$, where the $a_n$ are real or complex numbers, and $x$ is real or complex (or more generally an element of a Banach algebra).

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### Asymptotic expansion of $(1+\epsilon)^{s/\epsilon}$

I have taken the logarithm of this expression and computed the Taylor expansion of the $\log(1+\epsilon)$ term but by doing this we're required to calculate powers of this series when using the ...
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### Why is Taylor series expansion for $1/(1-x)$ valid only for $x \in (-1, 1)$?

After finding an expansion of $$\frac{1}{1-x} = 1 + x + x^2 + x^3 + \ldots$$ a quick test of various values for $x$ reveals that this expansion is not valid for $\forall x \in \mathbb{R}-\{1\}$. ...
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### Find a series solution to $(x^2-2)y''+6xy'+4y=0$.

Find a series solution to $(x^2-2)y''+6xy'+4y=0$. A. Find the recurrence relation to $a_n$: My answer is $a_{n+2}=a_n\cdot \frac{n+4}{2(n+2)}$ which is correct. B. Using A, write two independent ...
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### Puiseux Series?

WolframAlpha says that $$\sqrt{x^2-1}$$ expanded in Puiseux series near 1 is $\sqrt 2 \sqrt{x-1}$ I don't know what is the Puiseux series, I have search on the net but I don't have understood so much....
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### how to find this generating function

this is the power series: $$\sum_{i=0}^\infty n(n-1)^2 (n-2) z^n.$$ how can I find a generating function from it? I could use the third derivative but the $n-1$ is squared so I don't know what to do....
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### Abel's Theorem, alternate proof

I'm trying to solve: Suppose $\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n$ converges. Prove that: $$\lim_{r\to1^-}\sum_{n=1}^\infty r^n a_n = \sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n.$$ Hint: Sum by parts. In class, I have seen a ...
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### Branch cut for $\sqrt{1-z^{2}}$ and Taylor's expansion!

I'm working in a problem that involves the equation $$w(z)=\sqrt{1-z^{2}} \,\, .$$ I already know that there're two branch points in this equation, namely $\pm 1$, so there's a Riemann surface ...
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### Does n power of e grow much more faster than its Maclaurin polynomial? [duplicate]

I wonder how to calculate the following limit: $$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{1+n+\frac{{}n^{2}}{2!}+\cdots +\frac{n^{n}}{n!}}{e^{n}}$$ In the first sight, I think it should be zero, because ...
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### Explicit formula for the series $\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{x^k}{k!\cdot k}$

I was wondering if there is an explicit formulation for the series $$\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{x^k}{k!\cdot k}$$ It is evident that the converges for any $x \in \mathbb{R}$. Any ideas on a formula?
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### What is the expansion in power series of ${x \over \sin x}$

How can I expand in power series the following function: $${x \over \sin x}$$ ? I know that: $$\sin x = x - {x^3 \over 3!} + {x^5 \over 5!} - \ldots,$$ but a direct substitution does not give me a ...
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### Sum of powers of 2 from 1 to log(N).

I came across the following sum: $\sum_{m=1}^{\log_2(N)} 2^{m}$. My intuition tells me that this should be bounded by 2N, but how would I prove this?
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### Irreducible polynomials as formal power series

I'm studing the ring of formal series with complex coefficients $\mathbb{C}[[x]]$. I proved that the polynomial $y^2-x^3-x^2$ is irreducible in $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$ but reducible in $\mathbb{C}[[x,y]]$. ...
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### What is the expression for this summation?

Known that $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}{x^n}{z^n}=\frac{1}{1-xz}$. If we have $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{{x^n}{z^n}}{n\beta + \alpha}$ where $\beta, \alpha$ are element of real numbers but not equal $0$. ...
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### An approximate solution to an ODE

I am interested in the ODE: $x^\prime = x^2 + t^2$ $x(0)=0$ The power-series method is not (easily?) applicable here. Do you have any suggestions how to solve it?
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### What is the answer to this limit

what is the limit value of the power series: $$\lim_{x\rightarrow +\infty} \sum_{k=1}^\infty (-1)^k \frac{x^k}{k^{k-m}}$$ where $m>1$.
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### If $a_0\in R$ is a unit, then $\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}a_k x^k$ is a unit in $R[[x]]$

Let $R$ a ring, and let $$\displaystyle R[[x]]=\left\{\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}a_k x^k\;\middle\vert\; a_k\in R\right\}$$ with addition and multiplication as defined for polynomials. We have that $R[[x]]$ ...
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### If $f$ is analytic, prove that $\overline{f(\overline{z})}$ is also analytic

Let $f$ be an analytic function in an open set $U \subseteq \mathbb{C}$. Let $V=\{z\in\mathbb C:\overline z\in U\}$. Define $g$ on $V$ by $g(z)=\overline{f(\overline{z})}$. Show that $g$ is analytic ...
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### Calculate Laurent Series for $\frac{\ln z}{(z-1)^3}$ about $z=1$

Calculate the Laurent series of the function $g(z)= \frac{\ln z}{(z-1)^3}$ about the point $z=1$. Well since the singularity and the centre of the circle we are expanding about collide, I can just ...
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### Find all the points which makes the series normal converges and uniformly converges

I'm learning "Complex Analysis", section Series and Convergence, and I got stuck on this problem (actually, just a small part of this problem): Find all the values of $z$ which makes this series ...
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### Radius of Convergence of Complex Power Series

I need to find the radius of the convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}3^{n}z^{n^{2}}$ using the Cauchy-Hadamard formula. I'm not feeling 100% proficient at this method, however, so I'm asking 1) if what ...
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### condition for the radius of convergence of a power series to be greater than 1

Consider the power series $F(z) = \sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} a_n z^n$ my question is how should the $a_n$ decay for the radius of convergence of the series to be greater than 1.
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### What does 'equating the like-power of $q$' mean?

I am reading a book "Homotopy Analysis Method in Nonlinear Differential Equations" by Shijun Liao chapter 13 Applications in Finance: American Put Options. It is stated there that Substituting ...
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### Exponential of a complex number converges absolutely

$$\operatorname{exp}(z)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{z^n}{n!}$$ This converges absolutely for every $z\in \Bbb C$. What does this mean to a layman?
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### Factorial in power series; intuitive/combinatorial interpretation?

It is well known that the terms of the power series of exponential and trigonometric functions often involve the factorial function, essentially as a consequence of iterating the power rule. My ...
This is the Legendre's differential equation given in my book: $(1-x)^{2}\ddot{y}-2x\dot{y}+k(k+1)y=0$ I solved this equation by taking: $y=x^{c}\{a_{0}+a_{1}x+a_{2}x^{2}+.....+a_{r}x^{r}+.....\}$ ...