Questions about the properties of functions of the form $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_n x^n$, where the $a_n$ are real or complex numbers, and $x$ is real or complex (or more generally an element of a Banach algebra).

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1answer
47 views

Function whose power series coefficients contain logarithms

Is there a function that can be expressed as a power series $$f(x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n x^n$$ whose coefficients $a_n$ are expressions containing $\log n$ or something similar?
0
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0answers
50 views

Find the Laurent Expansion of $f(z)=\frac{1}{z+i}$

Find the Laurent Expansion of $f(z)=\frac{1}{z+i}; f(z)=\frac{1}{(z-i)^2}$ and $f(z)=e^{(z-1)^-1}$ Good evening, I have been trying to solve the above exercises. However, I'm not sure if my procedure ...
-1
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2answers
57 views

Product of Infinite Series

I am trying to compute the product of 3 infinite series. As such, I need the compact form for the product ...
2
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2answers
55 views

The Result of Dividing 2 Power Series

Is there a way to write a single series for the following division? $$\frac{\displaystyle\sum_{i=0}^{\infty}a_{i}x^{i}}{\displaystyle\sum_{j=0}^{\infty}(j-2)a_{j}x^{j}}$$ Thanks, Radz.
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Trying to find 2nd power series solution

For the equation $ xy'' + 2xy' + 6e^xy = 0 $, I need to find the first 3 nonzero terms in each of two linearly independent solutions about x=0. I changed this to the form of ...
2
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1answer
57 views

given analytic $f(z)$ in $f(z)/(1-z)$ , derivative $f '(z)$ seems to have singularity at $z=1$

Quick version: I want $f'(1)$, where $$F(z)=\frac{f(z)}{1-z}$$ with $f$ analytic at $z=1$. But when I follow a seemingly valid line of reasoning, I reach the conclusion that $f'(z)$ is not analytic ...
1
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0answers
43 views

Which (approximative) methods are there to compute the inverse of a complicated function?

I have a complicated function $f(x)$ for which I want to compute the inverse $f^{-1}$ over a certain range $R(f): a \leq f(x) \leq b$. The only way to find the inverse I can think of is power series ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Power series and their inverses (radius of convergence of each)

Suppose I have a power series approximation $y$ to an invertible function $f(x)$, and I know that $y$ convergences around $x$ on an interval $(-R,R)$, $R$ being the radius of convergence. How are the ...
0
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2answers
65 views

Complex Power Series

So, I'm trying to find the power series of ${1\over 1-z+z^2} around the point z=0.$ After some rather easy algebra I've determined the expression to be $${1\over z-(1+i\sqrt{3})/2} {1\over ...
1
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2answers
55 views

Matrix Inversion Test ( Sum of Matrix series)

Friends,I have a set of matrices of dimension $3\times3$ called $A_i$. , Following are the given conditions a) each $A_i$ is non invertible except $A_0$ because their determinant is zero. b) ...
0
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2answers
34 views

upper bound for the series $S (x) = \sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{(x_n-n)^k}{k!}$ from $|x_n -(n+1)|\leq x$.

I've been trying to find a tight upper bound for the series $$S (x) = \sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{(x_n-n)^k}{k!}$$ in terms of finite value $x\in \mathbb R$, where: 1- $\{x_n\}$ is a sequence of a ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Finding Radius of Convergence when Power Series is not in Standard Form $\sum a_n x^n$

I was working on finding the radius of convergence of $$\sum _{n\ge1} \frac{(-1)^n}{\sqrt n 2^n}x^{n^2} \,\,\,\,\,(*)$$ The radius for this example happens to be $R=1$ since $$R=\frac{1}{\limsup ...
2
votes
3answers
54 views

meromorphic function with a pole on the unit circle diverges

Let $f$ be a meromorphic function in a neighborhood of the closed unit disk $\bar{\mathbb{D}}$. Suppose that $f$ is holomorphic in $\mathbb{D}$ and $$ f(z) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n z^n $$ for $z \in ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Finding radius of convergence using root test

Find the radius of convergence of the following power series $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{2^n + 1}{n} x^n.$$ Using the ratio test, I have found that the radius of convergence is $R = \frac{1}{2}$. I ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Rational Series VS Algebraic Series

I am reading a paper on combinatorics. It mentions some generating functions are rational series and others are algebraic series. I do not understand the difference, can someone help? EDIT $1$: The ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Number of ways distribute 12 identical action figures to 5 children

Need a little help with this problem. Use generating functions to determine the number of different ways 12 identical action figures can be given to five children so that each child receives at most ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Convergence of the series $\sum\limits_{n\geqslant1}(2-x)(2-x^{1/2})(2-x^{1/3})\cdots(2-x^{1/n})$

If $x >0$, consider the series $\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty a_n$, where $$a_{n}=(2-x)(2-x^{1/2})(2-x^{1/3})\cdots(2-x^{1/n}).$$ Is it convergent? This question is in my textbook. I don't know how to ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Different Definitions Of The Sine Function

I was hoping someone could give me a flow chart or high-level map connecting all of the definitions of the sine function, with some of the reasons why we care next to each. I've tried this but I'm not ...
0
votes
2answers
84 views

Solution of the Legendre's ODE using Frobenius Method

This is the Legendre's differential equation given in my book: $(1-x)^{2}\ddot{y}-2x\dot{y}+k(k+1)y=0$ I solved this equation by taking: $y=x^{c}\{a_{0}+a_{1}x+a_{2}x^{2}+.....+a_{r}x^{r}+.....\}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Power series difficulty

How would I find the region of convergence of the series of $\frac{1}{n^3}(\frac{z+1}{z-1})^n$. I thought about rewriting $\frac{z+1}{z-1}$ as $\frac{2}{z-1}+1$ but I don't think that helps. Thanks
0
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2answers
28 views

Radius of convergence query

Find the radius of convergence of the series of $\frac{2^n(4z-8)^n}{n}$ My answer: $(4z-8)^n=4^n(z-2)^n=2^{2n}(z-2)^n$. Let $c_{n}=\frac{2^{3n}}{n}$. Then $\frac{c_{n}}{c_{n+1}}=\frac{n+1}{2n}$ so ...
1
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0answers
28 views

What is the power series for a half-exponential function?

What is the power series of a half-exponential function? Half-exponential means that $f(f(x)) = y^x, y > 1$
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3answers
87 views

Power Series Convergence comparison

Given $\sum_{n=0}^\infty c_n4^n$ is convergent, can this be used to find the convergence of $\sum_{n=0}^\infty c_n(-2)^n$?
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0answers
36 views

Confused by a Laplace transform of $f(t)=t^ne^{at}$

Having looked at my lecture notes I was confused by the following part of a derivation of a Laplace transform for the function $\;f(t)=t^ne^{at} ,\quad n\ge0,\; a \in \mathbb{C}, \; f(t)=0 \;\forall ...
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2answers
29 views

Find power series representation of $ x/(x^{2}+9)^{2}$

I'm not sure how to do it since the entire bottom term is squared. Is there a geometric series I should use? Or differentiation?
6
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2answers
174 views

Prove $(1-x)^{2k+1} \sum\limits_{n\ge 0}\binom{n+k-1}{k}\binom{n+k}{k} x^n = {\sum\limits_{j\ge 0} \binom{k-1}{j-1}\binom{k+1}{j} x^j} $

I stumbled upon the identity $$(1-x)^{2k+1} \sum\limits_{n\ge 0}\binom{n+k-1}{k}\binom{n+k}{k} x^n = {\sum\limits_{j\ge 0} \binom{k-1}{j-1}\binom{k+1}{j} x^j}. $$ The right-hand side is a polynomial. ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Vanishes of second order

I encountered the following statement in an article: Let $f(X) = f(X_1, ..., X_N) = \sum_{|\alpha| \geq 2} {a_{\alpha}X^{\alpha}}$ be a convergent power series which vanishes of second order at ...
5
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0answers
133 views

Why is $a_{n}(x,y)=a_{n}(y)$?

This particular question is connected (with a slight variation in the definition of $g$) to an earlier question. The link is here. The specifics are: Given that $u(x,y)$ is the solution of a PDE ($x$ ...
6
votes
1answer
43 views

Divergence set at radius of convergence

I came up with this question on my own while I was musing around reviewing notes. After unsuccessful Google search (thwarted by a deluge amount of webpages on basic calculus), I decided to ask here. ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

how to find convergence and divergence of the series [closed]

consider the following two series of complex numbers $$s_1=\sum_1^\infty\frac{i^{n}(2-\sin n)}{2^n.n}$$ $$s_2=\sum_1^\infty\frac{i^n(2-\sin n)}{2^n.n^2}$$ then find whether the above series ...
1
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2answers
65 views

Find a power series for function

I'm having some difficulty with this problem even while noting the hint. I expressed the function as $(1/2)\frac{1}{1-(-3x/2)}$ and then thought I would work with $1/2$ of the infinite sum of ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

If a series converges then the power series converges for all z

How can I prove that if $\sum \limits_{n=1}^{\infty} c_n$ , $c_n\in \mathbb{C}$, converges then $\sum \limits_{n=1}^{\infty} c_n \frac{z^n}{1-z^n}$ converges for all z in $\mathbb{C}$ with ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

sum of the series $\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}(k+1)(x_n)^k.$

Let $x_n$ be a sequence of real numbers such that $x_n\in(0,1).$ Find the sum of the series $\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}(k+1)(x_n)^k.$ My answer is $\frac{(x_n)'}{(1-x_n)^2}.$ But the term $(x_n)'$ make me ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Origin of Laplace Transform

Is the Laplace transform the continuous version of the infinite power series? $$ \sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nx^n$$ becomes $$\int_0^\infty f(t)e^{-st}dt$$ I learned this by watching this video lecture: ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Application of Rouché: Equality of a power series and a finite series

Let $f(z) = \sum_0^\infty{a_n z_0^n}$ be a complex power series with radius of convergence $R>0$ and let $z_0 \epsilon \, \mathcal{U}_R(0)$ an arbitrary point. I need to show with $Rouché$ : For ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Hypergeometric function representation

Is it possible to express the following sum in terms of the hypergeometric function $_2F_1$: $$ f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{(-ax)^n}{n!~\Gamma(b-n)} $$ with $a$ and $b$ constant values ($x>0$ ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

How to compute power series by composition

Is it possible to compute the power series of every function (e.g. around $0$) just by composing of the power series of its arguments? For example: The power series of $\sin(x^2)$ around $0$ is the ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

how I could show that: $\sum_{k=0}^n\binom{n}{k}(-1)^k\frac{n^2+n+1}{nk+n+1}\le1 $?

Show that for all positive integers $ n $ : $\sum_{k=0}^n\binom{n}{k}(-1)^k\frac{n^2+n+1}{nk+n+1}\le1 $ I would be interest for any replies or any comments
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0answers
12 views

How to prove a function $f(t)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n t^{2n}$ with real coefficients $a_n$ is regular in the strip $-\pi/4\le \Im(t) \le \pi/4$?

How to prove a function $f(t)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n t^{2n}$ with real coefficients $a_n$ is regular in the strip $-\pi/2\le \Im(t) \le \pi/2$? What will be the sufficient conditions on the real ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Abel's Theorem, alternate proof

I'm trying to solve: Suppose $\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n$ converges. Prove that: $$ \lim_{r\to1^-}\sum_{n=1}^\infty r^n a_n = \sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n. $$ Hint: Sum by parts. In class, I have seen a ...
1
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0answers
12 views

Taylor's expansion of the singular part of an analytic function

Assume $f$ is analytic on the annulus $R_1<|z-a|<R_2$. Assume $R_1<r<|z-a|$. Define $f_2$ by $$f_2(z)=\frac1{2\pi i}\int_{|x-a|=r}\frac{f(x)dx}{x-z}$$ $f_2$ is analytic on $|z-a|>r$. ...
4
votes
3answers
53 views

Radius of $\sum a_n b_n x^n$ via radii of $\sum a_n x^n$ and $\sum b_n x^n$

Series $\sum a_n x^n$ and $\sum b_n x^n$ have radii of convergence of 1 and 2, respectively. Then radius of convergence R of $\sum a_n b_n x^n$ is 2 1 $\geq 1$ $ \leq 2$ My ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Laplace transform and Power series

As it can be read here, Discrete to Continuous Representations of Functions via Laplace Transforms? the Laplace transform is a continuous analog of a power series in which the discrete parameter n is ...
-3
votes
1answer
80 views

Compute the sum of the power series in a closed form

Please help me to compute the sum: $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty } \frac{n!}{n^{n}} x^{n}$$ in a closed form. === here ends the original post. After a few minutes I've added the following information: ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

A holomorphic function $f$ has an essential singularity in $0$ iff $\exists(z_k)_k$ s.t. $z_k\to 0$ and $|z_k^mf(z_k)|\to\infty$ for all $m$

Let $f:\mathbb{C}\setminus\left\{0\right\}\to\mathbb{C}$ be a holomorphic function $\Rightarrow$ $f$ has an essential singularity in $0$ if and only if $\forall m\in\mathbb{N}:\exists ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n x^n$ and $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_{n^2} x^n$ with different radii of convergence

Could you give an example of $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n x^n$$ and $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_{n^2} x^n$$ that have different radii of convergence?
-1
votes
1answer
37 views

How do you represent f(x+h) and f(x−h) as a Taylor series using the taylor series formula?

I know the answers are below, however i am not quite sure what to substitute as the "a" in the Taylor series formula. $f(x+h)=f(x)+f′(x)⋅h+\frac 12f′′(x)\cdot h^2+\cdots+\frac 1{n!}f^{(n)}(x) \cdot ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Can there be a power series with interval of convergence $[k, \infty)$?

My answer : NO Because Interval of convergence is of the form $(a-R, a+R)$ Where $a$ is centre of convergence. If there exists a power series with Interval of convergence $[k, \infty)$ $ $ We ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Complex series radius convergence

How to find the values for which $z$ converges, $z\in\mathbb{C}$, in the serie $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(1+|z|^{2})^{n}}$$ I know I have to use the convergence radius expression, but what I ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^{\lfloor\log_2n\rfloor}}{\lfloor\log_2n\rfloor+1}(x-x_0)^n$ convergence/divergence

I have a problem with determining whether these series are convergent/divergent at the endpoints of their radii of convergence. None of the tests or approaches I know seems to by applicable here... ...