Questions about the properties of functions of the form $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_n x^n$, where the $a_n$ are real or complex numbers, and $x$ is real or complex (or more generally an element of a Banach algebra).

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2
votes
2answers
104 views

Complex series radius convergence

How to find the values for which $z$ converges, $z\in\mathbb{C}$, in the serie $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(1+|z|^{2})^{n}}$$ I know I have to use the convergence radius expression, but what I ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^{\lfloor\log_2n\rfloor}}{\lfloor\log_2n\rfloor+1}(x-x_0)^n$ convergence/divergence

I have a problem with determining whether these series are convergent/divergent at the endpoints of their radii of convergence. None of the tests or approaches I know seems to by applicable here... ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Radius of Convergence and the Frobenius Method

Consider the equation $$4xy'' + 2y'+ y = 0$$ I know that $x=4$ is a regular singular point, and in the notation that my uni uses, we say that: $$(x-x_0)^2 y'' + (x-x_0)p(x)y' + q(x)y = 0$$ where ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Power series solution for a DE with Frobenius method

The given DE is $(x²-3)y"+2xy'=0$ Since there is a singular point ($x=\pm\sqrt{3}$) I used the Frobenius method. I found two indicial relationships: $-3r(r+1)=0$ and $-3(r+1)(r+2)=0$ because I have ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Finding the power series representation for $\ln(1 -10x)$ via integration.

I'm trying to find the power series representation for $ \ln(1-10x) $ Attempt at solution: $$ \ln(1-10x) = \int {-10\over1-10x} \ dx = -10 \int \sum_{n=0}^\infty (10x)^n dx $$ $$ = -10 ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Convergence of a Complex Power Series at the radius of convergence

I am currently reviewing some complex analysis, and have come across this question which I absolutely have no idea on how to attempt: Suppose the radius of convergence of the power series $f(z) = ...
6
votes
2answers
378 views

What makes a Maclaurin Series special or important compared to the general Taylor Series?

I realize that the Maclaurin Series is a special form of the Taylor Series where the series is centered at $x=0$, but I have to wonder what's special about it such that it deserves its own special ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

If $f(z):=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nz^{-n}$ is compact convergent, then $f$ is holomorphic

Let $\left(a_n\right)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}\subset\mathbb{C}$ such that $$f(z):=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nz^{-n}$$ is compact convergent on $B_r(0)\setminus\left\{0\right\}$. I want to show: $f$ is ...
6
votes
2answers
152 views

How to show that $\lim\limits_{n\to\infty}n^{2/3}a_{n}=\sqrt[3]{2}/\Gamma{(1/3})$

Let $$\left(\dfrac{1+x}{1-x}\right)^{1/3}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_{n}x^n,|x|<1$$ Show that $$\lim_{n\to\infty}n^{2/3}a_{n}=\dfrac{\sqrt[3]{2}}{\Gamma{\left(\dfrac{1}{3}\right)}}$$
-1
votes
3answers
77 views

Can there be more than one power series expansion for a function.

I guess the answer is NO, for polynomials. I know that there are more than one series expansion for every function. But I am talking about power series here. All Ideas are appreciated
0
votes
3answers
26 views

Let $S(x)=\sum\limits_{k=0}^\infty \frac{(-1)^k x^{2k+1}}{(2k+1)!}$. Define $C(x):=S'(x)$ and show that $C'(x)=-S(x)$.

so this problem I am trying to solve says Let $S(x)=\sum\limits_{k=0}^\infty \frac{(-1)^k x^{2k+1}}{(2k+1)!}$. Define $C(x):=S'(x)$ and show that $C'(x)=-S(x)$. Well, I get that ...
7
votes
1answer
120 views

Find the power series of $x\ln(1-x)$.

So the exercise I had to do was: Find the power representation of $x\ln(1-x)$. The way to go was finding the power series representation of $\ln(1-x)$ and then multiply it with $x$. But why can't you ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Evaluating $\sum_{i=0}^n(-1)^{n-i}{n \choose i}f(i)$

From Enumerative Combinatorics by Stanley: Evaluate $$\sum_{i=0}^n(-1)^{n-i}{n \choose i}f(i)$$ where $$\sum_{n\ge 0}\frac{f(n)x^{n}}{(n)!}=\exp\bigg(x+\frac{x^2}{2}\bigg)$$ I tried splitting ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

find radius of convergence

Suppose the radius of convergence of $\sum_n a_n x^n$ is $r$ ($r$ is a positive number). Prove that the radius of convergence of $\sum_n a_n^2 x^n$ is $r^2.$ I've tried to use Cauchy–Hadamard ...
3
votes
2answers
48 views

Show if the series $f(x)=\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty \frac{1}{k} \sin(\frac{x}{k})$ converges uniformly or not.

So this is part of a different problem. The book and my professor say that the series $f(x)=\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty \frac{1}{k} \sin(\frac{x}{k})$ converges uniformly on [0,1] by the Weierstrass ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

How to derive the formula to calculate the amount of cubes in a pyramid?

The pyramid looks like: For which I managed to derive the formula for the count of cube sides (ignoring the top). This was easy by simply thinking about it as a triangle: If we have 4 squares wide ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Showing integral on contour tends to zero

I'm trying to prove: $$\int \frac{e^{t(z+\frac{1}{z})}}{z^2} = \sum_0 ^{\infty} b_m t^{2m+1}$$ Where the integral is over a contour centre the origin, radius R, and the $b_m$ are some coefficients. ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Logarithm of the basic Lubin-Tate formal group

Let $K$ be a local field with finite residue field of cardinality $q$. Let $\pi$ be a uniformizer. The basic Lubin-Tate group (associated to $\pi$) is the unique formal group associated to the ...
8
votes
2answers
129 views

Convergence of differentiated power series

Consider $\displaystyle f(z)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty a_k z^k$ and suppose that $\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^\infty f^{(n)}(0)$ converges. Prove that $\forall z \in \mathbb C, ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

Using series find $\int_0^1 \sqrt{1+x^4}\hspace{1mm} dx$ up to $2$ decimal places

I cannot figure out an aesthetic way to do this. Can someone give a beautiful solution to this ugly question? This is what I have tried yet. I used the fact that $$x = ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Lagrange Bürmann Inversion Series Example

I am trying to understand how one applies Lagrange Bürmann Inversion to solve an implicit equation in real variables(given that the equation satisfies the needed conditions). I have tried looking for ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Is there a known evaluation of $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{k^k}$? [duplicate]

Is there a known evaluation of $$\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{k^k}$$ Wolfram Alpha says that it converges to $\approx 1.29129$.
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Convergence radius of power series is infinite

Which function is given by a power series whose convergence radius is infinite? $$A. \ \ \ e^{-\frac{1}{x^2}}$$ $$B. \ \ \ \sin{\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)}$$ $$C. \ \ \ ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

How to power series expand determinants?

Say $g$ is a ($d\times d$) matrix which is given as, $g = g_0 + xg_2 + x^2 g_4 .. +x^{d/2 -1}g_{d-2}+ x^{d/2}(g_d + h_d(log (x)))$ where $d$ is an even number and each $g_i$ is a matrix (same ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Convergence of two power series

I just wanted to know, whether my results are correct. I should find the radius of convergency in both cases: $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{z^{2n}}{n^23^{n}}$ with a quotient criterion ...
8
votes
4answers
211 views

Real-analytic $f(z)=f(\sqrt z) + f(-\sqrt z)$?

Are there nonconstant real-analytic functions $f(z)$ such that $$ f(z)=f(\sqrt z) + f(-\sqrt z)$$ is satisfied near the real line ? Also can such functions be entire ? And/Or can they be periodic ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Radius of convergence of entire function

Let $f$ be an entire function on the complex plane. Is the radius of convergence of $f$ around any point $z_0$ infinite? If so, why? Thank you.
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Find the radius of convergence of $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} (3^n + (-5)^n) x^{7n}$

I have to find the radius of convergence of the series $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} (3^n + (-5)^n) x^{7n}$$ I know that I will have something like $|x^7|<\frac{1}{L}$. I tried finding $R$ with ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Power series to solve differential equations?

We can use the formula $$F(x)=e^{λx} [ ρ-λμ-\dfrac{1}{2} λ^2 σ^2 ]^{-1}. (1) $$ to derive an expression for F(x) when f(x) is any integer power $x^n$. Begin by observing that for the ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

restriction on the coefficients $a_n$ if entire function $\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n x^n << e^x$

I need to find restrictions on coefficients $a_n$ such that the entire function $$f(x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n x^n $$ Satisfies $$f(x) \ll e^x \text{ }(x \to \infty)$$ Since ...
8
votes
1answer
421 views

$f'/f\in\mathbb{Z}[[x]]$ for polynomials vs. formal power series $f$

I am curious about the following problem from MIT's Problem Solving Seminar (#26 here, though the link may stop working after a few weeks): Let $f(x) = a_0+a_1x+\cdots\in\mathbb{Z}[[x]]$ be a ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

Calculate the value of $\sum\limits _{n=1}^{\infty }\:\dfrac{n}{2^n}$ [closed]

In a previous question it is asked to represent $f(x)=\dfrac{x}{1-x^2}$ as a power series. It gave me $\displaystyle\sum _{n=1}^{\infty \:}x\left(2x^2-x^4\right)^{n-1}$. Then they ask to use the last ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Taylor Series expansion and first four terms of $7x^2 e^{-4x}$

As the series I got $$ \sum_{n=0}^\infty (-1)^n(4x)^n/n! $$ which I think is right. However, I am not sure how to get the first four non zero terms.
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Power Series Simplification

$N$ is Poisson with parameter $z$. Find $E[N\cdot(N-1)\cdot(N-2)\cdots(N-k+1)]$ The answer is apparently $z^k$. $$E[N\cdot(N-1)\cdot(N-2)\cdots(N-k+1)]=E\left[\frac{N!}{k!}\right]=\sum_{n\geq0} ...
2
votes
3answers
703 views

Difficulties performing Laurent Series expansions to determine Residues

The following problems are from Brown and Churchill's Complex Variables, 8ed. From §71 concerning Residues and Poles, problem #1d: Determine the residue at $z = 0$ of the function ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Generalizations of $\sum_{m=3n+2}^{\infty}\phi^m=\phi^{3n}$ and $\sum_{m=13n+1}^{\infty}(\sqrt2-1)^m=\dfrac{(\sqrt2-1)^{13n}}{\sqrt2}$

I noticed that the following identies hold with the help of wolfram alpha and oeis. I'm sure they're well-known, but I'd like to know how they generalize. ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Meaning of interval of convergence when approximating functions

Let's say I have a Taylor series approximation, $p(x)$, of a function $f(x)$ at $a$: $$ p(x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty{\frac{f^{(n)}(a)}{n!}(x-a)^n} $$ And that this Taylor series has a radius of ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Sum of a function involving $n-$root

I'm trying to find the series of $$f(x)=\sqrt{1-x^{3}}$$ Can I just use the fact that $$\frac{1}{1-x}=\sum x^{n},\quad|x|<1$$ writting $x^{3}$ in the place of $x$ and then, getting this: ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Radius and interval of convergence of the power series $\sum 2^{n^2}x^{n!}$?

How to calculate the radius and interval of convergence of the following series: $$\sum 2^{n^2}x^{n!}$$ The formula for the radius is: $$R = \frac{1}{\limsup_{n\to\infty} \sqrt[n]{|a_n|}}$$ or ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Exponential function as a sum

I have an exercise that asks me to write $e^{2x}$ using a power series of $x+1$. I know that $$e^{2x}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(2x)^{n}}{n!}$$ Then, I tried something like this $$x=y+1\Rightarrow ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Sum of a power series

I have to find the sum of this series $$\sum_{n=1}^{+\infty}\frac{x^{n-1}}{n!}$$ Using integral, I got $$\int\sum_{n=1}^{+\infty}\frac{x^{n-1}}{n!}=\sum_{n=1}^{+\infty}\frac{x^{n}}{n\cdot n!}$$ I ...
5
votes
4answers
98 views

Power series convergence radius

My question is: how do I calculate the radius convergence of a power series when the series is not written like $$\sum a_{n}x^{n}?$$ I have this series: $$\sum\frac{x^{2n+1}}{(-3)^{n}}$$ Can I use the ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Convergence of series, using big oh or little oh notation.

Let $p\in \mathbb{R}$ and $a_n=(e-(1+1/n)^n)^p$. For which $p$ will $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a_n$ converges? Because of the "additive look" of $a_n$, I tried to use taylor expansion and big oh, little oh ...
10
votes
6answers
3k views

Why infinity multiplied by zero was considered zero here?!

I watched an online video lecture by some professor and she was solving a convergence problem of the power series $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty n!x^n,$$ i.e., she was finding the values of $x$ for which this ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Some exam question on power series convergence

I provide my solution to the problem and wonder if I was thinking in a correct way. Find the radius of convergence of $$\sum_{n=0}{1 \over 1+n3^n}z^n$$ and give with reasoning a point $z_0$ on the ...
3
votes
2answers
207 views

Why is the domain of convergence of a power series a perfect disk?

I've been going over power series in my Differential Equations class for approximating solutions, and one thing that's been fascinating me is the statement that there is a radius of convergence, ...
0
votes
3answers
79 views

Represent $\frac1{(1+x)^2}$ as a power series

Represent $\frac1{(1+x)^2}$ as a power series. if we put $\frac1{1+2x+x^2}$: $$ \sum _{n=1}^{+\infty}\left(-x-x^2\right)^n $$ and if we differentiate $\frac{-1}{1+x}$: $$ -\sum ...
1
vote
3answers
58 views

calculate radius of convergence

Let $\{a_n\}_{n=0}^{\infty}$ be sequence such that $$a_1 = a_0 = 1$$ $$a_{n+1}=a_n+ a_{n-1}$$ show that the radius of convergence of $\sum\limits_{n=0}^{\infty \:}a_nx^n$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

How to generilize the the following summation.

While searching for a summation formula I come accross the following equation on wikipedia Equation $$\sum\limits_{k=1}^{n}{k^m z^k}=\left(z\frac{d}{dz}\right)^m\frac{z-z^{n+1}}{1-z}$$ So I tried to ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

A basic question about the radius of convergence of infinite power series.

I have a somewhat theoretical question to the definition of the radius radius of convergence of infinite power series. According to the definition for a power series $\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nx^n$ radius ...