Questions about the properties of functions of the form $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_n x^n$, where the $a_n$ are real or complex numbers, and $x$ is real or complex (or more generally an element of a Banach algebra).

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2answers
35 views

Find first five terms of the power series representation for the function

f(x) = ${e^x cos(x^2)}$ So I have the answer which is ${1+x+\frac{x^2}{2!}+\frac{x^3}{3!}+(\frac{1}{4!}-\frac{1}{2!})x^4+...}$ So I know that ${e^x = \sum\frac{x^n}{n!}}$ and that ...
0
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3answers
29 views

Finding the sum of a sequence of terms

$$1/1(2) - 1/3(2^3) + 1/5(2^5) - 1/7(2^7)$$ This is equal to $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty(1/2)^{2n+1}(-1)^n/(2n+1)$$ Differentiating this leads to: $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty(-1/4)^n$$ Which is equal to $4/5$ Thus, ...
1
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3answers
90 views

Does $x^2+ x^4/(3\cdot4) + x^6/(3\cdot4\cdot5\cdot6) + \cdots$ have any compact form?

Is there any compact form for the following series $$F_1(x) = x^2+ \frac{x^4}{3\cdot4} + \frac{x^6}{3\cdot4\cdot5\cdot6} + \cdots$$ $$F_2(x) = x+ \frac{x^3}{2\cdot3} + \frac{x^5}{2\cdot3\cdot4\cdot5} ...
2
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2answers
57 views

Evaluate Definite Integral to desired accuracy

Evaluate $$\int_0^{1/2}x^3\arctan(x)\,dx$$ My work so far: $x^3\arctan(x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty(-1)^n \dfrac{x^{2n+4}}{2n+1}$ $$\int_0^{1/2}x^3\arctan(x)\,dx = \sum_{n=0}^\infty ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

What's $\sum{\frac{x^n}{n^3}}$?

What's $\displaystyle f(x)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty{\frac{x^n}{n^3}}$? Note its derivative: $$\displaystyle f'(x)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty{\frac{x^{n-1}}{n^2}}$$ and the next derivative: $$\displaystyle ...
9
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4answers
277 views

Asymptotic behavior of $\sum\limits_{k=1}^n \frac{2^k}{k}$

I'm looking for an asymptotic equivalent of $$\sum_{0 < k \le n} \frac{2^k}{k}$$ as $n \to \infty$. A plausible candidate seems to be $\frac{2^{n+1}}{n+1}$ (WolframAlpha plot, and the intuitive ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Derivative of a power series

Suppose the sequence $(b_k) , k\geq 0$ satisfies $\sum k|b_k| < \infty$, then show that $\sum_{k=0}^\infty b_kx^k$ converges uniformly to a function $g$ on $|x| \leq 1$ and that $g'(x) = ...
0
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3answers
54 views

Finding interval of convergence for series

Find the interval of convergence and radius of convergence for the series: $$ \sum_{n= 0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{3^n} $$ I'm not sure if I'm correct, but would the interval of convergence be $(-3,3)$ ...
2
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3answers
55 views

How do I plug in endpoints into a power series?

I don't understand how to plug in the endpoints into the original power series. The original power series is $$ \sum_{n=0}^\infty {(-1)^n x^n\over{n+1}} $$ What I have so far is this: I applied the ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Summation of infinte series

Sir, I have three infinite summation $A =J_1 \sum_{n=2}^\infty (n-1) f(n-2) \tag 1$ , $B =\sum_{n=0}^\infty f(n) \tag 2$ and $C =J_2\sum_{n=1}^\infty f(n-1) \tag 3$, with ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Find the Laurent Expansion of $f(z)=\frac{1}{z+i}$

Find the Laurent Expansion of $f(z)=\frac{1}{z+i}; f(z)=\frac{1}{(z-i)^2}$ and $f(z)=e^{(z-1)^-1}$ Good evening, I have been trying to solve the above exercises. However, I'm not sure if my procedure ...
1
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2answers
65 views

Find a power series for function

I'm having some difficulty with this problem even while noting the hint. I expressed the function as $(1/2)\frac{1}{1-(-3x/2)}$ and then thought I would work with $1/2$ of the infinite sum of ...
1
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0answers
43 views

Which (approximative) methods are there to compute the inverse of a complicated function?

I have a complicated function $f(x)$ for which I want to compute the inverse $f^{-1}$ over a certain range $R(f): a \leq f(x) \leq b$. The only way to find the inverse I can think of is power series ...
1
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0answers
49 views

Differentiation and integration of a series

If I have a power series $$\sum _{k}^{\infty }f(x)$$ and I differentiate it I get according to my current knowledge $\sum _{k}^{\infty }f(x)'$,however when I look at a power series defined by $$\sum ...
12
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1answer
245 views

Prove that $\exp(\log(\frac{1}{1-x})) = \frac{1}{1-x}$

I am trying to prove this directly by comparing the coefficients in the two series rather than using formal calculus. Here is what I have so far, but I think I made a mistake: \begin{align*} ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Analytic Extension: Imaginary Stripe

I was always wondering the following: Given a real analytic function there exists a positive radius of convergence for every point. This won't be affected by allowing complex numbers so it extends ...
1
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4answers
65 views

power series for square root matrix

Suppose I have a matrix of the form $$U\ =\ (I+z\thinspace X)^{\frac{1}{2}}$$ where $I$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix, $z\in\mathbb{C}$ and $X$ is a $n\times n$ arbitrary complex matrix with ...
0
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2answers
30 views

Convergence, interval, radius of power series, conceptual explanation please [closed]

Could someone explain how to solve the problem. A very basic and broad understanding is what I am looking for so that if I were to have to approach this problem with different numbers I would know ...
0
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0answers
13 views

abstract conceptual usage of power series, advice on how to approach similar problems

This problem is a bit strange, I have the solution for this particular one, I just think that it a very ambiguous question. How would you go about solving it? My answer is that b is larger because ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Question on radius of convergence

Can anyone help me with the following problem: I have a solid geometric picture of what is going on in my head, but I can't seem to turn that into a proof.
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1answer
137 views

Solve a differential equation using the power series method

Problem By assuming a power series solution of the form $$y(x) = \sum_{m=0}^{\infty} c_mx^m , \quad c_0 \not =0 $$ Show that the equation $ 2y'+xy=x $ has general solution ...
0
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1answer
69 views

Taylor Series Theorem

So I see the argument presented in taylor series, that $$\sum c_n (x-a)^n = \sum \frac{f^{(n)}(a)}{n!} (x-a)^n$$ or $c_n = f^{(n)}(a)/n!$ if $x=a$ the question is, since the above only holds when ...
1
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4answers
62 views

Why does $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac {(-1)^{k-1}}{k}$ converge conditionally?

Why does it converge conditionally? $$\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac {(-1)^{k-1}}{k}$$
1
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1answer
37 views

An example of a complex power series. [closed]

I am looking for a complex power series which is convergent for some $z\in\Bbb{C}$ but not absolutely convergent. In other words, $a_0+a_1z+a_2z+\dots$ is convergent but ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Function whose power series coefficients contain logarithms

Is there a function that can be expressed as a power series $$f(x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n x^n$$ whose coefficients $a_n$ are expressions containing $\log n$ or something similar?
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Trying to find 2nd power series solution

For the equation $ xy'' + 2xy' + 6e^xy = 0 $, I need to find the first 3 nonzero terms in each of two linearly independent solutions about x=0. I changed this to the form of ...
-1
votes
2answers
57 views

Product of Infinite Series

I am trying to compute the product of 3 infinite series. As such, I need the compact form for the product ...
2
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2answers
56 views

The Result of Dividing 2 Power Series

Is there a way to write a single series for the following division? $$\frac{\displaystyle\sum_{i=0}^{\infty}a_{i}x^{i}}{\displaystyle\sum_{j=0}^{\infty}(j-2)a_{j}x^{j}}$$ Thanks, Radz.
1
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1answer
44 views

Rational Series VS Algebraic Series

I am reading a paper on combinatorics. It mentions some generating functions are rational series and others are algebraic series. I do not understand the difference, can someone help? EDIT $1$: The ...
2
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1answer
57 views

given analytic $f(z)$ in $f(z)/(1-z)$ , derivative $f '(z)$ seems to have singularity at $z=1$

Quick version: I want $f'(1)$, where $$F(z)=\frac{f(z)}{1-z}$$ with $f$ analytic at $z=1$. But when I follow a seemingly valid line of reasoning, I reach the conclusion that $f'(z)$ is not analytic ...
8
votes
2answers
238 views

Taylor Series of $\frac{1}{1-\cos x}$

The problem is, as the title suggests, to find the Power Series Expansion of $\frac{1}{1- \cos x}$ around $x=c$. What I've tried: Direct Computation: Derivatives get very ugly quickly, and don't ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Power series and their inverses (radius of convergence of each)

Suppose I have a power series approximation $y$ to an invertible function $f(x)$, and I know that $y$ convergences around $x$ on an interval $(-R,R)$, $R$ being the radius of convergence. How are the ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Complex Power Series

So, I'm trying to find the power series of ${1\over 1-z+z^2} around the point z=0.$ After some rather easy algebra I've determined the expression to be $${1\over z-(1+i\sqrt{3})/2} {1\over ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Radius of convergence

(a) Determine the radius of convergence to the power series $f(x)= \displaystyle\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty \frac{(2n)!}{(n!)^2}x^n$. Should I use the ratio test? (b) Assume the validity of the ...
1
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2answers
55 views

Matrix Inversion Test ( Sum of Matrix series)

Friends,I have a set of matrices of dimension $3\times3$ called $A_i$. , Following are the given conditions a) each $A_i$ is non invertible except $A_0$ because their determinant is zero. b) ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Finding Radius of Convergence when Power Series is not in Standard Form $\sum a_n x^n$

I was working on finding the radius of convergence of $$\sum _{n\ge1} \frac{(-1)^n}{\sqrt n 2^n}x^{n^2} \,\,\,\,\,(*)$$ The radius for this example happens to be $R=1$ since $$R=\frac{1}{\limsup ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

upper bound for the series $S (x) = \sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{(x_n-n)^k}{k!}$ from $|x_n -(n+1)|\leq x$.

I've been trying to find a tight upper bound for the series $$S (x) = \sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{(x_n-n)^k}{k!}$$ in terms of finite value $x\in \mathbb R$, where: 1- $\{x_n\}$ is a sequence of a ...
2
votes
3answers
54 views

meromorphic function with a pole on the unit circle diverges

Let $f$ be a meromorphic function in a neighborhood of the closed unit disk $\bar{\mathbb{D}}$. Suppose that $f$ is holomorphic in $\mathbb{D}$ and $$ f(z) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n z^n $$ for $z \in ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Finding radius of convergence using root test

Find the radius of convergence of the following power series $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{2^n + 1}{n} x^n.$$ Using the ratio test, I have found that the radius of convergence is $R = \frac{1}{2}$. I ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Number of ways distribute 12 identical action figures to 5 children

Need a little help with this problem. Use generating functions to determine the number of different ways 12 identical action figures can be given to five children so that each child receives at most ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Convergence of the series $\sum\limits_{n\geqslant1}(2-x)(2-x^{1/2})(2-x^{1/3})\cdots(2-x^{1/n})$

If $x >0$, consider the series $\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty a_n$, where $$a_{n}=(2-x)(2-x^{1/2})(2-x^{1/3})\cdots(2-x^{1/n}).$$ Is it convergent? This question is in my textbook. I don't know how to ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Solution of the Legendre's ODE using Frobenius Method

This is the Legendre's differential equation given in my book: $(1-x)^{2}\ddot{y}-2x\dot{y}+k(k+1)y=0$ I solved this equation by taking: $y=x^{c}\{a_{0}+a_{1}x+a_{2}x^{2}+.....+a_{r}x^{r}+.....\}$ ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Different Definitions Of The Sine Function

I was hoping someone could give me a flow chart or high-level map connecting all of the definitions of the sine function, with some of the reasons why we care next to each. I've tried this but I'm not ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Power series difficulty

How would I find the region of convergence of the series of $\frac{1}{n^3}(\frac{z+1}{z-1})^n$. I thought about rewriting $\frac{z+1}{z-1}$ as $\frac{2}{z-1}+1$ but I don't think that helps. Thanks
0
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2answers
28 views

Radius of convergence query

Find the radius of convergence of the series of $\frac{2^n(4z-8)^n}{n}$ My answer: $(4z-8)^n=4^n(z-2)^n=2^{2n}(z-2)^n$. Let $c_{n}=\frac{2^{3n}}{n}$. Then $\frac{c_{n}}{c_{n+1}}=\frac{n+1}{2n}$ so ...
1
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0answers
28 views

What is the power series for a half-exponential function?

What is the power series of a half-exponential function? Half-exponential means that $f(f(x)) = y^x, y > 1$
1
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3answers
87 views

Power Series Convergence comparison

Given $\sum_{n=0}^\infty c_n4^n$ is convergent, can this be used to find the convergence of $\sum_{n=0}^\infty c_n(-2)^n$?
5
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0answers
133 views

Why is $a_{n}(x,y)=a_{n}(y)$?

This particular question is connected (with a slight variation in the definition of $g$) to an earlier question. The link is here. The specifics are: Given that $u(x,y)$ is the solution of a PDE ($x$ ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Confused by a Laplace transform of $f(t)=t^ne^{at}$

Having looked at my lecture notes I was confused by the following part of a derivation of a Laplace transform for the function $\;f(t)=t^ne^{at} ,\quad n\ge0,\; a \in \mathbb{C}, \; f(t)=0 \;\forall ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Find power series representation of $ x/(x^{2}+9)^{2}$

I'm not sure how to do it since the entire bottom term is squared. Is there a geometric series I should use? Or differentiation?