# Tagged Questions

Questions about the properties of functions of the form $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_n x^n$, where the $a_n$ are real or complex numbers, and $x$ is real or complex (or more generally an element of a Banach algebra).

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### Fractal behavior along the boundary of convergence?

The complex power series $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{z^{n^2}}{n^2}$$ has radius $1$ (Ratio Test) and is absolutely convergent along $|z|=1$. Recalling something that my calculus professor (Ray Mayer, ...
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### Sum of Squares of Harmonic Numbers

Let $H_n$ be the $n^{th}$ harmonic number, $$H_n = \sum_{i=1}^{n} \frac{1}{i}$$ Question: Calculate the following $$\sum_{j=1}^{n} H_j^2.$$ I have attempted a generating function approach but ...
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### Show that $\sum_{n=0}^\infty r^n e^{i n \theta} = \frac{1- r\cos(\theta)+i r \sin(\theta)}{1+r^2-2r\cos(\theta)}$ [closed]

Show that $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty r^n e^{i n \theta} = \frac{1- r\cos(\theta)+i r \sin(\theta)}{1+r^2-2r\cos(\theta)},$$ where $0\leq r <1$. Using this, prove that $\sum_{n=0}^\infty r^n \cos(n\theta)$...
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### Find the radius of convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{n!x^{n!}}$

Find the radius of convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{n!x^{n!}}$. Should I look at this series as: $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}({n!x^{(n-1)!})x^{n}}$? I am really confues here. In addition, any attempt to ...
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### Show that $\sum_{n = 1}^{+\infty} \frac{n}{2^n} = 2$ [duplicate]

Show that $\sum_{n = 1}^{+\infty} \frac{n}{2^n} = 2$. I have no idea to solve this problem. Anyone could help me?
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### How do I obtain the Laurent series for $f(z)=\frac 1{\cos(z^4)-1}$ about $0$?

I know that $$\cos(z^4)-1=-\frac{z^8}{2!}+\frac{z^{16}}{4!}+...$$ but how do I take the reciprocal of this series (please do not use little-o notation)? Or are there better methods to obtain the ...
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### Formal power series ring, norm. [closed]

Let $k$ be a field. Let $R$ be the formal power series ring $k[[x]]$. Define $N$ on $R \setminus \{0\}$ as follows: $N(f)$ is the smallest $n$ of which the coefficient of $x^n$ in $f$ is nonzero. (a) ...
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### Proof of the “Radius of Convergence Theorem”

I can't figure out how it is valid to invoke the Absolute Convergence Theorem, whose hypothesis is "Let the power series have radius of convergence R", to establish case c of the Radius of Convergence ...
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### General term of Taylor Series of $\sin x$ centered at $\pi/4$

What is the general term for a Taylor series of $\sin(x)$ centered at $\pi/4$? It should be $(-1)^{[??]} \times \sqrt{2}/2 \times \frac{(x-\pi/4)^n}{n!}$ What power is $(-1)$ supposed to be raised ...
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### Solve $(x^2 + 1)y'' - 6xy' + 10y =0$ using series method

Use series methods to solve: $(x^2 + 1)y'' - 6xy' + 10y =0$ a) Give the recursion formula b) Give the first two non-zero terms of the solution corresponding to $a_0 = 1$ and $a_1 = 0$ c)...
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### How to simplify $f(x)=\sum\limits_{i=0}^{\infty}\frac{x^{i \;\bmod (k-1)}}{i!}$?

$$f(x)=\sum_{i=0}^{\infty}\frac{x^{i \;\bmod (k-1)}}{i!}$$ ${i \bmod (k-1)}$ $\quad$ says the $x$ powers can be only $x^0$, $x^1$, ...,$x^{k-2}$ Understand simplify a way to transform this infinity ...
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### Maclaurin Series for $\arctan(x)$ by successive differentiation

I am trying to find a Maclaurin Series for $\arctan(x)$ up to the term with the fifth power of x and I have to use the method of successive differentiation. I know (from an example in my notes) the ...
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### Choice of the First Term in Legendre Polynomials

The two solutions of the Legendre's Differential Equation obtained by series solution method are : and Now according to my textbook, for the useful polynomial for n equal to a positive integer, ...
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### function with isolated singularity on the unit circle and coefficients of its taylor expansion [duplicate]

Let $f$ be a function holomorphic in an open set containing the closed unit disc $D(0,1)$, except at the point $z_0$ with $|z_0|=1$, where $f$ has an isolated singularity. If $a_n$ are the ...
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### An easy question on complex

Let $\{u_{k}\}_{k=1}^{\infty}$ be a complex number sequence. If $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\lambda^{k}u_{k}=0$, for each $\lambda\in \mathbb{D}(0, 1/3)$(where the $\mathbb{D}(0, 1/3)~$denotes an open disc ...
### If $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_{n}x^n$ converges for $|x| < R$ , then $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}na_{n}x^n$ converges for $|x| < R$
I have the following statement: If $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_{n}x^n$ converges for $|x| < R$ , then $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}na_{n}x^n$ converges for $|x| < R$ as well. I couldn't find a ...
I am solving previous year question paper some competitive exam. Give me some hint to solve the following problem. Let $f$ be an entire function. Suppose for each $a \in \mathbb{R}$ there exists at ...