13
votes
2answers
318 views

Ramanujan's approximation for $\pi$

In 1910, Srinivasa Ramanujan found several rapidly converging infinite series of $\pi$, such as $$ \frac{1}{\pi} = \frac{2\sqrt{2}}{9801} \sum^\infty_{k=0} \frac{(4k)!(1103+26390k)}{(k!)^4 396^{4k}}. ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Which (approximative) methods are there to compute the inverse of a complicated function?

I have a complicated function $f(x)$ for which I want to compute the inverse $f^{-1}$ over a certain range $R(f): a \leq f(x) \leq b$. The only way to find the inverse I can think of is power series ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

Using series find $\int_0^1 \sqrt{1+x^4}\hspace{1mm} dx$ up to $2$ decimal places

I cannot figure out an aesthetic way to do this. Can someone give a beautiful solution to this ugly question? This is what I have tried yet. I used the fact that $$x = ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Rational approximation or series expansion of $K_0$ and $K_1$ for small z

I'm looking for a series expansion of the modified Bessel functions of second kind $K_0(z)$ and $K_1(z)$ for $$|z|<5, ~~|phase(z)| < \pi$$ My $z$ can be described as $z = a\cdot \sqrt{ix}$, ...
0
votes
3answers
49 views

Skip terms in power series of $\cosh$ and $\sinh$

Is there a way to skip every second term in the power series representation of $\sinh{x}$ and $\cosh{x}$ and adjust the other terms accordingly (approx.)? So, instead of $$\sinh{x} \approx x + ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Simplification trick

it is maybe at bit of a silly question, but one of our professors wrote the following equations and I would like to know what exactly he did. I'm sure it is something easy but I have no clue: ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

A power approximation function

I am trying to construct a function that would approximate $a^b$ using Maclaurin series. Here are my reasoning: Since $$a^b=e^{b\ln a}$$ and $$e^x=\sum^{\infty}_{k=0} \frac{x^k}{k!}$$ it should ...
0
votes
3answers
164 views

Series Expansion of $\arcsin\left(\frac{a}{a+x}\right)$

Can anyone think of a good approximation to: $$ \arcsin\left(\frac{a}{a+x}\right)\ $$ accurate at $x = 0$? The Taylor series is not available...perhaps some other kind of method?
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Approximating $e^{inx}$ by polynomials

Show that every function $e^{inx}$ can be uniformly approximated on $[-\pi,\pi]$ by polynomials in $x$. Using the power series expansion, ...
4
votes
0answers
89 views

Using formal power series to solve nasty equations

Consider a function $f:[0,\infty)\times \mathbb R\to\mathbb R$, and suppose that given some $a>0$, I would like to solve for $x\in\mathbb R$ satisfying \begin{align} f(\delta, x) = a. \end{align} ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Expansion in powers

Let $n=2k, k \in Z_+$. Let $$P_k\left(\frac{t}{\sqrt n}\right)=n!\sum_{\begin{smallmatrix} n_1+\ldots+n_k=n \\ ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

Find taylor polynomial that approximates e^x with accuracy at least 1.

Find Taylor polynomial at $x=0$ which approximates $e^x$ with accuracy at least $1$ for each $x \in [-2,2]$. I dont undestand these questions that involve the $n^{th}$ remainder. I know I need to ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

Power series for $\ln(1+x^2)$

In the problem I am asked to use a power series representation of $\ln(1+x)$ to approximate the integral from $0$ to $0.5$ of $\ln(1+x^2)$ to within 4 decimal places. So far I have found a series for ...
2
votes
0answers
392 views

Approximation of integral using series expansion of the integrand.

I have a smooth function $x \rightarrow f_\epsilon (x)$ on $x\in[-1\ldots 1]$ (dependent on the continuous parameter $\epsilon$) and I want to approximate the integral $$ I=\int_{-1}^1 f_\epsilon ...
0
votes
1answer
390 views

Try to find an approximation by logarithm function.

Recently I am thinking about this question: Assume $x$ is real, $x\geq0$, $c$ is a positive constant number and $z$ is also a real constant between $3.5$ and $4$. Now there is a function: $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Rapidly convergent series for $\sum_{J=0}^{\infty} (2 J + 1) e^{-\beta J(J+1)}$ (rigid rotor)

I need to evaluate this series for arbitrary $\beta > 0$: $ Q = \sum_{J=0}^{\infty} (2 J + 1) e^{-\beta J(J+1)} $ Is it related to a known transcendental function? From the research I did, it ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

Best and most efficient way to numerically compute $e$?

There are many well-known methods for efficiently numerically computing $\pi$, such as Chudnovsky's Method or perhaps Gauss-Legendre's algorithm. I was wondering what the best method for computing $e$ ...
2
votes
1answer
348 views

Sum of power series

Good morning, I have difficulties to find an approximation formula (or bound from the height) for the sum of the following power series $\sum \limits_{k=1}^\infty e^{-k^2}x^k$. Thanks
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Approximating $x^k e^{-x}$

I want to approximate the function $ f(x) = x^k e^{-x}$ with some finite series. One approach would be to use the power series expansion for $ e^{-x} $. But in that case, the power series would have ...
2
votes
1answer
793 views

Power series representation of $e^x$ and $e^{-x}$

The power series representation of $e^x = \sum \limits_{k=0}^{\infty} \frac{x^k}{k!}$. Can I use this approximation for $e^{-x} = 1/e^x = 1/\sum \limits_{k=0}^{\infty} \frac{x^k}{k!}$ instead of ...
3
votes
2answers
503 views

How to bound the truncation error for a Taylor polynomial approximation of $\tan(x)$

I am playing with Taylor series! I want to go beyond the basic text book examples ($\sin(x)$, $\cos(x)$, $\exp(x)$, $\ln(x)$, etc.) and try something different to improve my understanding. So I ...